tv BBC World News America PBS September 9, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. the world reacts with fury to north korea's nuclear test. the south accuses kim jong-un of acting like a reckless maniac. 15 years after 9/11, congress votes to allow the families of those killed to sue saudi arabia. the white house objects. the story of edward snowden makes it to the big screen. oliver stone directs a sympathetic film. not everyone agrees. -- not everyone is happy.
welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe north korea's announcement that it has conducted what he called a high level nuclear test has brought fast and widespread condemnation. unlawful, provocative, and fanatic recklessness are just a few of the responses. the united nations security council that late this afternoon to discuss the action and possible punishment. stephen evans reports from the south korean capital, seoul. stephen: she has become a familiar face. the north korean newsreader says the nuclear test will protect the country's dignity and existence. in south korea, they monitor the tremors. each test has been bigger than the one before. the device detonated this time is just short of the power of the hiroshima bomb. from japan today, planes took
off to gather air samples to determine what kind of device was exploded. condemnation has been swift. secretary ban: i condemn in the strongest possible terms the nuclear test by the democratic people's republic of korea. this is yet another brazen breach of the resolution of the security council. stephen: the underground blast happened at this site in north korea, only nine months after the last nuclear test. kim jong-un is in a rush to fill his nuclear ambitions. yesterday in pyongyang, the regime leaders clapped in unison as the country celebrated the anniversary of its founding in 1945. for them, the bomb is the icing on the cake. here tonight in seoul in south korea, life goes on.
people assume kim jong-un's bloodthirsty threats to turn the place into a heap of ashes will not happen. even though he has appeared alongside what he claimed was a nuclear warhead small enough to go on a rocket. north korea is just 50 kilometers from here, 30 miles. but it could be another world. regime there is celebrating a great triumph tonight. nobody knows what the people think. but there is no sign of the regime being close to collapse. north korea does not have nuclear-tipped missiles yet but it is working steadily towards getting them. stephen evans, bbc news, seoul. katty: for more on the test and the reaction i spoke a short time ago to the former cia deputy division chief for korea.
how worried were you when you heard the test had taken place? >> it wasn't a surprise. we have been expecting a fifth nuclear test for some time, but it is very worrisome. north korea's continuing to refine its nuclear arsenal and along with many missile tests this year, the means to deliver them. it is also worrisome because it shows north korea is willing to defy the international community, continue to defy or violate un security council resolutions. katty: in a piece today, you write about how the rate of missile and now this nuclear test has picked up under kim jong-un. >> we have seen a rapidfire series of not only the nuclear tests but every range missile they have. with successful breakthroughs in a number of them, the intermediate range missile that can hit u.s. bases in guam and south korea and japan, already under nuclear threat. we have seen them almost desperate to prove they had this nuclear and missile capability.
kim jong-un has tested in his 4 years in power more than twice as many missiles as his father did in 18 years of power. katty: what are the options for the united states? >> there are a number of things we need to do. we need to have the international community close the loopholes and existing resolutions. the resolution early this year was very strong. china agreed to the most powerful sanctions so far. but we left a number of big loopholes at beijing's request. also, the u.s., i think, has under-implemented the sanctions that we can do. the administration has so far failed to sanction a single chinese entity for secondary sanctions. we also need to make sure we are suitably protected, ourselves and our allies. right now the main focus on that is the missile ballistic defense system, which is better than anything korea has or will have for decades. katty: but on sanctions, the
impact of sanctions takes time, and as you pointed out, this regime is moving fast. >> some people are shown great impatience with sanctions. the new ones, stronger ones, have been in place for four or five months and, they failed to let's move back to diplomacy. katty: you think that sanctions if they were properly implemented and if the chinese enforced them as they should and the loopholes were closed, would have an impact? >> they would have an impact. we need to remember that sanctions and targeted financial measures have a number of objectives. they enforce the law, enforce resolutions, impose a penalty on those that defy the laws and resolutions. if you don't defend the laws, they are meaningless. they also put in place measures that made harder for north korea to import and export the items they need for the nuclear missile programs. katty: thanks very much for coming in. french authorities say the three women arrested over a suspected terrorist plot in paris involving a car packed with gas
canisters was being directed by the so-called islamic state in syria. the paris prosecutor said they dismantled the terrorist cells of young women. they were arrested yesterday after the car was found in notre -- near notre dame cathedral. lucy williamson has more. lucy: this, say police, was the terrorist cell of three young women controlled directly from syria. there were tracked to this flat in paris. caught as they emerge on the street outside. in the chaos, the youngest, just 19 years old, stabbed an officer with a kitchen knife and was shot in the leg. a witness captures the moment she stretchers away. on her, police found a pledge to terrorize france in the name of so-called islamic state. in paris today, the chief prosecutor described the cell as a new kind of threat.
