tv BBC World News America PBS May 29, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. the new french president rolled out the red carpet for russia's leader and that is about as cordial as it got. amid talk of election middling by moscow. >> russia today has been an organ of influence throughout the campaign and produced cap of -- counter truths about me and my campaign. >> this doesn't mean that we somehow tried to influence the election at all and it would have been impossible as well. laura: new footage appeared to show the manchester bomber the day before the deadly attack, as police make another arrest in the case. and a young bob dylan before he
was famous. we will speak to the photographer behind the lens and hear his surprising takeaway about the man himself. >> everybody asks me, what was bob dylan like? i haven't the vaguest idea. absolutely none. welcome to our viewers on public television and around the globe. against the backdrop of the palace of versailles, france's leaders newest confronted a wily old hand. france's new president emmanuel macron vladimir putin of russia. macron accused russia of interfering with the election days before the vote. at a press conference that was strange at times, putin insisted that any implication of russian meddling was nonsense. from paris, lucy williamson reports.
lucy: despite the sweltering weather, the meeting had a touch of frost from the start. at the entrance to france's versailles palace, the 2 leaders greeted each other with brief handshakes and small, grim smiles. two hours later, after their first meeting, the mood was, if anything, even cooler. france and russia backed different groups in the syrian conflict. mr. macron said that while france does not want to destabilize the syrian state, there are red line that must not be crossed. president macron: i stress again in my meeting with president putin our firm rejection. there is a very clear line that exists on our part, the use of chemical weapons by whoever it may be. the use of chemical weapons is the object of immediate retaliation on the part of the french. lucy: the 2 were divided over the situation in ukraine, with the russian president condemning
the sanctions imposed on his country as a result of the crisis. president putin: the sanctions against russia are not helping to find a solution to the crisis in ukraine. we must fight to lift of these economic restrictions. this is the only way we will be more free and restore peace in the region. lucy: mr. putin also appeared to deny any russian interference in france's recent presidential race, despite allegations from mr. macron's team that russian agents tried repeatedly to hack into their accounts. mr. macron defended the banning of 2 russian media outlets from covering his campaign, describing them as agents of propaganda. this choice of venue and the inauguration of a new exhibition on 300 years of franco-russian ties was meant to highlight the long relationship between the two countries, but more recent events have made this a stiff and awkward meeting, and it showed. lucy williamson, bbc news, versailles.
laura: against that backdrop, senator john mccain called vladimir putin the greatest threat to global security. in his words, more so than isis. he is not the only one speaking frankly. german chancellor angela merkel is doubling down on her tough talk about the trump administration. today she said it is right to not gloss over differences with the u.s., after saying earlier that europe can no longer completely rely on its allies. chancellor merkel: we europeans must really take our fate into our own hands. of course in friendship with the united states of america and with great britain and neighbors wherever possible and other countries, even russia. but we have to know that we must fight for our own future on our own for the destiny of europeans, and that is what i want to do together with you. laura: angela merkel. so how are chancellor merkel's comments being received around the globe? earlier my colleague katty kay
spoke with william cohen, former defense secretary under president clinton, and now a bbc world affairs analyst, as part of the "100 days plus" program. katty: when you listen to what angela merkel said and how her take on the g7 meetings went trump's trip to europe went, what do you make of it? how do you compare it to his visit to saudi arabia? mr. cohen: he was well received in saudi arabia, to be sure, and the trip went well through the rest of the nine-date travel schedule, except when he got to brussels. i think they are, -- i think -- there, he made a mistake, in my judgment, not reaffirming america's commitment to article five of the nato treaty. that was some thing that the europeans were anxious to hear because they heard from a spokesman, secretary of defense
jim mattis, vice president pence, general kelly, and others during the conference in munich in february. they were unsure of what the president himself felt. he more or less reaffirmed the doubts and skepticism during the meeting, pointing out that they had to pay up their dues, and that is not something that anyone would disagree with. they have not paid enough over the years. but that was hardly the place to do it, in a public forum such as that, to focus on what they have not done as opposed to what they are doing today and what they will hopefully do tomorrow. i think he upset the europeans, and i think that contributed to angela merkel's statement that they have to go it on their own. the only people who can take joy in that is president putin, and i'm sure he is breaking open the vodka as we speak, because this is something he has longed to do, break the transatlantic connection between the united states and our european friends. katty: you made the point that the europeans carry some of the
burden of this and need to pay some of their defense budget into nato coffers. is it alarmist at this stage, following this trip, at this stage in president trump's presidency, to suggest that the post-second world war order, the alliances that have produced stability between both sides of the continent, are up for review at the moment? are we looking at a shakeup of that order? mr. cohen: it is to be determined. i think it is of fundamental importance that the united states reaffirms transatlantic bond that we have and for anyone to suggest that it is no longer as relevant or needed, the notion that we are a mercenary military, that it is a fee for service organization, you pay up and you get protected and you don't, we don't come, that undermines not only european security but american security. i don't want to take the position of america first and america alone.
