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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 15, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. the u.s. fares better than most, and the uk's getting back on its feet, but caution is the watchword after the massive cyber attack. a man on a mission on his first full day in office. france's new president calls for reform of the euro and moves to strengthen the alliance with germany's leader. and capturing camelot in photos. 100 years since his birth, a new exhibit highlights the life and legacy of john f. kennedy.
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welcome to our viewers on public television and around the globe. the white house says the ransomware attack on computers worldwide was likely carried out by criminals or foreign states. 150 countries have been affected, and hospitals from indonesia to britain proving a especially vulnerable. a top u.s. cyber official says the hack did not hurt government systems and the u.s. whether to the attack better than most. >> infection rate has been lower than many parts of the world, but we may see significant impacts on additional networks as these malware attacks morph and change. despite appearing to be criminal activity intended to raise money, it appears that less than $70,000 has been paid in ransoms, and we are not aware of payments that led to any data recovery. laura: he added that he has spoken to his british counterpart, and the u.k. has a feeling of control over the
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attack, which has affected the health-care system, the nhs. reporter: experts say that the cyber attack was unprecedented. in the way it was able to infect vulnerable computer systems, but also how it spread across the globe, hitting major public bodies like the nhs, but also individual users and several large multinational companies. the attack was thwarted with what has been described as a master kill switch before it could spread further. but companies that specialize in cyber security say further incidents are almost inevitable. >> i would say phase one is over, but i would wager that there are more phases to come to -- both in terms of this attack, companies vulnerable to malware, but also secondary follow-up attacks. people need to be acutely aware of the possibility. reporter: with hundreds of thousands of victims in more than 150 countries, microsoft,
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which makes the operating systems that were targeted, said governments should treat the attack as a wake-up call. it criticized bodies like the cia and the u.s. national security agency for developing a and stockpiling software that could be exploited by hackers. microsoft's president and chief legal officer said repeatedly exploits in the hands of governments have leaked into the public domain and caused widespread damage. an equivalent scenario with conventional weapons would be the u.s. military having its tomahawk missiles stolen. >> this is an area where it involves government and the private sector, and there are a number of programs were where governments and private sector need to work together. i think of some of those are, , for instance, national critical infrastructure. as we look at everything from financial markets to travel, transportation, the grid itself. reporter: those affected by the hack were met with an on-screen
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demand for payment of 230 pounds in the virtual currency bitcoin. in a tweet, the national crime agency warned of victims not to pay any ransom, saying the recovery of files cannot be guaranteed. although there is evidence that some targeted individuals are indeed paying up. the attack, described as the biggest of its kind, has exposed the inherit weakness of an interconnected world increasingly reliant on computer systems that are not properly protected or updated. the digital equivalent of a global flu epidemic, but much more sinister and potentially much more expensive. laura: for more on this attack and what comes next, i spoke earlier to the ceo of strategic cyber ventures. the white house said today that this cyber attack was developed potentially by criminals or foreign nation-states. which seems more likely to you? >> definitely foreign
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nation-states behind the release , creating temperature aperture by which this was criminalized. -- this can be criminalized. he does -- it was the for monetary gain but there will be copycats and subsequent attacks. laura: let's say it is a nationstate behind this -- got to be a pretty short list. >> it does, and one that would leverage a widespread forest fire on the internet would lead me to believe it is one of 2 nation-states, either north korea or iran, both of which have been active in cyberspace of late and leveraging attacks against the western world. laura: the fact that this happened at all, as you were saying, has to do with the flaw that the nsa discovered and then maybe used in the spying toolkits. that is a bit worrying. >> well, all the countries in the world develop weapons and in cyberspace, and a group called shadow brokers broke into the nsa and released these weapons to the dark web and now the criminals are utilizing these weapons against governments, corporations, and hospitals, for that matter. laura: you said hospitals are
