tv BBC World News America PBS November 3, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. america's top guns hit the trail to swing a tight election. with just five days to go, president obama and melania trump appeal to voters. securing the outskirts of mosul. the bbc is with iraqi troops as they try to drive out so-called islamic state. and they have not partied like this since 1908. the cubs have won the baseball world series after more than a century of losses. four chicago, it is a very big deal.
katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. there is just five days to go in the presidential race and at this point it is a test of stamina to see how many campaign stops hillary clinton and donald trump can make in the closing moments of the contest. it is not just the principals out in force. their key supporters are on the trail in hopes of bringing home a win on election day. the bbc's gavin hewitt is in the hotly contested state of north carolina with this report. gavin: donald trump supporters on a north carolina highway. they are going not to see the candidate, but his daughter, in these closing, frenetic days, campaigning has become a family business. here, ivanka trump doesn't address any policies. >> who do you think has knocked on the most doors here?
gavin: but she has celebrity power. ivanka is called trump's secret weapon. bolstering support with women, signs that republican voters about trump are returning to the fold in a forgiving mood. do you think trump respects women? >> i think he does. 11 years ago it might've been a different story, but you know, he has repented to god and he is a different person now. >> we have all made mistakes in our life, we are all human, but we are not criminals like hillary. gavin: in a bar in charlotte, they are following a key game in the world series. for this primetime audience donald trump launched 2 new ads. , >> hillary clinton won't change washington. she has been there 30 years. gavin: donald trump's strategy this to savage the character of hillary clinton but with a reminder to himself not to get
off message. mr. trump: no side tracks, donald. nice and easy. nice and easy. because i've been watching hillary. she is totally unhinged. we don't want any of that. in the final five days of campaigning, hillary clinton, too, wants the choice to be about character and fitness to be president. ms. clinton: imagine having a president who demeans women, mocks the disabled, insults latinos, african-americans, muslims, pows, who pits people against each other instead of pulling us together. gavin: her big hitter is president obama, trying to persuade minority voters who turned out for him to turn out for hillary clinton. president obama: you are going to make this guy your champion if you are a working person? come on. somebody who spent his life without ever showing any regard for working folks.
gavin: this week both campaigns will spend hundreds of millions of dollars on tv commercials. the clinton campaign will try to remind voters of donald trump's gaffes and scandals, but the trump campaign will continue to paint hillary clinton as both crooked and untrustworthy. both candidates know they are neck.nd hillary clinton revisiting states she once thought were solidly behind her. donald trump turning out his family, with just five days to go. gavin hewitt, bbc news, north carolina. katty: another campaign star on the trail today was melania trump, making her first solo appearance on behalf of her husband's campaign. she spoke at a rally in pennsylvania and explained what she would like to do as first lady. mrs. trump: people ask me, if donald is the president, what kind of first lady will you be?
it will be my honor and privilege to serve this country. [applause] mrs. trump: i will be an advocate for women and for children. there.melania trump for mrs. trump to become first lady her husband will have to win the state of florida. president obama has been campaigning for hillary clinton. president obama: make no mistake, florida, all the progress we have made goes out the window if we don't win this election. we have got to work our hearts out this week, work like our future depends on it, because it actually depends on it. laura trevelyan is also in florida. she joins us from miami.
how is it looking aside from the fact that the weather is disgustingly beautiful? laura: it is looking very crowded with candidates and their surrogates. donald trump was here three times yesterday in the state of florida. president obama himself was here in miami. we bumped into him come in the sense that we could move around miami because the place was lousy with secret service agents. me to talk about this race is alan gomez, miami-based reporter for "usa today." it is a statistical dead heat in the polls. nearly 5 million floridians have already voted. what do you read into that? >> we have seen unprecedented numbers for people who are already voted. a lot of people say it shows there is incredible interest in the election.
i think people want to get the election over with and be done with it. we are seeing a lot of people coming out to vote and it is very, very close, almost neck-and-neck. it is florida. we worry about the election after tuesday, if it will really be over. laura: there talk about unprecedentedly high turnout among hispanics, 20% of the electorate here. it is not a monolithic bloc. alan: it is not. nationally it gets more and more important ever you. 16%in 2012, 60% this year-- this year, even more in florida because of the high number of hispanics. but in florida those demographics have changed considerably. the hispanicma won vote by 44 points in 2012 florida,e only 24 in
largely because cuban-americans in this state are traditionally republican. that has changed a lot in the last election. there's a lot more puerto ricans, central and south american's, and they tended to skew more democratic. laura: completely fascinating. you have been watching where the rrogateses and su are going. what is it tell you about the strategy in the closing days? alan: it shows you how important florida is good you cannot go these days without bumping into a presidential motorcade or truck rally. it is interesting to see where they are going. spent a lot of time in the northern part of the state, traditionally white and republican, rallying the base. with hillary clinton and her surrogates, communities with a lot more hispanics and african americans. on sunday the president will be
participating in souls to the po lls, where african-americans go from church to vote after that. they are going for minorities and african american and trump is trying to rile up the base. laura: trump is holding huge rallies but not necessarily having meticulous get out the vote operations that democrats have. can he do this by force of personality? has but seems that he he has been hiring more staff in florida. more volunteers, folks to get the traditional get out the vote, which has not been big in his campaign. he has been trying to run this maverick "i'm doing it my own way" thing. in the last two weeks we have seen him do the traditional campaigning as we get to the final stretch. today alan gomez of "usa ," thank you for joining us.
