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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 13, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think.
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you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. the ceasefire in syria is holding. we are in aleppo where a central food and medical supplies are allowed in. the push to free iraq from so-called islamic state. local forces are gaining back territory, but mosul is still a real prize. his characters have delighted children from around the world. 's0 years after roald dahl birth, his stories live on. children tell us their favorite. >> charlie and the chocolate
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factory. >> buddy like that one so much? >> i like chocolate. katty: welcome to "world news america." the cease-fire in syria which came into force yesterday appears to be holding. the u.s. and russia will carry out joint airstrikes on militant groups, and looting the so-called islamic state. prioritywarns that the is humanitarian. it is vital to get food and medical supplies into areas like aleppo. our middle east editor is there, and he said this report. >> no one is taking down the sandbags. the war went to aleppo in 2012. after thousands of deaths with
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hundreds of lost homes, no wonder they are skeptical a few hours into a cease-fire. this is the west side of aleppo controlled by the government. many more have died on the east side. not much else unites a country that the war has left in fragments. soldier showed me a show. he said they packed empty cooking gas bottles with tail, ands, weld on a fire them. >> it is c4 an explosive. you get a lot of that. >> hundreds, thousands of
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explosions. very much. reporter: it was a small violation of the cease-fire, but he haunted by years of shelling and his grandchildren's fears. he lost an eye and his son a leg to a gas bottle attack. children andd the the women. what happened to syria. syria. reporter: one day the war will end and peace will start with a cease-fire. priest, a christian, rebels destroyed his church. many syrian christian support
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the regime. the father believes only negotiation will end the war. he backs the cease-fire and believes in pouring more weapons and the middle east will lead to disaster. from the church i called on the countries of the world to stop the armed trade. the money spent good feed many people and facilitate peace. reporter: on the east side of aleppo, the cemeteries are overflowing. they have faced much greater firepower than the west. strikes, including the barrel bombs. coincides with one of the biggest muslim holidays of the year. despite widespread doubt the cease-fire with the last, they might take a chance. to the swings.ds
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it was a risk. i don't believe in the cease-fire. the regime is always making promises. but the kids should have fun. reporter: i could not cross into east aleppo, but a tangle of medieval alleys. was ans old city extraordinary human creation. now it is empty and dead. butdistraction is tragic, it is not match the los of 400,000 human lives. let's assume the cease-fire lasts, for a week and a bit longer, the question is what can be built upon it? can there be a political process that inches this country away from war and a tiny bit towards peace, or will it be like other
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attempts at cease-fires? a time when fighting men can rest, rearm, regroup, and get ready for the next round. aleppo.owen, bbc news, katty: unbelievable pictures of aleppo. unrecognizable. in iraq the war against the islamic state is making progress and there is speculation the iraqi army could drive the i.s. army from the city of muscle next month. the iraqi prime minister has promised to retake it by the end of the year. the most recent victory against is was in a town 40 miles south from mosul. from there, we have the report. reporter: a parting gift from the so-called islamic state. wells set ablaze covering
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their retreat from guy are a. here, the landscape of liberation. defeating is will mean more scorched earth. of the roadside, remnants their rule. iraqi troops are still jittery. halted when as homemade bomb was found ahead. a controlled explosion. this time. town is ahe strategic key victory in the push towards mosul. troops are closing in step-by-step with help from u.s. and british bombing raids. and what happened under the dark reign of i.s. is being uncovered. we were given a tour of one of
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their jails. locals said up to 4 men could be in a cell, forced to stand. they were even handcuffed to the doors. here, some of their names and their crimes. smuggling and trying to escape. we don't know their fate. for this tribal commander, the fight here is very personal and it is not over yet. his village in the distance still under i.s. control. >> they blew up my house. i can see it with binocular's. my mother is there. i haven't seen her in more than two years. it is very painful. my brothers are also there. in front of me, but i can't reach them. but we hope to retake the village soon. orla: then we get access to a
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hidden lair built by the extremists during the two years in residence. here deep in the health site, the islamic state carved a network of tunnels. this is a place where they could hide and take cover from coalition airstrikes. it is pretty basic, but we have found food supplies they left behind in their hurry to escape. they did have some creature comforts. there was electricity connected here. now, they were driven out of this town in just 2 days, but the decisive battle is yet to come. the offensive for mosul. many have fled before it begins. makeshift camps in kurdish territory are already overflowing. here they are free from i.s., but still prisoners of memory. these young boys saw men hanged. and beheaded.
