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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 2, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news america." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. a manhunt is underway in turkey for the gunman who on new year's eve attacked a nightclub, killing 39 people. so-called islamic state has claimed responsibility. s arrive inlomat moscow as donald trump promises new information on the hacking that got them kicked out. and forget about just playing video games. we talk about what it takes to become a character in one. it is a competitive industry where everyone is hoping to leap to the top.
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laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. tonight the turkish government says it is close to identifying the man who opened fire in a nightclub in istanbul, killing 39 people on new year's eve. new images of the attacker and fingerprints are being examined by investigators. so-called islamic state is claiming responsibility for the attack, saying the man who fled the scene is one of its followers. from istanbul, mark lowen reports. mark: it is slowly sinking in. grief binding together a nation pulled apart by terror. they mourned a 23-year-old killed in the attack on the reina nightclub.
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a student working there for new year's eve who was simply in the wrong place. at his funeral, his colleague, who took refuge from the gunman in the bathroom. >> i was in the toilet. electricity went out. i was like, yes, that's all, i said my last goodbyes to my friends, telling him goodbye, that's all, "i love you." mark: that was the end? >> yeah, that was the end. i thought because the shooting stopped, i was thinking to myself, he is going to explode himself and we are going to die in the bathroom. mark: including him, 39 people were killed and their stories are emerging. one who survived the last months bombing at a football stadium in
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istanbul but died in this attack. a woman from lebanon who told her friend she was worried about going to istanbul but had already booked and paid. and a man recently engaged. his fiancé wrote, "i lost my other half, my partner, my love." the attack just took seven minutes. after shooting his way into the nightclub, the gunman sprayed 180 bullets. he is still on the run. new pictures of them have been released. the islamic state group says they were behind it in revenge for turkey's attacks in syria. most of the dead and injured were tourists. one from lebanon was shot but had an incredibly lucky escape. >> the first bullet came from here. passed from here. and an explosion. some explosion. and here. and come here. but the passport saved me.
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saved my heart. mark: reina had a prime location and an attack giving him prime exposure. from here, you can see how high-profile and luxurious the target was. reina was a symbol of the high life side of istanbul, where alcohol flowed and parties ran late. it is an element to the city that many turks and foreigners cherish but they now fear is under threat. it is now an urgent race to catch the man who destroyed so many lives and try to reassure a nation that fears it cannot escape from terror. laura: a brief time ago i spoke to mark in istanbul. how is the government responding to this claim of responsibility by the islamic state for the nightclub attack? mark: they have not commented officially on the claim of responsibility. they have focused more on their efforts to find the gunman,
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saying they have detained people in connection with the attack and after forensic evidence, a basic description of the gunman, they believe they are close to identifying him. i suppose they've not commented directly on the claim because it is linking to turkey's actions in syria. i.s. saying this is a revenge attack for turkey's attacks in syria. of course, turkey launched the ground operation in september to push i.s. back and also kurdish militants back. the turkish government does not want to give credence to that kind of threat, i suppose. but it does show that i.s. cells are being consolidated in turkey and the group is trying to carry out more attacks. iraqps as the territory in and syria is beginning to disintegrate.
