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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 31, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends
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can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, bbc "world news." laura: a massive bomb hit during the quarter. thehe u.s. in or out of paris agreement? the governor of california has a warning. governor brown: president trump can't change climate. the rest of the world is getting it. laura: nasa setting its sights
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on the sun. it will be one hot mission. welcome to our viewers on public television and around the globe. a crime against humanity. that's how afghanistan's president is describing the car bomb attack in kabul today. at least 90 people dead and hundreds more injured. the blast went off in the capital's diplomatic quarter during the morning rush hour. damaging several foreign embassies. most victims were civilians. reporter: you could see from miles away the force of this explosion a massive bomb carried -- a massive bomb at a major intersection.
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it shattered windows up to a mile away, leaving a trail of horrific destruction. one witness said it was like an earthquake. there were so many casualties, security vehicles had to double up as ambulances. the afghan government said hospitals in the capital were in dire need of blood. >> i was working in the office when a powerful blast happened. i received injuries from shattered windows. reporter: most of the dead and injured are civilians, including many women and children. among those is mohammed who works for the bbc as a driver. he was a popular colleague with a young family. the area where the bomb went off is supposed to be one of the most secure parts of the capital, walking distance from the presidential palace. the bbc was at the scene soon after the attack. >> it was a water tanker full of
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explosives. at this location, right in the heart of kabul. it is very close to the german embassy, that indian embassy, french and british embassies. hasrter: a country that become painfully used to violence comes the scale of this attack has been a shock. most of the country was under government control in 2014 when nato ended its combat mission. since then, large swaths of territory has fallen to the taliban. the americans have 8000 troops on afghanistan. the u.k. has 500. the u.s. commanders are asking for several thousand more. had 100 50,000 military boots on the ground.
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that did not destroy the taliban . a few thousand more today is not going to be a solution. in the short term it will get better support and training to the afghan government and security forces, but the insurgency will still be there. therter: they're blaming taliban network, but no group is admitting to carrying out one of the worst attacks that kabul has seen. laura: our condolences to the families of all those killed and injured. we are thinking of our bbc colleague tonight. laura: for more, i'm joined by the former afghan ambassador. up at 3:00 in the morning in washington time and saw the news coming out. i could not sleep for many hours. afghanistan has gone through a lot over the years. in the past year or two, it has
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seen a lot of spectacular attacks by terrorist groups, sometimes daesh or isis claims responsibility, and there are times when the taliban, or some taliban offshoots, claim responsibility. laura: in this case, afghan intelligence is suggesting is the work of a group linked to pakistan. what do you think of that? >> i think this is a credible assessment. if you look at the manner under which this was carried out, the signs of their footprint is not there. i believe they, who are affiliated closely to the linked to pakistani security establishment, they wanted to send a message. this message comes at a time that is very critical. thehe one hand you have
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u.s.-nato politicians who are going to decide on the fate of the afghan mission. laura: can we know that u.s. generals have said they want 3000 to 5000 troops. would that make a difference, especially if this is a work of that network? does that change the equation? >> from the afghan perspective, yes. these advisors and trainers are absolutely needed in afghanistan in order to make sure such attacks will not happen. i think we have been lax a little bit and the afghan government needs to do a better job of making the security established in strickland, and the international community needs to do a better job of making sure that the afghans get the equipment they need. laura: so much money since 9/11, yet the afghan government cannot protect its own people. why is this? >> there are internal domestic issues. governance is not very strong.
