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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 28, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is a significant moment in the american election campaign with 11 days to go to polling. hillary clinton was arisk in iowa, her campaign in good spirits. then they learned that the f.b.i. is carrying out a new investigation into her emails as part of its probe into a private email server. they want to see if emails
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contained classified information. donald trump was in new hampshire and he immediately pounced on the news. for weeks he had based much of his campaign on referring to her as crooked hillary. >> they are reopening the case into her criminal and illegal conduct. that threatens the security of the united states of america >> the republican candidate went on to say, this is bigger than watergate. the news came in a letter from the director of the f.b.i. to members of congress. i agree, he wrote, that the f.b.i. should take appropriate steps designed to allow investigators to review these emails to determine whether they contain classified information. the f.b.i. says it doesn't know whether the material is significant or how long its investigation will take. this inquiry goes back to the time that hillary clinton was secretary of state and used a
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private email server. in july after a long inquiry, the f.b.i. closed the case. >> although there is evidence of potential violations of the statutes regarding the handling of classified information, our judgment is that no reasonable prosecutor would bring such a case. >> the emails surfaced during a presidential debate and she apologized for how she handled the official emails. >> i used a mistake. and if i had to do it over again, i would do it differently. >> at every campaign stop, trump has made her trugget worthyness a campaign interest. >> let's knock out crooked hillary. she is as crooked as a $3 bill. >> hillary clinton did not mention the inquiry and ignored shouting questions but this is
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to dominate the closing days of the campaign. >> kim is traveling with the clinton campaign. i spoke to her a short time ago. kim, we heard the official reaction from the clinton campaign but what is the mood like there? >> the official reaction is what we are going to get for now because as we have seen over the past year or so as the email saga unfolded, there is a tendency to clamp down when things like that happen. they cannot adopt their usually offensive crouch. so they did put out this statement very quickly and the statement is their way of fighting back and making sure that their supporters don't get demoralized by this and doesn't affect voter turnout because they feel there is something
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political behind this and indicate in that statement that the f.b.i. came under pressure from the republican party and that's why you had the chairman of the campaign call on the f.b.i. director to come out as quickly as possible and said he owed it to the american voters to clarify as quickly as possible what were the details of what they are looking into. and we were mid-air when this broke and caught the campaign off guard when we landed. when we were on the plane, they were briefing us about how confident they felt about the state of the race, but making clear they are not complacent and said she isn't measuring the drapes at the white house because she is superstitious and there are lots of things around the corner. just 11 days to go. >> thank you. and for more on the new email is
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investigating and i'm joined by a contributor from "time" magazine. where exactly did these emails come from? >> they didn't come from the original investigation into hillary's private server but a separate investigation that has been ongoing into the husband of one of her top aides, a man named anthony weiner, a former member of congress who got himself in trouble for sending sexual pictures and all kinds of lewd emails and text that he meets on social media, some of them are under age and one of them most recently, he had a picture of their son in one of those lewd pictures and the investigation is involving child endangerment and inappropriate sexual contact and from that investigation they looked at all of his communications with his
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wife who is hillary's top aide nd her most trusted confidente and there is a question of whether or not she exposed top information to anthony weiner. >> the emails are not actually from hillary clinton. for the poor voter wondering how to vote, what impact is this having on the campaign? >> this is not a new issue and gives juice to trump to hillary and the whole system is rigid. you can't say the system is rigid. but generally speaking that she is crooked and using the law to her own advantage. but we are 11 days before an election and historic numbers of early voting and that entire period has gone for donald trump
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and even if it does catch some traction and hard to imagine he turns it around to such a victory. >> it revives the trust issue. >> for sure and not a good thing at all. if we talk about her emails that will be huge and could throw the mpaign into chaos, but hurts down-ballot. people were carrying the senate and potentially carrying the house, the more the momentum. whether it is enough to lose the white house, at this point, given the early voting. >> narrow path. does it change anything? >> it doesn't. mostly because these swing states. maybe if you are looking at the margins of votes, most of these
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swing states. places like utah, which is not a swing state and third party candidate, that's something that these emails are not going to affect. >> groups in syria have launched a major seizure. the city at the nation of that civil war. hundreds of missiles have been fired. it includes shelling and suicide car bombs. our correspondent have been sending reports. >> in aleppo, a call to arms and god willing, we will be in the heart of the city. they brought with them plenty of .ire power, hundreds of rockets but something just a powerful,
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unity. we supplied moderate rebels and hard-line islamists working together. and here they are using a favorite jihadist tactic, suicide car bombs. at least half a dozen hit pro-government. e have committed daily massacres. we will free our brothers. in a city divided, east and west aleppo almost looks the same today. 15 people were killed by rebel shells and more than 100 injured. >> my children are under the rubble.
