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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 27, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america."
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>> hello, i'm tim willcox with "bbc world news." our top stories. shinzo abe becomes the first japanese leader in more than half a century to visit role of -- to visit pearl harbor, joining president obama and servicemen. the actress who played princess leia in the "star wars" films dies at the age of 60. 29 turkish police officers go on trial charged with involvement at the attempted coup aimed at ousting president erdogan. tim: hello, and welcome to the program. let's take you live to hawaii. shinzo abe is the first serving japanese prime minister
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attending a memorial for the marines and sailors who lost their lives in the attack 75 years ago at pearl harbor. let's listen. >> uss arizona memorial. together with president obama, i paid a visit to that memorial, the resting place for many souls. it was a place which brought utter silence to me. inscribed there are the names of the servicemen who lost their lives. sailors and marines hailing from california and new york, michigan and texas, and various other places, serving to uphold their noble duty of protecting
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the homeland they loved, lost their lives. amidst searing flames that day when aerial bombing tore the uss arizona in 2. even 75 years later, the uss arizona now at rest atop the seabed is the final resting place for a tremendous number of sailors and marines. listening again as i focus my
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senses, alongside the song of the breeze and the rumble of the rolling waves, i can almost discern the voices of those crewmen. voices of the lively conversations, upbeat and at ease on that day, sunday morning. voices of young servicemen talking to each other about their futures and dreams. voices calling up named of love -- names of loved ones in their very final moments. voices praying for the happiness of children still unborn. each and every one of those
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servicemen had a mother and a father anxious about his safety. many had wives and girlfriends they loved, and many must have had children they would have loved to watch grow up. all of that was brought to an end. when i contemplate that solemn reality, i am rendered entirely speechless.
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rest in peace, precious souls of the fallen. with that overwhelming sentiment, i cast flowers on behalf of japanese people upon the waters where those sailors and marines sleep. president obama, the people of the united states of america and the people around the world, as the prime minister of japan, i offer my sincere and everlasting condolences to the souls of those who lost their life here, as well as to the spirits of all
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the brave men and women whose lives were taken by a war that commenced in this very place and also to the souls of countless innocent people who became victims of the war. we must never repeat the horrors of the war again. vow that we,olemn the people of japan, have taken. since the war we have created a , free and democratic country that values the rule of law and has resolutely upheld our vow never again to wage war. we the people of japan will
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continue to uphold this unwavering principle while harboring quiet pride in the walked as a peaceloving nation in the last 70 years since the war ended. to the souls of the servicemen who lie in a eternal rest above the uss arizona, to the american people, and to all peoples around the world, i pledge that unwavering vow here as the prime minister of japan. yesterday, at the marine corps base, i visited the memorial marker for an imperial japanese navy officer. he was a fighter pilot by the
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the name of commander fusata in pearl harbor. instead of returning to his aircraft carrier, he went back instead and died. it was not japanese who erected a marker at the site his fighter plane crashed. it was u.s. servicemen who had been on the receiving end of his attack. applauding the bravery of the dead pilot, they erected this stone marker. on the marker, his rank at that time is inscribed "lieutenant, imperial japanese navy," showing respect for our servicemen who gave his life for his country.
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the brave respect the brave. so wrote ambrose bierce in a famous poem. showing respect even to an enemy they fought against, trying to understand even an enemy that they hated. therein lies the spirit of tolerance embraced by the american people. when the war ended, and japan was a nation in burned-out ruins as far as the eye could see, suffering under abject poverty,
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it was the united states and its good people that unstintingly sent food to eat and clothes to wear. the japanese people managed to survive and make their way towards the future thanks to the sweaters and milk sent by the american people. and it was the united states that opened up the path to japan to return to the international community once more after the war. under the leadership of the united states, japan as a member of the free world, was able to enjoy peace and prosperity.
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the goodwill and assistance that you extended to us japanese, the enemy you had fought so fiercely, together with a tremendous spirit of tolerance, were etched deeply into the hearts and minds of our grandfathers and mothers. we also remember them, our children and grandchildren will will also continue to pass these memories down and never forget what you did for us. the words passed through my mind. those words inscribed on the wall at the memorial in washington, d.c., where i visited with president obama.
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with malice toward none, with charity for all, let us strive on to do all which may achieve and cherish a lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. these are the words of president abraham lincoln. on behalf of the japanese people, i hereby wish to express once again my heartfelt gratitude to the united states and to the world for the tolerance extended to japan.
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it has now been 75 years pearl -- 75 years since pearl harbor. japan and the united states, which fought a fierce war that would go down in the annals of history, have become allies with the deep and strong ties rarely found anywhere in history. we are allies that will tackle together to an even greater degree than before the many challenges covering the globe. ours is an alliance of hope that will lead us to the future. what has bonded us together is the power of reconciliation made possible through the spirit of tolerance.
