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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 19, 2017 5:28pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. on the eve of his inauguration, donald trump promises immediate action on his campaign pledges and starts carrying out the duties of commander-in-chief. so what do trump's supporters want from his presidency? in america's rust belt, they are hoping he can reverse the economic tide. and dozens are feared dead after an avalanche buries a hotel in
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central italy. we will bring you the latest on the search. katty: welcome to "world news america." tomorrow, donald trump will be sworn in as the 45th president of the united states, and today he arrived in washington to begin that process. he started with a solemn ceremony of laying a wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier. on friday comes the official inauguration. on saturday, work begins. mr. trump will visit the cia to address an agency he has been very critical of. jon sopel starts our coverage. jon: no longer a playing with plane with trump emblazoned on the side. the president-elect arrived in washington on a u.s. military jet, and this is the brand he will be promoting and
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representing, the united states of america. and though not yet commander-in-chief, it was a first opportunity to practice his salute, as the base commander greeted him and the future first lady melania. across the city, future vice president was thanking the current administration for their help in the transition and reflecting on the magnitude of what is about to unfold. vice president elect pence: it is a momentous day before a historic day, and i am pleased to report to the american people and all of you, the progress we have made at the president-elect's direction. jon: washington is a city in transition. it is out with the old and in with the new, as the obamas' possessions are loaded up and taken away. michelle obama tweeting one last photo from the balcony of her home the last eight years. and a video of one last walk through the house with sunny and bo. the new tenants pick up the keys tomorrow.
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today they were being feted at a lunch at where else, the trump international hotel, with republican congressional leaders. president-elect trump: i want to thank everybody. we have had such great, great support in this room. jon: what midst of the -- but amidst the schmoozefest, solemnity, too. the nation's future leaders going to arlington cemetery and the tomb of the unknown soldier to pay respects to those who have made the ultimate sacrifice for their country. ["taps" playing] >> from florida. jon: hundreds of thousands are converging on washington for the inauguration. tonight, a "make america great again" concert at one of the nation's most famous monuments, the lincoln memorial. anticipation and expectation are high. >> since the day he came down
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the escalator i was on board. >> i got to sing the national anthem for mr. trump five different times at his rallies and i received the invitation in the mail. >> he has the chance to be the next ronald reagan. jon: but not everyone coming to washington is here to laud donald trump. there are protesters, too. the inauguration marks the peaceful transfer of power but does not signify a unified nation. katty: in his inaugural address tomorrow, donald trump is expected to set out his personal vision for making america great again. it was a slogan that had a significant appeal in what is called the rust belt, the states in the old industrial heartland. our north america correspondent nick bryant has returned to pennsylvania to find out what voters there expect now.
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>> we can be just as competitive as other countries. i think there is huge roadblocks in the way. we have had a lot of problems. we were a manufacturing powerhouse at one point. when you say we are going to make america great, maybe that means we will restore dozens of -- that sense of optimism in people, that yes, tomorrow will be better than today. nick: and trump can do that? >> well, it remains to be seen, but at least he is talking about it. t take on donald trump is that critics took him literally but not seriously, and supporters took him seriously but not literally. they did not necessarily believe everything he said, but he was talking and listening to them, which is why in working-class communities, expectations are so high that be will create manufacturing jobs and reverse industrial decline. >> we joke about the magic
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switch. nick: the magic switch? >> absolutely, the magic switch. flip it on and the plant is up and running again. nick: he looks after this derelict old steel plant and jokes about the magic switch that president trump will flip to bring it back to life. >> they are not thinking rationally. they are thinking with their hearts and not their heads. it will lead to a lot of disappointment and people being discontent, because it can't happen the way they envision it to be. as much as we would love it. isn't what it was, period. nick: look at what is happening just up the road in pittsburgh. uber is testing out its driverless cars. research labs are developing robots and drones that will develop the next wave of automation. >> the irony is during this political season that although trump has made the claim that it is foreign trade and outsourcing which is killing jobs, really by
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a factor of 4 to 1 the blame goes to automation. nick: in this age of disruptive technology, donald trump was the ultimate disruptive candidate. making history was one thing. in these rust belt communities, he will find it hard to reverse it. nick bryant, bbc news, pennsylvania. katty: expectations are running high. as you heard in jon's report, president-elect donald trump, soon to be president, is at the lincoln memorial in washington, d.c. he is attending a concert with his family, sitting alongside his wife, melania, waiting for those inauguration festivities to begin. you can see them there, the new first family of the united states. events, on all of these i'm joined by the bbc's north america reporter anthony zurcher. expectations are high among those people who supported and voted for donald trump. as he enters his presidency, anthony, how important is it for him to keep them happy?
