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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 25, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, bbc "world news america." >> this is bbc "world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. president trump says his wall could be a reality. the president it has also reopened the debate on torture. we will speak with a former cia boss about the pros and cons of such techniques. >> that's just wonderful. so, i will see you tomorrow. the role ofdefined women on television, making us laugh along the way. larry tyler moore dies that the
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age -- mary tyler moore dies at the age of 80. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. we are midweek into the new trump administration. the president and his team are checking off items from there to do list left and right here and we have much ground to cover. let's start with a promise to build a wall along the mexican border and have mexico pay for it. talkd trump is saying the will soon be a reality with construction possibly starting in months. james cook reports from san diego. james: donald trump's signature pledge is one step closer to reality. the president ordered the construction of a wall along the mexican border beginning in
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months. a nation without borders is not a nation. beginning today, the united states of america gets back control of its borders. we will get the bad ones out, the criminals, the drug deals, the gang, they gavng leaders, the cartels. is over when they can stay in our country and wreak havoc. be hugelywill expensive. mr. trump has always insisted mexico will pay. hear theys they won't president admits that american taxpayers will have to cough up first. pres. trump: we will be starting those negotiations relatively send. he will be reimbursed by mexico. james: they will pay us back? pres. trump: 100%.
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we will be reimbursed at a later date. leaders areess worried about the impact on trade and skeptical about the president's plans. >> the majority of americans are not familiar with the border. consequently, the idea of a wall seems to be appealing. we already have one. we call it the tortilla curtain. that is a symbol. james: all of the strength of thepacific ocean, that is start of the land border between mexico and the united states. president trump says he wants a taller, better, bigger wall starting here, newly 2000 miles, to texas. >> this land is your land. this land is my land. james: in liberal california
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there is backing for donald trump's hard line on immigration, not least from these reporters who call themselves the trumpettes. i was reading scripture the need day and we protection. i pray for america and that god will shore up the border of our nation. trump isesident promising to deport immigrants who committed crimes, to cut funding to states like california who refused to arrest most illegal aliens, and hire 10,000 enforcement agents. are bold, sweeping, and intensely dividing. jane: the border wall is one of many developments coming from the trump administration. i spoke with anthony's irca -- anthony zurcher.
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who will pay for the wall? taxpayers inican the beginning. although donald trump loved in his rallies asking who would pay for the wall, and they would "mexico." he is saying we will build it and find a complicated way to make mexico pay for it. jane: he says he will start in a couple of months? anthony: depends on what you mean by start. planning? ditch digging? it could cost $14 billion. it will not happen overnight. jane: he said he is clamping down on people coming in legally from seven countries? anthony: the reports are there will be an executive action that will prohibit people from coming iran, iraq, libya, somalia, sudan -- jane: these are all muslim
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countries. it is not a blanket ban on muslims? anthony: not a muslim ban, but he said he would single out countries with ties to terrorism. we are getting a list. that is effectively a fan from those countries until he can implement the extreme vetting he has been talking about. are sanctuary cities, and why should they be worried? anthony: there are 400 of them federalnot tell the government when they interact with someone undocumented. they do not even ask if they have proper documentation. whether it is law enforcement, health services, education. because they do not want undocumented people to disappear into the shadows. they want them to call the police that they have a crime or go to the doctor when they are sick. they say they are harboring
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undocumented immigrants and they unds cut off f if that happens. enoughf that was not news from the white house, president trump has been talking about waterboarding. taking that it works when it comes to interrogation. he said he would defer to his cabinet on when to use it, including mike pompeo. we will speak with a former head about the cia about torture and the reopening of so-called black sites. here is katty kay on the relationship with the intelligence agency. y: the feud with the intelligence services began before he took office. he dismissed the need for daily intelligence briefing, a convention stretching back to jfk. he attacks a report that said russian hackers meddled in the u.s. election with the aim of .etting trump elected
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he wrongly accused intelligence of leakin and unverified dossier claiming the russians had material on him. in a tweet he compared the intelligence agencies to nazi germany. that may have been an insult to far. the day after his inauguration donald trump went to likely to make amends. pres. trump: i want to say there is nobody that feel stronger about the intelligence community and cia then donald trump. nobody. [applause] 0 even that visit did not go so well. mr. trump bragged about his victory, and complained about the press' coverage of the inauguration. john brennan, who led the cia until last week, called it a despicable display of self-aggrandizement. it is not unheard of for the
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white house to have a confrontational relationship with the cia. sometimes a president may want to do things for political reasons that doesn't work from an intelligence standpoint. that has caused inherent tension. president bush clashed over iraq , once it is missing a report on the course of the war as "just guessing." ,e sanctioned black sites secret overseas cia interrogation centers. president obama ended that practice in 2009. according to u.s. media, mr. trump is reviewing that decision and future interrogation methods. reporting. kay mr. trump spoke in favor of the use of waterboarding. there are reports he would consider reopening secret interrogation centers known as black sites. on the newlyke launched 100 days program.