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what i want to appeal to the people of the world here at pearl harbor, together with president obama, is this power of reconciliation. even today, the horrors of war have not been eradicated from the surface of the world. there is no end to the spiral where hatred creates hatred. the world needs the spirit of tolerance and the power of reconciliation now. and especially now. japan and the united states, which have eradicated hatred and
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cultivated friendship and trust on the basis of common values, are now and especially now taking responsibility for appealing to the world about the importance of tolerance and the power of reconciliation. that is precisely why the japan-u.s. alliance is an alliance of hope. the inlet gazing at us is as far -- is tranquil as far as the eye can see. pearl harbor. it is precisely this beautiful inlet shimmering like pearls that is the symbol of tolerance
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and reconciliation. it is my wish that our japanese children and president obama, your american children, and indeed their children, and grandchildren, and people all around the world will continue to remember pearl harbor as a symbol of reconciliation. we will spare no efforts to continue our endeavors to make a -- to make that wish a reality. together with president obama, i hereby make my steadfast pledge. thank you very much. [applause]
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president obama: prime minister abe, on behalf of the american people, thank you for your gracious words. thank you for your presence here today. an historic gesture that speaks to the power of reconciliation and the alliance between the american and japanese peoples. a reminder that even the deepest wounds of war can give way to friendship and lasting peace. distinguished guests, members of the armed forces, and most of
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all, survivors of pearl harbor and their loved ones, aloha. to americans, especially to those of us who call hawaii home, this harbor is a sacred place. as we lay a wreath or toss flowers into the water that still weeps we think of the more , than 2400 american patriots, fathers and husbands, wives and daughters, manning heaven's rails for all eternity. on the heroism shown here 75 years ago.
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as dawn broke that december day, paradise never seemed so sweet. the water was warm, impossibly blue. sailors ate in the mess hall, or readied themselves for church, crisp white shorts and t-shirts. in the harbor, ships anchored -- -- ships at anchor floated in neat rows. the california, the maryland, and the oklahoma. the tennessee, west virginia, and the nevada. on the deck of the arizona, the navy band was tuning up. that morning, the ranks on men's shoulders defined them less than the courage in their hearts.
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across the island, americans defended themselves however they could, firing training shells, working old action rifles. and african-american mess steward who would typically be confined to cleaning duties carried his commander to safety and fired an antiaircraft gun until he ran out of ammo. we honor americans like the gunners mate first class of the west virginia. before he raced to the harbor his new bride pressed into his hand a piece of scripture. "the eternal god is my refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms." as jim fought to save his ship,
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he simultaneously gathered the names of the fallen so he could give closure to their families. he said, "it was just something you do." we remember americans like a fireman from honolulu who, in the face of withering fire, to douse burning planes until he gave his last full measure of devotion. one of the only civilian firefighters ever to receive the purple heart. we salute americans like the chief petty officer who manned a 50 caliber machine gun for more than two hours and was wounded more than 20 times, earning him our nation's highest military decoration, the medal of honor.
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and it is here that we reflect on how war tests our most enduring values. how even as japanese-americans were deprived of their own liberty during the war, one of the most decorated military units in the history of the united states the 442nd infantry regiment, 100 infantry battalion, the japanese-american 2 serve thein that 44 my friend and proud hawaiian daniel inouye, a man who was a senator from hawaii for most of my life, and with whom i would find myself proud to serve in the senate chamber.
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a man who was not only the recipient of the medal of honor and the presidential medal of freedom, but one of the most distinguished statesmen of his generation as well. here at pearl harbor, america's first battle of the second world war roused the nation. here in so many ways, america came of age. a generation of americans including my grandparents, that greatest generation, they did not seek war, but they refused to shrink from it, and they all did their part on fronts and in factories, and while 75 years later, the proud ranks of pearl harbor survivors have thinned with time, the bravery we recall
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here is forever etched in our national heart. i would ask all our pearl harbor and world war ii veterans who are able to to please stand or raise your hands, because a grateful nation thanks you. [applause] president obama: the character of nations is tested in war but it is defined in peace. after one of the most horrific chapters in human history, one that took not tens of thousands but tens of millions of lives,
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with ferocious fighting across this ocean, the united states and japan chose friendship, and they chose peace. over the decades our alliance has made both of our nations more successful. it has helped underwrite an international order that has prevented another world war, and that has lifted more than one billion people out of extreme poverty. today, the alliance between the united states and japan bound not only by shared interests but rooted in common values, stands as the cornerstone of peace and stability in the asia-pacific and a force for progress around the globe. our alliance has never been stronger. in good times and in bad, we are there for each other.
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>> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> sreenivasan: good evening. i'm hari sreenivasan. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: with less than four weeks to inauguration day, we examine donald trump's cabinet and compare his choices to previous presidential picks. also ahead, the fall of aleppo. after fleeing to safety in turkey, syrian refugees face a bleak future. >> if they want to work, they will be beggars. they will live in the street, and have no future. some lost their sons, others daughters and wives. for them there is no meaning to life. it is better to die. >> sreenivasan: plus, the reach of opioids into elementary school classrooms. a west virginia school partners with local law enforcement to find solutions. >> we assume that everything needs to be provided here. so that means, if they need clothes, we're going to give

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