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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 27, 2017 5:28pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." ♪ laura: reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. president trump welcomes prime minister may. the leaders of the u.s. and the u.k. reaffirm their tight bond. president trump: a free and independent britain is a blessing to the world and our relationship has never been stronger. laura: a short time ago with the use of his pen, the president signed an executive order putting extreme vetting procedures in place for refugees. and "moonlight" is in the spotlight as one of the year's
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best films. we will speak to the director behind this big-screen hit. welcome to "world news america." it has been a busy week of first for the new administration. today there was another. a visit to the white house by a foreign leader. britain's prime minister theresa may came to town in search of a trade deal. in the press conference focused on the hot button issues of whether sanctions would be lifted against russia and backing for nato. >> attention! reporter: a week since he took office, president trump welcomed his first foreign leader to the white house. british prime minister theresa may who came to power after the brexit vote last year.
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both new to their jobs, both keen to strengthen the much lauded special relationship. the pair took a moment to pose next to a bust of winston churchill. president trump: it is a great honor to have winston churchill back. reporter: it is a great reminder of what the special relationship stood for. this new political couple seemed enamored at times but behind the handholding, as in syria-- some serious policy differences. >> ladies and gentlemen, the president of the united states and the prime mister -- reporter: those divids were highlighted in one of the first questions the president was asked by the bbc. >> you said that torture works. you praised russia. you want to ban muslims from coming to america. you suggested there should be punishment for abortion. for many people in britain, those sound like alarming beliefs. what do you say to our viewers
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at home who are worried about some of your views and worried about you becoming the leader of the free world? president trump: this was your choice of a question? there goes that relationship. reporter: what about america's relationship with russia? would sanctions punishing moscow's actions in ukraine be lifted? prime minister may: we believe that that sanchez should -- the sanctions should continue. we have been continuing to argue that inside the european union. reporter: the news conference showed how far president trump was prepared to go to please his british visitor. he once said nato was obsolete. not anymore. prime minister may: we reaffirmed our i should double -- our unshakable commitment to this alliance. reporter: the real prize she came for was a promise of a trade deal after the u.k. leaves the e.u. prime minister may: -- lay the
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groundwork for a u.k.-u.s. trade agreement. president trump: i thought brexit will end up being a fantastic thing for the united kingdom. i think in the end, it will be a tremendous asset, not a tremendous liability. thank you very much. reporter: the president ended by saying this relationship would be fantastic. his dealings with other nations have not gone as well this week. the may-trump partnership has gone off to a good start. laura: well, theresa may was not the only foreign leader president trump was busy talking with today. he had an hour long conversation with his mexican counterpart to resolve who will paya fo -- who will pay for the wall. on the contentious issue of
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abortion, the would ensure that his choice for the supreme court was pro-life. reporter: forget theresa may's visit, the big public event in washington was a demonstration by tens of thousands of pro-life campaigners demanding a toughening of the abortion laws. this is an annual event, but the people who turned out feel they are on the cost of bringing about a major shift in u.s. social policy. they feel they have a president in tune with them. ♪ [singing off key] perhaps more in tune than the woman brought in to sing the national anthem. president trump has made it clear he wants a conservative pro-lifer to fill the vacancy on the supreme court and he sent his vice president to address the crowd, the most senior government representative to speak to this group. vice president pence: this administration will work with the congress to end taxpayer funding of abortion.
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we'll devote those resources to health care services for women across america. life is winning again in america. reporter: but winning over mexico is proving more difficult. yesterday's war of words on social media between the two presidents ended with the mexican head of state pulling out of a trip to washington. today, twitter diplomacy was replaced by the more old-fashioned kind -- speaking privately. at his news conference, no mention of the wall and who was going to pay for it. president trump: we're no longer going to be the country that does not know what it is doing. we are going to renegotiate trade deals and other relationships aspects with mexico. i think it will be good for both countries. reporter: it is hard to believe it is only a week since the inauguration of president trump, such is the pact at which events have been involving.
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a whole raft of executive order s. and there seems to be no letting up in the pace. >> present arms! reporter: a short time ago the president went to the pentagon to meet his most senior commanders to discuss the change of strategy and intensification of the fight against so-called islamic state. >> so help me god. reporter: he also oversaw the swearing in of his new defense secretary james mattis. he's pro-nato, anti-torture and a russian skeptic and a figure of reassurance to america's long-standing allies. laura: right after that swearing in, the president signed an executive order establishing extreme vetting procedures for refugees entering united states.