that is the view of someone following the race very closely integrate katty --indeed. katty: i read somewhere that we may have a sense of where florida has gone before november 8. are you seeing that? laura: 8.5 million people voted here in 2012 in total. a fraction, has voted so far. saying, they was want the election to be over or they are regrettably energized. thiss, if it continues at pace we could have 6 million people having voted and because do knowing the results. in 2012 herema won by just 74,000 votes. i was here come i'm a member. we didn't know until saturday. and 2000, it all went to the supreme court before we knew who won florida. we cannot take anything for granted. other than that, people are
hugely energized and engaged. that we do know, katty. katty: can't take the weather for granted. thanks very much. from american politics we go to the u.k., where a high court has ruled that parliament must vote on whether the country can start the process of leaving the eu, and it throws a major wrench into the process. it could delay plans by theresa may's government to start brexit negotiations in march. officials say they will appeal the court's ruling. ros atkins spoke to rob watson, who explained to fallout from the decision. it is an absolutely extraordinary development. i will not say that this somehow means the brexit is over and carry on with membership in the eu. but what this does do, hugely important for the government and a massive setback for theresa may, is judges saying parliament gets a say. why does that matter? it might take some time for parliament -- to have a say.
parliaments don't do things quickly. before we approve this process, leaving the european union, we would like to know what you have in mind, because one thing that is been very striking to everybody here in the u.k., of course, people watching anxiously beyond us, what exactly is the government's vision for what britain looks like outside the eu? we haven't had much of that. ros: they don't want to give it away because they're going into negotiations. rob: critics would say that they government doesn't have much of a plan. why this is awkward is it is difficult to see parliament giving its approval until they see a bit more of a plan. ros: but the thing is, even those mp's, and lots of them oppose brexit, are not about to stop this process and they cannot be seen to be opposing asked thise 52% who to happen. rob: absolutely. we have got to make it absolutely clear. they don't want the people marching on parliament saying "give us back our vote." absolutely not. but they are saying there is nothing inconsistent with the results of the referendum and
everyone accepting that and saying, ok, everybody voted to leave but you didn't tell us where you wanted to go to. that is where parliament should come in and say, come on, we want to see what your negotiating plan is. ros: i was at the eu summit a couple weeks ago and spoke to eu leaders, saying we are in a rush to this to happen but at least it will be triggered by the end of march, because theresa may said so. is that deadline now gone? rob: the government has said it wants to stick to that. downing street has said that. i think it is possible that it c. months and years? probably not. are we talking about mp's blocking it? no. but could there be a delay? absolutely. it brings you back to that point that it is the complexity, uncertainty, and some might say unkindly, hypercritically, the chaos of it all. katty: rob watson there speaking to my colleague ros atkins. at least 19 people have been killed and 50 injured when it 2
pack express trains collided in pakistan. it happened at a station in karachi during morning rush hour. it was reported that one train was mistakenly given a green light, which sent it plowing into stationary train. prime minister nawaz sharif has ordered an inquiry. floated its currency, reducing its value almost -- egypt has floating its currency, reducing its value almost 50% against the dollar. the move is to meet conditions for $12 billion loan from the imf. the government hopes to boost foreign investment as it tackles a budget deficit. years of unrest have caused high unemployment, inflation, and a drop in tourist numbers. capital ofenya's nairobi avenue fired at protesters. hundreds of people have gathered to demonstrate against what they claim is government corruption. officials of the ministry of health are accused of stealing $50 million from a maternity program.
the leader of so-called islamic state has reportedly ordered iraqis in mosul to defend the city from advancing forces. in an unconfirmed audio message, abu bakr al-baghdadi called on his fighters to obey their leaders and stand their ground. iraqi special forces are tried and area of mosul they took from i.s. yesterday. our correspondent was with them when they broke through. reporter: we're headed to the first part of mosul city. to be honest, i'm a little bit nervous. so far this convoy has only gone through small towns and villages and the resistance has not been that much. but i think what we will face will be a lot more severe. reporter: we have now entered the eastern side of mosul.
this is the first time iraqi soldiers have been here in over two years of islamic state occupation. we are seeing lots of resistance. a sniper bullet hit our window. so after a long, expensive, and bloody campaign, over 2.5 years, these men are the first government forces to enter the city of mosul. reporter: so we have arrived in eastern mosul and found a group of civilians hiding in a room. they are prevented from leaving the city from i.s. on the -- and the soldiers are talking to them. they sincerely look very relieved to have been liberated from i.s.