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laura: turkey has seen so many attacks in the last year. how unnerving is it for people you are talking to and what do they want to see the government do in response? mark: this is a defiant nation. you have people saying they will still go out to nightclubs and cafés because we cannot let terror win. this country has been living with terror threats back to the 1980's. but it is, of course, a fearful nation as well. it is a very polarized and divided one. half the country's fervently behind president erdogan and believes they would do anything to support him and will back his policies towards the terror groups. and then there is the other half of the country which absolutely vehemently detests him and believes the turkish government policies have led turkey into the security blackhole, restarting conflict with the pkk. the government denies it, saying the pkk restarted it. and fostering jihadists in syria. it is a divided country and it is a -- it is a very divided country and
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fearful one and there is an urgent need to find this gunman to reassure turks moving forward. laura: mark lowen, thank you. for more on the attack and the search behind it, i spoke a brief time ago steven cook of the council on foreign relations . islamic state has been suspected of being behind previous attacks in turkey. why would they come out and claim responsibility for this one? steven: it is a great question, and i think the turkish authorities are unsure whether this was planned by the islamic state or whether the gunman was merely inspired by calls on part of the islamic state to take up arms against the turks. this does not have a hallmarks of an islamic state attack. usually there are more spectacular bombs associated with it. but nevertheless we should take it at face value that islamic state may be involved. laura: how much of a quandary does this pose for turkish authorities, having for years been accused of turning a blind eye to the islamic state,
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fighters going over the border into syria? steven: this is a quandary the turks have been facing the last year or so. this is a massive deterioration of turkish security and something they had been fearing. remember back in 2014 when they were so reluctant to get involved in the battle for kobani. one of the reasons they were afraid of getting involved is because they did not want to pay the price in terms of turkish blood running in turkish streets. now they are. laura: is president erdogan's hope now that the diplomatic effort turkey's undertaking with the russians will end the conflict and the islamic state and the threat they are posing in turkey? steven: certainly everybody hopes this will end the conflict in syria although many of us have doubts it actually will. erdogan's focus has been snuffing out kurdish nationalism in syria and now he has to look
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at the possibility of isis targeting turkey. the turks are engaged in basically a three-front war. the turks have no answer to this problem. laura: how do you expect president erdogan to respond to the attack? there is a news blackout in turkey on much of the reporting. steven: there is a news blackout. it has been in place for quite some time. what they will likely do is what they've been continuing to do the last year, trying to arrest as many people as possible to prevent this from happening. thus far it seems like they are arresting the wrong people. laura: turkey is technically a secular country and a member of nato. how much pressure is it under now with this attack in istanbul? before that we had the attack in the art gallery and the gunning down of the ambassador. steven: since 2015 more than 350 turks have been killed in attacks. the attack last june, they
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suffered one terrorist attack a month in the previous year. this is the fourth attack in as many weeks. it will be interesting to see how nato allies respond to the turks, clearly in need of help. laura: briefly, any sign of a different approach from the incoming u.s. administration? steven: we will have to see. president trump and his team is essentially a blank state. they have made a number of statements about turkey. whether they will be critical of president erdogan or accepting of his narrative, we will have to see. laura: thank you for joining us. steven: my pleasure. laura: turning to brazil, where 60 inmates have been killed during a prison riot. fighting broke out between rival drug gangs in the city of manaus in the north of the country. by the time order was restored, dozens have been killed. reporter: local television pictures showed women and family members crying, screaming outside the jail.
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the riots broke out apparently during visiting hours on new year's day. the violence at the largest jail in the northern city of manaus involved rival gangs attacking each other with guns and other weapons smuggled into the prison. there were horrific reports of rival gang members being tortured and even decapitated after being taken hostage. many of brazil's overcrowded and underresourced jails are in effect run by powerful criminals and drug gangs, with the prison authorities unable or unwilling to counteract the power and influence of gangland bosses pay -- gangland bosses, who run their empires within the walls. as night fell and armed police tried to regain control of the jail, reports emerged of the violence being committed inside. >> my son is an inmate there. the police won't care about him. i want to know how my son is. my son is in there. this is a bullet. reporter: a local security