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>> he was escaping, so they cut his head off. then they threw him into the water. another five people, also dead. locals took the bodies and buried them. orla: in the coming weeks and months, the desperation here may grow, along with the numbers. the u.n. is warning that up to one million people could flee mosul. a fresh catastrophe in this broken country. orla guerin, bbc news, northern iraq. katty: we are learning more about life under the so-called islamic state. a democratic congressman and iraq war veteran laid out a proposed strategy for u.s.-iraq strategy going forward. he joins me from capitol hill. thank you. one of the points you make in your strategy is that the u.s. should help defeat isis with a
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comprehensive military strategy for iraq and syria and eliminate political vacuums that terror groups for phil. how does that work? how does that look? >> it is complex. there are details. i spent an hour going through complex plans this afternoon. we have to understand what we .re driving for politically it is not enough to militarily defeat the islamic state. we are making great military progress, but we have to have a plan to maintain the peace. what led to the vacuum in the first place is that we left without it though and -- without a plan to maintain the peace. we cannot repeat that mistake. we have to understand the political goals we are trying to achieve, not just the military goals. katty: when you talk to your
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colleagues on capitol hill and in the white house at this time a political transition, are you confident the long-term commitment is there from america? .> no, i am not confident we can either make a long-term political and diplomatic commitment to iraq to ensure that after we defeat the islamic state there is not a successor terrorist group later, the way the islamic state came in after al qaeda was pushed out why us five years or six years ago. to the american people that the choice between a long-term diplomatic presence, or sending american troops back to clean up the mess every five years, people understand the value and the lower cost of having a diplomatic and political plan to ensure peace. katty: one proposal for a rock is to try to bring together, as urgeened under the s
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the sunni tribes and give them more of the stake. how difficult is that with the presence of seo militia who took retaliatory positions against them? >> it is hard to one of the problems is that it is largely thanks to the militia, the military progress. the towns we are liberating, battles we have fought and won years ago, and are now refighting. if you look at the aftermath of the fighting, it is not encouraging. you have militias maintaining the peace, not increasing the faith the sunnis have in the government. that is the only way we will have long-term peace and bring troops home for good. katty: you were there for 4 different tors. you were there for the surge. did you think iraq would be like this in 2016? >> no. that is one of the greatest
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tragedies of the war. i believe we should never have gone into iraq in the first place. in some ways and even worse tragedy is after going there and making terrible decision, but bringing iraq to a relatively peaceful and governable place after 2007 and 2008, we squandered our success and now have to come back and refight the same battles that cost a lot of american and allied troops' lives over the past 10-years. that is the greatest tragedy and we have to make sure we do not make that mistake again. katty: congressman, thank you for joining me. israel's former president shimon peres has been rushed to hospital after a stroke. the 93-year-old is sedated and breathing with a respirator. israeli media quote hospital
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officials that he has bleeding on the brain. he stepped down as president in 2014. 200 police have swooped on houses in northern germany arresting three migrants suspected of planning attacks for the islamic state group. the german interior minister said they were trafficked by the same organization that supported the attackers that blew themselves up outside the football stadium in paris last november. bryant police in china -- riot police have fired rubber bullets in the fishing village of wukan. it was once held up as democratic reform in the country. footage shows chinese authorities in violent clashes with residents who are protesting the jailing of their village chief. the police firing tear gas and wearing armor are in
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full retreat. , which has not been verified, is being circulated by the residents of wukan, the chinese town synonymous with rebellion, apparently in open revolt again. one officer be seen throwing what looks to be a stun grenade. the latest trouble is all about this man. the wukan village chief lin zuluan. he is being paraded on state tv, confessing to corruption and , then jailed last week. the southern chinese fishing village first rose up against the authorities five years ago over accusations that corrupt communist party officials were illegally selling land. in a rare move, wukan was then allowed to stage elections relatively free from party
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control. the village was held up as a possible model for wider political reform. not any longer. this year, in the belief that their elected leader had been taken down on trumped up charges, the villagers began protesting again. and now, beginning with these dawn raids, the authorities have made a move. an apparent signal that the democratic experiment is well and truly over. john sudworth, bbc news, beijing. katty: you are watching "bbc world news america." come on the program, our hillary clinton and donald trump being held to different standards? the scrutiny being placed on both candidates in the final stretch of the presidential campaign. aid agencies are warning that north korea is facing a
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humanitarian disaster after tens of thousands of people were displaced by flooding. the international red cross has reported 133 deaths and 104,000 people in need of urgent assistance. reporter: it is not the capacity of north korea's secretive state to conduct nuclear tests, but whether they can deal with the sudden and massive natural disaster. floods triggered by the recent typhoonlinerock -- lionrock shows the destructive power of nature for people river along the tumen which borders china. the united nations mission to the region says several counties are now entirely cut off. from proclaiming the times of pyongyang's nuclear capability, state television is reporting the effort to tackle the problem and confessing the magnitude of the devastation, saying these are the country's worst ever floods.