katty: you are watching "bbc world news america." program, come on the one south african artist is proving that age is no obstacle. we see some of the colorful works she is producing. up to 240 migrants are feared drowned in 2 shipwrecks off the coast of libya. they are thought to be mainly migrants from west africa. the u.n. refugee agency says
just 31 people survive. more lives have been lost in the mediterranean so far this year than in all of 2015. our rome correspondent james reynolds has more. james: we understand there were 2 separate shipwrecks. on wednesday, 100 people died when a flimsy raft, their rubber dinghy, sank. survivors have been speaking to the u.n. on thursday, a further 140 or so migrants are feared to have brown and their possibly may be only 2 survivors could we have learned two things. from libya to italy is as busy as it has ever been. this year may be a record year for the number of crossings. the second thing we have learned is that this route is more dangerous than it has ever been. that is because smugglers are changing the kind of boat they put migrants into. previously they used trawlers. now eu military missions have
been targeting the trawlers so the smugglers have changed tactics and they have put the migrants into flimsy boats which sometimes last only a few hours. aid agencies say that is why more people are now drowning. it is probably due to the success of the anti-smuggling efforts of the european navy. they have been capturing and destroying a lot of the fishing boats used to help migrants get to another place. james: it is worth saying that migrants continue to make those journeys overland in africa from eritrea,gambia, sudan, towards libya. once they get to the vehicle sometimes the conditions for migrants are so appalling, so atrocious, that they feel compelled to get on these flimsy boats and on the mediterranean and see if they can make it to italy. katty: now to an artist who makes quite an impression. at 81 years old, she is from
south africa, still traveling the world showing her work. from canvases the cars her mix , of pop art and graphic design is eye-catching and currently on display at the british museum in london. the bbc has gone to meet her at her home in south africa. reporter: a welcome-home party fit for an african queen. she has jetted back from a whirlwind tour. the excitement is palpable. the 81-year-old artist is back home for a few days before heading off to london to be part of a major exhibition at the british museum. the artist tells me how she began painting.
>> i started painting when i was 10 years old. i would watch my grandmother and mother paint using chicken feathers and i would copy them. it is in my head, it is in my heart. i always wake up with a vision. i dream about it. i just close my eyes and visualize what the finished product will look like. reporter: esther is herself a work of art. from the beading on her clothes to the bells on her neck, hand, and feet. a small art gallery in her house shows her work over the decades. including the famous bmw she painted in 1991. >> i painted the whole car using chicken feathers, and they
watched in disbelief. reporter: for esther, doing this for decades, this is easy work for her. she has taken me through using a lesson using chicken feathers to try and draw a straight line. so far, i don't think i'm doing too bad. her work is exhibited all over the world. she tells me where she has been. >> america, washington, d.c., new york, california. i never met an old woman who traveled as much as i do. everywhere i go, people love and appreciate my work. but there is no place like home. reporter: all she wants is to leave a legacy. she hopes her grandchildren will have the same passion for traditional art. katty: amazing.
81 years old, still going strong. it took more than a century, but today the chicago cubs are the best team in baseball. the win came in dramatic fashion during game seven of the world series. so what took them so long to make it back on top and what has changed since the last time they won the title? jane o'brien reports. jane: for 108 years they have been known as the lovable losers. now finally they are the world series champs. >> it's over! and the cubs have won it all! jane: but they almost didn't make it, coming from behind to defeat the cleveland indians in a seven-game series. it was a victory noted by chicago's most famous resident, president obama, who invited the team to celebrate at the white house, at least while he is still there. president obama: the last time the cubs won, thomas edison was
alive and they hadn't invented sliced bread yet. you know the expression, greatest thing since sliced bread? this is actually for cubs fans the greatest thing since sliced bread. jane: 1908 was also the year airplanes were just getting off the ground, women were campaigning for the vote, and motor car races took days to finish. while these went on to greater things, the cubs were doomed. the losing streak has often been blamed on a goat, not this particular one but a smelly one brought to the field by a local tavern owner. he cursed the cubs, claiming they ain't gonna win no more. but now they have and no farmyard animal or the cleveland indians can take that away. jane o'brien, bbc news. peoplevery, very happy in the city of chicago. condolences to the indians and the city of cleveland what a
great night for the cubs. if you would like to find me and the bbc team, find us on twitter. i am @kattykaybbc. thank you for watching. do tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. >> sreenivasan: and i'm hari sreenivasan. >> woodruff: on the newshour tonight, the race for president tightens with only five days left. hillary clinton invokes the chicago cubs, saying maybe she'll make history too, while donald trump says he'll make america proud. >> sreenivasan: also ahead this thursday, we sit down with u.s. envoy to the anti-terrorism coalition, as u.s.-backed iraqi troops push into isis-held mosul for the first time in two years. >> woodruff: and, how the campaign could affect the donald trump brand. making sense of what a presidential election can do to a business empire. >> when you think of trump, if you think luxury, beauty, well- built buildings, then of course the brand is worth something