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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 1, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. civilians trapped in rebel-held aleppo now have no hospitals, little medicine, and are running out of food, and they are living under daily bombardment. donald trump takes a victory lap. the president-elect visits an indiana factory, where he claims credit for keeping jobs in the u.s. and these were the movie houses which entertained a generation. now one photographer has recorded what happened after the final curtain.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe hit international leaders are trying tonight to figure out how to get hundreds of sick and badly injured people out of rebel-held aleppo. they cap under daily bombardment in the east of the city. the united nations is considering a russian proposal to create humanitarian corridor is. in return, syria and russia want a pause in the fighting. our correspondent lyse doucet is in government-held aleppo and has this report. lyse: no one can truly see where this brutal war is taking aleppo now, but all too clear are the scars left behind. we drove into west aleppo today. kedits edges, a wrec
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wednesday. skeletal buildings on streets once full of life. and in the rebel-held east of the city, a destructive conflict intensifies. the syrian military, backed by iranian and russian allies, are pushing deeper into the enclave. rebel forces have have now regrouped, vowing to fight back. the worst battles of this six-year war are creating its worst humanitarian crisis. tens of thousands of people are fleeing into west aleppo. the area under government control, taking refuge in shelters like this. but no one can escape the agony. >> i'm concerned about my children and country. i wish syria would return to the way it was five years ago. the country of safety, of prosperity. lyse: in geneva today, the u.n. again called on all sides to protect the people of aleppo,
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especially those still trapped in the east, where food and medicine are running out. >> russian federation announced that there are 4 humanitarian corridors, that they want to sit down, in aleppo, the people there, to discuss how we use the s to evacuater' people out. lyse: on the streets of west aleppo, a cold winter closes in. you can hear the thud of war. life can look and feel strangely normal on the side. but there is shelling and hardship here, too. what happens here in aleppo has always mattered to the syrian conflict. it was the last major city to be drawn into the uprising. and now as the battle for the city enters what could be the final, decisive phase, there is a profound sense that it matters not just to aleppo but to the course of the entire war.
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every day, another light goes out. now the last clown of east aleppo has been killed in an airstrike. 24-year-old anas al-basha was known as the man who made children laugh, a bit of joy in the darkest of times. katty: so sad. a short time ago i was able to speak to lyse in the government-held part of the city. seeing your report, it is quite surreal how different it looks where you are. it looks like a normal, functioning city. lyse: well, it is hard to use normal in any part of syria now. there is not a single corner of this country that has been untouched by such a destructive war that is now heading into its sixth year. yes, on the surface, you have the buses running and children down the street going to school. we even saw a party tonight to
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celebrate a religious feast for the eastern orthodox christian community. but scratch a little bit further, and everyone, everyone here has a story of pain. a mortar which hit their home or a school where the children were in class. families have been scattered. so many people have fled. displaced to other parts of syria or gone to europe. prices have gone up, food is scarce in many areas, electricity and water in short supply. and so, most of all, is hoped that the hardship and suffering will end anytime soon. katty: when you speak to people in the government-held area, what do they think of people in the rebel-held area? what is their relationship with them, if any? lyse: different people have different stories. i spoke to a businessman and i asked if he has any friends in east aleppo. after all, it is not far away.
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he said he didn't have friends, but he had a business over there that head workers seemed to care about. it was part of his life, part of his business life, had an impact on him personally. he expressed real hope that the city would be reunited, a city before, middle-income country, before the start of the war. it hashas plunged -- now plunged to historic levels of poverty. but other people don't really know what is going on the other side and they don't really want to know. they buy the government narrative that the people on that side are terrorists. and not just that, but they are backed by other arab countries they see as responsible for the suffering they experienced in their own lives. it will take an awful long time, long after the war ever ends, to rebuild the threads of syrian society.
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katty: lyse doucet there. the city once united, now divided. rebel-held part of the city, there are no hospitals anymore. they have all been bombed. tens of thousands of people have fled just for the weekend and it looks like the assault stepping up. it may have looked like a campaign event, but today donald trump was back in indiana as president-elect, claiming credit for keeping jobs in the united states. he appeared at a factory that had threatened to move thousands of positions to mexico. after a deal was struck, that won't be happening, and mr. trump warned that companies wouldn't be leaving the u.s. anymore without consequences. later tonight he will be in ohio for a victory rally. it is from there that sarah smith has a report. sarah: this is a big deal for donald trump. after all his campaign promises, it would've been a huge blow if he had not persuaded carrier to keep 1000 jobs in indiana.
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president-elect trump: companies are not going to leave the united states anymore without consequences. not going to happen. sarah: in ohio, the vintage car club gets together every thursday. trump supporters to a man, they care less about his divisive rhetoric and more about his promises to return manufacturing jobs. >> he is already, 2 months before he is sworn in, he is going to get credit in great part for carrier in indiana, preserving 1000 jobs that otherwise were going to be moved to mexico. now, that is 1000 lives and families that their life hasn't been turned totally upside down. sarah: trump's shifting positions on climate change, health care, and prosecuting hillary clinton don't seem to bother anyone here. >> he says he doesn't want to hurt the clintons, and i think that is good for the country.