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>> tens of thousands of houses and public buildings collapsed and railways, roads, and other traffic networks and power supply systems, factories, company buildings, and farmlands were destroyed or inundated the disaster left the people homeless and suffering from great hardship. reporter: the floods came through with such force, everything in their path was destroyed. in some towns, agencies say fairly a building was left -- barely a building was left unscathed. north korea already has chronic food shortages and is heavily dependent on foreign aid to feed its population. as they warn of the threat of military escalation on the peninsula, the international community must also prepare a response to the growing crisis of this natural disaster. bbc news.
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hillary clinton has faced extraordinary criticism even from supporters for failing to be more open about her pneumonia. she was concerned news of the illness would be ex ploited. she faces more scrutiny than donald trump. jon sopel has been comparing the differences in media treatment. word go, this has been an election unlike any other. the outsider and insider, man versus woman, the consummate politician against the billionaire tv reality star. it has resulted in different treatment of the candidates. here is the paradox. hillary clinton is seen as secretive. donald trump is perceived as open, candid, with nothing to
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hide. hillary clinton has revealed more. this is all 40 pages of her tax return. donald trump has refused to release his. this is hillary clinton's letter intoher doctor going details about a mammogram, blood tests, while donald trump's doctor had four brief paragraphs with the title to whom it might concern. why the differing scrutiny? they write "the fix" for "the washington post." a detailed analysis of the campaign. has beenverage different. part of that is because hillary clinton has been in the public eye for a quarter century. donald trump has been in the public eye as an entertainer and tv host, a mythical real estate figure. >> you hear words used in descriptions of clinton that you
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don't hear of male candidates, allegations she is bossy, overbearing, manipulative. reporter: there's only so much that journalists can do when the public seems not to care. >> the media has been tough on donald trump. they play out the controversial and false things that he says. many have decided that doesn't matter. jon: a large section of the american public loves that donald trump is not conventional and don't expect him to behave like one. they may be applying for the same job, but they are running different campaigns being held to different standards. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. katty: his characters have captured the imagination of around the world, including mine. on what would have been roald
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dahl's 100th birthday, many are celebrating him. >> willy wonka, can you make marshmallows that taste of violent? -- taste of violet? .eporter: reading to celebrate his work is more popular than ever. do you have a favorite story? >> "the bfg." >> "charlie and the chocolate factory." reporter: why do you like that once a much? >> because i like chocolate. reporter: his story began here 100 years ago today. the family home in cardiff has changed little since roald dahl was born in the front bedroom. his earliest recollections were forms here, and some played a part in the magical stories that he later went on to write. bfg, i wondered
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how long it would read before you asked me that. idea from a got an welsh author who had a writing hub. foulu wicked beast, you and filthy fiend. reporter: he writing for children 70 years ago. alongories still rank modern-day best sellers. >> he popularized the children's book genre. now those readers are parents passing on that legacy. reporter: roald dahl worked closely with the illustrator quentin blake. children,talked to the response was huge. i think the drawings are a way of saying do not take yourself too seriously. reporter: the celebration for what would have been road all's 100th birthday have been as
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colorful as his imagination. bbc news, cardiff. katty: remembering roald dahl. which is your favorite. i am katty kay, this brings this program to a close. join us tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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