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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 14, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling tradewinds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, bbc "world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." in washington, i am katty kay. the cease-fire in syria will be extended. aleppo wherem there is no aid and people need food and medical supplies. intervening in libya was misguided and made way for the so-called islamic state. make thosemakers charges against former prime minister david cameron. mapping more than one billion stars. thanks to a space telescope, we are getting a better picture of the milky way.
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katty: welcome to our viewers and public television in america and around the globe. the u.s. and russia have agreed to extend the truce in syria by 48-hours to speed up the delivery of humanitarian aid. food and medical supplies are desperately needed in the city of aleppo, where people have been under siege for months. the western part of the city is held by the government, the eastern half is held by rebel forces. jeremy bowen is in aleppo or do you might find his report disturbing. jeremy: he is leaving the hospital for his new life without his arms and without his cousins that were killed when he was wounded. he lives in government held
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territory. the attack happened one week ago, before the cease-fire. geography, politics, and timing cannot matter too much to a bewildered eight-year-old boy. the university hospital in west aleppo is controlled by the government. it is better supplied then anywhere on the east side and has treated war wounded. sleeping peacefully. she was shot in her spine last night, 24 hours after the cease-fire. entered from the back? she is paralyzed? her mother is too worried about lifereck of her daughter's
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to speculate about who pulled the trigger. me that herrs told legs will be paralyzed all her life. , loving, andactive caring. she was shopping with her father when it happened. we don't know what will happen to her. minded aid for the across the city could come this on, through northwest aleppo the route to turkey. it is designated as a humanitarian corridor in the cease-fire agreement, but it still is in safe. the fighting here hasn't stopped. , the russians say, is by the syrian army and rebels to pull back from the road on thursday morning. deal also depends
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on the rebels. this attack in june was by a group backed by the americans. it says it is respecting the cease-fire. in a skype interview across the front lines to used aleppo, a spokesman said they were not happy with the deal they say lets the regime off the hook. what is going to end this war? when wear will end achieve the goals of the people, freedom and justice. after the regime falls and we punish the criminals who killed children and women in the last six years. the men of this displaced family call the rebels terrorists appeared in the 6:00 p.m. year of war the best refuge they can find is a flat on the
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front line with no power or running water. ther some heavy shelling side of the building collapsed, taking away one room. the family survived and stayed on. you can see, he said, the whole country is destroyed. syria is the most savage example of the way the old political order across the middle east is decaying. regional powers and powerful ideologies are competing to shape the future. syrians say if the foreigners went away they might make peace. if that was ever true. it is too late. perioddle east is in a of change as a result of a century of misrule, disastrous foreign intervention, stagnation, and repression. this war is part of all that. no wonder it is so hard to stop. so sad and seemingly
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hopeless. i was able to speak with jeremy from aleppo. you were reporting from government-held aleppo in that report. what did you hear about conditions in rubble-held aleppo? -- rebel-held aleppo? jeremy: they are worse. it is not pleasant on this side. people have money and are even able to sometimes find restaurants open. the majority on the west side of aleppo are struggling. it is worse on the east side, rebel-controlled. over the months and years they have raised a greater volume of firepower. the siege imposed by the regime has been tightened on them. katty: the day of the cease-fire , the u.s. secretary of state told me that he hoped that the aid would get in the next
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morning. what is the delay and when to rethink the aid will get in? jeremy: we're still waiting. there is a plan tomorrow morning , both sides, rebel and syrian army, to pull back from the castillo road. the route out towards the turkish border. that is designated as a humanitarian corridor. there has been fighting their. i was on part of that road today. you could hear pretty constant outgoing artillery fire coming from syrian government positions. there was shooting as well. it has not been safe. isy are hoping, the plan that both sides under agreement will pull back. if they cannot do that, it is a serious blow to the cease-fire agreement. katty: if they have not done it so far during the cease-fire, what would make you think that
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they would do it now? jeremy: the main things are the russians should be telling, under the agreement, telling them to do it. russian help is vital for the syrian government and armed forces. on the rebel side there are groups backed by the americans who, even if they do not necessarily approve of a deal that they believe actually takes the pressure off of president to do asey are likely they are told in that sense. there are other groups not party to the deal and may want to try to do something from stock -- do something to stop it from happening. i do not think anyone will win popularity points by stopping humanitarian aid. what are the people in aleppo and the government-controlled side tell you they want most?