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sarah: but his supporters were chanting "lock her up" during the campaign. >> that's true. campaigning and politicking is one thing. running a country is another. sarah: we found the local trump campaign office is still open. sarah smith from the bbc. >> hi, pleased to meet you. sarah: he says he is still handing out yard signs. >> i have people asking for them still. people want them. sarah: trump won in states like ohio thanks to a groundswell of working-class support. >> i think the republican party is reinventing itself right now. we are becoming a party of the working man and woman. sarah: and donald trump is doing that, billionaire from new york? >> you know what, he is a self-made alien air -- self-made billionaire. he wasn't born a billionaire. he is a self-made billionaire. he is providing a venue for the rest of us to do it. sarah: ohio is one of the states no, --e polls said was said was neck and neck, yet
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delivered a large victory for trump. tonight he will relish saying thank you. katty: for more on today's events i spoke a short time ago with sudeep reddy, the economics editor of "the wall street journal." good news for mr. trump symbolically and in terms of the 1000 jobs saved. sudeep: symbolically this is a big win. just under 1000 jobs. the other side of the story is that carrier is still going to move 1300 jobs to mexico. the president-elect and the vice president-elect warrant able to save everyone's jobs they promised to save in indiana, but it is symbolically an important step. the bigger challenge for mr. trump is that it is not a sustainable strategy to save 800 or 1000 jobs at a time -- katty: can't make 800 phone calls -- sudeep: the economy has a net gain or loss of 200,000, 300,000 jobs a month. hundreds in manufacturing are gaining or losing their jobs each month.
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it is a natural churn that you have to view from a wider policy perspective, not by making a single phone call. katty: mr. trump's argument seems to be on the broader front that he will reduce corporate taxes by so much that american companies will be able to repatriate money and keep workers here. because they will be making more money. sudeep: that is his argument. a lot of companies are watching this. corporate executives are watching carefully to see whether the tax code will be revamped to help them expand to make investments. there is a larger question here that is not necessarily going to be affected by tax policy. and that is the u.s. manufacturing base. manufacturers have been moving jobs overseas because labor is cheaper overseas. that is the nature of how an economy develops. you move jobs into an economy where people don't have skills and the labor will be cheaper. you try to bring them in. mr. trump during the election promised tariffs on imports. that is one way to keep the jobs going overseas.
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but the real solution to these kinds of problems is to make jobs in america that are actually valuable for the american economy that we have today and not what we had decades ago. katty: you sound skeptical of mr. trump's approach. he says he is a good negotiator and can call up ceos, like of carrier, and offer incentives to stay. sudeep: he is a good negotiator in certain circumstances and he was able to do this here to save 800 jobs -- katty: presumably they want to curry favor with the president-elect. sudeep: the parent company of carrier has billions of dollars of sales with the federal government each year. very important from a contracting basis. but the manufacturing sector is not what a lot of people think it was. it has been changing for three or four decades partly because of automation, robotics, changes in technology that will be taking shape around the world. you cannot go back to the past and think that is the right approach. all the companies are looking to bring in new technology and productivity gains.
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that is why it requires a much larger policy approach rather than just calling -- katty: this could have been just a pre-inauguration good news moment. sudeep: it could be. that is why it is important symbolically for the message of donald trump. what needs to happen next is advances in education and training for workers who needed to be able to work in advanced manufacturing. katty: all of which the previous administration tried as well. sudeep reddy, thanks very much for coming in. still a lot of questions about how mr. trump is going to manage the economy. there has been more news about the trump transition. american news outlets are reporting that donald trump has chosen general james mattis as the secretary of defense. general mattis spent four decades in the marine corps and retired in 2013 as chief of central command. the trump team on twitter is
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tweeting that no decision has been made. a quick look at other news from around the world. french president francois hollande has announced he will not stand in next year's election. in a televised address, he says he has led france for foreign and half years with sincerity and honesty. facing with low popularity ratings, he becomes the first sitting president in modern french history to not seek reelection. russia has described ukrainian missile tests in the black cs setting a dangerous precedent. ukraine has begun 2 days of tests despite threats from moscow. russian warships are positioned off the crimean peninsula are on high alert. ukraine says it will avoid the airspace over crimea, annexed by russia 2 years ago. police in britain say about 350 people have come forward to say they were victims of child sexual abuse in football clubs. many have called the health line set up a week ago after several
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former professional footballers spoke publicly about abuse they had been subjected to. a children's charity running the health line says the numbers are staggering. bolivia has suspended the , theting license of lamia charter airline whose plane crashed in colombia on monday, killing 71 people. the plane had taken off from medellin, en route to carrying a brazilian football team. these are the last images that the passengers and 2933.n lamia flight everything is normal. the pilot speaks about having the team on board. they are going with a lot of hope and a lot of luck, says miguel. "i think they will get good results." a few hours later, the aircraft
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crashed. all but six of the 77 people on board died. investigators are still trying to sell is exactly what happened, but colombian authorities say there is growing evidence that the plane crashed because it ran out of fuel. that seems to be supported by a recording obtained by colombian by thetransmission captain to the control tower. he can be heard warning that the plane was in total failure, total electrical failure, without fuel, and requests urgent permission to land. some of the relatives of those who died have arrived at the funeral home in medellin, where bodies of the victims have been taken, and as they are identified, green ribbons bearing the name are placed on the coffins. most of the victims were brazilian and their bodies will be repatriated on a transport aircraft which has arrived in medellin. chapecoense plans to hold awake
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at his home ground for the players and those connected with the club, who died in the crash. then overture, bbc -- daniel bircher, bbc news. katty: and a numbers are -- indoor miss outpouring of grief for those football players. still to come on this program, thailand has a new king. the former crown prince takes the throne to succeed his late father. a man has been allowed to end his life under dutch law because this suffering is an alcoholic, which he had been fighting for years was considered to be unbearable. his brother has been speaking to the bbc. amsterdam.n i'm 44 years old. it was a beautiful day, the 14th of july. ridiculously hot. we went outside and said, well, this is my last morning.