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anthony: it is very important. that is his base and they are the people who sustained him through the primary and stood by him during the general election campaign when things turned rocky and gave him enough lift to be able to pull disaffected republicans and swing voters back into the fold at the very last minute and defeat hillary clinton. katty: a lot of people are coming to washington in celebration of the inauguration. the very next day, there is going to be huge march of women in washington which is being billed as a protest march against donald trump. this is a very divided country. does it matter to donald trump to unify it? anthony: that is the front he is putting up right now. if you remember on election night, he gave a speech that said we needed to bind the wounds of the nation, an allusion to abraham lincoln.
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he has acknowledged he has to make overtures to unity. right now the republicans have control of all branches of government. i think it is more important to him right now that they pass his agenda and get things done and then worry about bringing the country together after that. katty: pew has a poll out today showing americans don't think the country is going to get any more unified, and if you are donald trump, you could argue that disunity got you into the white house. anthony: 86% of the american public says we are more divided than ever. if you look at barack obama's approval numbers on exiting the office, it is because democrats love him, republicans still don't like him. if you look at trump's disapproval numbers, he has his core behind him but democrats on thest universally detest man. there are serious divisions and a warm inauguration speech tomorrow won't by any means be enough -- katty: and that is the beginning of the process of him transitioning from candidate trump to president trump but he doesn't seem to have done it yet. anthony: no, we have been waiting for that trump pivot for a year and a half now, from the primary season when he was going
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to win the nomination and everyone looked at speeches and said, finally, he is starting to be more of a general election candidate. didn't really change. during the election -- during his convention speech, we thought he would give a big speech that is warm and embracing and unifying. he gave a very angry speech. and then during the general election, we were waiting for him to do something during the debates, any particular moment. he never really did. he kept tweeting. i don't think so. he was elected president and continued to tweet with his critics, and i don't think that is going to change what he is president. what we see with donald trump, i think it is very clear now, is what we are going to get for the next four years. katty: anthony zurcher, thanks for coming in. as the trump administration gets up to take office, there will be a sharper focus on his relations with russia and president vladimir putin. outgoing president barack obama has underlined that having a constructive relationship with russia is in the interest of america and the wider world. our moscow correspondent steve
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rosenberg considers the view from there. steve: if donald trump redecorates the white house, here is something for the west wing, perhaps, a gift from russia with love. an artist says america's new leader reminds him of napoleon and a pirate. and although he did have all bases covered, he said he always believed it was trump who would create a fresh canvas for u.s.-russian relations. "the american people made the right choice," he says. "we hoped trump would win." but did moscow do more than just hope? this month a u.s. intelligence report claimed that the kremlin tried to influence the election for trump through cyberattacks, internet trolls, and a media campaign. the report highlights the role of rt, calling the channel the
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kremlin's principal international propaganda outlet. today it hit back. >> how awful it is to see such a huge and powerful country rely on such bad, sloppy, and just funny intelligence. steve: is rt putting out kremlin propaganda? >> it is the same as they say about the bbc and cnn in russia. steve: there are separate allegations that the kremlin has been cultivating donald trump for at least five years, and that moscow has managed to compromise him. these claims are unsubstantiated. but potentially explosive. so donald trump, kremlin stooge? fake news, say his supporters, and moscow says the same. but the fact that some people are suggesting that russia influenced an american election, that means that russia will loom large over america's new president. and from the kremlin today, this call for cooperation.
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>> we desperately need good relationships with washington. but it takes two to tango. and what will be the approach by president trump, this is the question. steve: outside moscow at a restaurant called the trump, they are celebrating the inauguration with a new creation, the donald trump burger. like the man himself, it is larger than life and for some, difficult to swallow. it is a symbol of the high hopes, the very high hopes, russia has for trump, and its appetite for a closer relationship. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. katty: hmm, the trump burger. looks like an awful lot to take on. there are a lot of changes coming right around the world. quick look at news that has come in today. senegalese troops are believed to have entered the gambia, where longtime leader yahya jammeh is refusing to give up power. the new president, adama barrow, has been sworn in at the gambian embassy.
