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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 1, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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this is a bbc america. funding of this presentation is made possible by. the freemen foundation. and coal fuller foundation pursuing solutions for america's neglected me. planning a vacation escape that's relaxing inviting. and exciting. is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families couples and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny
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days cooling trade. and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at the rubric dot com. and now abc world news. this is bbc world news america reporting from washington i'm nora trevally and. a staff changes a fount of the white house. president secretary of state speaks out on everything from russia to a message from north korea. we are not your enemy we're not your threat for your presenting an unacceptable threat to us. and we have to respond. maybe five hundred people a tried intently for attempting to overthrow the government. is the largest trial for those linked to last year's failed coup. and i look into alaska's cost. and the map makers captured these images which were recently we discovered for all to see.
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welcome to world news america. in the last twenty four hours is not any staff changes which is shaking up washington. today us secretary of state likes to listen came to the briefing room giving extensive comments on pretty much all of the guides hot spots. russia iran venezuela they will all part of the discussion. when it came to north korea this was the message he had to pyongyang. we do not seek. a regime change we do not seek the collapse of the regime. we do not seek an accelerated reunification of the peninsula we do not seek an excuse. yeah to send our military north of the thirty eighth parallel. we're trying to convey to the north koreans we are not your enemy we're not sure threat be your presenting an unacceptable threat to us. and joining me now is former us assistant secretary of
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state pj crowley hoyle for of reds nine. so. pj this the first time we've really had at length from rex to listen on north korea. abundantly subject. well in davis starting with north korea what did you make of what he was saying about the threat from pyongyang and how his administration tends to do it. well the dilemma is he reiterated what has slipped in the long standing us policy a normal relationship in term for into in term in return for denuclearization. but the dilemma is that. his comments to adopt necessarily reflect these xcelerated progress that kim jong il and has made regarding nuclear weapons and missile technology. and the fact that is increasingly clear these not going to give up those nuclear weapons what now the president has been pretty hostile towards china saying they should be doing more to stop north korea about. rice citizen was bit more marlin wheels and he told beijing feet he base because i would not go to define the us china relationship in terms of north korea i think that's right. i think the presence
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or some credit for pushing and prodding you know china to do more i think they can do more but they're not going to solve this problem force. and how about on russia i mean so much happening on russia. right now of cools but the sector of state saying that that the relationship is on the considerable strain. not only that i think he recognizes those that relationship is going to get worse. you know before it gets better here again on the on the one hand they're testing the waters to see if there is. a opportunity for cooperation regarding syria and counterterrorism. ill for the other hand they're still that double that basic dilemma we in it as he said today in terms of talking about. it what's our strategy post islamic state we run into that same wall whereas the other. united states version of events in syria and the russian version of events in syria are dramatically different regarding the future of assad. and even today you know the sector teller since said hey you
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know iran has to get out of syria iran is not going to do that. thank you state did acknowledge that they're all vacant posts within the u. s. state department do you think now there's a new chief of staff. as a bit of a changing of the guard at the white house that could be a return. to regular operations and perhaps more people in the state. i i think though that said secretaries trying to figure out how do you re designed the state department and how do you fill. these critical posts are there have been disagreements up between the state department and to the. a white house over who can fill these positions i'll be a critical question for for john kelly. is he going to try to bury the hatchet in terms of. of the alienation of the trump administration house with republican foreign policy establishment if he does that then you could see us some acceleration in terms of putting a full team on the field. and briefly then going to be hearing more from secretary tell us some more briefings why this why think it was a remarkable briefing but it also reminds you that in six months we haven't heard a lot of him.
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yeah outside of meeting brief meetings of the white at the at the state department or major events like the g. twenty. i think it's time for the secretary you know to to be more visible than he has been as for six. yeah craddick thank you so much for joining because you are. well from policy discussions to pass on any issues the white house is still dealing with the for actual for the communications director anthony scaramucci was dismissed only days into the job. the bbc's north america at is that john cycle has more on that part of the story. it's being billed as the last supper anti scaramucci last night having dinner. at where else the restaurant to the trump hotel just hours after he'd been unceremoniously dumped. at roughly the same time came this extraordinary tweet from donald trump. a great day at the white house. what? are you kidding. well no he wasn't. swearing in of general john kelly is chief of staff being seen as a new beginning for this
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administration. will do. i packed everything up i have no doubt. chief of staff. so it could just mark the end of what speed the turbulent dysfunctional six months for all the president's men. the former national security adviser was the first to go fired off to just twenty four days in the job off the he lied about his contacts with the russian ambassador. three months after being fought it trumps first communications director the rather anonymous mike ditka handed in his resignation. he cited personal reasons. then came the super sacking the high profile a brutal dismissal of the former fbi director james comey. infuriating the president with his investigation into links between the russians. the trump campaign. eleven days ago it was the turn of beleaguered press secretary sean spicer. he walks furious that president trump had hard anti scaramucci as communications director. the departure of rights
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previous came as little surprise after he was subject to a vicious verbal attack by incoming communications director scaramucci. but what goes around comes around. after just ten days into the job mooch was front stabbed by the incoming chief of staff. the profound hope among those close to president trump is that with general kelley in charge. they'll be a fundamental change in the way this place operates organized disciplined. united. but we've seen this movie before a change in personnel leading to high expectation. followed by a swift return to normal time will tell. but in the meantime. the late night comedians i'm making hay. president's been very busy repealing and replacing his staff most notably. anthony scaramucci the mood the mooch glasses communications director for only ten days and they left us with nothing but memories and. like a bunch of weird