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jeremy: of course people want peace. the people that i spoke to who recently had horrendous things happening to their family, like the woman who seven-year-old daughter was shot in the back ,ast night and was paralyzed they are so dazed by everything that has happened. they are not engaging politically, they are just trying to get through the day. there is lots of opposition to the rebels. plenty of people call them terrorists. plenty ofle fear -- people fear the extreme islamic ideologies. on the east side of aleppo there are civilians who are outraged by the use of barrel bombs before the cease-fire who believe that the assad regime has murderous intentions towards them and have slaughtered so many people of their people.
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the difficulty here for any peacemaker is attitudes on both sides, after so much killing, bloodshed, and years, those attitudes are embedded very deep. katty: jeremy bowen in aleppo. thank you. a very rare look inside of aleppo in a war that is increasingly complicated. let's hope the aid can get in as soon a damming report was released by the british parliament criticizing david cameron's decision to approve intervention in libya in 2011. he is accused of pursuing an opportunistic policy for regime change to remove colonel gadhafi. it allowed the growth of the islamic state. our correspondent has been assessing the report. james: libya is unstable.
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a place where militias compete for power. where the islamic state group has a foothold. where migrants pour across unprotected borders on route for the sea. it is a chaotic picture which is the result of david cameron's decision to send warplanes to support rebels against colonel gaddafi. >> we were not prepared for the consequences of a regime change in libya. , it was based on a limited understanding of the situation in libya. aim of thehe intervention was to protect people living in benghazi threatened by gaddafi's forces. the foreign affairs committee says the threat to civilians was overstated. over the summer, as fighting continues, the name changed from protecting civilians to getting rid of gaddafi.
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the committee said this was an opportunist policy of regime change and not underpinned by a strategy to support libya afterwards. the mp's say more should have been done to use tony blair's contacts to see if a political deal was possible, which could have left gaddafi in power. >> is it better to allow a to remain in power to ensure stability, rather than risk chaos of an unstable country such as libya? james: in september of 2011 after the gaddafi regime had fallen, mr. cameron and the then french president visited libya, told the people they showed the courage of lyons. >> your friends in britain and france will stand with you as you build your country for the future. james: the foreign affairs committee said this didn't happen. david cameron was ultimately
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responsible for the failure to develop a coherent libyan strategy. diplomats and ministers involved in the decision to intervene said it was backed by the mp's and united nations. it was not clear that leaving gaddafi in place would have ensured a better outcome. >> in iraq we went in with major forces and it did not turn out well. in syria we chose not to get involved, also catastrophic. in libya we went in in a limited way in support of insurgents on the ground. i would not rule out in five years the parties would have gotten together to build something in libya. james: the situation on the ground makes opportunism -- makes optimism rare. katty: as the world looks at the issue of intervention and syria, the model of libya has warnings for every leader. president obama said more economic sanctions against
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myanmar would be lifted now that a civilian government is in office. kyi,ing to aung san suu mr. obama said progress and myanmar was in complete. aung san suu kyi welcomed the decision, saying it would unite the country. aiwan in a stand still as super typhoon skirted past the southern tip bringing the strongest wind in 21 years, disrupting traffic. the typhoon did not make landfall, but rather violent winds and torrential rain to eastern and southern taiwan. it will make landfall in southern china on thursday. leaders on cyprus have made significant progress on reunification talks. the president and leaders say key differences remain, but they are committed to reach an agreement this year. they will meet general ban ki-moon next month to ask him to
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step up his personal involvement in the negotiations. you are watching "bbc world news america." candidate'se, as health records dominate the campaign, we look at the presidential debates and how much of an issue transparency e.ght b chancellor merkel is meeting some of the top business leaders in an effort to get them to employ more refugees. they have hired fewer than 100 new arrivals. jenny hill reports. jenny: hamburg is a city used to change. it is rich. wealth has flowed and through the port. likeso, it has been a year no other. time for abdul is. one of 30,000 refugees in the city. he found friends, a home, and a job.
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what is it mean for your future being able to work here? >> i have to build my future step-by-step. it is the first step for my future. for example, it is the first stone if you have a big house. you have to lift the first stone. workersermany needs new with a population aging fast. half of the new arrivals within jobs in five years. >> we are not naive. we do not take people arrive and fit in immediately, it is hard work, but we have no alternative . we are an aging society. whether we turn this into a success or we will fail. jenny: practical problems and consequences. there an election next year. this country is changing. it's chancellor is under pressure like never before.