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they are still under the rubble. the building collapsed. oh my god. >> blood and war are the city's common ground. aleppo has been torn apart. unified, the rebels have more ground troops and pressed their advantage. by the afternoon here in the neighborhood, they have broken hrough government lines. in the east, they came out to celebrate. until recently, russian and syrian air strikes killed hundreds here. there has been a pause in those attacks and russia says they won't restart yet. aleppo's fate and that of syria's vicious civil war are
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joined together. the rebels have the upper hand. >> for more on these developments, i spoke with charles, the senior fellow at the middle east institute and syrian jihad. charles, could have this change? >> a better question would be, would aleppo itself transform the conflict. aleppo is split in control. half has been controlled by the regime and the front line hasn't changed. if the opposition does succeed in breaking the siege. it would be significant. it won't transform the whole conflict. if it loses aleppo, that would transform the conflict. >> what chance do the rebels have against the air strikes that the syrian government and russian allies? >> the timing is extremely important. the offensive was ready almost a
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week ago but was delayed because of bad weather which is the opposition's best hope of lessening the ability of jets in the sky to be effective. it's interesting that russia has been abiding by self-imposed cessation of air strikes over aleppo. and the russian military had a request and it was turned down. it is the syrian air force which is involved which is less capable. >> what do you expect this is going to do to the humanitarian catastrophe in aleppo. >> if they break the siege, the humanitarian situation will be improved. the siege people in eastern aleppo, perhaps a quarter of a million people, had according to my sources, three weeks left of very minimal food and water and electricity supplies under those
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siege conditions. the opposition has launched this to break the siege and bring in food and other supplies as they did several months ago for just over a few days. so ironicically enough, the opposition is counting on a large number of extremists to help their humanitarian situation. >> tell us about the extremist groups and possibly stay united. >> there are 25 groups and around five of those are what i would call al qaeda-affiliated movements. those organizations are dominating the front line. in other words, they are the ones capturing territory. and the 20 groups are associated with the moderate syrian. and taking tanks with empty tank missiles, et cetera, et cetera. they are united as of now and that is a significant development. but it's not good for the international community that has
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long tried to decouple that moderate influence apart from each other. >> serious agony has gone on for so long with so many killed and displaced. do you see any sign of it coming to an end? >> no. i don't think any diplomatic initiative had the muscle behind it to have it on the ground. we faced those. and of course, there is a huge number of spoilers who aren't involved in these processes and will do everything they can to spoil them. until we have a more muscular approach from washington, d.c.,, i can't see any of this leading to any peace for a very long time. in australia. police called it a senseless
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act. the 29-year-old driver died and several passengers suffered several injuries. a 48-year-old man is accused of murder and 11 counts of attempted murder. shops, businesses and schools in venezuela walla's capital were closed in protest of the president. the buses are operating but it was reported there were few passengers. they want a referendum to remove him from power after handling of the power. the world anti-doping agency said there was serious failings when it came to the 2016 olympic games. 60% of the drug tests had to be abortsed. problems stem from lack of money. you are watching bbc world news america. the largest marine reserve in
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the world is set to become a reality. the animals will have new protection and allow them to flourish. more than 140 protestors have been arrested over a controversial pipeline in north dakota. police moved in to clear the demonstrators from private land but no report of serious injuries. the protestors vowed to protest, which they will say will harm water resources. our correspondent james cook reports now. >> for months, tensions have been simmering here in north dakota, but when protestors moved from public to private land, it finally boiled over. police fired pepper spray and supported by soldiers of the national guard as they moved to make arrests. in all, more than 140 people
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were detained. >> we cannot alou our state and county highways to be taken over by acknowledge tateors from other areas of the country. >> the demonstration has garnered support from all over the united states including native americans, but the authorities accuse the protestors of violence alleging one woman pulled out a pistol and fired on their lines narrowly missing an officer. tribeal leaders say they want a halt to construction. they say the plans risk polluting water supplies but the pipeline carrying oil from north dakota to illinois has been ruled legal by a judge. as the skies darkened, using vehicles as roadblocks. >> stand up, find up, raise your warrior spirit. >> nope hint of either side
