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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 29, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news america." killed and more than 100 injured when a commuter plows through a station in new jersey during the morning rush hour. >> i looked, and i saw a guy bleeding from the head. then i saw a couple of people, i didn't see as many bodies until i ran over there. >> the u.s. is ready to suspend talks over syria after john kerry calls the bombing of a o inexcusable - -the bombing of aleppo inexcusable. we will take you to a rather unusual pairing.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. there is chaos during the morning commute in new york city when a train plowed into a train station killing one person and injuring 100 more. parts of the new jersey stations roof were brought down. investigators are now trying to figure out what happened. and the governor says there is no indication it was anything but an accident. from the station, here is nick bryant. packed train entering a crowded station at the peak of rush hour. a routine morning commute that turned in an instant into a terrifying ordeal. the train kept up its speed as it entered the station. plowing through crash barriers at the end of the track.
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slamming into the wall of a waiting area. >> the second car jumped a lit tle bit onto the first -- where we were standing. so, it kind of like crushed that little center where people were. >> a big crash. then everything from the ceiling fell. >> i saw one woman on the ground. she needed medical attention. she started to receive medical attention but then they left her there. i figured there was nothing more they could do for her. she was lying in a pool of blood. ngine was at the rear pushing the passenger carriages. they bore the brunt of the crash. the impact ofs the crash that part of the roof caved in. turning the concourse into a jumble of collapsed pillars, twisted metal and hanging wires. the woman who died was killed by falling debris. hoboken is in new jersey, across the hudson river from new york city. many commuters use this busy
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station to travel into manhattan. many tend to pack the front carriages of the trains to shave a few minutes off their journeys. a hundred people were injured and most of them were on board the train. thate silver lining is there is only been one fatality thus far, because the destruction really is significant. and the power of the train is obviously devastating in its impact. nick: the cause of the crash is not noted the trains engineer was critically injured but is conscious and cooperating with investigators. new jersey transit has not completed installing what is called positive train control. a safety system designed to prevent accidents by automatically slowing or stopping trains that are going to fast. it had been ordered to install the system by the government, but there have been repeated delays. you look at this
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picture, it is extraordinary that only one person has died so far. the latest from the scene, i spoke to nick and asked him if there was any speculation on how this accident could have happened. nick: one area is obviously some kind of driver error or a driver who perhaps was not feeling very well. that is one area that investigators will focus on. but the question a lot of commuters are asking is why this speed control technology has not been installed on their commuter train? we have seen a lot of train accidents in the americas northeast corridor. almost three years ago there was a train crash almost within bronx.nt h the only five years ago there was a similar accident on the path train system at hoboken. when a train did not slow down coming to the station and hit the bus and injured 30 people. many people are asking, why has it taken so long to introduce this speed control technology
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america's biggest transportation safety board, the national transportation safety board, was advocating its introduction more than 25 years ago? kathy: nick bryant in hoboken, new jersey. thanks very much. rising between moscow and washington tonight over the war in syria. specifically the bombing of aleppo. john kerry says america is on the verge of suspending talks with russia after days of heavy bombardment. it appears that hospitals in been particular targets. john sweeney has been looking at some of the footage. a warning that you may find some of these images distressing. john: imagine if your local hospital looks like this. no water, no time to clean up the blood and where the living lie cheek by jowel with the
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dead. this is aleppo under siege in an underground hospital. the war in syria gets more pitiless by the day. the bombing is relentless. blasts from a bomb caused concrete to fall on the hospital's intensive care unit and knocked out as oxygen generator. on sunday, cluster bombs blasted free aleppo. the hospital had 180 patients, 10 of whom died. on monday, 27 patients died, seven children. we can't check those numbers, but these images are not make-believe. this is brain surgery carried out on the floor because all the other beds in intensive care have been taken.
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>> a cluster bomb fires all ball bearings in all directions. one ended up here in this little boy's spine. a second came to the back of his voice's head to end up behind his nose. so, what are we looking at? andorks at the bbc arabic watch the footage we had been sent. patientt like being a inside this hospital? >> you have really extreme chances to survive. because of the number of casualties and injuries so huge they cannot cope with it. they live -- on the floor.
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and they take the people who have the better chance to make it. that's the only way they can cope with it. don't forget. they are under constant apartment. -- custom bombardment. john: some of the images cannot be shown. the next picture is of, i think a child and there's, it's a mess of blood and concrete. the head may be decapitated. it is one of the worst things i've ever seen. but there is a problem with that. we're not showing you the full horror of this war. the news from the hospital is not all bleak. two weeks ago -- an operation using a skype surgeon in london directing his colleagues in aleppo held a build a new jaw fo r this man.
