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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 15, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. the evacuation from aleppo is finally underway. rebel forces lose their long fight for the city and president assad declares victory. did vladimir putin personally authorized the hacking of the u.s. presidential election? we ask the former head of the cia. an unveiling the glory of the case pending -- cave paintings in southwest france, but all is not quite as it seems.
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katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. thousands of civilians and rebels are being evacuated from eastern aleppo and being driven to another area of syria under rebel control. the first people allowed out work the sick and wounded, put on a convoy of ambulances and buses. today the syrian president claimed victory, but the u.s. secrary of state described it as nothing short of a massacre. our middle east correspondent quentin sommerville starts our coverage. aleppo, here was a fight that torah city of heart and split a nation. today the battle ended with a convoy of white flags, and cautiously, eastern aleppo began to empty. in the thousands, rebel fighters, the sick, and the injured were transported away.
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nearby, government supporters rejoiced. they praise to god, syria and bashar al-assad. the most desperate were the first to leave. the fear and the anxiety showed. their rebellion is over, but before they reached relative safety, there was one final journey across enemy lines. the ambulance didn't get far. >> the ambulance convoy was shot by the regime forces. we have to move so we don't get shelled or vomited. -- bombed. quentin: and then panic as syrian government jets flew overhead. people feared an attack. in the first convoy, the ambulance driver was badly
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wounded. one of his passengers was killed. hope is precarious here. the cease-fire had already collapsed once, but more buses set off and made it through. ,n the rebel-held countryside they chanted "aleppo, we will be back." >> the road was full of russian, iranian, and hezbollah fighters. there was no syrian army at all. we left with honor and dignity. aleppo was completely burned. yesterday they bombed us with all kinds of weapons. quentin: here there was relief. young and old, almost 3000 made it out. among them rebel fighters, the defeat all too apparent. piece, butcall this aleppo was calm today. the city has fallen around them.
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rebel commanders say it is defeat, but not surrender, and the opposition will continue far from here. in west aleppo, the raising of the syrian flag perhaps has special significance today. the country's largest city is now mostly back under government control. >> history is being written today by every single citizen of syria. we are not starting to write this history today. the start was six years ago when the war began. quentin: and this is where the displaced will go, to rebel-held idlib, where in already overstretched camps they are promising to make room. >> when we heard that our trapped brothers in aleppo were going to leave, we had a meeting. because we don't have spare our families to share, so we could provide tents to brothers in aleppo, they are our families and children. quentin: what remains of east
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aleppo? tens of thousands of people. it will take weeks of convoys to release them. butpo remains the city, divided, much like the rest of syria. before they left, they satellite headquarters and fuel supplies, and once again aleppo burned. katty: still a miserable situation for people stuck in aleppo, and the crushing of the rebel enclave in east aleppo represents a major victory for the government of president bashar al-assad which controls virtually all of the major population centers in the country. where is his government and this were heading out? jeremy bowen has this assessment. jeremy: this is an just another broken middle eastern city. aleppo was syria's biggest. merely civilians trapped by the siege of these aleppo, round 100,000 were children.
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only last year rebels looked as if they might encircle the regime-held western side of the city. now their hopes are as a smashed as the streets good as the guns fell silent russian troops helped civilians near tv cameras. moscow rejects the accusation by britain and others that it's meant has been supporting slaughter. the regime's victory is also one for its allies russia and iran. they got the condemnation of the siege of east aleppo by the west, it's arab allies, and nations who had no say in the evacuation deal. and agreement that has been made in direct talks between the parties to this more. -- this more. we were not part of it, and we were only invited this morning to monitor. anti-assadse were
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rebels in aleppo earlier this year. the fighting groups facing the president have formed shifting coalitions ranging from men supported by the west and their arab allies to jihadists close to al qaeda. for the regime and its allies, they are all terrorists. east aleppo's defense was fatally compromise when rebels concentrated on fighting each other rather than the regime and its allies. the war, though, is not over. today's evacuation allows fighters and civilians from east aleppo to be taken to rebel-h eld idlib province. the regime controls vital strategic words and big towns, but large chunks of syria are still held by rebels trying to destroy the regime. the jihadists of islamic state are fighting for their so-called caliphate, recapturing the ancient city of palmyra this week.
