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tv   PBS News Hour Weekend  PBS  June 18, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by wnet >> sreenivasan: on this edition for sunday, june 18: missing american sailors are confirmed dead after yesterday's collision with container s looking closer at president trump's latest financial disclosures. and in our signature segment: trying to solve the homeless crisis in hawaii. next on pbs newshour weekend. >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: bernard and irene schwartz. judy and josh weston. the cheryl and philip milstein family. the john and helen glessner family trust-- supporting trustworthy journalism that informs and inspires. sue and edgar wachenheim, iii. barbara hope zuckerberg.
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corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. from the tisch wnet studios at lincoln center in new york, hari sreenivasan. >> sreenivasan: good evening and thanks for joining us. the search for seven missing sailors from an american warship that collided with a container ship off japan has ended tragically. the commander of the navy's 7th fleet said today divers found a number of sailors' bodies inside the flooded, damaged sections and sleeping quarters on the uss fitzgerald. the publication "navy times" later confirmed all seven bodies were recovered aboard the guided missile destroyer. a navy spokesman said the sailors either drowned or were killed by the impact of the pre- dawn collision yesterday with a
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filipino-flagged container ship four times its size. the collision -- more than 60 al miles from its base at yokosuka punctured the fitzgerald below the water line. the fleet commander said desperate efforts by the crew saved the ship from sinking, but would not speculate on the cause of the accident. doctors at medstar washington hospital center say the condition of wounded house of representatives majority whip steve scalise has been upgraded from "critical" to "serious." they say the louisiana congressman has been more responsive and talked with family members after undergoing another surgery yesterday. scalise was shot in the hip when a gunman armed with a high- powered, semi-automatic rifle opened fire on the republican baseball team's practice in alexandria, virginia, last wednesday. while spending father's day with his family on his first trip to camp david, president trump took to twitter to tout his approval ratings and criticize the special counsel investigation of his administration and campaign. mister trump said:" the new rasmussen poll, one of the most accurate in the 2016 election, just out with a trump
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50% approval rating. that's higher than o's #'s!" referring, it seems, to president obama. however, mr. obama's approval rating in the same rasmussen daily tracking poll actually stood at 56% at this time during his presidency. the latest national gallup poll places mr. trump's approval rating much lower than rasmussen at 39%. mr. trump again called the probe by special counsel robert mueller a "witch hunt," while one of his personal attorneys contradicted a trump tweet from last week where the president conceded he was under criminal investigation. >> i want to be really clear about this-- the president is not and has not been under investigation. >> how do you know? >> because we've received no notice of investigation. there has been no notification from the special counsel's office that the president is under investigation. >> sreenivasan: a member of the senate intelligence committee, which is conducting its own investigation, said today these semantics are irrelevant. >> i mean, we don't need to decide or argue about it today, whether or not the president is under investigation.
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mueller will investigate what he thinks is important, and we'll find out in a matter of time whether he's following up on the question of obstruction of justice. >> sreenivasan: the house intelligence committee has given the white house a friday deadline to officially confirm or deny whether any recordings exist of the president's oval office or phone conversations with fired f.b.i. director james comey. >> sreenivasan: the voluntary financial disclosure form released friday shows the trump organization and mister trump himself earned $529 million in total revenue and income from early 2016 through his first three months as president. among the highlights, the president says his assets are worth at least $1.4 billion and that he's retained ownership of most of them. the president's florida golf club, mar-a-lago, made $37.2 million from january 2016
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through this spring, up from $29.8 million the year before. keep in mind, following mr. trump's election, mar-a-lago doubled its initiation fee to $200,000. the trump organization earned 20 million dollars in income related to its washington, d.c. hotel that opened last october. overseas, for the first time, trump reported $100,000 income from the trump tower in kolkata, india. he also reported $5 million from his new hotel-and-condominium tower in vancouver, canada. for more analysis of these financial revelations, i am joined by "washington post" reporter amy britain. >> so what have we learned from tis? >> i think the big take away in looking at the form is that this is like truly an unprecedented situation with the president, choosing to hold on to this vast wealth. even as he's entered the office of the white house. so if you look at his form and the main change is that he has moved the majority of his business into a trust, which is croaltcontrolled by his sons, d.