>> the actions of these young women directed at a distance by i.s. members in syria show that this organization wants to turn women into fighters. lucy: this is the car left near notre dame last weekend. packed with gas canisters and a petrol-soaked blanket, but no detonator and no explosion. on one of the suspects, investigators say they found keys to the car that was abandoned here. another they say had been romantically involved with men who had carried out jihadist attacks in france this year. one of her former fiancés is said to be the teenager who killed the priest less than two months ago. speaking after the arrests last night, france's interior minister said the hunt for the women had been a race against time.
>> these women, aged 39, 23, and 19 years old, were radicalized fernanda sized -- and fanat icized and were planning new and imminent violent attacks. lucy: more than 200 people have been killed in terrorist attacks across france over the past two years. the killers studied for clues about the growing national threat. but the profile keeps changing. there are battle hardened fighters and recent converts, immigrants and nationals, women and men. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. katty: one plot foiled but tense times in france. quickly look at news from around the world. u.s. prosecutors have charged a volkswagen engineer for his role in a missions-shooting software. the company admitted pollution controlling software in some cars and vans to falsify
results. judge hasederal denied a request by native american tribe to halt an oil pipeline over fears the project could in major its drinking water. the judge ruled that the tribe ofrock sioux north dakota had not shown it would suffer injury if pipeline construction is allowed to proceed. after a ruling, companies were asked to pause construction. the site includes sacred artifacts. the u.s. congress has passed a bill that would allow families of september 11 victims to sue the government of saudi arabia. president obama has said he would veto it. 15 of the 19 hijackers were saudi nationals. the bill was passed just days before the 15th anniversary of those attacks. a short time ago i asked the bbc's laura bicker why the
government is so determined to block the measure. laura: it would allow victims' families to sue any member of the saudi government over any element of the attack and overturn a long-standing international law that grants nations immunity from federal cases or criminal prosecution. president obama is worried that it will put extra strain on u.s.-saudi relations and that saudi arabia has already threatened to pull 750 billion pounds worth of investment out of the u.s. if this goes ahead. and president obama is worried about any backlash. he fears the saudi government may decide to take action against u.s. companies or nationals if the bill is overturned. now it is on his desk and he has a difficult decision to make. katty: he hasn't vetoed bills like this before. meanwhile, supporters of the bill, which include democrats, say that if the saudis have nothing to fear and the government was not involved, they could take the case to the court of law in the united states and they have nothing to worry about.
laura: the bill was passed unanimously by vote in the house today. it has broad support from leading democrats. you mentioned new york senator chuck schumer. he says that if the saudis have nothing to hide, the bill can go ahead. i think when it comes down to the decision he's got to make , he could face a backlash within his own party at this very difficult time, if he does veto it. he has that political decision to make them and the geopolitical decision that if he doesn't veto it, it could chase him against the saudis. katty: laura, thanks for coming in. the impact -- the attacks of 9/11 had impact on a lot of people. many muslim communities in the united states felt under siege. there was a crackdown on immigration from muslim countries. 15 years on, there is still a sense of unease. the bbc went to visit one such area miles from where the twin towers came down, known as little pakistan.