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particularly vulnerable. why is that? >> they are particularly vulnerable because they adopt technology before securing it traditionally. in essence, they have life-support systems that cannot be changed rapidly because of fear they might affect patient'' health and they are not regularly updated with patches and critical updates that are produced by microsoft and other entities. laura: you sat on president obama's cyber security commission. the trump government has signed any second quarter trying to strengthen cyber security. is enough being done in this country? >> no, definitely not. the trump border is like navelgazing. it is not successful in achieving the goals. we fundamentally must change the way we approach cyber security and go after the dark web the cybercrime hideouts that are used by hackers, the anonymous payment systems that facilitate money-laundering associated with things like ransom. and we must allow the defense organizations, the nsa, and other groups to defend america against attacks when these
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attacks are being leveraged by nation-states. laura: you thought a lot about the threat of cyber attacks. on a scale of one to 10, is this giving you nightmares or is this relatively benign? >> this one bothers me because it uses a weapon produced by the government against the masses, and it illustrates that worms are back here to stay in, like we saw in 2001 with code red, and these worms can undermine all the security you have put in place to defend an organization. fundamentally, i think this is a sea change in terms of the scalability of systemic attacks against society. laura: thank you so much for joining us. the new president of france had a busy time of it today, appointing a top official and reaching out to europe's central power. a day after his inauguration, emmanuel macron selected edouard philippe of the center-right as his prime minister, and he was off to berlin for talks with german leader angela merkel. it is from there that jenny hill has more. jenny: there was a warm welcome for mr. macron from the
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chancellery, not just from angela merkel, but also, rather unusually for such an event, from a crowd of people singing and dancing outside the talks. on paper, this looks like a warm and friendly relationship. but as mrs. merkel herself put it, paraphrasing a german author, every beginning has magic to it. the two leaders have pledged to create a roadmap for europe. they want to further integrate not just the eu but the eurozone and they said, crucially, they are prepared to look at european treaty change in order to make that happen. so far so good, but it is worth emphasizing that they are have been real difficulties in the french-german relationship. it underpinned the european project -- it was a real axis of strength. but as the economies have diverged, it has become much more tense in recent years. it is worth arguing, i suppose, that britain has become more of
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an ally within the eu for germany. now britain has decided to leave, everything has changed, and these two leaders, who are both committed europhiles, are trying to get this european project back on track. a lot of talk of cooperation and working together, but behind the signs in berlin, some of mr. macron's ideas about economic reform, for example, are raising eyebrows. it is election year in germany. angela is not going to countenance any type of suggestion or idea that german money should go into propping up or paying off the debt of other eu economies, including france, that are not doing so well. there will be tensions between the 2 leaders, and i think that angela merkel, for all the smiles today, is looking at mr. macron and his promise to bring the french economy back up to speed and thinking, let's wait and see whether he can really deliver on those promises.
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from: jenny hill reporting berlin there. in other news from around the world, opposition supporters have gathered in cities in venezuela in the latest protests against the government of president nicolas maduro. the demonstrators, some carrying national flags and blocking major highways across the country, have been on the streets since april, demanding elections and to show discontent with the worsening economic crisis. north korea says the missile it tested successfully on sunday was a new type of rocket capable of carrying a nuclear warhead. the country's news agency said the launch involved in mid to long-range ballistic missile. they say the leader, kim jong-un, personally oversaw the launch. the united states called for further sanctions in result -- response to the test, calling the north a flagrant menace. plane crash near teterboro airport nearby new york city late this afternoon. multiple buildings are on fire
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and footage on social media showed plumes of smoke rising from the crash site. the learjet departed from philadelphia and went down in a residential area not far from the runway. police say 2 crew members were killed. in iraq, government forces say that 90% of islamic state forces have been forced out of mosul, after a major military offensive that has been going on since october. the bbc has been given rare access to coalition troops on the ground of their -- there. our correspondent and cameramen and producer were the first television team allowed to film a patrol base near mosul airport. here's their report. reporter: after eight months, this is not a new sight. taking back mosul from the self-proclaimed islamic state,
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close to 1000ng days, when they swept through northern iraq like a plague. what still remains will be some of the most difficult and dangerous fighting for the forces. they are not alone, however. the u.s.-led coalition has been conducting thousands of airstrikes and providing intelligence. they have been increasing their work on the ground with iraqi forces. here at this base, u.s. soldiers are working with the iraqis to push i.s. out of the second largest city. >> we are in mosul, actually. we are at an airport on the south end of mosul. five to six kilometers from the federal police. reporter: do you have any close of positions?
