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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 8, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news." tim: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am tim willcox. "i warned the white house" -- the x attorney general field she told officials that that michael flynn could be vulnerable to russian blackmail. france's incoming president prepares for power. emmanuel macron begins building his government. and they are small, they are fast, and they crash. the thrills and spills over race.race -- of a drone
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hello, and welcome to our viewers on public television and also around the globe. the trump administration's alleged links to russia resurfaced in washington today at a key senate hearing -- in particular, the dealings between former national security advisor michael flynn and moscow. before he was sacked by president trump for lying about his context. giving evidence today were james clapper, former director of national intelligence, and a ex-acting attorney general sally yates, who raised concerns about michael flynn in february. ms. yates: we weren't the only ones who knew about all of this. the russians also knew when general flynn had done, and the russians also knew that general flynn had misled the vice president and others. in the media accounts, it was clear from the vice president and others that they were repeating what general flynn had told them. and that this was a problem,
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because not only did we believe the russians knew this, but they likely have proof of this information. that created a compromise situation, a situation where the national security adviser essentially could be blackmailed by the russians. tim: prior to her evidence today, we also learned that during their chat immediately after last year's election, former president obama warned then-president-elect trump against hiring general flynn . today the white house press secretary was quick to downplay that revelation, saying it was the former administration who kept flynn's security clearance active. mr. spicer: it is true that mr. obama made it known that he was not a fan of general flynn's, which should not come as a surprise to anyone, given that general flynn had worked for president obama, was an outspoken critic of president obama's shortcomings, specifically his lack of strategy guarding isis and other threats facing america. the question you have to ask
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yourself is if president obama was truly concerned about general flynn, why didn't he suspend his security clearance, which they had just reapproved a month earlier? tim: for more on this, i'm i spoke a little earlier to michael crowley, senior foreign affairs correspondent with politico. michael flynn had left the obama administration several years beforehand and was trying to get access. michael: that's right. you know, i think sean spicer is focusing too narrowly here. barack obama's point, i think -- i wasn't in the room, but i think we can infer -- was not just maybe this guy shouldn't have a security clearance. it was generally, he is not qualified for the job of national security adviser, one of the handful of the most important jobs in the u.s. government. so, number one, i think president obama probably figured they would do their own security clearance process with flynn and do due diligence on that, but i
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suspect his point was larger. flynn had a lot of critics who were saying this guy is not up to the job. he has tactical knowledge but is not a strategist. and he has this weird relationship with the russians. he is not someone you want in the job. so to focus on the security clearance question is a kind of diversion or not the core point here. tim: yeah, i suppose the pressure is back on the white house. how is it that they were warned twice by sally yates about michael flynn and then it took almost three weeks to sack him? michael: it is inexplicable. it is really without recent precedent. i can't think of a comparable situation. we are talking about the national security adviser. that is a no room for error job. it is so sensitive and important. it is unbelievable that it took that long to get that kind of action. sally yates' testimony did not tell us anything we hadn't
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already learned through headlines previously, but it was just very dramatic. she is an extremely effective witness. and i think makes the trump administration looks terrible. she is an extremely credible, impressive, and seemingly nonpartisan figure. tim: what do you read into donald trump's tweet this morning? it is a clear insinuation that sally yates had been behind the leaking of information to the press. michael: again, totally unprecedented. to some degree we are living in the twilight zone in washington these days, constantly having these events that we have never seen before, and you don't know how to deal with them except to say that this is trump's washington. there are some people who are saying that that tweet was tantamount to witness intimidation. but it is also kind of the norm for the president we have now. he observes no boundaries. it was by any historical standard really kind of outrageous.
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but this how donald trump operates. and by the way, it seemed to have no effect on yates at all, who, again, i just thought was really an extremely deft and impressive witness. tim: michael crowley, thanks very much. michael: thank you. tim: you are watching "bbc world news america." he is the youngest french leader since napoleon bonaparte, and today emmanuel macron has been trying on the trappings of office a day after a decisive victory. 39 years old,o is has been receiving congratulatory phone calls from world leaders, including donald trump. he has begun forming his government, and he has been carrying out symbolic duties of the presidency. our europe editor reports on the day's events. ♪ reporter: it has been a day of reflection in france, paying tribute to world war ii fallen. taking stock of fresh challenges ahead. france's brand-new
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and youngest ever president-elect here at v-e day commemorations. a little hesitant, a little unsure, taking his cue from the outgoing head of state. it will be a steep learning curve. emmanuel macron is pretty new to politics. the crowd here were hopeful. >> it is very difficult to put some reform in france, and having a guy who is young will help to change it things. >> we hope he keeps his promises. we want france for the poor as well as the rich. reporter: tonight, emmanuel foes will be and watching this with interest. a fly on the wall documentary films during his presidential
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campaign. intriguing, because france is about to be presided over by a politician known for his charm, but whose person, party my policies are pretty much unexplored. what we do know is he is a eu rophile, a passionate one. chancellor merkel: emmanuel macron carries the hopes of millions across europe. he had a courageous, pro-european campaign, and stands for openness to the world. reporter: emmanuel macron has raised high expectations, promising many things for many people. to dramatically reformer france, caring for the fragile, while boosting business, and to change the european union and to be very tough on brexit. he doesn't have his own government or mps in parliament, so is he flexing muscles he doesn't yet have?