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in london, the defense secretaries of britain and the u.s. chose to ignore the failure of their response to president assad and his allies who are stronger in syria than at any time in the war. >> we don't see a future for president assad in syria, even if he defeats the opposition in aleppo. jeremy: thousands more syrians are leaving eastern aleppo to become refugees in their own country. more than half of the syria's prewar population has lost homes, jobs, schooling, and sometimes lives. their suffering crosses borders, and its consequences will continue to be held in europe and beyond. jeremy bowen come bbc news. katty: we are thinking tonight of all those refugees displaced from aleppo. here in america, donald trump casted doubt today on the cia evaluation that russia hacked into u.s. political organizations to sway the
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presidential election. american intelligence officials say the russian president made the personally involved in ordering the hack with the aim of helping mr. trump win. a spokesman for vladimir putin calls the reports "funny nonsense." mr. trump sent out a tweet saying "if russia or some other entity was hacking, why did the white house wait so long to act? why did they only complain after hillary lost?" but many in his own party are calling for investigations. a short time ago i discussed it with former cia director general michael hayden. do you think it is possible that russian hacking of the process went right after president -- right up to president putin? gen. hayden: i do. it is the kind of decision in our government, that kind of covert influence campaign, that would never have been taken without approval of the highest levels. the russians don't have all those other safeguards, the attorney general, informing the
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douma, but when you are on the outer edges of executive prerogative, you have the executive's ok. katty: how concerned are you by donald trump's -- i'm trying to think of the right word -- affinity for putin? gen. hayden: there seems to be affinity but that is internal. what i see is external, which is a reluctance in all cases to criticize the russian president, and that is troubling to me. i think there is a good evidentiary stack available that suggests you ought to from time to time criticize him and his actions. but he just goes out of his way to avoid it. katty: he is reluctant to criticize vladimir putin, not the u.s. intelligence services, and today again he cast doubt on their findings. why would he not accept what his own intelligence services are going out of their way, risking their lives --
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gen. hayden: risking, good point. i see two issues here. one is the immediate one you just described. that is a high-confidence judgment from the overall community. there is no argument about this anymore that the russians conducted a covert influence campaign at least to mess with our heads. now there is some judgment -- it remains to be resolved whether or not they did it to affect the outcome of the election. that is pretty bad. that is a big deal. unfortunately, when the campaign or transition team talks about it, they talk about it as if it were about them and their legitimacy. it is not about them. it is about us and our political processes. so that is a big problem. katty, there is another problem at least equally big farther out, that is a president and our system gives great authority to the president in the conduct of foreign and security policy. the president-elect seems to have almost infinite confidence
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in his own intuition and his own a priori assumptions about the world, and doesn't seem to entertain the possibility they could be affected by his intelligence community, which, after all, is designed to help him. katty: are you suggesting, then, that when the facts don't fit his worldview, donald trump ignores the facts? gen. hayden: well, in this particular case, the fact as marshall by the intelligence community says the russians did this. he refuses to say that. that is troubling. more troubling would be if that became the pattern of the administration going forward. look, a lot of the responsibility for this, katty, is not just on the president, it is on my old guys. it is our job to get into the head of the chief executive, and it is a lot easier when he makes himself more available also but it doesn't matter it is our job
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to get our view of the world to his head. knowing full well he still gets to make his own decisions. katty: if you are sitting in moscow watching all of this in -- and the public debate around it, it is hard not to conclude this is a win for vladimir putin. gen. hayden: i would put this in the win column as one of the most successful covert action programs in the history of covert influence programs. at a minimum, what we now have is the president-elect of the united states condemning, criticizing, refusing to accept -- pick your package -- the word of the american intelligence community, and siding with the word of the russian president. katty: thanks very much for coming in. these are extraordinary times. win for vladimir putin, says michael hayden. dylann roof, who shot dead nine black parishioners in the u.s. state of south carolina last year, has been convicted on all charges.
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the self-declared white supremacist opened fire on a bible study group. jurors found the 22-year-old guilty on 33 counts, including hate crimes. they will decide in january weather he should face the death penalty. investigators have found traces of explosives on remains of the victims of the egyptair plane crash. the flight plunged into the mediterranean en route from paris to cairo in may, killing all 66 people on board. the cause hasn't yet been established, although the cockpit voice recorder reveals that the pilot had battled to put out a fire. egypt says a criminal investigation will begin now. the media giant 21st century fox, controlled by rupert murdoch, has struck a deal to buy european satellite-tv company sky. sky has 22 million customers across the u.k., germany, italy, and austria. the deal creates a media empire across 2 continents better able to take on rivals such as netflix in the battle for viewers.
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britain is to become the first country in the world to allow the creation of babies using three people's dna. the technique uses genetic material from a third person to prevent some inherited diseases. britain's fertility watchdog has agreed to the procedure, but every clinic and patient must be approved before it can take place. medical correspondent for does wash it -- fergus walsh explains. fergus: imagine a baby being born from dna from a man and 2 women. hannah is a carrier for mitochondrial disease, and often devastating genetic disorder. she now has the chance of a healthy child. paula is an egg donor, and many more women like her are needed. >> my mother is affected by mitochondrial disease. and she suffers from epilepsy, diabetes. as a carrier myself, i could pass that on to my baby. but now we have an option of having the baby and it not being
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passed on, which is amazing. >> i have my eggs for research here at newcastle, and i have the knowledge now that i'm helping couples have healthy children. it is really fulfilling for me. fergus: mitochondria are the power packs of cells. they are always inherited from the mother's egg, and when faulty, it means deadly conditions can be passed on. to prevent that, this is how the three-person ivf will work. the nucleus containing the the parents' key dna will be removed, leaving behind the woman's faulty mitochondria. the nucleus is placed into a donor egg from a second woman, ich has had its key dna removed, and contains only healthy mitochondria. any child born and future generations would have dna from three people, although .1% from the donor.