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officials said the death toll could be as high as 60. >> there were deaths, unfortunately. we have some who had been thrown from the prison by the inmates themselves. there have been escapes. we don't know how many. we are already looking for the escapees in the forests and highways. reporter: riots and gang-related massacres are common in jails across brazil, despite authorities' efforts. almost 24 hours after they began, some sort of order had been restored, but this is more proof that brazil's broken prison system is in desperate need of reform. laura: today a plane carrying 35 russian diplomats expelled from the united states landed back in moscow. they were ordered to leave as part of retaliation from the obama administration, which says russia have to the democratic party and clinton campaign e-mails. the allegations, and incoming
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president donald trump says he -- moscow has repeatedly dismissed the allegations, and incoming president donald trump says he knows things others don't about the claims, which he could reveal in the coming days. for more on the state of u.s.-russian relations, i spoke a brief time ago with georgetown professor angela stent. as a former state department official, how tense would you say relations are between washington and moscow? angela: i think now they are as bad as they have been since before gorbachev came to power, the worst days of the early 1980's. the tensions are palpable, the rhetoric is confrontational. it is really pretty bad. laura: but could it all change on january 20 one we had donald trump, who wants a better relationship with vladimir putin? angela: well, it couldn't change that quickly. once the diplomats have been expelled, they are not going to come back immediately. it is possible that mr. putin -- he surprised us by not retaliating or expelling
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american diplomats, by inviting the children of diplomats to a christmas party at the kremlin. it is possible he will begin on a conciliatory note with president-elect trump, and of course donald trump has consistently praised putin. actually, he has praised putin more than putin has praised him. and said we are going to do a deal with russia. he has questioned the u.s. government's conclusions about russian hacking. laura: much to putin's delight, i'm sure. donald trump -- what is the risk he is manipulated by vladimir putin, who is a former kgb operative? angela: trump likes to say he will make a deal and everyone wins. i'm not sure he completely understands what it will be like to make a deal with the vladimir putin. there are plenty of things that the kremlin would like from the united states -- lifting sanctions, backing off on crimea and ukraine, joining with russia in some anti-islamic state
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coalition. the question is what is it that the united states will get from russia in return. laura: let's say there is an easing of sanctions. what could the united states get in return from russia? angela: it is possible that the russians could say we will stop supporting separatists in eastern ukraine, we will make the -- we will may be withdraw heavy weapons. maybe in syria we will be willing to work with the united states. it is hard to see what it is that the u.s. gets in return. laura: could there be a new agreement between the countries on private security? ?- on cyber security ac we hear about russia trying to hack the election. could that be a benefit? angela: that would be a very wise way to start. the united states and russia have such an agreement. it has some flaws. we had begun to negotiate an agreement or talk to the russians about this before
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ukraine. that could be resumed. obviously, the devil will be in the details. if you want a cyber agreement that actually works. laura: do you think vladimir putin can believe he is being talked about as such a figure of influence in the united states? angela: i'm not sure in his wildest dreams that into 2016 he would be the figure of so much speculation, praise from many in the trump camp, and russia will have increased its influence not only in syria but also have many groups in this country and in europe who look much more favorably upon russia. laura: angela stent, thank you for joining us. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, it is a father-son bond that has helped jamie thrive. we will introduce you to the young man whose down syndrome is not holding him back. been detained in showing up asdeo
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his beating men from the roy hinga minority. this report includes graphic images. reporter: this was found by officer and somehow made its way to burmese social media. joseph security forces forcibly -- it showsyoung secretive forces forcibly running of young boys. onepoliceman is beating with a stick. campaigners say that scores of rohingya minority men and boys were taken and held for two days. up until now, myanmar has always maintained that despite evidence of what some are calling ethnic cleansing, the security forces are following the rule of law. for the last three months, the
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military has closed the area to independent observers. after attacks on police posts by armed rohingyas, myanmar says they are militants inspired by islamists abroad. plenty of the video already exist on social media. it alleges that grave abuses annexed or judicial killings are being committed by security forces. but almost all of it is filmed by the rohingyas themselves and is rejected as fake by the burmese authorities. the video of the police beatings, however, is not denied. and an investigation has been set up to punish the policeman involved. campaigners say it is the first time the government has acknowledged abuses by its very forces -- security forces.