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john: the life of this patient and the children with ball bearings and their bodies are in the hands of the doctors of aleppo. john sweeney reporting. those images are very difficult to watch, but it is important that we see them and it is important that our policymakers see them. as he mentioned earlier, the-- attempts by the u.s. and russia to negotiate a way forward seem to be twiddling. i spoke with the former u.s. state department spokesman p.j. crowley. as you look at secretary kerry saying the bombing in aleppo is inexcusable, beyond the pale, what are the options left to the u.s.? >> when you see those dramatic images, that is one of the reasons you do not want to let go of diplomacy. not only are the returns
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diminishing, the returns are nonnegative. dlearly, russia and the assa regime have taken advantage of diplomacy because they believe there are significant gains to be made. around aleppo. as long as you have that dynamic in a civil war, and at the heart, while the united states has been trying to manage the problem, we cannot solve the problem until russia and iran are willing to let go. kathy: do you think your former colleagues in the colle -- in the state department were duped by moscow? >> obviously, there was a fig leaf of diplomacy and russia dad syria have taken advantage of that. but i think at the heart, the inability to decide, the lack of leverage and the inability to raise the costs for assad or russia, it means you have a
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very difficult and weak hand to play. akthy: the real problem in terms of negotiations is that washington went to the table with no plan b. and moscow knew that. they knew that president obama was not going to agree to use american military force if the russians and the syrians did not keep this cease-fire. e protagonist thi believe that they have gains on the battlefield, it is really hard to achieve a negotiated solution. as the obama administration steps back, you have to reevaluate how can you impose new costs on syria and russia. obviously, one card to play is simply to declare what is happening a crime against humanity and bring assad before the international criminal court. kathy: that is not going to stop the bombing in aleppo. >> that is not an immediate solution. you are exactly right. but as long as the administration is unprepared to up the ante, this is what we
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have. i think ultimately, you are evaluating options for the next administration. one of the options will be to intensify the level of support to the opposition to see if you cannot change the dynamic on the battlefield. kathy: will you look back on this period and say this was a serious failing of the obama administration? >> well, its effort at managing the crisis and solving the crisis has fallen short. i think you have to put the responsibility for that first and foremost with assad and ba cked by russia and iran. the secret going forward is to try to change what consolation, at what point are those two countries willing to let go of assad while retaining the structure of the regime? until that day arrives, it will be hard to solve. at theit does seem moment that washington is out of options. meanwhile, those people in aleppo continue to suffer.
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30 people are missing after flooding and landslides in southeast china caused by torrential rain. rescuers are searching for survivors after hillside collapsed into villages following typhoon megi. the storm has forced the closure of schools and businesses and the cancellation of hundreds of flights. south australia is enduring a second day of severe weather after the entire state with less -- was left without power overnight. 80,000 lightning strikes were recorded. some damaging powergenerating facilities while winds toppled transmission towers. tens of thousands of homes are still without electricity. new research has found that a small proportion of children with hiv do not develop aids, even without treatment. positive southv african children revealed that the immune systems were apparently able to coexist with the virus. the findings could lead to new
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immune-based therapies for hiv infection. many of europe's economies are struggling. the recovery is stalled and growth was zero. that's led the prime minister to stake all on a referendum. the country's parliamentary system would be restructured with the upper house to debit's powers. the number of senators would be cut from 300 to 100. mr. renzi has promised to resign if he loses. latest polls give the no campaign a lead. we asked mr. renzi if holding the referendum was not too dangerous a political gamble. : i know in 2016, to use the expression referendum in the e.u. is a risk. is a greatve this challenge for the italian people, because this constitution or a form reduces reduces bureaucracy
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and give stability to the italian institution and finally solves the problem of a relation between the central government and the local authorities. so, for a lot of reasons this is a great challenge for the italian people. i am not worried. >> david cameron was not worried. he must've told you, i'm not worried about the referendum in the u.k. and look what happened to him. he lost and his political career was finished. mr. renzi: thank you so much for this benchmark. i hope a result will be different. but i think this is a very different referendum. i think this is a very great opportunity for our citizens to reduce the costs of the politicians, to redue the -- reduce the level of bureaucracy. i'm confident all the populace
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will vote for our position. thesn't there a risk that attacking people will not vote on the referendum question? we have seen and so many european countries and the united states, there are more and more angry people who feel the have been left behind and who are angry at the establishment. even though your name is "the arelition man,:" but you part of that establishment. the risk is a italian's may vote against you as part of what they see asan elite. mr. renzi: this is a clear risk, but at the same time there is a question. the question of referendum is, do you want reduce the establishment? i think the real decision for -- will be vote yes. as the government proposes. obviously, there are a lot of risks but it is impossible to
