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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 7, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PST

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>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, bbc "world news america." >> this is bbc "world news america." reporting from washington, im katty kay. victory in aleppo would be a huge step to ending the syrian war says president assad. president-elect is time magazine's person of the year, but with a caveat. he leads a divided state of of erica. divided states of america. 75 years after the date that would live and in the. a survivor of the pearl harbor attack. my direction was, "lord, i
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will be with you in a minute." katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the syrian government claims it has retaken the old city of aleppo, which has been in rebel hands for four years. residents assad says restoring control of the whole city will be a huge step towards ending the area's civil, describing aleppo as the last hope for the rebels. they leave behind thousands of civilians still trapped in use turn aleppo. lyse doucet is in the government held part of the city. lyse: in the dead of night, a terrifying escape. smashing through the wall of somebody's help, their only way out.
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these families ran for their ringingross the lines, the oldest and the youngest with them. relief to have survived the terrible fighting in the old city of aleppo, but i tend not knowing what cut -- but frightened, not knowing what is next. the bus is taking them to a shift camp. vy morning, syrian state t had news from correspondence at the heart of the city. all of it is back in government hands. this is what aleppo looks like in the wake of battle. today, the army took us to the neighborhood they seized to clear the way for the breakthrough. the syrian army has the upper hand, the rebels are in retreat. >> flying from one place to another, so they cannot fight anymore. lyse: how long do you think it
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will take to take all? >> we are trying, but i think it will not be for a long, long time. it has been a rapid advance in three weeks for the army, and it's russian and iranian allies. rebel forces are not giving up the fight here he districts held by the rebels for the past four years continue to fall. you can see what heavy fighting there has been. this area,ll smell recaptured yesterday. the syrian army and its allies are sensing victory, not listening to calls for truces or pauses when they believe all of the city of aleppo will be there is within weeks if not sooner. as fighting intensifies in east aleppo, so too does the pain. more and more casualties from ferocious compartment. --
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ferocious but environmen -- bombardment. death haunts these streets. >> i don't have the words to describe what we are living through. no one has in jordan anything like this. we could die at any moment. their suffering on the other side, too. stretchers arrived one after the other. victims of mortars and rocket fired every day by the rebels. there are fewer cash oldies been the east, but the pain is still raw. hit by four or five mortars. my father is injured. i am injured. most of the people are in this ward. aleppo, a small part of the city is still in rebel hands, including hard line fighters linked with al qaeda.
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president assad said that battle is a huge step towards victory, but admits that the war isn't over. lyse doucet, bbc news, aleppo. fory: a desperate few weeks the people in east aleppo. i spoke with former state department official that is now the dean of the john hopkins school of advanced studies. a few years ago aleppo was a beating commercial heart of syria. one of the most prosperous cities in the middle east. dan syria ever be rebuilt when you see scenes like that? did it the a country that is whole, unified, and lives together? a it is hard to imagine country that has unity under that current of saud regime, but the physical wreck construction -- physical reconstruction is a tall order.
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the gulf countries are not likely to give it the money. the international community has no commitment to the rebuilding of aleppo. it looks like stalingrad after world war ii, but there was a plan by the united states which funded the reconstruction and those cities were built back up stone by stone. that does not exist for syria. katty: do you think president of side is right, the end is getting nearer? >> it is more of a signal. with the defeat of the rebels and aleppo, northern syria for all purposes will be in his hands and the hands of the kurdish forces that have been somewhat allied with him. there are pockets of resistance in the south and east, but he somewhat doesn't care about that. this corridor from damascus, aleppo, to the mediterranean coast, what he has turned the useful syria -- termed the
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useful syria is in his hands. that puts him in a strong position to negotiate an end to the war. katty: what happens to syria when he has the corridor? >> effectively, that would be a large part of syria under his control. the rest of syria would end up in a no man's land, or you might have a quasi-government allied with him, or it might look like a rock today here in the south you have a she had government in control, and the rest is in no man's land that periodically the military goes to fight, but it is left to its own devices. you have a kurdish zone in northern syria occupied partially by the military looking to have its own metonymy zone. forcesdo the foreign that have been engaged in one side or the other retreat and
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life resumes in a new normal way in that area? >> that is the hope of the syrian government. the goal was for president clinton and president assad that even when they thought hillary clinton would be president, but before the new american administration the fate of aleppo should be sealed. it should not be on the table for any negotiation. president of saud is trot -- a get out trying to of the rebels a peace deal. his forces will control of aleppo, the corridor. the reconstruction is a big problem. i don't think the russians will have the money to rebuild syria. borderacross the syrian in iraq the commander of the u.s.-led military coalition said it could take two months to recapture the city of mosul from
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the so-called islamic state. since the offensive began, the u.n. says 80,000 people have fled their homes. orla guerin now reports. the knees of the blankets, he is missing both arms. this young boy he was the victim car bomb. another wounded civilian is stitched up without anesthetic. the best they can do at the main emergency hospital. , a soldier wounded in battle against the militants. doctors say i.s. stivers have been focusing on the children. much of the suffering in mosul goes unseen, but in this hospital you get a sense of the cost of the operation against i.s.. woundedat are severely
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that survived come in for treatment. doctors are struggling to cope with the volume of new arrivals. they are preparing for more. staff have already received more than 100 casualties in 2 days. the operation theater is full. cases that passed away yesterday because of a lack of a place in the operation theater. there was no room to get operated on them. sometimes we choose those that have a chance to live and let the others pass by. that is how it goes on. , the on the road to mosul traffic of war. military vehicles going in. ambulances streaming out. the faces are testaments to the tragedy unfolding in the city. a mortar landed on my house.