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>> yeah, we have some other units that are a little bit closer. but they are still well behind the forward line of troops. there is back and forth fighting. reporter: keeping watch at all times, a small group of american troops here. they know it is not a reason to drop their guard. >> the timing is really a lot of things -- especially dependent on the popular support for isis within that, and if there is any, we encourage any civilians in the area to rise up against isis, constantly keeping in mind reduction of civilian casualties. so to explain that, the faster they push and the more force they use to defeat isis, the more likelihood there is that there will be civilian casualties. however, the slower they go, they will reduce civilian casualties but they leave civilians and the subjugation of a barbaric organization that is isis. reporter: the fighting inside
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mosul is likely reaching the beginning of the end. but what remains is an urban area riddled with thousands of civilians, even though thousands have already fled. what will remain of mosul after the battle? who will protect the city and its war-weary correlation? for iraqi forces, especially the federal police, there is no end in sight. news, mosul. bbc laura: crucial moment in the battle for mosul. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, other parallels between today and the air of watergate? we asked one of the key players who was there at the time. the government of ivory coast's
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says it has reached a deal with soldiers to end the four-to mutiny over unpaid bonuses, but some representatives of the mutineers say they rejected the proposal. about 8000 soldiers have clashed with loyalist troops. reporter: mutinous soldiers kept people at home. children stayed away from school. people struggle to get to work. banks across the country have been advised to stay close. these are the former rebels now embedded in the army who fought for years to get the president to power. they brought the country to a halt in january, demanding back pay and bonuses. the government gave in. but the soldiers have received less than half of their money. they say they won't step down until they get it all. >> this is to say to the president from where not here to destabilize him people say we are going to attempt a coup against him. we are not here for a coup. we want the money. reporter: in the country's
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second-largest city, mutinous soldiers still have control. on the weekend, six residents were injured when soldiers fired warning shots to keep people at home. since then, one of them has died of their injuries. there have been more uprisings and disruption across the country today, and residents say they had enough. >> they should just give them their money and we can work. since friday we have not been able to work. want debating current we are type it they should stop debating. it has been days. reporter: ivory coast is the poster child for economic success, one of africa's fastest growing economies. the government is keen to keep that image. but it also needs to show its strength. ivorians have lived through 2 civil wars and many are afraid this could footage out in some kind of military standoff.
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-- this could end in some kind of military standoff. laura: tonight "the washington post" is revealing that has been trump -- reporting that president trump revealed highly classified information to the russian ambassador last week. it is a challenge the national security adviser refutes but it has to the controversy just a week after the fbi director was fired. democrats are using the word nixonian. one person who knows that best is a person who was counsel to the watergate special prosecutor's. he joined the bbc earlier on. >> you are a lifelong republican, the senior surviving member of the watergate prosecutor's office. >> correct. >> would you say to parallels are accurate? >> i would say the parallels are ominously accurate, yes.
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there are differences, as people have emphasized. but the parallels between the watergate investigation and the current structure thing, as president trump dismissively calls it, are pretty clear. >> in 1973, the 2 most senior members of the justice department resigned rather than bow to mr. nixon's demands to sack special prosecutor archibald cox. do you think, after what you have seen the last few days, that the current attorney general, jeff sessions, and his deputy should have taken a tougher stand? >> i think they should have, especially the deputy, who was brought in to be more credible professional prosecutor to oversee the rush investigation. and it turns out that in as many of us suspected, his role in the firing of comey pleasantly to provide a written pretext for what president trump later announced was his real reason for firing comey, that he wanted 's involvement in
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the rush investigation itself. reporter: there are 2 stories they told us the nikki haley line, that indisputably the president has the right to fire the fbi director and nothing illegal in that, and then there is the other story come that he is standing in the way of an investigation. would you say that is a most touching on an offense? >> i think it comes close, and those 2 things are not quite as distinct as they suggest, because president nixon as well have the constitutional authority to fire cox just as president trump has the constitutional authority to fire comey. the real question is, why did he it? if you did it to obstruct an investigation, that is a crime in u.s. justice system, and apart from any criminal exposure, there's the question of exposing himself to a possible impeachment charge, which is a much more vaguely defined standard.