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and eric. that trust has come under criticism in recent months because it's learned that president trump has access to that trust at any time. >> sreenivasan: is there change from what was before? >> immediately, executives are asking is he profiting off the office of the presidency? you can look at the profits from mar a lago, from his different hotels around the world and you can see the difference in the revenue that's brought in mar a lago. i think the most telling is the one he filed in be 2015 which was the beginning of his candidacy. i think in that tomorrow he reported about $15 million from mar a lago and now more than $37 million. >> sreenivasan: there was reporting a l little earlier this week about the type of influence that may or may not exist, the people who have been buying his condominiums, will th
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llcs, that's hard to sigh see wr that's an individual or through a foreign governments. >> through llcs that is the limitations of this form. that is not the same as looking at tax relief. >> sreenivasan: we also have democrats, democratic attorn generals in maryland, two other democratic members and the citize of responsibility in ethics in washington are all suing trump because they think there is a violation of the emonthly yoemoluments clause. >> the hotel in d.c. has become the center of this controversy. that hotel has brought in about $20 million since its opening in october. what the attorney general answer late last week, ashes attorney general's lawsuit last week they are saying look, they are calling there an unprecedented
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constitutional violation and the scope of it. they are saying there is no meaningful divide between his business empire and the office of the presidency. >> sreenivasan: is there something that the white house has said after this release of information? this is something that's going to happen every quarter. have they made comments on how to characterize what the office of government released? >> they could say this is voluntary. he made an effort to put this out in the first year of his presidency, he did not necessarily have to do this year, he could have waited until the next year if he wanted to to release his financial statement. >> sreenivasan: amy brittain of the washington post, thank you for joining us. >> thank you for having me. >> sreenivasan: during the past decade, hawaii has endured a 38% increase in its homeless population, that's the highest growth rate of any state.
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beyond the probls of access to affordable housing-- hawaii's homelessness problem severely stresses the state's public health care system, with so many homeless suffering from untreated diseases. in tonight's signature segment, newshour weekend correspondent megan thompson reports on hawaii's efforts to reverse these trends. >> morning guys, anybody need medical attention? >> reporter: on a monday morning, justin phillips sets out with a small medical team to offer aid to hawaii's homeless. >> what's up? you can always call me. i'll try to help if i can. >> reporter: phillips directs outreach for the institute for human services, the state's largest homeless services provider. his first stop-- a sidewalk encampment stretching two blocks near downtown honolulu. phillips knows what it's like to sleep on these streets. about a decade ago, he struggled with addiction and was homeless too. >> i come out here with an understanding of what it means to be homeless. i come out here with an understanding of what it means to be a drug addict. i come out here with an understanding of what it means to be an alcoholic.
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and because i have that understanding, i'm able to relate to people in a different way. >> looking for amy. >> reporter: at a park downtown, phillips and his team find a woman they know well. >> hey amy! >> how much you had to drink today? >> reporter: there are around 7,200 homeless in this state of 1.4 million people. >> hawaii is known as a beautiful island paradise. but it also has the distinction of having one of the highest per-capita rate of homelessness in the nation. >> reporter: according to the most recent statistics, hawaii's homelessness rate is now around 505 homeless for every 100,000 residents. by comparison, new york state had 436 per 100,000, and california, 302. hawaii's problem became so severe, that two years ago governor david ige declarea state of emergency. >> this homelessness challenge is a crisis. >> reporter: that released more funding for new housing and shelters like this one -
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designed specifically for families with children. >> we have a very tight housing market here. >> reporter: state homelessness coordinator scott morishige says hawaii's high cost of housing is the number one cause of the problem. average rent for a one-bedroom apartment here is almost $1,800 a month. and hawaii ranks #1 of the 50 states in highest overall cost of living. rticularly rental housing.ge of part of it is because we're an island state, so we have very limited land. and there's not as much opportunity for additional development. >> reporter: two-thirds of hawaii's homeless live on the island of oahu, the most populous of the state's eight islands and home to the capital, honolulu. native hawaiians and pacific islanders who've migrated from places like the marshall islands and micronesia make up a quarter of hawaii's population, but account for 40% of the homeless. >> hi charles! can i take a peek at your legs? >> reporter: the medical outreach team includes heather
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wahab, a registered nurse. skin wounds from living outdoors are a common problem. >> they hurt? >> reporter: these homeless individuals represent some of the most difficult, chronic cases. most all of them have untreated physical and mental health issues. >> rosie! >> reporter: psychiatrist chad koyanagi assesses mental illness and addictions. >> you have depression, bipolar, psychosis? >> yes. depression and bipolar. >> are you depressed now? >> yes i am. >> are you hearing voices? >> i'm hurting bad. i have nothing to he me. >> reporter: homeless service provider justin phillips says in order for homeless pern to qualify for certain housing programs, a doctor must diagnose a disability. but phillips says many of the people out here can't be relied on to make it to an appointment. >> we know they're not gonna go to a doctor, you know? "my main priority is getting a beer in my system, maybe some, you know, marijuana, maybe some ice.
