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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 4, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports.
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more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." anchor: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am tim wilcox. a shot in the arm from the trump administration. the house passes the republican health care bill. make no mistake, this is the repeal and replace of obamacare. make no mistake about it. [applause] anchor: the fight for the french presidency the sense into a legal battle. emmanuel macron files a lawsuit over claims that he has a secret bank account. and after 70 years in the public eye, prince philip is retiring.
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hello and welcome to "bbc world news america." it has been a republican mission for seven years and suffered an embarrassing setback in march, but today, president trump finally notched a legislative victory, the repeal of the affordable care act, otherwise known as obamacare. the vote in the house of representatives was tight, with no democrats voting in favor. but how quickly this bill becomes law is a different matter, as it still faces steep hurdles in the scented -- in the senate. reporter: the moment just after 2:00 this afternoon in in washington when trumpcare became a thing. >> the bill is passed. without objection, the motion to
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reconsider is laid up on the table. [applause] >> shame. shame. a rather outside different tune as protesters chant "shame." getting a measure through the senate will be tough because as today's debate showed, this is a deeply divisive issue. >> so i ask you, my colleagues does trumpcare lower health , costs? >> no. does trumpcare provide better health care? >> no. trumpcare protect families? >> no. >> are we going to be men and women of our word. >> yes. >> are we going to keep the promises we made or falter? reporter: in the rose garden this afternoon, the president beam. at times he fist bumped and hugged the speaker. this is an important legislative victory. president trump: this is a repeal and a replace of
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obamacare. make no mistake about it. make no mistake. [applause] reporter: they are dancing a happy dance at the white house today. the extraordinary thing is that there has been no independent assessment done on who will be affected, in what way, and what the cost will be. by the time this gets to the senate, that will have happened. and that could affect whether obamacare really does become trumpcare. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. tim: for reaction to today's vote, i am joined by the democratic congresswoman from california. more choice for individuals, s, and a widerm market? >> i don't believe any of that. it is a sad day when the world's richest country celebrates taking health care away from potentially millions and
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millions of people. so, you know, i am hopeful that the senate will stop this , because it is really a tragedy. we know that millions of people will be hurt by what was done today. and i hope that it will never reach the president's desk and become law. tim: republicans say that obamacare is failing and has failed. what do you think of the situation in iowa at the moment where there is only one insurer? where is the choice in that? >> let me just tell you that any time you pass a massive piece of legislation like health care reform, that is really just the beginning. if my republican colleagues have had a position that we need to improve and repair, then we would have all been on the same page and it would have been a bipartisan effort. because for the last seven years their position has been repeal, they never wanted to do anything to improve obamacare. you never pass a major piece of
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legislation, like social security for example, you spend 5-10 years tweaking and improving anytime you do a massive piece of legislation. sadly, my republican colleagues would not allow that to happen. tim: do you accept that billions of dollars have been wasted? what about all the failed co-ops, 19 out of 23? said,l, you know, like i there were lots of things that need to be improved around the affordable care act, also known as obamacare, lots of things. i could spend an telling you hour things that need to be improved. but once the legislation was passed republicans did not want , to do anything to improve the legislation. now they have done that, they have moved the clock backwards in the united states, back to the day when millions of people did not have coverage. the sad thing about it is at the , end of the day, it will become far more expensive because when people do not have health care,
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they go to the emergency room, which is the most expensive way to have your health care needs met. and often leads to a lot of death and chronic illness , because you are not able to prevent things that could have been prevented. day's other major story in washington is president trump signing an executive order that will allow churches to be more political. allow peopleuldn't of faith to be bullied anymore. i spoke about that with our correspondent. allows would say this religious groups freedom to discriminate. where are we on that. >> that is certainly the worry. real fears because of a draft of
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this executive order that was leaked in february. there was going to be a way that employers or companies do not have to serve gay people or couples similar to a bill that mike pence passed as governor of indiana. there was huge uproar. that was overturned and not included in this executive order in the end. it does say that companies do not have to have health care agreements with their employees, or give them birth control if they feel it contradicts their religious beliefs. tim: this is to the heart of the division between church and state. >> that is the other big thing. before now, there was a tenant that said if churches, if made commentsres on political issues or endorsed certain political candidates, they could have their tax exempt status taken away from them. it was rarely enacted, but now
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that has been taken away. it means that church figures can now openly back a political candidate. it is something that donald trump about getting rid of all through his campaign. and it really this is about rewarding all of those church groups, evangelical christians , especially who backed him , through the campaign. as you say, this seems to fly against the tenant of the constitution that says there should be division between church and state. and that is why some groups are taking legal action. tim: thank you. two candidates vowing to be the next french president were back on the road today after clashing in a debate last night. centrist candidate emmanuel macron called his challenger marine le pen the high priestess of fear. she in turn accused him of being soft on terrorism. our correspondent reports from southern france that emmanuel macron has been campaigning today. reporter: borders and barriers are not emmanuel macron's thing, but when you might be the next
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president of france, your supporters have to get used to them. and so, the european flags that mark his rallies were waived today from behind fencing. france, he said, needed to and -- to end divisions. >> we have seen that society in the u.k. where the middle class in floats, and that is when britain decided to withdraw from the world stage. >> momentum is building behind emmanuel macron, but the fight is getting ever more personal. with one more day of campaigning left, the end of france's presidential race is in sight. 24 hours after a debate with marine le pen, emmanuel macron is still seen as the favorite. some voters say they are not choosing him and are more blocking the far right. two thirds of the country's far
