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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 12, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news." -- news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." ♪ is bbc world news america are reporting from washington, i am katty kay. the cease-fire came into effect but can it last? >> it has been a long and hot and dangerous summer and you can see it, the damage being done. cease-fire is meant to stop all of that. clintony: hillary cancels a trip to california after collapsing.
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donald trump wishes her well. sully" to the big screen. ♪ katty kay: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. a cease-fire in syria brokered by the u.s. and russia came in just a few hours ago. the lasty says it is chance to obtain peace in a united syria. either the assad regime with a wide range of opposition groups, will they hold their fire? aleppo has seen some of the fiercest fighting in this war and the middle east editor has sent us this report. jeremy: the further you drive north in syria, the more intense it becomes. this is the fragile link between damascus and aleppo. it reaches the aleppo suburbs. they were only driven back by
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syrian troops on the weekend. shelling was still going on, artillery hitting rebel positions. it has been a long, hot, and dangerous summer in aleppo. you can see it in the fabric of the city, the damage being done. the cease-fire is meant to stop all of that. since the fighting started in 2012, the west side of the city has been in their hands. -- government hands. armed opposition groups controlled east. four years of fighting have devastated aleppo. this gives an idea of the firepower of the syrian army and russian backers who have in -- been making gains around aleppo. one of the big questions is whether they are prepared to give their enemies a chance to rest and regroup. on the rebel side, there are also doubts.
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groups backed by the americans have been told they need to separate for more radical militias who they regard as allies. and another important rebel group, which is backed by saudi arabia, has already rejected the cease-fire agreement. >> the deal announced between the u.s. and russia does not achieve in our view the basic minimal goals. they will use all their gains. -- lose all their gains. >> in damascus, president bashar al-assad chose to celebrate by visiting and praying in a suburb of darius. it was in rebel hands for five years after what the u.n. called an unrelenting reach. -- seige. president assad's government -- has backed the cease-fire but his words suggested he has unfinished military business. >> the syrian state is determined to recover all areas from the terrorists, to restore
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security, to rebuilding infrastructure and everything else that was destroyed in human and material aspects to it we -- aspects. we came here today to replace the freedom they try to remote. -- promote. >> people are used to war here. the holiday is being celebrated even though there is a heavy thunder of artillery fire. the cease-fire agreement is complicated and potentially fragile and all sides in the worked out whether it can work. doubt whether it can work. but it is all the diplomats have. it might be a rest bite for the respite for the people. bbc news, aleppo. >> the cease-fire does not include jihadist groups such as the so-called islamic state. free syrian army soldiers backed by turkish groups have been
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battling to take territory back. turkey has to establish an i.s.-free zone and clear the area of kurdish fighters. much of the activity is centered and marquette this report. -- and from there, mark reports. mark: a month ago, they would have been killed for doing this, but now free from the so-called islamic state, and they are savoring it. rebel soldiers took back the syrian border town after three years and we were taken in to see it. 20,000 refugees have returned the jihadist's former stronghold but the shadow of i.s. will be hard to erase, april time when -- a brutal time when enemies were executed at these posts for all to see. forced to bear witness, as her son was headed -- beheaded by i.s., who then brought it hurt
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-- his head to her. we live here in a prison, she says. we could not leave or talk to anyone. they force us to cover up and they inside. we are now liberated. turkey was once a reluctant partner in the anti-i.s. coalition but it led the rebel at this time, seizing the chance to hit kurdish fighters who they see as a threat. a rebel commander tells me aiming to retake the capital of the i.s. caliphate. >> there is no difference between i.s. enbridge melissa. -- militia. they are terrorist organizations and we feel confident and capable of beating i.s. we will liberate all syrians. >> turkey managed to -- defective safe zone pushing i.s. out, important for turkey, keeping kurdish fighters away,
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around -- allowing refugees to come back here. turkey now feels emboldened by the operation and says it will push on to other strongholds. the militants are excluded from the cease-fire. >> the battle against i.s. will it -- will intensify. there is still nervousness but life is returning and the momentum is building to crush the islamic state. bbc news, northern syria. momentu i spoke a short time ago with the u.s. ambassador. could you think there is any chance the cease-fire is any more effective than the previous ones? >> there is a chance it might last for a couple of days, longer than the previous ones might have lasted. structurally, it is still not there. then taking control of all of
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syria and the rebels all not wanting to do that. while that is happening, the need for humanitarian relief in aleppo. we will see a little bit of relief. ultimately, they have deeply conflicting objectives. what is washington's plan b if it does not last? >> they will support the rebels but the focus is still going to be on attacking isis. three things are going on here. supporting the assad regime, there is the humanitarian relief aspect, and the fight against isis. the rebels want to defeat a sod, -- assad, we want to fight isis. this allows us an opening to the laughter isis and we continue to -- to fight isis and we continue to pursue that.