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my mom, my wife, my son were gone in one night. i am on my way to collect my wife's body. we are completely destroyed. enough, enough. , civilianse mosul are caught between the iraqi army and militants. troops distribute food supplies. it is an anxious wait. there's only one truck. we met a father of 4. we have no food, no gas, no water, and it is very cold. we are worried the battle will take a long time and many people will die. not from war, but from hunger. ,rla: for some trapped in mosul the iraqi advance appears painfully slow, and these army
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units have been suffering heavy losses prying the city from the dead the grip of i.s. it will grind on well into the new year. orla guerin, bbc news, northern iraq. katty: a desperate situation and and syria. a rock it is the time when time magazine makes the person had the most impact on america and the rest of the world for good or ill. the pic is little surprise. jane o'brien has the details. jane: there is little denying that donald trump has come to define 2016 according to time magazine. accolade is not exactly attribute. mr. trump was picked for reminding america that demagoguery feeds on despair. it may be hard to measure the scale of his disruption, but
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according to a popular tv show, the president-elect took issue with accusations he divided the nation. president-elect trump: i did not divide them, they are divided now. we will put it back together and have a country that is well healed. kellyhe has tabbed john tier mr. trump's proposed cabinet. the iowa governor may be the ambassador to china. china says he is an old friend, aftermay come as a relief talk of trade and provocative phone call with the president of taiwan. time magazine said trump demolished the politics of yesterday. it was symbolic that hillary clinton was the runner-up, a position she is all too familiar with.
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jane o'brien, bbc news. katty: i spoke with the magazine's political editor. you were in the room doing the interview with donald trump after he was nominated as person of the year. was he happy? zeke: he didn't know. he knew he was on the short list. he may have surmised it would be him. the biggest challenge was to come up with the name of anyone else in the world that had or influence on the global and american conversation this year. katty: often there are good debates about who should be the person. this year, there was no debate? zeke: the decision is made by the top editors, but we all talked to the readers, the staff, and really, for good or bad, that is the criteria. maybe that judgment is more polarizing than ever before. katty: what you make of the
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criticism you put on the front cover, that he is the president of the divided states of america? zeke: it is true this country is more divided now than one year ago. it is more divided now then 8 years ago. there is a lot of blame. does donald trump bear the blame for all of it? no. for some of it? yes. it is his responsibility now to bring the country together. i'm not sure that attacking the division side will get him there. he said he was not the president when it was divided. maybe this will be the moment to bothe the divide and bring sides of the political spectrum together. katty: you had a wide ranging interview with him. one thing i picked up on was what he said about russia. u.s. 10 him if the russians interfered in the american election. he categorically said he doesn't
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think so, going against american intelligence agencies. zeke: then we said, what do you think of the director of national intelligence saying it is russia? he said, i don't think so. do you think they were politically motivated, something he alluded to on the campaign trail. he said, i think so. he is saying the intelligence community of the government he is about to lead was making intelligence recommendations to him and the president of the united states for political reasons. katty: do you think he believes that, or he is protect and the relationship he would like to have with russian president putin? zeke: both of those things might be true at the same time. he has a way of talking himself into things. he doesn't have many deeply held beliefs. he is a pragmatist. what is true or not true, matters less than what will get him to where he wants to go.