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it was intended to keep islamic terrorists out of the u.s. there is great anticipation about what the future of u.s.-russia relationships will look like. on saturday, the leaders of the two nations are due to speak on the photo. -- on the phone. steve rosenberg has taken to the ice for this analysis of the options that lie ahead. steve: in the grand arena of geopolitics, russia has been raising its game. it's outmaneuvered the west over syria, it's played some e.u. countries off against other one successfully, and with donald trump in the white house, its win win win for moscow. let me explain. if trump plays things as he said he would, skating over america's differences with russia that could speed up an end to sanctions against moscow and bring russia in from the cold. goal. on the other hand, if there is a
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face-off, if trump and putin clash, russia can stick to its old tactic of demonizing america as an external enemy to deflect attention from problems at home and russia wins again. meanwhile, any turmoil in america over trump could be used by the russian state media to present life here to the russian public as more stable. bingo. having said that, the kremlin will need to keep one eye on defense. you see, donald trump and brexit benefited from a wave of antiestablishment sentiment that is sweeping the western world. if that were to come to russia, who is the establishment here? it is vladimir putin. laura: well, for more on relations with russia and the latest move by the trump administration i spoke with a former commerce woman who is
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-- a former congresswoman who is director of the woodrow wilson center. president trump talks to vladimir putin tomorrow, having declined to say today whether he is ready to lift sanctions against russia imposed after the ukraine conflict. what signal would ascend if would it send if sanctions were lifted? >> i don't think they will be lifted, because i think in two ways, he's boxed in. i think that is a good thing. one is that the visit of the british prime minister today and the press conference he held, which was the most presidential-looking of event so far in his weeklong presidency, made clear that he supports her position which is against lifting sanctions. but the second box is the united states congress. john mccain and chuck schumer are going to make it very clear through legislation that sanctions cannot be lifted. i am not sure that law passes today but it will pass, in case that promises made.
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i think he's in a good position to say to putin, i want us to have a relationship. laura: is it possible that donald trump seems to hope vladimir putin can be a partner in the fight against islamic state? >> it seems as though he wants to do that and he wants the pentagon to come up with a more effective strategy against isis. he is now talking about establishing a safe zone in syria. that is something many of us have long supported but it is militarily dicey. i am not sure russia would be an ally. if he can pull that off, and if refugees in syria basically could be held in place, i just on the edge and, although i do not know that their homes and still exist, have some opportunity to return. that would be, i think, a very good outcome. laura: vladimir putin does not vary much care for nato. -- very much care for nato.
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and in that press conference today with theresa may, she said to president trump, you are 100% committed to nato. were you reassured by today? >> well, let's see what happens. he has said, and i think this was constructive, that the countries of nato need to pay their 2%, their 2% requirement. more of them are meeting that requirement after he said nato was obsolete. not that it should disappear. and he didn't make clear that she thinks nato should not change and be a more effective organization. so, again, i think there is room for discussion but in this case, i was reassured that he will support nato surviving into the future and i think it is very important that he do that. laura: turning to immigration, the president is going to suspend issuing visas to people from predominantly muslim countries, including iran and iraq but excluding saudi arabia
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and pakistan. what do you make of that move? >> i think we need more information about why the 7 countries and not 9 or 10 countries, because certainly, i can make the case in the case of pakistan, that in some ways, the government has been complicit in harboring terror groups that have attacked our troops in afghanistan. and we know that osama bin laden hid in plane site there for six years. so, i would question why pakistan is not on the list. in the case of saudi arabia, that's a more nuanced case, but i think why is it out? are we making a new deal with saudi arabia? i would just conjecture that a lot of stuff may be going on here. the talk about moving our israel embassy to jerusalem has subsided for now.
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it strikes me that maybe some conversations are going on with the sunni arabs around that. i do not think everything we do needs to be public. i'm hopeful that there will be some good developments with the trump administration and i'm also hopeful that this new executive order will, uh, not be what some claim it might be, a muslim ban. that would be extremely harmful, unfair and possibly unconstitutional, and harmful in forming bridges with muslim communities which are essential for finding out if there are terror plots that are being worked on. laura: thank you so much for joining us. tomorrow president trump will speak to vladimir putin and the german chancellor angela merkel and the french president
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hollande. news, the world food program is warning that one million people are at risk of starvation iin nigeria. boko haram was undermining efforts to deliver aid. it hopes it would still receive the funding it needs despite reports that president trump's administration was considering cutting payments to united nations boides. t-- bodies. turkey threatened to cancel a deal with the european union on taking back micro to cross over to greece. it followed a decision not to extradite a group of 8 turkish shoulders who fled -- soldiers who fled to greece. hundreds of millions of people across asia are celebrating the start of the lunar new year. oster began in china several hours ago with celebrations running into the evening. fireworks and fresh fireworks
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and dances and lots of food will be part of the celebration for many. you are watching "bbc world news america." come, we will go to a pennsylvania city with a tradition of welcoming refugees to see what the impact will be there. ♪ today has been the first day in office for the new president of the gambia after received a welcome on his return from senegal. adama barrow defeated the long serving president yahya jammeh in a shock result last month. many gambians are looking forward to a new era. we have a report. reporter: a homecoming like no other. first time as president on home soil. it isall the partying time to roll up the sleeves. on his first day in office, president barrow has his work cut out for him.