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the rebel's focus is assad. katty kay: the russians have more incentive to make this cease-fire work more than previous ones. that would then get the u.s. on board with the russians and enjoy military operation against the islamic state. >> it is about getting the u.s. on board with russia and supporting a sod -- assad. i do not think that will happen. has washington got any leverage they are aware of? it seems the secretary had a weak hand in geneva and the white house has had -- hand increasingly diminished. is there something we are missing? >> i do not think so. the fact that we have chosen not to engage tediously in syria, we have done a minimum we can to attack isis from the air and support groups willing to fight
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isis, but we have not dealt with the assad regime or the outcome for what happens to syria in the future. others are doing that. i do not think we have a strong hand to play. katty kay: if elements of the opposition do not support the cease-fire, should the white house -- >> just the opposite. we have to remember what the purposes are for why we are there in the -- to begin with. the assad regime, that is an awful regime. we cannot support them being there. in order to create an alternative for syria. we need to defeat isis. that is what we ought to be doing, working with the rebels and with whoever will work with us on fighting isis. but we have got to be committed to it. if we pull the plug on the rebels, we are handing syria over to the assad regime. willing to go after isis either. -- they have not been willing with russia's support to go after isis, either. katty kay: thank you very much.
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let's get the latest from the -- a quick look around the world. mateen, the gunman accused of the orlando nightclub shooting in june. show momentsvideos before a fire broke out in the hour -- in monday. repaidsident jacob has half $1 million to upgrade his private home, not related to security. in march, the court ordered him to pay back some of the $16 million worth of state money spent. facilities added including a swimming poor -- a swimming pool. a former medic has gone on trial in germany accused of killing more than 3.5 thousand people from the auschwitz death camp. proceedings against the 95-year-old have been postponed several times because of ill health. he made note comment as the
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charges were read. to be inlinton is due california today but she is at home resting after collapsing from pneumonia over the weekend. part of thes now a election campaign and she is under pressure to release more detailed medical records. her campaign failed to disclose she had pneumonia until after she collapsed. while attending a 9/11 memorial service on monday. john reports. john: there is only one topic in america and it is hillary clinton's health. how serious is her condition, what impact will it have in the race, how long will she be laid up from pneumonia? >> if you run the gamut from relatively mild, all the way to in critically ill care unit. the prognosis is excellent, as long as she is being treated
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appropriately with the proper antibiotics, it seems like she will make a full recovery. john: there was this from donald trump. mr. trump: i hope she gets well soon. i do not know what is going on. i see what i see. the coughing fit was a week ago. i assume that was pneumonia. ms. clinton: [coughing] john: she did her best to make a joke of it. ms. clinton: every time i think of trump, i get allergic. [laughter] >> yesterday after her collapse, she tried to make light of it all. >> what happened? ms. clinton: a beautiful day in new york. john: it would be hours before she would submit that she has pneumonia. even though the diagnosis had come days earlier. on social media, even friends have been critical. this was barack obama's campaign manager in 2008. "antibiotics can take care of pneumonia.
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what is the cure for privacy that repeatedly creates unnecessary problems?' the campaign admitted to being at fault. >> it took us a bit to release a statement. we should have provided more information more quickly. john: health is now in major issue. it may sound trivial to talk about the lack of openness with which the onus was communicated. -- her illness was communicated. it feeds into a narrative. whether it be about her e-mail server or money raised from the clinton foundation, there is a sense there is a lack of transparency and hillary clinton cannot afford to give voters new reasons to doubt her. this weekend she said -- she described millions of trump supporters thus -- ms. clinton: half of trump supporters are in what i call the basket of deplorable's. [laughter]
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john: trump hit back. mr. trump: hillary clinton lives a sequestered life behind gates and walls and guards, she mocks and demeans hard working americans who only want their own families to enjoy a fraction enjoyed by our politicians. john: in the battle, it is donald trump's campaign which seems to be in health while hillary clinton is fluttering. katty kay: hillary clinton sent out a tweet saying she is feeling fine and is eager to get back on that campaign trail. from war in south sudan, a new report backed by the actor george o'neill edges leaders of the country are getting rich while others suffer. more than 200 people have died
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in recent days in monsoon floods it is one of the most vulnerable places. bbc world services correspondent has sent us this report. >> to break in the clouds during monsoon season. it from a- a deal distance. but it is a different story. this is what the floods from tibet have done. many houses are gone and many more are set to go. here where this originates. if something goes wrong there. >> the effects have been felt. >> last year, the earthquake
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destroyed my house and we had to come here to start fresh. now the floods have taken everything. >> this shows the scale of the problem. anywhere in the world over the say 30 years, experts glaciers and landside pose and all year risk. they did not disclose information. ago. more than 50 years many fear they would not be able to cope with a sudden flood. the united nations is calling -- people along many rivers, flood information remains a distant hope. nepal.