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time magazine's person of the year donald trump, knows a prize. still to come on the program, more than 100 people killed by an earthquake in indonesia where memories of the deadly tsunami still run deep. a passenger airplane crashed in northern pakistan killing everyone on board. 48 people were on the pakistan international airlines flight when it went down after takeoff, 45 miles northwest of islamic that. islamabad. bad -- the bodies have been taken to a local hospital for identification. emergency workers have been deployed in the search. reporter: amateur video captures the moment of the flight crashing into the slope of the mountain in northern pakistan.
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doctors and soldiers are on the scene, but it is believed after survived. airport, relatives gathered, including this man whose cousin was on board. >> he was an electrical engineer. ax months ago, he started job. he was coming back from holiday. reporter: the airplane took off down 20tral and came miles from the capital of islamabad. to the have been taken local hospital 12 miles from the crash site. 3 foreigners were amongst more than 40 passengers. also on board was a popular, if controversial, preacher junaid j amshed. he was a previous popular pop star before turning to religion. man. was a good
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a national treasure. i'm sad of his death and that of his family. country suffered major air disasters in the past, and the prime minister has expressed deep sorrow. the airplane was suffering from engine problems, and it is too early to determine the cause. katty: rescue workers continued to search for survivors after an earthquake in indonesia killed more than 100 people. the 6.5 magnitude earthquake in the northern province of aceh damaged buildings and brought back memories of the earthquake and tsunami that devastated the region 12 years ago. toorter: desperate attempts find more survivors, rescue crews are sifting through the rubble. many of those killed and injured were cost by buildings.
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where there are no mechanical diggers, they are working by hand. 1000 soldiers and almost as many police have been sent to the worst affected areas. it is feared even weak aftershocks to bring buildings down, so residents are in the temporaryying to find shelter. a spokesperson for the national disaster management agency expects the number of casualties to rise, and a state of emergency has been declared in the province. the earthquake hit indonesia's ache province in the north of some mantra island. it struck as many were preparing for morning prayers. mosques, shops, and houses have collapsed. there is no electricity and basic supplies are already running short. the indonesian red cross has sent emergency response teams,
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water trucks, and aid like what gets. -- like blankets. the general hospital was quickly overwhelmed. many people are being treated in tents on the grounds. this man was with his wife, who was injured in the quake. they have no news of their children who were staying at a boarding school. the region is prone to provincees, and aceh was one of the worst hit by the tsunami in 2000 four, killing 170,000 people in indonesia alone. memories of that sent many looking for higher ground. authorities say there is no risk of a tsunami halloween this earthquake. katty: a date which will live in infamy was how president rankling delano roosevelt described december 7, 1941, when japanese fighter planes attacked the naval base at pearl harbor
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in hawaii. are heldon ceremonies to remember the more than 2000 service numbers who died in the battle that sparked america's entry into the second world war. he was there, 103, one of the oldest living survivors. he talks about his memories of that day. >> we interrupt this program. the japanese have attacked pearl harbor in hawaii by air. dowding.e is james i am a retired lieutenant, u.s. navy. i was on board the battleship uss west virginia, which was dorgan for a harbor -- moore in pearl harbor. the first japanese airplane i .aw was low and slow when he passed near me, he opened his machine guns. he did not think the right angle
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and dug a trench behind him. it was very personal at that point. hit, and the fire from the arizona was so fierce it set it all on fire. the fetters had been blown off the ship. film over itin all, and they burned like human torches. that was the hardest thing to see. these guys coming out, catching on fire, and there was nothing to be done. i got aboard, there's nothing to do to save the ship. lying around.ies it occurred to me that their parents will never know what happened to them.
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had fireproof ledgers and nametags. so i had a fire hose one hand to put out the fires, and with the other i memorized the nametags so i could write to their parents to tell them what sons.ed to their i expected to die at any moment for 30 minutes. ration was,d -- my lord, i will be with you in a minute. that went on for 30 minutes. i had the greatest piece i ever i ever had, anticipating i would be on the other side soon. it didn't happen. katty: remembering the attack on pearl harbor. 103 years old, going strong and the. hishank him for sharing memories. you can find more on the news on the website.
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you can find me on twitter, i am @kattykaybbc. thank you for watching. we will see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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