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his inauguration did spark scenes of celebration in the gambian capital. the un security council has unanimously backed the west african regional group which had threatened military intervention to force mr. jammeh out. a lot of confusion in the gambia. u.s. defense secretary ashton carter says that air strikes against islamic state fighters in libya have killed more than 80 jihadists. the raids on wednesday by long-range american bombers targeted 2 i.s. camps in a desert area. mr. carter said that some of those who died were believed to be actively plotting attacks in europe. the mayor of tehran has said that more than 20 iranian firefighters are now known to have been killed when a high-rise building collapsed on them as they were fighting a big fire. the collapse of the 17-story building was broadcast live on television. some firefighters will pulled alive and at the taken to -- and have now been taken to
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hospital for treatment. dozens of people are forget after an avalanche destroyed a hotel used by skiers in italy. at least three people are known to have died, rescue teams are searching up to 35 more who are still trapped. the avalanche happened yesterday after a series of powerful earthquakes struck the area about 150 miles from rome. our correspondent james reynolds has more. james: at night, the quickest way through the wall of snow was on skis. these rescuers are among the most experienced in europe. even they struggled to move forward. step-by-step, they shoveled their way up towards the hotel. finally, they made it. the hotel was silent. inside, rescuers found this man.
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they went further in and came to where the avalanche hit. a six-foot-high wall of snow and rock broke through the building's walls. several miles away, a father waited for news of his daughter up in the hotel. straight after yesterday's earthquakes, they texted each other. "stay calm," he wrote. "you can come down tomorrow." "calm? that is hard," she replied. "i think the worst has already happened," he assured her. "what is going on?" he then asked. he got no reply. his daughter and other people may be trapped underneath tons of snow. these pictures after daybreak showed the hotel swept away by the avalanche. do you think it is possible to find more people alive? >> for sure, yes.
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in the past we found people after three days or something like this. and especially in this case, could be some room under the snow. james: tonight conditions here have improved. we have not felt any more earthquakes or tremors. rescue workers will want the snow to hold off to allow them to keep digging. italy's prime minister has said the entire country is holding its breath. james reynolds, bbc news, central italy. katty: such a sad story there for skiers in italy. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on the program, from ira commander to key figure in northern ireland's government, martin mcguinness retires from politics. britain's prime minister has been talking more about life outside the european union.
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there has been a range of assessments about what happens next after she announced on tuesday that the u.k. would withdraw from the european single market. let's hear a little from theresa may and from london's mayor from the eu. p.m. may: the united kingdom, a country that has been so often at the forefront of economic and social change, will step up to a new leadership role as the strongest and most forceful advocate for business, free markets, and free trade anywhere in the world. mayor khan: business decide to leave london, they aren't go to paris, madrid, and frankfurt. they will be going to hong kong, singapore. the hard brexit is a lose-lose battle. bad for the u.k., bad for the eu, too. >> it must be clear you cannot have all the advantages of being a member of the club when you are out of the club.