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wanna get loaded, get good and-- you know, good and high. and then i'm ready to go do it." but by that time, it's 5 p.m., all the doctors are closed, all the doctors' offices are closed, there's no psychiatrists. >> reporter: when honolulu's homeless do seek out care, it's usually at the queen's medical center, a private nonprofit hospital that handles more than 10,000 visits a year. daniel cheng is the e.r. medical director. >> the top few diagnoses that we see are infectious disease, behavioral health, and substance abuse. >> reporter: many of cheng's homeless patients also suffer from heart disease, diabetes, and kidney disease, and lack access to regular medical care. >> our homeless individuals die about one-third earlier than the normal population. so we're talking a good solid 20 to 25 years lost of life. and that really strikes home. because i think that speaks to the frustration as a physician. at the very core of what we're trying to do is quality of life. >> reporter: the homeless burden cheng's hospital with around $10 million a year in
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unreimbursed medical bills. they also burden medicaid, the government health insurance system for the poor. about 50% of medicaid funds are spent on so-called high- utilizers, people like the homeless who frequently visit the e.r. >> reporter: cheng says he sees the same homeless patients over and over. >> we just don't have enough time and resources to address the social issues. and they go back out to the street and they get lost into the system. and it's a very perverse and it's a very broken system. >> reporter: to change that, cheng has started a program to put social workers in the e.r. to connect the homeless to food stamps, housing and other services, before they're discharged and hard to locate again. the hospital is also partnering with justin phillips' institute for human services to open homes like this one, where the seriously ill homeless can heal without taking up a more expensive hospital bed. >> we are spending $3 trillion a year on health care. >> reporter: addressing homelessness is a top priority for hawaii state senator josh green. green is also a practicing er
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doctor and is pushing a more radical idea. he introduced a bill saying homelessness should be considered a medical condition, and doctors should be able to prescribe housing. >> the moment you have someone in housing, you decrease all of the complications they have from all their other diseases. >> reporter: green says medicaid should cover rent for the homeless. he cites a university of hawaii study showing that after the homeless were given housing, their medical costs decreased by 43%. >> we're already spending these medicaid resources on our individuals who are really hurting. and we're spending it very inefficiently. if they get admitted to the hospital for a day, it's $4,000. if they go 100 times in the year, which is very common across hawaii and across the country, they may spend $200,000 or $300,000 of taxpayer money. >> reporter: green's proposal has gained national media attention. but it hasn't passed the hawaii state legislature. in the meantime he's working with local health insurers to pilot the idea. >> hawaii's not necessarily waiting for legislation to go
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through. >> reporter: state homelessness coordinator scott morishige says even without green's bill, the state will seek permission from the federal government to spend medicaid dollars on helping people find and stay in housing. similar ideas have been looked at in new york and california. in the meantime, the state and city have been investing in a program called housing first, which proponents say has started to make a big difference. the idea, which has had success in other states, is to get a homeless person into housing before doing anything else. >> because we know the quicker you can get someone into housing and a point of stability, the more positive impact you will have for that person. >> reporter: and that includes positive impacts on a person's health. >> come on in. >> reporter: housing first is how thomas lamberton, homeless for eight years, got into his apartment about two years ago. >> this is the picture of cardboard that i slept on and my backpack i used for a pillow. >> reporter: as an alcoholic
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living on the streets of honolulu, lamberton had regular seizures. did you go to the emergency room when you were on the streets? >> every other week at least. well, it was constant. it's embarrassing when nurses know your first name.¡ hey thomas.' it's like, ¡whoa.' this is my bedroom, and my bathroom, with a shower. >> reporter: then, a local nonprofit got lamberton on a list for a housing first apartment. >> i mean, i'm not drinking. that's first of all. and you know, when you're not drinking, you're gonna be healthier. and i have a place to put food in the refrigerator. >> reporter: since he moved in, lamberton has also stopped having seizures. he's on medicaid and sees a primary care doctor. and he's been to the emergency room only twice, for minor injuries he got volunteering at the humane society. >> my health is great now, because i don't have the raspberry patches on my hips and shoulders from sleeping on concrete or cardboard. >> reporter: but lamberton says his new home has restored more
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than just his health. >> it gave me my self-respect back that i-- don't feel like a piece of scum on the street and- - worthless to society. basically they've helped me out immensely. and i owe them my life. >> reporter: over the last two years, the state and honolulu have expanded housing first by adding 400 new housing units - like this new building, opened last month. more than 500 hundred people will be housed by the end of this year. advocates say housing first has helped finally turn the tide. >> our homeless numbers have decreased statewide. >> reporter: last month, hawaii announced the first decrease in its homeless population in eight years. down 9% between 2016 and 2017. they're hoping improvements in health and medical spending will now follow. >> you ok? >> reporter: back on the streets, justin phillips says housing people is the ultimate goal here, too. >> you ever thought about coming down to the shelter and hooking