no one wants to say america's second. we want to be first. we can only be first if we have the support of our allies, and to the extent that you take any action and say anything that undermines that link, you put us at greater risk as well as our allies. laura: that was former defense secretary william cohen speaking with katty kay. it has been exactly week since a bomb exploded at a pop concert in manchester, targeting young fans in the audience. security forces in britain made another arrest today as new footage apparently shows the bomber's movements the day before the attack. june kelly reports. june: a young man in a hooded top, jogging pants, and trainers on his own in a sunday morning shop. in this footage obtained by the bbc he looks relaxed as he is captured on cctv browsing the shelves of a manchester convenience store. his receipt shows he spent £
8.74. this was the day before the bombing. staff in the shop believe this was salman albedi. >> it is the same guy that has been in the shop several times. he looks exactly like the guy from the bombing. his eyes stand out so much. june: here you can see his face, and this is an image released by the police. in the police pictures, he appears to be wearing some of the same clothes. by this stage, he has the bomb on his back and is on the verge of committing mass murder. tonight, police released this new image of him in manchester city center on the day of the attack. they are trying to find his blue suitcase. they say they have no reason to believe it contains anything dangerous, but they are asking anyone who sees it to be cautious. earlier today, their investigation expanded to the south coast in a sussex town.
officers arrested a 23-year-old man, said to be a libyan trainee pilot. since the bombing, there has been criticism of security service mi5. it is now reviewing the way it assessed salman albedi. he was not considered to be of immediate threat. the home secretary has refused to be drawn o. >> mi5 going to be able to look back and find out what has happened in the past -- at the moment we are going to focus on making sure we get the operation concluded and successfully so. june: but after the arena atrocity, some are questioning whether the intelligence agency should be investigating itself. in the north of england, there have been more searches at new locations. this is in manchester. >> i don't know much about them. they collect our parcels and we collect their parcels. june: and this is the scene of one of the latest searches.
a landfill site close to a motorway, an illustration of the size and scope of the police investigation. officers are also going through thousands of hours of cctv as they work to build a picture of the bomber and those close to him. june kelly, bbc news, manchester. laura: in other news from around the world, president trump says north korea show disrespect to its ally china by going ahead with its ninth missile test this year. mr. trump said this on twitter after china urged north korea to create conditions for a return to talks. pyongyang has defied u.n. sanctions by firing a short-range missile into the sea off the eastern coast. police in florida say golfer tiger woods has been charged with driving under the influence of alcohol. he was arrested in the early hours of monday morning in the palm beach county and released a few hours later. woods has been golf's superstar for years but his career took a turn for the worse in 2009 following revelations about his
personal life. 2 years of war in yemen have created what the united nations discovers the world's largest humanitarian crisis as well as an impending famine could the country's facing an outbreak of cholera. in the past month, 52,000 cases have been reported and the world health organization believes that figure could rise to 300,000 within the next few months. our correspondent has this special report. frail, weak, and fighting for their lives. yemen'se the faces of latest prices. preying on the week and hungry, colorado has rapidly spread throughout the country. -- cholera has rapidly spread throughout the country. this hospital is overwhelmed.
she and her family arrived in the capital after the town was heavily bombed. she hoped her children would be safe in the city, but two days after moving here, their lives are at risk again. >> the kids went to play, and then they started cleaning the rubbish outside. my son washed his hands, but after dinner he got really sick. yemen is a country broken by war and hunger. oldace where the young and become the first victims. it has always been for, but 2 years of fighting has left it unable to cope with emergency. >> the war has meant everything is deteriorating, especially the health system. there are no medicines are access to clean water.
it is catastrophic. patients outside, the keep coming. without spare beds, they are treated in the courtyard. with over 200 new cases arriving each day to this hospital alone, makeshift tents have been set up to do with the numbers. cholera is cheap and easy to treat. says the degree of aid has been slowed down by both sides. which means supplies don't reach the people in need. so far, the outbreak has killed over 400 people. wife is the latest victim. he buried her here just yesterday. she was so malnourished from her
body was not able to fight the disease. she was 21 years old. her situation deteriorated so we lost her to the hospital. they couldn't help her. we took her to another hospital, but by then it was too late. everything in our life together was so lovely. she was so kind. our time together was too short. abdul was left with outcome and his six-month-old son without a mother. with no peace inside, yemen's war will continue to tear the country apart. anguish now's compounded by cholera. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, 2 very different men with 2 separate lives, yet
their work shares a common thread. the story of churchill and orwell, just ahead. the 70th cannes film festival has drawn to a close with the coveted palme d'or one by a swedish star. won best actor. whereer: cannes is celebrity meets creativity. this is a place that takes still making very seriously. -- take filmmaking very seriously. year's winteris such a surprise. a swedish comedy causing something of an upset. the filmmaker thrilled to bits.