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left supporters may not vote for him at all. >> if emmanuel macron wins, what will be the consequence? in five years, it could be so strong. it is not what i prefer, it is what i have to do. >> critics have accused marine le pen of using debates to goad her opponent. personal attacks happened on the campaign trail, too. today an egg was thrown on a , visit to northern france. >> the french people know my program very well. that is because it is very clear, and i have been presenting it to them for several years. i wanted to let the veil, i believe i did that successfully on who emmanuel macron is. >> there is more than one role at stake in this campaign. the presidency is the real treasure. but for france's far right party, emerging as the
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opposition would also be a prize. this campaign is an argument over french identity. no matter how many european the electionved, may be the same, even if france's political map might be changed. tim: you are watching "bbc world news america." in other news russia, turkey, , and iran have signed an agreement. the proposals were agreed after negotiations in kazakhstan. representatives of the syrian arms opposition walked out of talks saying they could not accept the plan. officials in iran say there is 14tle hope of rescuing the coal miners still missing following an explosion. 22 people are known to have died. dozens more injured. now after 70 years in the public , eye, prince philip is calling
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it a day. he will retire from royal duties later this year. later this year. buckingham palace said the decision is not related to health issues. a reporter has the story. >> it is an image to which the nation has become accustomed over many decades. the queen and the duke of edinburgh, side by side on official business. today they were at reception at st. james's palace. the duke a few steps behind in support. inside, meeting members of the order of merits. swapping stories about hearing aids. and joking about retirement. >> nevermind standing down, i have trouble standing up, he said. but come the autumn, his attendance at events such as this will be the exception. after nearly 70 years of public service, the duke has decided a
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few weeks short of his 96th birthday that it is finally time to step back from public duties. the palace says the decision did not come from any concerns about his health, and the evidence would support that. yesterday he was at lords , cricket ground opening and you and sharing a familiar joke. >> we had some experience. [laughter] >> alongside all of those plaques he has unveiled other serious achievements, but his most important contribution has been the support he has given to his wife, the queen. she has become the longest reigning monarch in british history, he has become the longest serving consult. they had done it together. he is her most constant and forthright supporter in private. >> he supported her by being a very strong husband.
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and he has put her first and has not tried to interfere in her work. her work as queen is her work. reporter: soon, the duke's public role will come to an end. the palace statement said " prince philip will attend previously scheduled engagements between now and august, both individually and accompanying the queen the duke will not be . thereafter the duke will not be, accepting new invitations, although, he may still choose to attend certain public events from time to time." the duke's retirement from public duties will mean other members of the royal family will step up to support the queen. it is likely she will be seen more frequently at major occasions with the prince of es or princes ann. those who know the couple say it will not be quite the same for the queen. >> the queen will undoubtedly
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miss him on public occasions. there is no doubt that when they go out for a day together, they are a mutual support system. having been on tours with them and followed in the car behind them, you see at the end of the day they get together into the car and he entertains her hugely, telling her funny stories about what's happened today. she will definitely miss all that. she will be going back to buckingham palace, windsor castle, and he will be there. reporter: slowly but surely there is a generational shift taking place at the palace. officials have made it clear that the queen will continue with her public engagements. but at the age of 91, her load is being lightened. as monarch, she is still the central figure, but there is starting to be tangible evidence of transition. >> a short time ago i caught up with nick at buckingham palace. 780 organization so far. what are their plans now? reporter: he is not telling us what his specific plans are. i think we can be certain of one
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thing, this is a man with tears -- fierce intellectual curiosity as he has demonstrated so many times over the years. any idea that he will retire and put his feet up would be wide of the mark. he will still have an intense interest in the success of this reign as he has demonstrated over the years. and he has made a huge contribution to the success of this reign. he will still be there offering forthright and frequently, i am sure, pithy advice to the queen in private. how will the queen deal with this? she will miss it. she will miss the sense of shared experience with the person who has shared so many experiences with her over the years. he has been her strength over the course of this reign. and we are now going to see the younger members of the family
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stepping up in his place in support of the queen. tim: thank you very much. you are watching "bbc world news america." , a birds eye view of the out which ross. how conservationists are taking -- keeping track of species, from. there is growing concern that macedonia is descending into chaos. refusing -- our correspondent sent this report from -- macedonia's parliament. journalists as a
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stalemate became something far more disturbing. the latest protests have been peaceful, but the underlying tension remains. to protesters are loyal nikolai -- and they claim they , because they have made too many concessions. one of the mp's attacked last week says that is just an excuse. >> whatever they have done in is only three months for one reason, to prevent a peaceful transfer of power, because a newly formed government would mean criminal accountability for some of the people who have stolen millions of euros from the citizens of macedonia.eared --
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>> the family has left a mark on macedonia, but now they political violence is putting programs at risk. some harmony would be welcome , and two years of protest international pressure may bring about a solution, but only the take itimistic would for granted. tim: now, the name castro has been synonymous with cuba since in 1959.ry revolution but with fidel dead and raul due to step down next year, the country could be taking a future without a castro in charge. the president's daughter is the leading voice on gay and transgender rights.