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up with a social worker? >> reporter: gaining trust to get people healthy. and into a home. >> we've housed a lot of people that normally wouldn't get seen by doctors, would never get housing. we've been able to house them through this process.¡ hope, one bandage at a time,' you know, because that's what-- really, what we're doing, you know? one relationship through one bandage, you know. >> check out the seven best books from independent publishers, at pbs.org/newshour. >> sreenivasan: since the 1980s, millions of american women have used fertility treatments; including the implantation of embryos, to become pregnant. but the process is eensive, investigative reporting-- took an idepth look at why the success rate might nobe the best way of measuring a clinic and how the growth in i.v.f. treatment has helped drive up america's twin birth rate by 75% since 1980. for more in this story, i recently spoke to "reveal"
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reporter bernice yeung. is first of all, you pick out a very, very tragic case and you follow that through. but it starts to highlight a much bigger picture that transcends the case in point, that there really isn't a great way for a consumer to judge to go where to get this treatment. >> my partner and i spent a year looking at the fertility field and what struck us there was a patch work of regulations that oversee the fertility business, it's basically overseen, pretty hands-off but at the same time, given the ethical and innovation components to ivf and other fertility treatments we just found there wasn't a lot of information provided to consumers. >> sreenivasan: so give hee an exrample here. if i went to compare whether this was a good doctor oclinic, what do i have access to and
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what am i judging them based on. >> specifically dealing with the rnl field, it requires centers for disease control to collect statistics for success rates. we found these success rates can be manipulated and easily misunderstood by patients. >> sreenivasan: you have a chart that shows how soon us ivf transfers an embryo. i.t. startling. it suggests you should do one at a time but the number of clinics who actually do more than one at a time is the minority by a long shot. >> i think 63 many clinics across the united states do one embryo transplant. this shouldn't be a assumption
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that more than one embryo means success. there are technologies that allow for one embryo at a time over severalty cycles and success is just as pbl o. >> sreenivasan: what is the incentive for a physician or clinic to try to implant more than one embryo at a time? >> doctors are incentivized to transfer more than one embryo at a time. because, it's true that using more than one embryo at a time increases your chances of success. but you can retrieve those eggs, develop them into embryos and then freeze those that you don't use the first time, and have similar chance of success, but also, experience less potential risk for the mother and for the baby. because there's this less chance of multiple gestation which is affiliated with a number of health and medical issues.
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>> sreenivasan: from the reveal which is in the center for investigative reporting, thanks so much. >> thank you. >> this is pbs this is pbs newshour weekend sunday. >> sreenivasan: iraqi troops today launched what they hope will be their final assault to retake mosul, iraq's second largest city, from isis militants. wth support from u.s. warplanes, iraqi tanks and soldiers have stormed the densely-populated "old city" section of mosul. more than 100,000 civilians are believed to be trapped in mosul, with dwindling supplies, isis has held the city since 2014. the army's campaign began eight months ago. in portugal, more than 1,000 firefighters and soldiers are trying to contain fast-moving forest fires that have claimed at least 61 lives. portugal's prime minister says the toll is expected to rise in what he calls "the biggest tragedy" the country has experienced in decades. a lightning strike is believed to have ignited the largest fire in a mountainous region about 100 miles northeast of portugal's capital, lisbon.
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more than half the victims had tried to flee the flames and were found trapped inside or near their cars. voters in france have given their new president, emmanuel macron, a big boost in parliamentary elections. partial official results suggest his centrist "republic on the move" party will win an overwhelming majority of seats in the 577-seat national assembly. it could end up being the biggest parliamentary majority in almost 50 years. macron's defeated rival for president-- far-right leader marine le pen-- also won a seat. the estimated turnout was the lowest in decades as voters went to the polls for the third time in six weeks in the second and final round of parliamentary elections. almost a year after britain voted in a referendum to leave the european union, the long- awaited brexit negotiations finally begin tomorrow in brussels. british prime minister theresa may has seen her position weakened by the loss of her conservative majority in parliament in last week's election. germany's foreign minister said today a so-called "soft" brexit, in which britain stays in the e.u. single trading market might be possible, if britain were to accept the free movement of
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workers across borders and other conditions. britain is set to leave the e.u. in march of 29. finally, two different attacks in syria of note. the u.s. military says an american f-18 fighter jet shot down a syrian government war plane today. this after the u.s. says the syrian plane dropped bombs on u.s. backed rebels west of raqqa. the u.s. will not hesitate to defend its pash forces. separately, iran fired missiles in retaliation they say for the terrorist attacks in tehran, june 2nd. that's all for tonight's newshour, i'm hari sreenivasan, good night.
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captioning sponsored by wnet captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: bernard and irene schwartz. judy and josh weston. the cheryl and philip milstein family. the john and helen glessner family trust-- supporting trustworthy journalism that sbarbara hope zuckerberg. iii. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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