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all the genes that shape appearance and personality would come from the parent. early next year, the medical team here in newcastle say they will be ready to treat the first couples. this is historic, but controversial science. critics will argue that what will happen in this lab is unethical, could be unsafe, and heralds a new era of babies created by design. but parliament overwhelmingly approved the technique last year, and all the scientific reviews have said it should go ahead. up to 25 couples a year could be helped, and the treatment would be funded by the nhs. >> we believe the technique will greatly enhance the chances of an infected woman having a healthy baby, and this will make an enormous difference to those women because not just them -- -- most of them, they can have babies, but they cannot predict whether they will be healthy or seriously affected by disease.
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fergus: no other country in the world has passed laws allowing three-person ivf. hannah and her fiancé, rob, hope they will be among the first to be treated. fergus walsh, bbc news, newcastle. katty: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, where were you when? we have those historic events we just can't forget. .ow americans have ranked them the evidence has emerged of military defenses built by china on artificial islands in the south china sea. an american think tank has released photographs which appear to show antiaircraft and antimissile systems on all seven new islands. china's defense ministry has said deploying the weapons is legitimate and lawful. john sudworth has more from beijing. john: the images taken in late november and published by u.s. security think tank appear to
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show that china has now built defensive installations on all seven of the artificial reefs and islands it has built in the disputed waters of the south china sea. the center for strategic and international studies says that the antiaircraft and antimissile batteries could be used to defend against a cruise missile attack on the airstrips that china has also put in place on those islands. all of this comes at a time of heightened sensitivity ahead of the inauguration of donald trump as the u.s. president. he has, of course, been critical of china's strategic and foreign policy actions within this region, notably concerning the south china sea. in these defensive systems could be seen, it could be argued, as
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running counter to the promises that president xi jinping has given about not wanting to militarize these assets and islands and reefs that china controls. but in its statement, china's ministry of defense has called these installations legitimate, saying they are there to defend against the threat of force, although the statement from the ministry of defense did not say where the threat of force may come from. lives,throughout our there are certain events that have such a major impact that we can remember exactly where we were when the news broke. a new survey asked americans to rank the most historic events in their lifetimes. the bbc has taken a look. reporter: what has been the most significant historic events in your lifetime? pew research recently posed this
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question to americans, and some of the results are pretty predictable. but others, they are kind of surprising. ok, so check it out. here's the top 10. let's get number one out of the way, the september 11 attacks, ranked first by americans of all ages. then you have those "where were you when" moments -- jfk's assassination, the moon landing, the fall of the berlin wall. there are also the wars that americans have fought in. there is vietnam, of course, and the more recent conflicts in iraq and afghanistan. but now look at this. coming in at number 10 is the recent massacre at an orlando nightclub, and that is likely because of the influence of millennials. for this generation, there's -- there significant events included three mass shootings -- orlando plus columbine and sandy hook. and actually, americans from each generation mentioned influential events other generations didn't. generation x had the challenger space shuttle disaster. baby boomers had the civil rights movement.
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the silent generation, of course, noted world war ii. but ok, back to the overall top 10. number nine is gay marriage, another recent event that makes the list. at number three you had the tech revolution, which, like 9/11, has made a big impact on all generations. finally, the last one is the election of barack obama as president. what is really interesting to note is black americans were the only group to say 9/11 was not the most significant event in a heir lifetime. for them, it was obama's election. but significance does not necessarily translate into popularity. pew also asked americans when they felt the most disappointed in their country. the top two answers -- obama's election and donald trump's election. bbc news, washington. katty: once described as the
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prehistoric sistine chapel, the cave paintings in france astonished archaeologists when a school boy stumbled across them back in 1940. after it was found that visitors were unwittingly damaging the images, the cave was closed to the public for more than 50 years. today, a new full-scale was open, and rebecca morelle has more rebecca: this is some of . the world's most important resort art. it provides a glimpse into the lives of our ancestors 17,000 years ago. and now they are on show to the public for the first time in more than half a century. but this is in the real thing, that this isn't -- this is in the real thing. it is a 66 million-euro replica. the cave has been re-created in remarkable detail. >> the paintings here are accurate copies to the millimeter of the original paintings in the cave. that is why the emotion is there . when you see the animals up
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above us, it is really moving. rebecca: these teenagers discovered the original cave in the southwest of france in 1940. it was soon opened up for visitors. but the once-pristine environment became contaminated. mold and bacteria damaged the art beyond repair. in 1963, authorities were forced to seal it shut. now archaeologists are doing things differently. last year i was given extremely rare access, and a look at some of the world's oldest paintings. they are so precious, the site has never been opened up. it, too, has a recently built replica, allowing visitors to see it for themselves. now this cave copy is also open for business. archaeologists say replicas are the future for conservation, a way to protect and promote our ancient history and bring the past to the wider world. rebecca morelle, bbc news.
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katty: those caves are remarkable and strangely moving. if you are in the southwest of france, they are well worth a visit. from all of us here, thanks so much for watching. do join us tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends
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can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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