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he just drank some wine. he had a favorite wine we had drank once before. then he smoked one more cigarette, and we went inside. parents got the time to say their goodbyes and he got the time to say his goodbye. --you just would have that if he just would have shot himself or stand in front of the train, that would have been so different. that would have been so cruel. the thing that disturbs me the most is right now, my family and i are made to look like we just ended it because it was convenient. let me tell you, this is in no way convenient. we don't take it lightly.
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it is not like in holland we go around killing alcoholics. it is very complicated and it is very difficult, and it is a huge step. for me it is very important to make sure that everyone knows that we did everything, and some people just aren't curable. if you don't help them, they will eventually kill themselves. katty: thailand has a new king. crown prince maha vajiralongkorn has accepted the throne following a formal invitation from the military led government. it comes 50 days after the death of his father, the world's longest reigning monarch. the new king's coronation will only take place after his father's cremation, and that is next year. from bangkok, here is jonathan
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head. jonathan: after an unexpected seven-week delay, thailand's royal succession got back on track. the foremost senior officials in readountry right out -- out a formal invitation to crown prince vajiralongkorn to take the throne. at the age of 64, the man who has been destined his whole life to take on this role accepted, to fulfill his father's wish, he said, and to ensure the well-being of the thai people. he then paid his respects to king bhumibol, whose 70 year long reign has shaped the modern monarchy. marked this critical moment for thailand by beating gongs and drums. this is not celebration. thailand is still in mourning for the much loved bhumibol and , evenere is uncertainty
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apprehension, about how is son will perform. -- son will perform. new king will devote much of his first few months on the throne presiding over the elaborate rituals leading up to his next year.emation these are important symbolic tasks for the new ruler, who will need to rely on the late king's popularity as he establishes himself. in the past, questions have been quietly raised over his temperament and fitness to rule. many thais will be relieved to see the succession proceeding smoothly and will wish him well. thailand's monarchy is wealthy and influential. the country's future will to a large extent depend on how the institution is led. jonathan head, bbc news, bangkok. katty: now, going to see a film
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these days isn't a glamorous affair, but that wasn't always the case. back in the early 20th century, american movie theaters were known as palaces, with lavish architecture and design. sadly, the trend didn't last, and as television took hold, many old theaters were demolished. some are empty to this day. in his book "after the final curtain," the author chronicles the fall of the classic theater. we spoke to him about it recently. >> going to a movie back then was an experience. it was a night out. people got dressed up with their friends. they waited in line in the lobbies, and then you went in. maybe you saw a short cartoon. then you see a vaudeville show. sometimes the actors would be at the film, and they would come out before the show and talk about it. and so it was just a different time. i am an architectural photographer who specializes in forgotten movie theaters.
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my new book is "after the final curtain: the fall of the american movie theater." the reason these theaters are so beautiful and striking to photograph is just how ornate they are. how beautiful the architecture is. and how even after 20, 30, 50 years of abandonment, you can still see the beauty in the decay. when i first entered the theater, i get a wave of emotions. i'm really excited to be able to document it, but i'm also a little sad that someone could walk away from it. i don't understand how anyone could walk away from that and let it rot. these theaters play a very important role in the history of america. if you think about the time that they were built, it was the time of the great depression.
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and the architects designed these theaters to be very lavish. so they could going to these places and escape. that is what they were designed to do. my favorite theater that i photographed out of the 90 i shot across the country is the loews kings in brooklyn, new york. almost two weeks after the first time i photographed it, it was announced it was going to be getting a restoration. i knew immediately that i had to document the progress. it was magical. watching the theater come back to life was just an amazing experience for me, and i tried to show that through my photography so that someone could look, see, this is what it looked like, and this is what it can become. i would love for somehow my photographs to help save one of these places. katty: it was another world.
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going to see a movie. that brings this program to a close. thanks so much for watching from all of us here at "bbc world news america." >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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