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he served as the head of the cia and defense department under president obama. as director of the cia, you gave the order to close the black site prisons. mr. trump is reviewing those black sites and enhanced interrogation techniques, or torture. do you think that would be good ?or america' site.don't need a black we don't need to use and -- use enhanced interrogation to get the information required. general mattis believes that. others in the intelligence business believe that. the fbi believes that. i think it would be a mistake. damaging to our view
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to the rest of the world. >> he was surprised general enhancedes not think interrogation techniques, torture, works. he has spoken to people in the intelligence community and the last 24-hours with a different opinion, and he is leaving it on the table. what you make of these differences of opinion? >> it is hard to know what is going on within the president's mind. he has talked about going back to torture. but, i think that a lot of people regard that as not only a violation of our values in this country, but a violation of the constitution. i think it would be a mistake to even raise the possibility that we would go back to those methods. the reality is that we have been
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successful at being able to get the intelligence that we need in order to protect this country. we have not had another 9/11 attacks since 9/11. we have been able to protect this country, do what is necessary, in order to deal with terrorism. we can do it not only in ways that protect our security, but protect our values. >> even you have suggested some of the information america has got on planned terrorist activities came from these methods of interrogation. you have left the door open these methods may work? is in the process of conducting interrogations there is no question information was produced. how valuable it was, how much of an impact it had, whether we could get it from other sources is a real question.
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when president obama and his executive order said that we would not continue and hamster procedures, that we would not engage in torture -- continue enhanced procedures, that we would not engage in torture, it was a symbol to the rest of the world we would adhere to our values and what we believe in. that is the proper course for the united states. to resurrect all of those procedures i think would be damaging, not only to our image in the world, i do not think it would be effective in terms of our ability to protect the security of our country. , are you worried about the direction donald trump is taking the united states? >> i worry that the president needs to understand that as president of the united states he should stay focused on the most important issue, protecting
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our country, protecting our values as a country. i think it is a little dangerous when he starts to imply we will do things that we have recognized were wrong steps to take in the past. to suddenly engage in that kind of controversy, when we have to deal with threats in the world, , china, northsia korea, cyber attacks in this country, there are a lot of threats facing the united states . it seems to be a huge waste of time to divert attention to the efforts he is talking about when, frankly, his attention should be devoted to how to counter our adversaries in the world. >> thank you for joining us. jane: that was katty kay talking to leon panetta during her new which runsays"
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monday through thursday. check it out if you can. one more comment, the white house has denied the draft document reviewing interrogation methods came from them. let's look at the other day's news. the dow jones industrial average has closed above the 20,000 mark for the first time. u.s. shares has rallied to startle trump's victory, rising by 10% as investors bet his policies will boost the economy. almost 30 people have been killed in a bomb attack on a the somalia p. al-shabab militants ran a car bomb into the hotel before storming inside. security forces have regained control. survivors described chaotic scenes as hotel residents and under ben's or jumped out of windows. usain bolt has lost one of his
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nine olympic gold medals after teammate was found guilty of doping. jamaica has been stripped of the gold for the four by 100 meter relay in the 2000 beijing games. nestor carter tested positive for a banned stimulant in a reanalysis of the sample. you are watching bbc "world news america." come, taking a new look at america's longest war. what the trump administration can or should do about afghanistan. rescue teams in italy have found more bodies in the ruins of a hotel engulfed by an avalanche. 24 people are known to be killed. five are still missing. of us will know what it is like to come back to life? pulledrday they were
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from the hotel. trappedle had been underground for 59 hours. we met them at home. they told us what happened. >> it felt like a bomb. i felt glass exploding. it felt like a wall had hit me. james: somewhere under these tons of snow and debris, giorgia jammedcenzo were together in a tiny space. >> he saw i was panicking. the first thing he told me was we have to be calm. we just have to wait. i touched him to see if we were injured. we were lucky. we were alive. i thought we would be trapped for a week. i didn't want to tell her. james: after two days rescuers
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made contact. we heard a rescuer, it was as if an angel was talking to us. as if someone had come to pick us up literally from under the ground. i was born again. i feel as though i've been brought into the world for a second time. this time not by my mom, but by god. >> they survived, but many others died. rescuers continue to search for those missing under the snow. news,reynolds, bbc central italy. we will look once more at these early days of the trump presidency. an important question is what to do about afghanistan. the international combat mission ended in 2014, but the taliban
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and other groups have gained territory and inflict casualties. will the u.s. cut his losses? our south asia correspondent reports. reporter: another team of afghan soldiers flying in to helmand province. the bbc got rare permission to join them. going for therd afghan army since the u.s. and its nato allies hold out most of their troops at the end of 2014. troops out most of their at the end of 2014. troops do not have far to travel to the frontline. it is on the outskirts of the provincial capital. the taliban control more than 80% of the province. supplies are low. we have been saying we are running out of ammunition, but we don't get new supplies.