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i think leadership is dis -unified. we need to unify the political elites and make sure they are on board and focused. i think the international community is distracted by things happening in the u.s. and other places. laura: do you think that is a problem, the political turmoil in the united states? >> i think the delay that has taken place is an indication that there is some distraction going on. laura: so the afghan people, who have endured so much, so many civilians killed today police , officers among them, what is the impact of this devastating attack? >> i have been talking to people in kabul all day long. there is a side of afghans that are very strong, resilient, and they say will not give in. we will put up a fight and show them that life goes on. and there is a side of afghanistan that says, we are worried, we are concerned, and
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we are not certain about the future. that is the side we need to tackle now. laura: peace talks seem to be a remote prospect, doesn't it? guest: more today than ever before. laura: thanks for joining us. the big guessing game around the world and in washington is will donald trump pull out of the paris climate agreement, or won't he? up to press reports saying that he would. then came the tweet, " i will announce my decision on the paris accord over the next few days, make america great again." those in the u.s. to support the agreement are speaking out, among them california governor jerry brown. earlier, james cook sat down with him and sacramento. he started by asking him how damaging it would be were the u.s. to withdraw from the agreement. governor brown: it would be damaging, but not as damaging as you might think, because
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president trump, in a paradoxical way, is getting climate denial a very bad name. he is fostering more activism and more effort and more collaboration on the opposite side. the climate activists, states like california, nations like china, like the european union, like india, even, are gathering their forces to take even further steps in the face of president trump's rather odd behavior in going beyond science and weakening and pulling out of paris. james: do you see yourself as leading a global movement to oppose your own president? gov. brown: that would be a little presumptuous. could i lead a global movement? i think that is rather possible, but california has a history of dealing with pollution, smog,
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and carbon problems that we are facing. we are going to stay the course. we are going to intensify our efforts, whether it be for electric cars, renewable energy, the radical shift to a decar bonized future. california is playing the leading role. china is not going to play the leading role. paris was very much created because of xi and obama. awol.ent trump has gone now it is up to xi. california will work with him and other countries to do whatever we can to offset the negative pathway chosen by president trump. james: you do see that is something of a global alliance, do you? gov. brown: yes, i do. the king tried to stop the movement of the tides. that didn't work even though he
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was a powerful sovereign. president trump can't command science, he can't command weather, he can't command climate. the rest of the world is getting it. i don't think we are getting it enough. anything, a response at this point is rather feeble, given the threat that climate change represents. california will be on the field doing its role, playing an active role in promoting climate strategies. james: 42 years ago in your first inaugural address as governor, you talked about the threat to our environment. how do you think the threat now compares to the threat then? gov. brown: we did not know about climate change then. the quantity and quality of habitat destruction has proceeded. we have had more than a billion more people. at that time, there were under 300 million cars, and now there are a billion cars. we are pushing to the edge.
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i had read at that time a book that said humanity has only a 50% chance of getting it through the century. we are on high alert for the increased threats that humanity has now generated. james: finally governor, do you , think the president of the united states constitutes a threat to this country? gov. brown: the current mr. trump? james: yes. gov. brown: that's a good question. certainly he is threatening some basic patterns and practices that we have. that said, i don't want to just embrace that kind of rather radical characterization. i would say it is highly unusual, even unprecedented, to have a president tweeting in the middle of the night sentences that are not even clear. yes, i am concerned.
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this is not the norm. it is dangerous. hopefully we are going to find a better path, but we are not out of the woods yet, if that's the implication of your question. james: thank you, governor. laura: at the white house today, president trump promised us very soon that we would know whether or not he is taking the u.s. out of the paris agreement. turkey has condemned the u.s. decision to arm a kurdish militia group in syria as extremely dangerous. the turkish prime minister urged washington to correct what he called a mistake. on tuesday, the pentagon said it started to provide small arms in -- arms and vehicles to the fdf. jet hasia airlines returned to australia after a passenger said he had a bomb and tried to enter the cockpit after takeoff. the disruptive passenger was a sri lankan national.
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the device that he claimed to be a bomb was a battery. a french policeman killed in the blast by the islamist militant has been married to his partner in what is believed to be the first posthumous gay wedding. the policeman, a gay rights activist was shot dead in paris , last april, shortly before the first round of france's presidential election. last week's terror attack in the u.k. led to a focus on the instability in libya. after the death of gaddafi, the country slipped into civil war and the vacuum allowed the islamic state to prosper. this allowed salman abedi to return to libya. he has spoken exclusively to the bbc. this response -- this report contains scenes which some viewers may find disturbing. quentin: libya has been ripping
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itself apart for years. it seemed far off, but we are more involved than we realized. these home videos are from benghazi from the libyan national army. it is a foreign war, but this fighter is from manchester. the boys became libyan soldiers. mohammed has taken up arms against islamists, including the so-called islamic state. he left manchester in 2011 and never went back. people at that time, said just come to libya. and come tot latvia.
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ibya. take a taxi into libya. [indiscernible] it's your hometown, your city. quentin: this is home now. drops are widespread, dotting the monotony and the wounds of young fighters. the islamic state is waiting for the right moment and the right recruit. >> making sure they don't go down that path. to do with they do, there are people that are looking for young lads to blow themselves up. they are going to find them and convince them and make them do and do and do. quentin: he was once good friends with manchester bomber , salman abedi, but they chose different sides in the war. they have not seen each other in five years. the fighting changed both men.
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>> i have been in war over three years. i have seen so much blood. i would not go blow myself up. quentin: but life here is warped. mohammed was filmed probably desecrating i.s. corpses. -- proudly desecrating i.s. corpses. on instagram, tell me what happened, why did you shoot those bodies? >> it is wrong. what can i say? i do regret it, but they deserved to die. they deserved to die because they killed so many people. quentin: the journey from here to manchester was quick and easy. these two worlds overlap. mohammed stayed in libya, but salman abedi brought the violence back home with him. libya's chaos won't be contained.