reporter: this little stretch in brooklyn's coney island is home to thousands of pakistani immigrants, and a hangout for many who missed the life they left back home. the ethnic boundaries, food, clothes, traditions, are well preserved in little pakistan. but things changed when the twin towers came crashing down. this accountant is still haunted by the days that followed. in a swift crackdown, thousands who did not have proper documents were deported and many fled out of fear. >> we would wake up in the morning and hear about the midnight raids next door. entire families would be picked up. it was an atmosphere of fear. reporter: there is hardly any trace of that horror on the streets now. but have things returned to normal? >> the confidence level of residents is still not the same. the 9/11 anniversary, most visible outside the mosques and
this part of coney island. reporter: the mutual trust between residents and police took a major hit with the intense post-9/11 watch on muslims. this man, who liaisons between the police and community, says things have become somewhat better. >> we tell policemen watching mosques, putting spy cameras, that they don't need to do so. we will inform them if we see wrongdoing or the wrong kind of people. we are a peaceful community. reporter: women, too, came under attack. many switched to western clothes and dumped the hijab out of fear. a beautician received threats and obscene calls. business suffered. in the past few years, things have looked up, and even more so as many non-pakistanis frequent the parlor now. >> business took a hit when so many pakistanis moved out after september 11.
but thank god not just pakistanis but many jewish americans have started coming here. reporter: little pakistan appears to be back on its feet. life has slowly but surely returned to normal. but for many, a 9/11 anniversary or another terror attack brings back the dark memories of those days. katty: you are watching "bbc world news america." captivityome, bred in for the sole purpose of being hunted. a campaign is now on to stop the practice that critics call appalling. nasa launched a spacecraft overnight which will travel to an asteroid, catches up to it, and collect samples. scientists are hoping the mission will reveal more about the way planets and the solicits and are formed and improve our knowledge of how potentially dangerous space objects move through the solicitor.
it will be seven years before it returns to earth. our science correspondent has more for us. >> and lift off. its seven-year mission, to boldly go to the asteroid and back. reporter: it was a perfect launch for nasa's new mission. >> it's gone supersonic. reporter: it is to grab a little chunk of an asteroid and bring it home to her. -- earth. and then osiris begins its two-year journey to the asteroid. >> how about that launch? was that not awesome? the atlas five rocket performed effectively. reporter: the asteroid is in a similar orbit to earth and is essentially a piece of rubble left over from the construction of the solar system. the spacecraft will spend two years studying the asteroid.
then it will make its way slowly downward. a robotic car will reach out and grab a little piece of the service. -- surface. once the sample is safely stowed away, the spacecraft make its way back to earth. the scientists involved don't know what they will discover but they will be looking for evidence of complex chemicals needed for life. the spacecraft will jettison a pod containing the sample when he returns to earth in 2023. scientists will then study the sample to learn more about how the earth and the other planets in the solar system formed. katty: it is known as canned lion hunting, and there are calls for south africa two then lionsting and killing of lyon
bred in captivity. tens of thousands of animals are hunted for the value as trophies. you may find some the images in this report distressing. reporter: on the lookout for lions in south africa's northernmost province. but this is not a tourist safari. this is a hunting reserve. they are nervous. >> there is a lot of controversy when it comes to so-called canned lion industry and and it has put a bad name on hunting in general. we condemn any illegal hunting. reporter: canned lion hunting is when animals bred in captivity are delivered to be killed, more like a duck shoot than a lion hunt.