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katty: katty kay here in washington. for our audiences around the world, still that out for us to make that we what it would be that might lead -- obviously some we are a long way off and we never know if it will happen and we don't know what is there. but in your mind, what is the problem that mr. trump has that might lead to his removal? >> a possible parallel with watergate is pretty clear. we don't know how this will turn out, as we know what happened in watergate. but in the watergate affair, the source of the investigation was alleged involvement by the president's phone eight in an illegal surveillance of the democratic party. we now have a similar investigation into the russian hacking of democratic political strategies. and the issue is whether people around president trump were involved in fomenting or cooperating with the russians in that enterprise.
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the question will be whether president trump is using his presidential power to conceal what their responsibility may have been picked we don't know whether they had any responsibility, but that is the possible parallel. katty: some kind of obstruction of justice. but as you know, we live in very different times, and as christian touched upon there, republicans were prepared under watergate to go up against the president. do you see any sign that republicans today in this very partisan world that we live in would be prepared to go against mr. trump over this? >> i think, as i mentioned at the top of the conversation, there are parallels to watergate and some differences. one of the main differences is what you put your finger on. there were some come i would say, stand up republicans who were prepared to pursue an investigation into what actually happened. i'm not seeing that today with
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the republican party. laura: counsel to the watergate prosecutors investigated president nixon. staying with past presidents, john f. kennedy was born 100 years ago this month. across the u.s., many events are planned. there is a new photo exhibit at the smithsonian american art museum here in washington, d.c. the images of the president capture the dramatic rise and lasting legacy of an american icon. the bbc went to take a look. >> hi, i am larry schiller. i'm here at the smithsonian american art museum, a filmmaker, former photojournalist, and once in a while i write books. kennedy lived in a period of what we call the golden age of photojournalism.
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television had not really emerged as the communicator or educator of the world. kennedy didn't care how he looked. he didn't care whether you photographed a silhouette of him or whether he was in the bright lights. he knew that, in essence, his mere presence would present the right image to the american public. we have a political climate which is emerging right now in america -- some people say our leader is learning on the job and he should have understood what the job was before. but i have to tell you, kennedy was learning on the job, too. his first 100 days was not easy. he had the bay of pigs. he had a lot on his plate to figure out. jacqueline kennedy was probably, i would say, jfk's greatest asset. she was cultured, she had taste, she had humor, wit.
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jackie never really wanted to exploit the children, so jfk would always wait until she was out of the white house and then he had the kids running around up and down the halls, and of course he did invite the photographer, and there are the famous pictures of john-john crawling through the desk. but there is this wonderful picture of jfk walking john-john to bed at night as he would often do. in the exhibit, you have the iconic images that we have seen before. but they are also book ended by the images you have not seen before, those that set the stage to understand the tension jfk was under, the humor, the social events. his life was not as glamorous as you would think. laura: larry schiller, curator of that jfk exhibit.
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remember, you can find more of all the day's news on our website. to see what we are working on it any time, check out our facebook page. i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "world news america." >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the "washington post" reports president trump revealed highly classified material to russia's foreign minister and ambassador, during their visit to the oval office. then, a hack felt around the world-- we talk to the president of microsoft about the cyber attack leaving hospitals and businesses in 150 countries facing ransom for their files. and our politics monday duo explore what the fallout from the firing of the f.b.i. director could mean for president trump's agenda going forward. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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