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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 12, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. a dramatic day of losses for syrian rebels in aleppo. the city appears to be almost entirely in government hands. donald trump and senior republicans in a public spat over intelligence claims that russia interfered with the presidential election. and these are the faces of the global refugee crisis. a new exhibition troubles travels through five continents to remind us of their plight.
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katty: welcome to our viewers on public television here in america and also around the globe. aleppo is falling to the syrian government. state television says the city is totally in government control. it is believed that rebel fighters and tens of thousands of civilians are packed in an enclave smaller than four square miles. tonight, a top u.n. official is warning that syrian and russian governments are accountable for atrocities conducted by militias. lyse doucet was in aleppo for the past week and is now in be irut and join me a short time ago with the latest. be thehese are seen to final hours of what has been a very long and brutal four-year battle for the city of aleppo, syria's second city. as you mentioned, the last of the rebel fighters and what are believed to be thousands of
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civilians are now cornered in the last few neighborhoods of the eastern enclave held by the rebels. it is said to be under intense bombardment, absolutely terrifying moments. there are reports coming from the last of the enclave of activists and others saying they are writing their last wills, sending their final messages to families, not believing they will live through the night. as the syrian army and its allies close in on what is left, the last few miles, kilometers left of the rebel-held enclave. what is a very dark moment on one side of the city is a moment of celebration in the other. very, very bright night of celebration for government supporters, residents of west aleppo, who lived under fire from rockets and mortars fired by the rebels for the past four years. at moments during the past four
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years, the opposition seemed to be almost on the brink of taking the city. tonight in west aleppo, they are saying that they have defeated terrorism. this is a very significant moment. once it is all done, only hours away, it will mark the most significant victory on the battlefield for the syrian army and its allies, which include an array of iranian-backed militias and, critically, russian involvement. for the rebels, it is the most significant defeat. this is truly a turning point in the war, but not the end of the war. katty: you spent much of last week in aleppo. what do you think happens to those civilians who are left in the tiny rebel-held enclave? questions is a big tonight. they are fearing reprisals. there are reports -- we will have to wait until the light of day to hear whether or not they
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are confirmed reports -- of execution. there have been frantic efforts in recent days in geneva, between russian and american military officials and diplomats, to try to arrange safe passage for the last of the fighters. they did not come to an agreement. there have been frantic efforts by the united nations and other aid agencies to arrange medical evacuation for some 500 patients believed to be gravely ill, seriously wounded, unable to leave on their own. in these final efforts, and effort, too, by a group known as doctors under fire to try to take 500 children out of the city. they had been living in these conditions. the heat of the battle and the advance of the battle was such that not even an hour could be spared, a cease-fire to let the most innocent go. katty: thank you so much. for more on the final stage of
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this battle, i'm joined by former u.s. defense secretary william cohen. how did syria do this? syria did it with the help of russia and iran. without russia's military air force and on the ground forces, i believe the rebels would have had something of a fighting chance. although the united states has a role here, because we were the ones who said assad had to go. the implication being we were with them. the fact is we were not with them and they were on their own almost from the beginning. the little support we gave them was insufficient in the face of russians coming in with heavy weaponry, barrel bombs from syrian aircraft and the russians using the latest rocketry to kill the rebels. katty: this is not a situation where the west said we didn't know what was happening. we watched the collapse of aleppo every night on television the last two months. mr. cohen: several years, in
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fact. we talked to several years ago about having a season where the manager in rescue people could provide relief for refugees. breedlovet general said, the weaponization of refugees, the russians and the syrians were due really poorly -- were deliberately targeting civilian areas to destabilize those countries. katty: is this the end for the rebels now? mr. cohen: i think pretty much so. the question is can we play any role in providing safe passage and relief for refugees come some sort of help in terms of rebuilding and providing homes for people to go back to so they can leave european theaters they had to leave. absent that can we have a little role to play. me,y: bill cohen, stay with because i want you on the next story. the top republican in the senate has disagreed with the donald trump on cia findings that
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russians interfered with the election to get mr. trump elected. today senator mitch mcconnell says congress will investigate the cia's conclusion. gary o'donoghue has more. russian hacking help sway the election for donald trump? that is what some in the intelligence community believe, not just the cia, who says it has confidence russia hacks information helpful to mr. comes -- mr. trump's campaign. senators from both parties in congress want to investigate and today the most senior republican backed the idea and defended america's security services. senator mcconnell: obviously, any foreign breach of our cyber security measures is disturbing and i strongly condemn any such efforts. gary: but donald trump is having none of it. he said the claims are ridiculous. on twitter today, he wrote, "can
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you imagine if the election results were the opposite and we tried to play the russia cia card? it would be called conspiracy theory." >> what he believes is we should have evidence, not these off the record, unsourced quotes and leaks from a house intelligence committee where now you have the fbi arguing with the cia. there is no clarity between them -- >> they both agree that the russians hacked. it is a question about motive. >> well, but in fairness to the president-elect, people are trying to conflate that to revisit election results. gary: meanwhile, the search for secretary of state continues at trump tower in the midst of a growing spat with the chinese over the president-elect's decision to take a call from the taiwanese president. the u.s. has officially regarded taiwan as part of china since the 1970's, but even that so-called one china policy is up for grabs, according to the president-elect.