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she has to convince a nervous electorate that germany can integrate well over one million refugees. changing communities, shifting politics, germany must decide on the future course. jenny hill, bbc news, hamburg. the u.s. presidential election has given new meaning to the word "unpredictable." donald trump has gone on a television show to hand over a one-page summary of his physical exam. there has been pressure on him and hillary clinton to release more details, medical records, after it was revealed that hillary clinton did not disclose pneumonia. this is one week before the first debate. for more on what we can expect when the two meet, i spoke with james fallows who has written
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the cover story for the atlantic magazine. we have donald trump possibly releasing his health records, and hillary clinton recovering from pneumonia. to what extent will health and transparency around health become part of the presidential debate? james: it is difficult to say what part they will play. i think no one has any clear idea of what moves the real trump supporters. compared with any other candidate in known history, there has been documentation of things that mr. trout says that -- mr. trout says -- mr. trump says that are not true. it does not affect his appeals. his refusal to say anything about taxes, unprecedented since richard nixon, whether that makes a difference any rational person would hazard a guess. katty: if his supporters are stuck on him, how much will the debates affect the course of the
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race? james: there are political scientists who say debates have on had a demonstrable effect past elections, but they have had an effect with jimmy carter and ronald reagan in 1980. in the 60's.ixon it seems likely that the first ever confrontation of hillary clinton and donald trump live and unscripted will have some effect. katty: she presumably having done so many one-on-one debates against barack obama in 2008 goes into the debate, if we can cap it like that, the favorite. is that a problem for her? james: the main challenge that to have isseem managing the expectations game. the assumption that everything plays to her advantages and areas of his inexperience.
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perhaps her sickness in the past few days and sinking in the polls could be a triple whammy in theu expectations game. this is a debate where she has had experience, with obama, bernie sanders, and when she ran for senate in 2000. it is something she knows how to do and has never made a misstep. thisd trump has never had experience before. he has experienced a lot, but not being head-to-head with the moderator and one other opponent in this debate. we will see how he does. katty: high expectations for her, what do you think his biggest challenge is going into the debate? james: i think his biggest challenge is to avoid being provoked into something he might regret.
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one case i argue in my atlantic piece about debates is that the way they matter is something you could receive if you turned off the volume and did not hear a their bodilystudy reaction. their faces, how they hold themselves, if they are aware of having made some mistake. if hillary clinton can provoke donald trump to say something rash, if she is able to confront him in a way that makes them take a back, it is conceivable his air of primal dominance could be challenged. katty: thank you for joining me. james: thank you, katty. katty: extraordinary television. we will have coverage and analysis. the first debate is september 26 on long island, new york. maps guiding us everywhere. there is one that plots more than one billion stars.
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the european space agency has released details of their position and brightness after three-years of monitoring by the gaia space telescope. here is our science correspondent with the details. reporter: our galaxy, the milky way. if you are flying through in a spacecraft, this is what you would see. this is a three-dimensional map of stars created from real data just released by the european space agency. stepis is the first towards a complete revolution in our knowledge of the structure, origin, evolution, and what the universe is made of. reporter: i'm in the library of the royal astronomical society. books about where the stars in the galaxy are. new results from the gaia space telescope means many of them will have to be rewritten. we will show you why. this is our world.
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it is one of 8 planets in the solar system. , in the star, the sun center. it is one of billions of stars in the galaxy, the milky way, which textbooks say looks like this. scientists say we are here on one of the spiral arms. this is based on guesswork and the observation of a few hundred stars. over the past three years, gaia has been mapping the position of more than one billion stars. soon, we will have an accurate picture of what the milky way is like and where we are. this could be completely different to what astronomers currently think. has collected so much data the european space agency has invited schools across the world to help them by shifting through information and letting them know if they discover anything interesting.
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>> we have done it. reporter: they discovered a star that exploded at the end of its life. [applause] supernova.a using the data we have been looking at from stars, what we thought was a supernova, and what we got was a light cursor. >> you don't discover a supernova every day. >> it is different. you don't see these things every day. it feels proud to think that i discovered a supernova at the age of 14. reporter: astronomers hope to discover new objects in the galaxy that are beyond our imagination. bbc news. katty: you don't discover a supernova every day. it is an incredible time to be in the field of astrophysics with so much fun at torrey -- with so much planetary exploration going on.
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we have the latest on our website. the latest on aleppo with jeremy 's reporting is there. on twitter, i am @kattykaybbc. we will see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm sunny days, cooling tradewinds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening. i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: on the newshour tonight, reshaping america's child care policies. as donald trump lays out his plan, we take a look at how thet candidates compare on the issue. >> woodruff: also ahead this wednesday, end game strategy. what the candidates must do to reach the 270 electoral votes needed to win. >> ifill: and, in the first of our two-part series, how american women are falling victim to forced marriage, with no clear system to protect them. >> i do remember being very nervous, and yet knowing that i needed to be smiling and very happy. and i just looked in the mirror and thought, "this is it." >> woodruff: plus, turning down the volume on sound pollution.


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