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backing down. the protestors are telling the police we will continue to fight. >> when it comes to swearing, the philippine president has been full of choice words since he came to office telling barack obama unloading on the pope. yes, the almighty has told him to clean up his language. how hard is it to take the choice words and could swearing be good for you. author of "what the f." the president is swearing or off swearing, or are some people more likely to curse than
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others? >> swearing is largely a choice. we decide we want to use a particular word to have an effect, to appear powerful or accessible or likeable or funny and so it is the type of thing that one can change over time. >> i know i occasionally swear in front of my children and i feel terrible about it but makes me feel better at the time. does swearing appear a useful function? > there is a huge suite. it increases blood flow to the extremities and heart rate and adrenalin starts pumping. the consequence is you could do things that you could otherwise. a set of experiments showing that when people are tolerating pain by putting their hands in a very cold bath of water, they could tolerate 150% the duration
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they could tolerate it normally if they are allowed to swear. >> you have studied swearing around the world. are people more profane than others? >> there are big differences. in places like afghanistan, there are words that are capital crimes to say out loud. in places that are much easier like in france, the rules about profanity are far more laxed and united states, we are in between. where you can swear a lot, you don't have much impact. words that are crimes, they have much of an effect. >> the other thing that hasn't happened in this campaign is one of the candidates dropping an f-bomb. if it did happen, would it make more relateable? >> that is the theory, that they would make them more relateable. but this reaction happens
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regardless of what you think about the person thinking. your interpretation of what your body is telling you is a result of the context. if the person who you don't like already, you may feel fear, anxiety oranger at hearing the swear words but someone you are prone to like, you might think they are being funny or accessible. >> thank you so much for joining us. >> after years of talks between dozens of countries, at long last, the largest marine reserve in the world will actually be created. antarctica will be protected from commercial fishing. so marine life can thrive. david has all the details. >> the waters around antarctica may be icy but teaming with life. this is one of the world's least
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disturbed stretches of ocean. it is attracting the fishing fleets. >> 25 years that i have been working in polar marine biology, this is the biggest day. it is a massive division on the high seas that all the hard work, more than five years or 24 countries have resulted in this incredible decision. >> tiny creatures known as crill are known as life and the new marine protected area is to safeguard the entire food chain. there is still so much in this world that remains a mystery. to scientists, it is a huge challenge trying to understand what makes this unique ecosystem. i once saw that for myself as i joined a team of biologists twisting through the ice.
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will the new deal protect all this? it will last 35 years. some say it's not enough. but for the campaign, to highlight the issues, the deal is a big step forward. >> for me, this is an issue about justice. not about -- it's about the environment and justice and ensuring we look after our environment for our children and grandchildren that there is justice between generations. >> what is remarkable about the agreements is there have been rare harmony between russia and the west. governments have looked at antartica and decided it is just too precious to put at risk. >> good news for the animals of antarctica bringing today's forecast to a close. you can much more at our
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website. to reach me, go to twitter. for all of us here at "world news america" at bbc, thanks for watching. make sense of international news at bbcnews. funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends
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can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news."
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: the f.b.i. announces it will review a new batch of emails related to hillary clinton's handling of classified information-- while donald trump's campaign funds dwindle. then, giving power back to sexual assault survivors-- one woman's fight to change the laws and advocate for survivors around the nation. >> rape is notorious for being underreported, and it's because survivors are faced with a system that is stacked so high against them. >> woodruff: plus, preserving the last great wilderness in a landmark agreement among nations, antarctica's ross sea becomes the world's largest

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