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katty: it has been a controversial political journey that has taken him from the leadership of the ira into prison, to negotiations with westminster, and one of the most senior positions in northern irish politics. today martin mcguinness said he is stepping down permanently from political life. he has been suffering from a serious illness recently. gavin hewitt has more. gavin: martin mcguinness is one of the most controversial leaders in british and irish politics. he has been a central figure in both northern ireland's pain and peace. now he is standing down due to illness. >> i have to be honest with myself, ask myself, are you physically capable to fight this election with the intensity that elections need to be fought? the honest answer is that i'm not physically capable. gavin: his background lay in the civil rights riots in londonderry, but martin
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mcguinness chose violent resistance. by the age of 21, he was second in command in the ira, talking about the bombing campaign. >> can you say whether the bombing is likely to stop in the near future in response to public demand? >> we will always take on for the considerations of the people and these feelings will be passed on. gavin: he served 2 prison sentences in the irish republic. he was also convicted of ira membership. he openly attended ira events. he denied he was the ira chief of staff but said he regarded it as a compliment. >> we don't believe that running elections will bring freedom to ireland. at the end of the day it will be the cutting edge of the ira which will bring freedom. gavin: today he was asked whether he had any regrets about his days in the ira. >> people left consider the -- people have to consider the
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circumstances that existed in the city during the ira. we have a city where people were being murdered wholesale as they were on bloody sunday. and the fact that many young people like myself, supported by many thousands of people, decided to fight back, i don't regret any of that. gavin: but he was one of the ira leaders who recognized that continued violence would not bring further political gains. in 1994, there was a cease-fire that laid the foundation for peace talks. sinn fein nominated him as its chief negotiator, leading to the good friday agreement. and eventually, power-sharing. bitter foes sat alongside each other in a new assembly. >> my journey has been long. over 25 years working. building the peace. gavin: martin mcguinness' departure from politics comes at a sensitive time for northern ireland. its power sharing a similar has
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-- assembly has collapsed and brexit poses questions on the future with the border with ireland. many struggle to forgive the man who played such a role in a violent campaign. but he earned grudging respect for his commitment to peace. and the gun man turned politician had authority to make compromises. katty: martin mcguinness retiring from politics. let's get back to american politics. the inaugural event kicking off in washington. as we've already seen, this transfer of power is being watched around the world, perhaps nowhere more so than in mexico. relations between the 2 nations have been strained over the president-elect's promise of that border wall. now the car industry has been affected as well by the incoming administration. here is will grant. will: it is a world away from the spectacle on capitol hill.
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the dry valleys and desert landscape couldn't contrast more sharply with the glitz of the presidential inauguration ceremony in washington, d.c. and yet, since donald trump was elected, the 2 are inexorably linked. this dusty corner of central mexico felt perhaps the first below of trump's aggressive brand of economic protectionism. faced with threats of taxes, the car giant ford decided to pull out of a billion dollar car assembly plant it was building here and invest the money in michigan instead. for this man, it was evidence that the next four years will be tougher than he had hoped. he had worked on the site for six month when the entire workforce was told out of the blue they were fired. he now harvests cactus to make a living. >> i would ask trump to play fair with us and lend us a hand. we need jobs here, too. we wanted to honest work. -- we want to do honest work. i think that is where delinquency and crime come from, no work.
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will: the authorities in this state admit that ford's decision has hurt their economic forecast. >> it is a worry. i can tell you that the worst thing that is happening is that we don't have the rules yet. we don't know how he will play the rules and the economic platform he will present the next months. will: automobiles and agriculture are the mainstay of the local economy here. but as more u.s. car firms choose michigan over here, as desert towns and villages are finding themselves on the front line of donald trump's economic conflict with mexico. these people some of its first casualties. and it comes at a particularly volatile time for the mexican economy, too. many are furious that a government-imposed fuel price hike, with some protests bubbling over into looting. most people, though, are simply
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worried about the rising cost of living in mexico, the overall direction of the economy. especially the community of around 500 families that lies behind ford's abandoned construction. the community leader fears that in the absence of stable work, the young people will simply head north, exacerbating the very problem that donald trump has vowed to tackle, illegal immigration. as the half-finished factory sits gathering dust in the desert, ford's name has already been taken off the billboard. what began as a shining example of cross-border free-trade is now an eerie monument to u.s. protectionism. will grant, bbc news. katty: a lot of people around the world are watching this inauguration very closely. as you showed you earlier, the festivities have kicked off in washington officially. here are the live pictures from the lincoln memorial. donald trump and his family watching the "make america great
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welcome celebration. you see his wife next to him. ivanka on the other side, and jared kushner, who is going to be a senior advisor, ivanka's husband. a lot of bands will perform, this the first of many events planned over the next couple of days, and we will bring you full coverage of all of them. i am katty kay. thanks so much for watching "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight... >> we are all ready to go to work. >> woodruff: ...on the eve of donald trump's inauguration as the 45th president of the united states, the nation prepares for a new leader of the free world. then, the president-elect's picks face the senate's scrutiny. former texas governor rick perry defends his nomination as energy secretary, while treasury secretary nominee steven mnuchin takes on his controversial financial record. and, faking normal: one woman's story about losing it all and discovering the invisible fence keeping older women out of the workforce. >> you're the loser.

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