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manage political experience without risk. it is impossible to have a great challenges, italian government, without risk. kathy: mateo renzi well aware of the wrist of referendums -- the risks of referendums. warning that a new painkillers could actually cause a danger to older people if taken regularly. we will bring you the details. army says it has launched strikes against suspected militants along the border with pakistan in kashmir. each controls only part of it. the decades-old dispute has seen an increase in tension in recent weeks. we have more. ou only have to see the military hardware arriving on the indian side of the fiercely contested order in
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kashmir to see how tensions between these two nuclear armed neighbors have been rising. today in dia took it to a new level and now sing it has attacked what it described as terrorist launch pads in pakistan administered kashmir. >> the army conducted surgical strikes last night. at these launch pads. oppressions were basically focused -- the operations were basically focused to ensure these interests -- terrorists do not succeed in endangering the lives of citizens of our country. reporter: pakistan suggesting that there was anything surgical about india's action was an illusion. was nothingincident more than cross-border rifle fire but warned it was ready to act against what it described as indian aggression. >> un provoked --
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which existed between the two countries. so, what happens next? asia's action is being seen a response to a militant attack on a military bases in kashmir two weeks ago in which 18 soldiers were killed. but it is reassuring today that pakistan was emphasizing the need to defend itself against indian aggression rather than talking about how it would retaliate. katty: many of us use painkiller like ibuprofen to help with pain, but now comes a warning that elderly people who regular use these pills may be at an increased risk of heart failure. new research analyze the effects of anti-inflammatory drugs given to 10 million people. younger patients are unlikely to be affected.
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our medical correspondent has to details. anneter: for 40 year, has struggled with rheumatoid arthritis or she needs medication to help her control chronic joint pain. anne is prescribed diclofenac but research into these painkillers like ibuprofen and naproxen increase the risk of heart failure. now she faces a dilemma. >> do i stop taking them and lose part of my independence? or do i carry on taking them and perhaps put myself under greater risk? that is the decision that lots of us will have to make over the next two weeks. researcherse examined 27 nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs being taken on prescription by 10 million people in europe. overall, the drugs increase the risk of being admitted to hospital with heart failure by 19%. compared to those not taking them.
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but the study did not show the underlying or absolute risk. all medicines have potential side effects, but the warnings from this research really only applied to the elderly. the average age of the people in this study was 77. octors need to be careful when prescribing painkillers. as always, it is a balance between risk and benefit. leading pharmacists sought to reassure the public. >> no need to panic. younger patients occasionally take these drugs and there is no evidence this is a problem. older pages are getting these drugs prescribed and they are being monitored closely and it -- older patients are generated taking these drugs being prescribed and being monitored. veryter: ibuprofen is a effective medicine but for the elderly and those at risk of heart disease, they need to be used with care.
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we're probably all in need of a little distraction from the stress of everyday life. many of us turn to yoga. one woman is getting goats in on the act at her farm in oregon. she is holding classes and people from all over the world have contacted her for a spot. >> my name is lanie, and i'm the founder of goat yoga. i had a really bad year. i ended up getting a divorce, and that i was diagnosed with an autoimmune disease call sjorgren's. how can you be sad and depressed when you have a baby goat jumping around you? i just realized the healing quality of them. if i was in pain, i would forget i was in pain because they are funny. they use horses and dogs. why not goats? then i started inviting my friends over. they would be so stressed out,
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and once they left, they would be like, i forgot that i was stressed. i'm a million miles away from where i was. goats were wandering around in the, and heather the instructor said i should have a yoga class out here. that is how it all started. you can't take yourself too seriously when there is a goat eating your yoga mat. some people are experiencing it as a profound healing. when people put their yoga mats out in the field, they wander out there and plop down next to them and want to be pet. they are very social. >> i was hoping to get some goats jumping on me. wanted to experience yoga on the front. -- on the farm. >> it makes me want to do more
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yoga and some more time with goats. >> it was more fun. and less distracting than i thought it would be. >> i'm getting e-mails, 20-30 a day. i do not think it is just me that resonates with these animals. it is so many people that want to come from london and italy and amsterdam or germany. i think they are making everybody happy. i am honored to see -- to be an international whackjob. the goat lady. it is making me happy. if people think i'm crazy, maybe i am. love that. the national transportation safety board is on the side of the train crash in new jersey. recorders will be pulled from the wreck this evening with information on speed and breaking -- braking. the engineer is now being released from hospital and is cooperating with those investigators. you can get more on her website.
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from all of us, thanks so much for watching. tune in again tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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