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bbc news, eastern libya. laura: the road from libya to manchester. you are watching bbc "world news america." still to come, president trump set off a giant guessing game over the word "covfefe." we have a young speller who might be able to help him out. research suggests bullying the online gaming world is a growing problem. said half ofel gamers have been harassed or received threats. it includes hate speech and unwanted sexual advances. online gamers are often seeking an escape from the will world, where they may also experience bullying. for 16-year-old
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bailey, video games have been a big part of his life and was an escape when he had a hard time at school. he enjoys pitting skills against other players online, but he doesn't like the abuse he gets while playing. he first experienced bullying in games when he was 10, and it is it eating better. been playing a game and i got a goal, i've been literally told to kill myself. if you have abuse at school, and you come home and get more abuse thrown at you, it will put you off doing anything social. said they have been subjected to hate speech. 47% received threats. 47% had unwanted sexual contact. what changed is more games are played online. young gamers are encountering an anonymous people from around the world. that is positive, but it can
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leave them open to dangers we have seen elsewhere in the online world. boe charity works with the hab hotel and is shocked by what it found. >> it is normalized behavior. we had gamers telling us it was part of playing games online. reporter: bailey has learned not to let abuse get to him, but he wants companies to do more to watch over what happens online and stop the bullies. laura: nasa has set its sights on the sun. never mind icarus fell into the sea when it's wings melted. the space agency wants to fly right into the atmosphere of earth's nearest star to understand how it works. the probe will be exposed to more heat and radiation than any spacecraft ever built.
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our science editor david shukman has more. david: a giant flare leaps from the turbulent surface of the sun. these latest images capture scenes of extraordinary violence. but there is a lot we don't know about how the sun works and how it affects us, and the best way to find the answers is to get as close as possible. so, next year, nasa plans to launch a spacecraft that will fly right up to the sun and endure the temperatures. scientists can't wait. >> solar probe is going to be the hottest, fastest mission. i like to call it the coolest, hottest mission under the sun. we are going to be moving at blistering temperatures. we are going to go right into the corona. david: to give you an idea about how close this mission will go, the earth is 91 million miles from the sun. by contrast, mercury is 21 million miles from it. the new nasa spacecraft will fly
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just 4 million miles from the sun. that is far closer than ever before. at the same time, the european space agency will also send a mission to the sun, and with the nasa spacecraft, it will explore the stream of solar particles flowing our way. >> how does the solar wind farm -- form, a constant stream of materials radiating out from the sun at hundreds of kilometers of second, is going to help us understand how the biggest explosions and directions of the solar system are formed. the sun has a very dynamic atmosphere, and to fully understand it, you need to get close. david: mercury crossing in front of the sun. the nasa spacecraft will go much closer. one puzzle is why the sun generates such powerful bursts of energy. this matters because the giant flares can affect us by wrecking anything electronic. the best way to understand this
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is to get as close as you can. david shukman, bbc news. laura: boiling hot close encounter with the sun. brown talkedrnor about the president tweeting in the middle of the night. everyone has been talking about what the word he tweeted, covfefe, actually means. it started with this early morning tweet, "despite the constant negative covfefe." the word was an internet new favorite. donald trump saw the funny side adding "who can figure out the true meaning of covfefe? enjoy." the national spelling bee is underway. the youngest contestant is six years old. we were thinking maybe she can give the president some pointers. ♪
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>> b-a-e-d-e-k-e-r. >> correct. >> that did not even seem difficult for her. i couldn't spell the words that she spelled. ♪ >> it can be very intimidating. >> j-n-a-n-a. jnana. >> you are our champion. laura: good luck to edith fuller and all of the young spellers. i bet they can spell covfefe. you can find the latest on our
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website, including the bomb in afghanistan's capital which claimed 90 lives. for what we are working on at any time check out our facebook page. i am laura trevelyan, thank you for watching and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation news at bbc.com/news. is made possible by the freeman foundation and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends
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can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: a massive blast rocks kabul, leaving at least 90 dead, hundreds wounded, and an entire city block in ruin, in the diplomatic hub of afghanistan's capitol. then: >> the u.s. finds itself in odd company with syria and nicarauga. >> woodruff: with reports the trump administration may pull the u.s. out of the paris climate accord, i sit down with germany's ambassador to talk about the growing rift between berlin and washington. and, part two of our look at how we treat premature babies. can the simplest, emotional connections help combat the stress of premature birth? >> the child is bombarded with sounds and light

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