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publicly, china's tone is measured, although one member of the government did say tearing up the policy would amount to a rock andting up dropping it on their feet. >> we ask american leadership to understand the sensitivity of the taiwan issue, stick to the one china policy and the principle established by the three joint communiqu├ęs between china and the u.s. gary: with just 39 days to go before he is sworn in as president, donald trump seems determined to tear up the diplomatic playbook, be it with russia or china. the geopolitical tectonic plates are most definitely on the move. gary o'donoghue, bbc news, at the white house. katty: ok, what does all this mean? bill cohen is still with me. you have worked throughout your career with intelligence services. with af, out with the -- with a
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with this if it was as mr. trump says, ridiculous? mr. cohen: i don't think so. this is really going at the heart of the intelligence community to call them either unprofessional or biased in some way, incompetent. it will undermine morale certainly in the intelligence community. and he said "this is the same group that brought you nuclear weapons in iraq." well, they did make a mistake on that, they make mistakes over the years, but they have had success is. that would be the equivalent of saying donald trump is not successful because he filed bankruptcy on several companies of his. that does not mean he is not a great businessman. i think for the most part we support our intelligence community. these people are out there day in and day out putting their
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lives on the line for the united states of america, so you don't want to dismiss or belittle them and otherwise seem as though well if they have information you support, they are brilliant, but if they have information you don't like, they are somehow incompetent. katty: are you concerned with the possible national security agreements and mr. trump's direction with relation to russia? mr. cohen: i'm concerned and befuddled, to tell you the truth, by such a warm embrace of mr. putin. this is a man who is trying to destabilize ukraine, who has annexed by me out, bombed in aleppo, trying to destabilize perhaps the baltic states, and also went into war in georgia. at the same time we are embracing him, we are putting a finger in the eye of the chinese through either phone call or twitter. i think the relationship between the u.s. and china is really, really important. this is the second biggest
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economy in the world. we have our differences with china, but we need to have a much more measured and certainly professional relationship with china then currently is being conducted. katty: i guess mr. trump would say that what we have with china so far hasn't worked. they haven't been particularly helpful on north korea, they haven't been helpful on trade, a lot of american jobs have been lost. i'm sure a lot of trump supporters like what they see, even if includes ripping up the one china policy. mr. cohen: they better be prepared for something they won't like, any kind of trade were with china. katty: you have been in a china recently. do you think that is possible? mr. cohen: i think it is possible. there is a paradox -- when we have good relations with china, our allies become strengthened. when we have any kind of controversy with china, they get nervous and are less supportive of u.s. policies. there is a paradox involved. we need to make sure we have a strong relationship with china,
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one that recognizes there are differences and we will challenge them on those differences, but we are doing it in a way that is calculated to undermine the relationship and that is not good for allies and ultimately for the united states. katty: thanks very much for coming in. quick look at other news. the head of the international monetary fund, christine lagarde, has appeared in court in paris at the start of her trial for negligence during her time as france's finance minister. the case concerns a multimillion dollar compensation payment made in 2008 by a state-owned bank to a businessman for the disputed sale of a company. ms. lagarde denies wrongdoing . authorities in turkey say they have detained 230 people across the country for allegedly acting on behalf of the banned kurdish militant group the pkk. on saturday, 44 people were killed in twin attacks in istanbul. kurdish militant group closely linked to the pkk says it carried out the attacks.
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yemen is that breaking point -- that is the warning from the disaster emergency committee, which is launching an appeal to help thousands of civilians at risk of starvation there. 10,000 people have died in this war, caught in the fighting between the saudi-led armed coalition and rebel houthi forces. the rebel stronghold is a northern city and we have the first broadcast journalist to make it into the city. here is what she found. reporter: seen firsthand, a testament of what one city has endured. this is where the conflict has been at its fiercest. before the war, 50,000 people lived here. the last 18 months, it has become a key battleground. the heart of the houthi rebellion and the target of more airstrikes than any other yemeni city. this was once the busiest market. hundreds of people used to make a living here selling sweets,
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food, clothes. now it is completely destroyed. they fled, leaving everything behind. we visit the nearby school. it has been damaged by an airstrike. the headmaster tells me he's afraid it will happen again. next door is something the saudis would consider a target. a houthi arms depot. he has repeatedly begged them to move it. but even if the school moves, the weapons will follow. with no hope of the conflict ending soon, and despite the dangers, the children have returned to their classes. they tell me their stories, the things they have seen in this war. he was in his bedroom. he said he heard the fighter jets above. moments later, the strike hit his home.