>> it is fantastic, and i'm so happy that they chose a film dealing with this content. movie ando do a funny at the same time dealing with important questions. "the square," a satire about a museum pr stunt that goes somewhat all right, was described by the jury as a rich masterpiece tackling the horrific dictatorship of lyrical correctness -- political correctness. >> diane kruger. reporter: other winners included diane kruger for her role in a german film. she plays a woman trying to put her life back together after her family are killed in a bomb attack. aquin phoenix looked a little stunned when he was named best actor. he did apologize for his attire.
his issues had been sent home by mistake. -- had been sent home by mistake. year toanother honor the art of filmmaking. laura: what do a wartime prime minister and one of the best-known writers of the 20th century have in common? well, winston churchill was much older than george orwell and the two men never met. but they were dedicated to a common cause. so says thomas ricks in his new book, "churchill and orwell: the fight for freedom." i spoke with him earlier. thomas ricks, what on earth made you want to write a biography encompassing both winston churchill and george orwell? thomas: well, to begin with, they are two heroes of mine, the greatest men of the 20th century.
spainy when i was in studying the spanish civil war, i realize that both orwell and churchill had been war inrespondents, as i had been iraq, afghanistan, somalia, and other places. i went back to read all of orwell a couple years ago and i tried to figure out which journalists, british and american would last. ,i read h.l. mencken, hemingway. and then i read orwell and it was striking how fresh he felt. the others were stale and anac o ronitsic. laura: that is something he shared with churchill. thomas: churchill helped make the world we live in today and orwell described the world we live in, the era of the island intrusive state, the era of permanent warfare, the era of corporations that are more intrusive even then the state. laura: you have a lot of detail in the book of how they started as war correspondents, like your good self. what is in that that shape their
view of the world? thomas: they looked at war very differently. for churchill it was a grand adventure and a vehicle for fame and launching a political career. one of the amazing things to me about churchill that is not well enough known is his whole life was a torrent of words. he produced 15 million words in his lifetime. i think that is the equivalent of 1000 books. orwell was transformed by his experience in spain, where he saw the right was lying about what was going on, but to his shock as a socialist, he found the left lying equally. he came back to london after he was shot through the throat and he read the newspapers and said that this had nothing to do with the realities i saw. we worry about fake news now, and at that point orwell became extremely focused on facts and he insisted on finding out the facts before he developed opinions. laura: "1984" is having another of its periodic bestseller periods.
you write in the book that churchill and orwell responded to a crucial moment in history with courage. is that their lasting legacy to us? thomas: i think very much so. at a time when fascism and communism seemed the only available alternatives, when the british aristocracy was inclined to go with fascism and cut deals with hitler, and when the british left was inclined to embrace stalinist communism, despite the emerging knowledge of its horrors, these two said no. there's a different way and different approach. these 2 saw the key moment in the late 1930's that the key question of our time -- their time and even into ours -- the key question was how do you preserve the freedom of the individual, the right to think freely and associate freely and to speak freely? for them that became the key question of the 20th century. they helped create the world we live in today by fighting for it. laura: thomas ricks, thank you
so much for joining us. thomas: you're welcome. laura: speaking of big figures, bob dylan has crafted songs known to millions, but the man himself is a bit of a mystery. a new book by a former "life" magazine photographer sheds some light on him. the photographs are on display in new york and the bbc caught up with mr. russell. >> i think the first time i ever heard of bob dylan was when a publicist called me up and told me about this very talented, up-and-coming folk singer that columbia had just signed. he told me he was very unconventional, wearing funny clothes and so forth. he told me i could catch him. i photographed him in performance. i talked to him backstage and told him i would like to do a story on the struggles of an up-and-coming folk singer and
pitch it to major magazines. and he went along with that. we agreed to meet in his apartment in a couple days. when i arrived, i was greeted very cordially and he was very hospitable. friendly. i told him i would like to just pretend i was not here. my job was to be a fly on the wall and photograph real moments. i was a jazz aficionado and had been for years. and i knew nothing about folk. i was in the right place at the right time by accident. fool's luck. nothing but fool's luck. by 1963, he was already a star, and "life" took an interest in him when he presented the thomas
paine award at a civil rights dinner. i photographed him with james baldwin and they seemed to get along well. i had a series of assignments in europe. just forgot about them. put them in a file cabinet. forgot all about them for years and years and years. everybody asks me, what was bob dylan really like? i haven't the vaguest idea. absolutely none. there was no interaction, no conversation. i don't make small talk anyhow. my job was to look for every subtle nuance of expression from every meaningful glance, anything that i could see in the viewfinder. and i concentrated on that and came up with a bunch of candid pictures, and 61 years later everybody seems to like it.
laura: ted russell's photos of a young bob dylan. you can find all the day's news on our website. to see what we are working on at any time, check out our facebook page. i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "world news ."erica ar please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> brangham: good evening, i'm william brangham. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight, the white house downplays reports that senior advisor jared kushner wanted to create a secret back-channel to talk with the russians. then, ahead of president trump's impending decision on the paris climate accord, a look at how one nation is putting the pedal to the metal in the electric car industry. >> we are not going back. we are heading into the future. i think in ten years we will see that at least half of the sale from opel is electric, if things are moving in the direction we are seeing right now. >> brangham: and, for years experts charged that china was turning to executed prisoners to obtain human organs for transplants-- and growing a