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our enemy is firing at us, but we don't have enough bullets to take them on. reporter: his commander urges president trump to continue to support the war effort here. i ask his excellency donald trump to continue the fight here . if he can give us more support, we can wipe out the terrorists. hasrter: the west still 13,000 troops in afghanistan, most of them americans. this is the headquarters in kabul. 15 years of war has not achieved much. has spent more in real terms on reconstruction here in afghanistan than america spent on the reconstruction of europe after the second world war. to the that, according
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american government estimates, the taliban still controls one third of the country. opium production is at record high. .orruption is still rife nato commanders say america has clear, strategic interests in afghanistan. training and assisting the afghan army, targeting terrorist organizations. >> specifically al qaeda and the islamic state. that is what keeps very direct pressure on these organizations that threaten the west and our homeland. powers arether flexing muscles in afghanistan. last month, pressure hosted a meeting in moscow about the country's future with senior officials from china and pakistan. it makes no secret that it has been talking to the taliban. there is an even more pressing reason to remain. this is the aftermath of the taliban bomb blast in the heart
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of kabul this month. at the military hospital, this policeman is recovering and horrific injuries. >> this is my message to the taliban. you have injured me, but i want you to know it will make me stronger and more determined to defeat you. reporter: it is a brave stand, but the american analysis is clear. without long-term assistance, the country will not survive intact. donald trump and his survivors are unlikely to want to be responsible for america's longest war ending in what many would regard as a clear defeat. bbc news, kabul. jane: one of the many complex more and policy questions facing the trump administration. of thethe comedy queens small screen has passed away.
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mary tyler moore created 2 roles in the 19 60's and 1970's and redefined the role of women on tv. looking back at her life and career. ♪ reporter: a darling of american television, mary tyler moore captivated audiences for half a century. she started at the age of 17. within one year she was married and pregnant. six years later and divorced she got her first big break playing an independent-minded wife on the dick van dyke show. >> you couldn't wait to get to work in the morning and you hated to go home in the afternoon. reporter: in 1962 she married a tv executive and formed mtm enterprises. the first series was the mary tyler moore show. at a time when the women's liberation movement was growing, it was one of the first
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primetime programs to feature a single, working woman. >> that is just wonderful. reporter: in 1980 she showed her acting abilities extended beyond comedy. >> he never would have been in the hospital. reporter: she played an ic, grieving mother in "ordinary people." it earned her a golden globe and she was nominated for an oscar. she battled alcoholism, diabetes, and devoted much of her time with raising awareness. >> i have struggled with my disease, and confronted its tyranny every day of my life. in 1984 she remarried and continued acting. she received a lifetime achievement award from the screen actors guild. she will always be remembered for her smile, humor, and independent spirit. today's showings
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to a close and you can find more on our website. to reach me and most of the team, go to twitter. from all of us here, thank you for watching. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: >> we are in the middle of a crisis on our southern border. >> woodruff: president trump takes on a big election promise, ordering a border wall be built and cracking down on illegal immigration. then, getting to the bottom of mr. trump's vow to investigate unsubstantiated claims that millions voted illegally in the general election. plus, federal agencies ordered by the trump administration to restrict their communications, raises concerns about the government holding back information from the public. and, after years of stigma, why researchers are turning back to psychedelic drugs as a way to treat severe p.t.s.d. and other mental illnesses

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