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katty kay: south sudan's leaders have made themselves rich after a war that impoverished the rest of the country. a new board commissioned by hollywood actor and activist, george clooney. spent twoigative unit years following the money trail and the group resented its findings for the press conference here in washington. >> civil war has torn the country apart. for nearly three years, a fallout between two of sudan's most powerful men, the former led toesident, ethnic-based violence and terrible atrocities committed by both sides. 2.5 million people have been forced from their homes and millions more still need food aid.
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now a unit backed by george clooney has linked to the man to the money. >> the simple fact is they are to fund theiry militias and attack and kill one another. the evidence is thorough, it is detailed, and it is irrefutable. >> the report alleges dodgy business deals. his wife and at least seven of his children are linked to a whole range of businesses. it says his 12-year-old son had a 25% share in a holding company. it claims his brother-in-law's company provided fuel to the military while he was a senior of her. >> it appears he has been involved in similar types of an -- engagement. he has been engaged in negotiations to sell the country poses oil production for the weapons in order to fuel his rebellion. we also found evidence that a nephew of his was involved in a
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violent and hostile takeover of a security company operating in south sudan in which several of those members were held hostage and forced to sign checks. >> top politicians and generals in south sudan have luxury villas in uganda, ethiopia, and australia, and here, have homes in the same upscale neighborhood. george clooney and a human rights activist have taken a practical interest in south sudan for many years. the report says they endeavored to contact every individual and entity and in most cases, they did not respond, but they said action could be taken.
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>> this approach will utilize precision guided financial policy tools. normally reserved for countering terrorism, for fighting organized crime, for holding the proliferation of nuclear weapons. this time, we want to use the tools, the policy tools, in the service of human rights and peace and good governance in south sudan. >> a larger peacekeeping force is due to help bring a peace deal back on track, but little confidence the crisis affecting so many millions of people will be resolved anytime soon. bbc news. katty kay: the youngest nation in the world has had a truly miserable first few years. moviehis weekend, the "sully" topped the box office. it is the true life story of a captain who in 2009 was forced to make enemies the landing on the hud and river of your. new york -- new york. all 155 people on board survived and now tom hanks and clint eastwood are behind a hit. the movie may never have been made without the screenplay. michael spoke to him about his craft.
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>> mayday. >> killed both engines, 2800 feet, that is how much elevation they had. no training for it. an impossible situation to survive. he had one runway and it was the hudson river. some landing with a jet for people, it had never occurred until that day. i do almost all of my writing out and usually in bars. walker's is where i did most of the writing on sully. seven or eight hours, i would bang out a bunch of pages. the first thing you do when you adapt the book is underlining and cross out. my copy of the book is badly
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weathered and probably inscrutable to anyone but me. the screenplay that i thought was perfectly a blend of behavior and procedure that whatever shortcuts, whatever moments we had condensed or altered somehow still had that. dna of what i think the moment meant. i was very blessed in being able to spend a lot of time with solely because i wanted to memorize how he moved and talked and i also wanted to understand the man who was able to pull this off. to be able to unpack a heroic act, i had to memorize who you was if i was going to tell his story. >> we begin with our investigation on the crash. >> the untold story is in his telling of his life in the book, he did not talk about what the rest of his life was like on the other side, becoming extremely famous and completely under the ntsb. >> i did not know the
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investigative board was trying to paint the picture that he had done the wrong thing. >> our job is to investigative -- investigate how our plane ended up in the hudson river. >> they spent nine months trying to them is on him. -- pin this on him. what they wrestled with was they did not like that he was a hero. they did not like that the culture got ahead of the report. they wanted to be the one who decided what happened. authenticity is the number one goal of clint. we got all the aviation right. we were really microscopic in every aspect of the storytelling. my work was done by the time these guys were on because clint shoots the script and he likes the script and that is the script tee shot. -- he shot. i did very few changes for him. i mostly ate m&m's and watched him -- tom hanks blow us away. >> the movie "sully."
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well worth watching. that brings this program to a close. so much for watching "bbc world news america are co- -- america." ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation, planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world new" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc ur >> ifill: good evening. i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: hillart clinton takes a break from campaigning after a pneumonia diagnosis-- why the candidates' health is playing a major role this presidential election. >> ifill: also ahead: i travel to colorado to talk to voters in the most republican area of the state. >> well, the choices are dismal, i think, it's just kind of a weird time, weird election. sort of sad in a sense, i guess. >> woodruff: plus, deep corruption in the world's youngest nation-- a report reveals south sudan's leaders profiting from the country's strife. >> ifill: and, "re-thinking college:" the first installment of our new series looks at

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