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france's president-elect has apde brexit threats lenty. damp and desperate in calais today. after brexit, mr. macron has vowed to tear up an agreement on thousands of migrants making the ir way to dover each year. he has talked of luring banks and businesses from the city of london this side of the channel. domestic discontent will be his main focus. it is what drew voters to marine le pen, his far right presidential rival. she is popular here in the pool halls of calais, where unemployed youngsters wile frustrated days away. in towns like this, there is little faith in elite educated metropolitan emmanuel macron. marineg people voted for
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le pen because they can't find any jobs did unemployment rate is sky high here, unfortunately. andrter: "there are no jobs too many migrants," he told us. maybe next time the whole country will be ready." there were small but he did demonstrations against emmanuel macron, some organized by the trade unions. as the centrist politician, he faces opposition left and right, and only weeks away from crucial parliamentary elections. tim: let's get the latest live from paris. a decisive victory yesterday, but now a big challenge to get a parliamentary majority. reporter: that is absolutely right, but let's look at this presidential campaign. it was deeply divisive and very bitter.
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just because the election is over doesn't mean that the divisions magically disappear. also, if you look at the french men and women voted for emmanuel macron, many of them did so to stop his far right rifle rather than any confidence in him. he has won the presidency. now he has to win over the french people. and the clock is ticking. there is all-important parliamentary elections next month. he needs a majority in parliament, he needs a credible government to bring around all of those reforms he promised so many people. if he doesn't get the majority. and he needs to form a coalition. will he jump into bed with one of the traditional parties that he stepped away from? if he does make a coalition with them, he made be giving up his reformist credentials right from the start. paris, thankler in you very much indeed. you are watching "bbc world news america." candidates in south korea's presidential election are making
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their final appeal to voters before tuesday. polls suggest that the left-leaning moon jae-in has maintained his lead over his nearest rival. the elections are held early to fill the vacancy of park geun-hye impeached in march over corruption. thousands of venezuelans taking to the streets, starting another week of march is in purpose of president nicolas maduro's call for a new assembly from which opponents say with sideline the national congress. protesters have been heading towards the offices of the heads of the presidential commission, charged with establishing the new assembly. italian coast guard officials say that more than 7000 migrants have been rescued in the mediterranean over the past few days, and as many as 200 are feared to have drowned. so far this year, the numbers are 50% higher than at the same time last year. they are thought to have made the treacherous crossing from libya in search of a new life in
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europe. our correspondent spent the last week on a rescue ship and sent this report. reporter: seven uneventful days at sea with a rescue mission, and then suddenly, this. >> we have 2 rubber boats. possibly one woodewooden boat. please prepare on deck for rescue. reporter: a scene, said the crew, like never before. first 2, then three, then more and yet more boatloads of people going towards us to rescue and safety. they look exhausted. they are coming on one by one. this is one of the tiniest travelers. her mother, who is nigerian, said she risked the journey because she couldn't return to
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her home country. she was kidnapped and ransomed for money. >> i go to market. aside.t me they locked me in a side room. reporter: i asked her what she hoped for in the future. reporter: she is happily ignorant of her mother's grief and oblivious to the peril she has faced. they are all processed now, checked. the vast majority on board are men of working age, from west and east africa and also asia. there are many factors driving them, but the turmoil in libya is key.