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"we were lucky, my family escaped," he says. "but we lost everything. i miss my bicycle the most." these stories are all too familiar. mohammed also lost his home. along with his uncle, taking me to see where he grew up. >> we were born here. we lived here. look at these houses. they tell their own stories. reporter: six months after losing their home, mohammed then lost his father. we obtained footage of the attack from a local journalist. as an ambulance driver, his father rushed to the scene of the airstrike. as he dragged the wounded from the rubble, another airstrike hit. a so-called double tap.
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the boy's father and 17 other people were instantly killed. the u.n. have condemned the use of these double-tap airstrikes in yemen, and says the targeting of rescue workers amounts to a war crime. the houthis are not blameless. the u.n. accuses them of using civilians for cover. they have also been launching missiles into saudi arabia. in may 2015, the saudi-led coalition declared the city a military zone. this violated the laws of war, which prohibits the grouping of a number of military targets as one. it also meant they no longer distinguish between combatants and civilians. according to the united nations, the first wave of airstrikes destroyed 1200 structures, among them five markets, a petrol station, and 27 members of one family killed in a home.
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now fledcity have their homes in search of safety. the women show me that even here they have been targeted. but with airports closed and borders blocked, they have nowhere else to go. they have lost everything, even their hope for the future. katty: and you can watch her "our world" documentary this saturday and sunday here on "bbc world news." you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, let the awards season begin. the golden globes roll out the nominations. we look at the short list for one of film's biggest nights. leader says sunday's bombing of a coptic christian
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church in cairo was carried out by suicide attacker. mr. sisi attended a state funeral for the victims, mainly women and children. president andt's pro are paying their respects to the victims of sunday's explosion. a number of churchgoers went to prayers, but they ended up in these coffins. the big question was who carried out the attack. now the president has the answer. si: the man who did it was a young man who walked into the church and blew himself up. we have arrested three of the men and woman in connection with the attack and are still looking for two men on the run. reporter: families of the dead have seen off their loved ones. the stressed faces reflect deep anguish. the pope said the tragedy has
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befallen all egyptians, not just christians. protesters church, are full of rage. anger is growing among members of the christian community in egypt. they feel they are an easy target for what they call terrorist attacks. over the past three years, they have been repeatedly assaulted by the islamists, because christians are partly blamed for supporting ousted president mohamed morsi. today they still feel they are vulnerable. the blast, which took place within the premises of the country's main orthodox cathedral, claiming many lives, was one of the worst attacks on egypt's coptic christians in recent years. bbc news, cairo.
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katty: around the world, some 65 million people are currently displaced from their homes, according to the u.s. -- according to the u.n. now the faces behind those figures are on display in washington. five internationally known photographers have traveled across five continents capturing people's portraits and telling their stories. the result is in a division called -- exhibition called "refugee." >> i think photojournalism has a power to make you stop and look. we are bombarded with video and instagram and so many images these days, that the power of the still photo is still incredibly compelling. the signature image of our exhibit is by an internationally known photographer who has covered war and conflict for the past 20 years. thousands of people have died
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this year trying to cross the mediterranean, more than ever before. this photo really captures the hope and the resilience and the courage that these refugees are showing. i think these photos bring to the table something very different. when you hear on the evening news, on the radio, the internet, "the refugee crisis," you form a picture in your mind and you say, that doesn't relate to me, i will put that in the back of my brain. but when you look in the eyes of the children in these photographs and their families, you realize they are mothers and fathers, grandparents, tailors, doctors, lawyers, whose lives have been completely uprooted and they are trying to make their way in the world, the images are actually of hope and resilience. it is incredible to see how they have lived their lives. we have a new administration coming in here in washington. the refugee crisis became a political issue in this country in the past political campaign. i think this puts a real human face on the crisis.
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these are not people you can look away from. these people look like your neighbors and your friends and your relatives. if you come to this exhibit and are moved by the way these people are trying to live their lives with dignity and compassion and trying to contribute to society, i think we will have done our job here. katty: the exhibition is "refugee." from photographs to film now, today the nominations came out for the golden globes come with "la la land" and "moonlight" leading the nominations. the ceremony is often a good predictor for the oscars. reporter: hollywood loves nothing more than a movie about itself. "la la land" has only just been released in cinemas but it is already the front runner as the awards season gets underway. ryan gosling and emma stone are both nominated for their performances in a film that revolves around dreams and broken hearts. "moonlight" has six nominations. set in miami in the 1980's, the drama tells the story of a young
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gay man whose mother, played by british actress naomie harris, is a drug addict. "manchester by the sea" has been praised by critics. casey affleck plays a disturbed caretaker caring for his nephew after the death of his brother. in television "the people versus oj simpson" has nominations for john travolta, sterling k. brown, and sarah paulson. there were surprises with the omission of 2 films that were expected to do well, "sully" and martin scorsese's "silence." the golden globes will be handed out at a ceremony hosted by comedian jimmy fallon next month. bbc news, los angeles. katty: we will be watching all of them for oscar buzz as well.
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you can catch up on the day's news on our website. reach me on twitter, @kattykaybbc. thanks for watching. see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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