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laura: over the holidays, many people receive video games as gifts. have you wondered what it takes to make those characters that fly through the air with these? the answer is a lot of time and effort. it is a business worth $100 billion and the uk's a leader in the field. our technology correspondent has visited a company to get in on the action. straightahead, what we are to do is get the range of emotions. reporter: in a studio in oxford, i'm preparing for role in a world war ii blockbuster -- not a movie, but a videogame. oh, my leg. [laughter] the first stage in making me a character in the game. i will make funny faces. it is going to take many weeks, but eventually i will be a character -- a goodie, i hope. in 2017 this will be a major release from rebellion, one of
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britain's biggest independent game firms. when we first visit back in september, they had a lot on their plate, including, crucially, a virtual reality game for the sony vr launch. >> when they announced the project 18 months ago, there was a great deal more skepticism about how successful vr was likely to be. so it was a smart gamble to undertake it at all. reporter: these guys and girls play games professionally from morning until night. it is a quarter-century since jason and his brother chris founded rebellion. >> when my brother and i started rebellion we were talking about as was kids. we are not really anymore. we are not kids. we are grown adults and have a big corporation behind us. we make entertainment that sells across the world. china -- consumers in china by our games.
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consumers in brazil. all these emerging markets is very exciting for us. reporter: roughly 200 people work here from across europe. one thing strikes me -- i cannot help noticing around here a lot of men, very few women. is it getting any easier for women to get into the industry? >> yeah, i would say so. i mean, me growing up, i would not have dreamt about getting into games. but it seems that the doors have been more open, especially for women. reporter: two months later we returned to rebellion to find out what they are done with my face. i suppose it is a good likeness. what happens next? >> we take this high-resolution model, we will see what you look like. reporter: so i am a goodie? >> you are. reporter: i have been transformed into a ruthless, all-action soldier. in the world of video games, anything is possible.
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laura: now to a real life story of a father and son with a special bond. jamie was born with down syndrome, but thanks to his family's love and support, he thrived, gaining independence. his journey has inspired many and his father has written about their relationship. we caught up with them to hear more. >> jamie is gregarious, a ebullient, effervescent, inventive young man. he has a gentle soul and a good heart. remember when you were little and you would do this? very silly. and i was silly before you were born but you were even sillier. -- you made me sillier. all kinds of silly stuff. >> yes. >> my name is michael. i've just written a book called
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"life as jamie knows it," about my young man jamie, who is 25 with down syndrome, and his adventures in the world as he sees it. wednesday -- independence day -- he has a music lesson, gets himself lunch. learning about major and minor. >> yeah, on the keyboard. >> on the keyboard. you learn about different composers. >> yeah, that is true. >> you learn about different kinds of music. you like many more kinds of music than i do. you like that intense thrash metal stuff, contemporary country. >> is this your first day? >> yes. >> every day is an adventure. >> nurture is more important than nature even in the case of something like down syndrome. i wanted to write the book to show that with the early intervention programs you have, where people helped you walk and talk and write and had you in
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the ball pit -- >> oh, gosh. >> strengthening your stomach muscles -- you had those programs with people with down syndrome, look what happens. they can grow up to be independent and cool young men and women. remember when i told the story about the first time you went out for diving board and i said you muttered, "i can do it by myself"? you said, "michael, i was not muttering." we changed it to "declaring." ing.eclara as a swimmer, i have 4 gold medals. >> when you were in the pool with faster swimmers, you swam faster. here is what i think his life helps eliminate. do you like hanging out with me? >> yes. >> one time you were falling asleep and i put your head on my lap and said, "always be my friend."
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i promise you through thick and thin, i will always be your friend. laura: that brings today's broadcast to a close but you can find more of the day's news on our website. for all of us here, thanks for watching and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> brangham: good evening, i'm william brangham. on the newshour tonight, a nationwide manhunt is underway in turkey for the attacker who killed 39 people on new years eve. also ahead, we launch the "the obama years." tonight, exploring president obama's conservation legacy-- a look at the outgoing president's groundbreaking moves securing federal lands and waters. >> i think there's no question that he is one of the most consequential presidents when it comes to the environment. he really has made it a centerpiece of his domestic policy and even his foreign policy. >> brangham: plus, seeking justice for the victims of the genocide in rwanda. the difficult road bringing war criminals to court. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.


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