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these scars were inflicted in bangladesh, which is where he is from. he said he was targeted by the local mafia and left for libya to work as a cook. but he was unpaid and beaten when he asked for his wage. reporter: he told me he took the rubber boats because libya was dangerous. he had a chance of life if he left. libya was intolerable. he couldn't do it anymore. last year broke records for the number of migrants making the crossing, and this year looks set to top that. italy has borne the weight of housing and caring for them, but opinion is hardening, with claims that these rescue missions are a taxi service for migrants, and that the aid agencies are colluding to bring the migrants to europe. >> our mission is to save the lives of people and especially escaping violence,
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persecution, and extreme poverty. we have no contact with people smugglers. reporter: earlier in the week, a body was spotted. the sea is a graveyard, too. the search will go on. this crossing has become an established route run by ruthless criminals who care little whether desperate passengers will see another day. tim: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, life, the universe, and everything. america's favorite astrophysicist has tackled big .deas for those in a hurry canada haven'tn had an entirely synthetic response from authorities after the mayor of one town accused them of crying like babies. the state of emergency has been declared in some areas of
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québec, with thousands of homes flooded across 20 towns and cities did many people have been told to evacuate, and it is that that brought the criticism of them as crying like babies. reporter: after weeks of seemingly unending rainfall, many roads are now only possible by boat. more than 130 communities are being evacuated. thousands of homes are already submerged, some completely cut off. sandbags and pumps have not been enough to hold back the rising water. some residents are still refusing to leave. >> it is sad. it has been there for 15 years and it is my home. >> disaster. most people left. a couple are high enough that
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they are ok. reporter: a combination of torrential rain and melting snow has caused rivers to overtop. parts of southwest québec has been flooded for a week. now the mayor has lost his patience with some residents. >> people have to be evacuated and we put them in boats and they are crying like babies. i'm sorry, they are at a point where they are not in a position to decide anymore their own future. reporter: people are salvaging anything they can, using whatever means available to with floodwater affecting an area of some 300 miles, these are the worst floods in canada for decades. emergency teams warned the next 48 hours will be decisive. tim: now, do you know what dark matter is, or, as you gaze up at
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the stars at night, whether there is life on other planets? well, the astrophysicist neil degrasse tyson wants to help. he has made it his mission to make because most accessible too busy people on earth. his new book is "astrophysics for people in a hurry." he joined me earlier from new york. your book is "astrophysics for people in a hurry." i am the sort of person who is so stupid it would take me a lifetime to get the basic principles, but let's start with the first chapter of your book, which i did get. explain energy, molecules. talk us through that. neil: [laughter] you mean the next few minutes, talk through the beginning of the universe. tim: well, you did it so quickly in the first chapter. what about dark energy? this is where it gets more complicated. neil: we don't know what dark energy is, but we measure it. from 14 billion years onward, known the universe has
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been expanding. this is a measurement made in the 1920's by edward hubbell. the man, not the telescope. the telescope would make other important measurements related to our understanding of cosmology. but he was the first to show that the universe is expanding . in 1998 we discovered -- me and my colleagues -- that not only isthe universe expanding, it accelerating, accelerating against the wishes of gravity, and what is driving that, we have no idea, what we know it is real and we have the measurements to support it. we call it dark energy. we could just as well call it fred or something. you should not read too much into the name we have given it because we have no idea what is causing it. tim: i look forward to discussing dark energy with the next person i talked to and describing it as fred. talk about science and the importance of science now. for example, climate change. you are a scientist, you have studied astrophysics.
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is that a complete fact now that climate change is impacting our planet? neil: experiments and observations reveal that humans are the primary drivers of the change in the climate we have seen over the past one and a half centuries. now, if you want to make politics out of this, you would say, what do we do about this? do you stop it or let it go? you let it go, it has consequences. you stop it, you stave off what could be catastrophic for low-lying countries, such as the islands in the south pacific, cities -- most of the world's great cities are on water's edge, because that enables transportation and commerce and navigation. -- irrigation. if you live in a free society, you have the right to choose what kind of future you want for it. but you can only do that if you are informed as accurately as you can about the causes and effects of things.
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tim: very briefly, how long have humans got? neil: [laughter] you want to know if you can get off the planet now? it is hard to tell, but you are correct to ask how long humans have, because the earth will be here long after we are gone. the average mammal species gets tenure onion years of the earth and we are early on that range. if we are wise shepherds of our actualcognizing what are role and relationship is in the biosphere, we could go indefinitely into the future, because we are pretty smart. but if we do not exploit the fact that we have understandings of how nature works, brought to you by the methods and tools of science, then we will have people who will think they are leading us into the future when in fact they are leading us off a cliff. and that would be embarrassing. we would be the most embarrassing life form in the galaxy among aliens -- they would say, why did the humans go
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extinct? oh, they had science and they don't know how to use it? they had leaders but they didn't know science? that would just be embarrassing, when we actually have the power to know. that is what science brings us. tim: neil degrasse tyson, great to speak to you. neil: thanks for having me. tim: the rules of physics are put severely to the test when it comes to drone racing. its popularity is growing fast. what started in the united states has extended to other countries, including britain. the best players have been competing in championships. reporter: the speeds are fast and crashes are frequent. the pilots are far from harm's way, flying their drones with goggles. they can see a live feed from the camera. it is like a real-life videogame.
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these are built for speed. they are built for handling. nothing is on these drones that is necessary. everything necessary is made out of carbon fiber. it is pushing the boundaries of what is possible. reporter: the racers compete in teams of 4. each taking a turn to navigate the looping course. teammates and spectators can tune in to a shared frequency to get the same view. >> you are relying on your teammates and your teammates are relying on you. to get as many laps as possible without crashing. reporter: with speeds of 90 kilometers at work, crashes are inevitable. >> oh well. unsurprisingly, one of the most important members of each team is an engineer, who can fix the drones and get them back in the air. tim: gaming with fresh air.
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you can find much more of the day's news on our website, for me, tim willcox, and the team here in washington, bye-bye. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight... >> you don't want your national security advisor compromised with the russians. >> woodruff: ...former acting attorney general, sally yates, tells the senate how she warned the white house that general michael flynn was at risk of being blackmailed by moscow. then, france's new leader-- centrist emmanuel macron wins a closely watched presidential election by a landslide over far-right candidate marine le pen. plus, more legal challenges for president trump's travel ban. a federal appeals court in virginia hears arguments on the revised executive order. and, bringing the doctor's office to the kitchen-- how health car


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