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the country's young population that brought about the change. several political parties came together to make it happen. coalitionp the together will determine which way the country is headed in the coming years. parliamentary elections are due and a couple of months. for many, that will be the first test to show the ruling coalition is holding. but also that reforms are being made. were credit for his own interests. now one of the challenges that barrow has is to build institutions and to reform the army, to make it more disciplined, more professional. reporter: in a country that was for many by one group years, free speech was a luxury. many were killed for speaking out. >> we need new developers, new developments, delicacy a--
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democracy and free speech. >> everyone can speak your mind. it is like a new gambia. reporter: president barrow won't have long before people start demand real progress from the new people in charge. ♪ laura: as we heard earlier in tonight's program, president trump signed an executive order restricting the floe of the unite -- of refugees into the united states. he said priority would be given to persecuted christians. policy is anugee issue that was hotly debated throughout the election. we have gone to lancaster, pennsylvania which has a vested stake in the outcome. the connection between
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lancaster and refugees. lancastrian's were motivated to welcome refuge because they thought this was our heritage, this is how we started this state. >> i consider lancaster the best place in the world. >> when children arrive to lancaster, pennsylvania, last july. >> we left syria because it was unbearable. we were not able to stay there any longer. for long months, we were not able to sleep. >> he found a job. if a family of six can be self-sufficient within four to
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six months, we are happy about that. >> the refugee is like any other human, looking for a better life for his kids, better education, looking for jobs. just like any other person. >> how does it make him feel that his family, relatives, friends. may not be able to come? >> disappointed. we had hoped that we would reunite again with the people we knew. >> i think a lot of people get nervous about the aspect of terrorism and we have to be careful and put american
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citizens first and their safety. that is the number one role of this government. >> with any problem, you have to stop the bleeding. cut off any refugees coming into this point, get to a solution quickly, and then we can reinstate refugees coming back into the country. >> from my faith perspective, there is also a moral obligation we are talking about women and children to help to bring people out of harms way. laura: just as president trump signed a second of order limiting immigration from certain muslim majority countries. authorek, the nominations were announced and among the films leading the pack with "moonlight."
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it is a film that tells the story of a young african-american coming to terms with his sexuality. last season's awards were criticized for their last -- their lack of diversity. but barry jenkins insists his film was not a response to that. he spoke to our entertainment reporter. >> i am alone. >> to who, ma? "moonlight" tells the story of director barry jenkins, a young boy growing up in miami with a cocaine addicted mother. his mother is one of the few in his inner circle not to see his film. >> i do not know she wants to see herself in that way. what a friend pointed out to me was she probably does not want to see the main character who is essentially you be taken through this rough life because it might bring up the guilt and shame. i get that, but i hope what she would see is that the movie is
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not made out of anything but tenderness and kindness towards her. >> what happened? why you didn't come home? underer: the oscars are scrutiny. over the last three years, the term oscar so white follow the awards because no one of color had been nominated. comeoonlihght" did not along to say anything about anything but the characters in the film. e is being framed as a response but yet these movies have been in the pipeline for five years. >> i'm not going to let you go. reporter: the panel increased the number of women and people from ethnic minorities and the success of moonlight shows there is a hunger for films about black people. that black a mist films to not play overseas, and yet here i am releasing my
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all-black film in london, releasing in france, in germany and the netherlands and japan and australia. ♪ reporter: barry was first shown the story in 2011. he and the author grew up in the same area and went to the same primary school and their success has given hope to those living the life back home. >> there are kids watching this happen. they see that, we are talking about the ceiling, break the ceiling, no. i think the ceiling is raising. the people back home are seeing that the ceiling maybe it was here. now it is up your because barry jenkins film got nominated for 8 academy awards. if i win, i hope it will make people back home proud. that will be the most important thing to me. laura: on oscar hopes for his film "moonlight." you can much more on all the days news in our website, including complete coverage of donald trump's first week in office in washington. to reach me and the bbc team. go to twitter.
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from all of us at "bbc world news america," thank you for watching and have a great weekend. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. >> mora: and i'm antonio mora. >> woodruff: on the newshour tonight: >> we only want to admit those into our country who will support our country. >> woodruff: closing the door. president trump's latest executive actions ban refugees from syria and halt immigrants nations. >> mora: then, a warm welcome for british prime minister theresa may, the first white house visit from a foreign leader. >> the invitation is an indication of the strength and importance of this special relationship that exists between our two countries. >> woodruff: and, it's friday. mark shields and david brooks are here to analyze the first week of donald trump's presidency. >> mora: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.

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