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she has then speaking exclusively with our correspondent, insisting that her father's replacement will not come from her family. reporter: the mayday march hasn't changed since the cold war. it is traditionally an opportunity for socialists on the island and from around the world to come to havana to show their solidarity with the cuban revolution. four many this year was tinged , with nostalgia. it was the first time since fidel castro died last november and seemed to mark the end of an era. as things stand, this will be the last may day march. as he thinks about taking a step from the limelight, his daughter a, is taking a high profile role. mariela castro is the leading gay-rights activist. she has successfully lobbied for changes to the law to recognize homosexual men and women as equal in the workplace.
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the national assembly rejected the part of the bill calling for equality for transgender people. so, does she agree that the transgender community are still considered second-class citizens? >> yes, they are a group that has suffered a great deal. we must tackle -- they still do not have the same chances. the same possibilities of integrating into society that a majority of people have. reporter: many things have changed in cuba recently, not just in gay rights. the death of her uncle, fidel castro, and the departure of her father as president has generated much uncertainty on the island. however, mariela castro guaranteed one thing, the next president of cuba whether a man or woman will not have the surname castro. >> i can guarantee that. i hope not. it is not a dynasty of
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succession. what happened is that in historical context, two castro brothers came together and shared a struggle. there was much confidence between, but those conditions do not exist anymore. reporter: i pointed out to her that also rules her out. >> i know, but i do not want it. i want to be a citizen with other responsibilities. reporter: true believers are holding on ever more tightly to the image of fidel and route -- raul castro. but at least one family member is convinced that castro era is about to end. will grant, bbc news, havana. conservationists are keeping track of an endangered bird. it is all with a little help from space.
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reporter: a little ungainly on land, the albatross is the giant of the bird world. with its formidable wingspan makes it easy to spot. counting these birds is tricky. most albatrosses nest on islands that are remote. now, there is a new way to get at tally of the birds. from space. scientists are using a powerful u.s. satellite to zoom in on places like the time islands in the south pacific. ultrahigh resolution images can focus down to 30 centimeters. that means each albatross appears as a white dot and researchers can count them. this is the bird that lives there. the northern royal albatross. the satellite count has come in -- 3600 nests, half of
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the number expected. albatrosses face a number of problems. we can see one of them if we zoom out. ocean currents are circulating toxic waste that can be deadly for the birds. along with plastics, fishing lines are also a major danger. and so are rats prey on young chicks. 15 species of albatross are under threat. >> there are ways to restore their breeding, what i am hoping in the future, these satellite images will be able to show us if we are moving in the right direction for saving the albatross as a whole. reporter: this is not the first time satellites have helped conservationists. they are now tracking wildebeests from space. the technology is helping to establish the size of penguin qualities. for the albatross, researchers went to extend this to other nesting sites. knowing how many birds there are now will help us to track how they fare in the future. rebecca morell, bbc news. tim: that is the news for today.
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you can find more on that story on the website bbc.com/news. from the whole team in washington goodbye. , ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends
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can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. ♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> sreenivasan: good evening, i'm hari sreenivasan. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight... >> this is a repeal and replace of obamacare make no mistake about it. >> sreenivasan: a new prescription for american health care, house republicans narrowly pass a bill to overhaul the affordable care act. also ahead, when the economy leaves town, we visit janesville, wisconsin to hear what happens after the biggest employer shuts its doors. >> this is a story of what choices people made when there were no good choices left. because it was impossible to keep your income and stay working here. >> sreenivasan: plus, refugees fleeing south sudan's civil war pour into uganda, but tensions break out as the fight for scarce resources plague overcrowded villages.

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