this disturbing video shows a group of american hunters who shot 10 lions in a week. >> shoot him again, shoot him again, shoot him again. shoot him again! reporter: the cameraman decided to speak out about the ethics, disturbed by what he had filmed. the lions were brought into this small area the day before the hunt. >> right from the start it is told to the guys, very dangerous, these are wild animals, scary. pats on the back. such a hero. look at what you have done. you have got your king of the jungle. meanwhile, it is all just a lie. reporter: campaigners are disgusted. >> i think from the outset the notion that you breed an animal to release it to a confined area and shot under these conditions is appalling. reporter: we were invited to a
breeding facility to show that the lions are well looked after. their enclosures were small. these lions have all been bred in captivity, about 35 of them. their sole purpose is to be bred to be taken out to hunting lodges and shot by hunters. supporters say that it means the wildlands are killed and large areas are concerned. -- concert. happen if hunting was banned in south africa? >> that would be very much a negative for the south african economy, firstly. hunting generates a lot of money from overseas people. reporter: and it is big business. hundreds of captive bred lions are killed every year in south africa. katty: looks pretty grim. the former u.s. contractor edward snowden is the subject of a new film by director oliver stone.
the movie offers a sympathetic portrait of snowden, who sparked a fierce debate here over whether he was a traitor or patriot. it is having the world premiere at the toronto film festival tonight. the bbc has spoken to the key players in the production. >> there is something going on inside the government that is really wrong. i can't ignore it. reporter: in this hollywood rendering, joseph gordon-levitt portrays edward snowden in the film, snowden comes across as a decent, american whistleblower. not be traitor that his foes see him as. director oliver stone worked diligently to secure edward snowden's cooperation with the film. oliver: when i first met him in january 2014, the situation was very uncertain in moscow. i was wary of a situation that was very current and dangerous because it could blow up in our face. he was wary of the movie.
it took three months. i went 2 more times to moscow and we agreed to agree and went ahead. >> the nsa is really tracking every cell phone in the world. reporter: what has emerged is a story very sympathetic to snowden's cause. it is a traumatization. the screenplay, cowritten by oliver stone was inspired by two books. joseph gordon-levitt maintains it is a drama that gives audiences a picture of snowden that is more complete than existing media accounts. is it a balanced drama? a lot of people view edward snowden as a traitor and not much weight is given to that viewpoint in the film. >> i'm not sure there is a lot of weight to that point of view, to be really honest. i've not heard specific ways in which something that he did harmed the country. reporter: not so, say snowden's critics, of which there are many. after seeing a trailer of the
film, a fellow at the conservative hudson institute became convinced oliver stone got it all wrong. >> there are real-life consequences in which lives, we believe, were lost because of the sorts of information he revealed. he really is a shameful individual. and so it is too bad that this film is most likely going to have a large audience and people are going to come away thinking that he is some sort of american hero and that sets a precedent and i think that is a problem. reporter: it is reported that the film is a component of a bigger strategy to advance an appeal for clemency for snowden. >> i don't think the claims about harm to national security are going to age well. they rarely do. one of these days we are going to see edward snowden return home and be broadly accepted as the whistleblower he is. i do think this film will help hasten that day. reporter: but snowden will find little support from the two major presidential candidates.
hillary clinton has said he will have to face the music, and a donald trump has called him a total traitor. katty: controversy that continues. before we go, u.s. secretary of state john kerry and his russian counterpart, sir j lavrov, had spent talking in geneva on proposals for a nationwide cease-fire in syria. v said thevlavro process dragged on because of washington, telling journalists you russian delegation had been waiting for hours for a response from the u.s. to the latest text. waitinged and supplied journalists with pizza, from the american delegation. later he brought in vodka, which he said was from the russian delegation. they needed a drink and needed a slice of pizza. you can find much more of the
day's news on our website, including those talks. if you would like to reach me and the bbc team, reach me at twitter. for all of us here on "world news america," thanks for watching. have a great weekend. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: north korea conducts its biggest nuclear test yet, creating what registered as a 5.3 magnitude earthquake and sparking swift condemnation from leaders around the world. then, 15 years after 9/11, the u.s. struggles to hand over security to afghanistan's military force as the talibanth makes a resurgence. >> we're trying to build an airplane while in flight.ig okay, so they're fighting a war while we're trying to build anwh army. this is very hard. >> woodruff: and it's friday.nd mark shields and david brooks analyze the week's news. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.