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movies you know as i time and a half and then and then the money. my name. i us government you twice. some things are still refreshingly familia donald trump tweeting a short time ago. only the fake news media and trump enemies want me to stop using social media. only way for me to get the truth out. change yes. but revolution no. jon sopel bbc news washington. for more on how the trumpet ministration can get back on message i spoke a brief time ago with frank says man. he used to cover the white house and is now director of george washington university school of media and public affairs. frank says no the white house wants to time the subject on tech and nothing but its own in fighting. how difficult is it going to be for this administration to take control of its own messaging? it's gonna be difficult because the narrative is so well set to that this is a chaos presidency. and we've had weeks now of
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tumbled and turmoil with major legislative defeats major and public white house in fighting firings and hirings and firings again and so. it's taken on kind of this melodrama like quality and so telling the audience whether it's the political audience in washington or the public audience in the united states around the world up we're done with all of this we're ready. to get down to serious business the audience got me very skeptical of that so first you're gonna have to convince us that you've actually got control of yourselves. before you gonna be able to take control of the narrative when the president tweeted today in effect i'm not giving up my social media so even with the new chief of stuff. and it's his twitter account that's been the source of this chaos and how can that change. i i don't know i mean. what this president has never seem to realize is that because the job is so huge and the issues are so constant and so complicated and so sprawling from venezuela north korea to iran to russia? to healthcare to climate change. that this idea of discipline
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and an issue at a time if you're really going to get something accomplished actually does matter. he appears to like to be scattershot and he comes and goes and eat any tweets and. if you're going to have a message it needs to be reinforced at many levels it's the president it's the press secretary it's the secretary of state the secretary of defense. it's your people up on the hill all saying and pushing for in trying to achieve the same thing. when you tweet and you blow all that up. you blow it up. let's talk about the right of white house communications director is we know that currently isn't one after a much publicized departure about how crucial. is that role in a normally functioning white house it and how important could be in this one. from the white house is i have covered and and studied closely and the white house is that i've looked at. since. the role. the two roles that are. critical to success. chief of staff role in the communications director rol. fundamentally what is leadership it is knowing
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what you're trying to do. being able to articulate it and repeating that again and again and again. so it's the chief of staff will the president presumably helps to put that give it some shape but it's the communications director that says. here's what we say today here's what we need to say next week. who puts them in order what the white house is doing that? political shop that's talking to the hill of the public liaison that's talking to all the interest groups. the. foreign affairs establishment that speaking through the state department i mean that messaging is more than just a daily press has a ton of planning that goes into that. you need somebody calling the shots in a strategic sense that's what the communications director does. if i don't have one i don't know how they get that coherence how complicated is it when the first family tweets is a banker trouble did today i'm going to be working. alongside the new chief stuff how do you like that job. beat. a it is a it is a fundamental conflict of interest to play a family member. it's a fundamental conflict of interest and play a couple family member and then tell somebody else that they're the boss that family member with that family members as a by the way. i'm gonna work alongside you not
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for you and i'll be seeing dad for breakfast lunch and dinner and whenever i want and that happens to be the president states. so unless. the the the the family members who are also employees are prepared to put themselves in the role of employees so there can be that. coordination. i think this is gonna be a very difficult job for general kelley. i said no thank you so much for joining us pleasure. and a mom or political night the u. s. senate has voted to confirm christopher ryu's the next director of the fb. his appointment comes off to president trump's controversial firing of james came in my. mister reyes a former senior justice department official and criminal defense attorney. the bt eight director of the fbi. well i would dramatic scenes in turkey today is nearly five hundred people a pending court. accused of conspiring against the government during last year's failed coup attempt. they've been held in custody ever since i was charged with crimes ranging from
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murder to violating the constitution. tried in his absence is the u. s. based cleric the to laguna. who denies ordering the attempted overthrow? a brief time ago i discussed the issue with senator up time. author of the new sultan and one who the crisis of modern techie. send a server yes since the attempted coup in tacky when you see these trials of the coup suspects taking place. across turkey has anything like this happened in the history of molten tacky no not under a civilian democratically elected government turkey has had because such as in nineteen eighty. following which half a million people arrested but that was under military rul. i would say ever since turkey became a multiparty democracy nineteen fifty. this is the least free and most authoritarian the country is. during the government during the reign of a democratically elected government. those people who are on trial today there's five hundred people that we so what chance of them getting a fair trial. very few of them will not obviously we
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have to note that some of them are many of them are. nefarious coup plotters they do deserve to be punished but what we have seen in the aftermath of to cool is tha. turkish president everyone who has had a track record of. demonizing groups and brutalizing demographics that are not likely to vote for him. has houston post co state of emergency to crackdown on groups not related to the coup so he's got off their seculars liberals. leftists kurdish nationalists who have nothing to do with the school effort which seems to have been a. political civil war between two islamist factions everyone's akp and the glenville meant his left that out and i think he's continued to cry increases crackdowns on it. turkey which is already on a sliding path away from democracy before the coup is now entering the realm of authoritarian government. well in your new book about president add when you refer to him as the new salsa correct. is turkey on the crossroads between democracy
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and autocracy or is it already. turn left leg right is heading there as i argued in new sultan turkey faces a crisis which has driven by erdogan's electoral strateg. he demonized as and brutalize is demographics that are not likely to vote for him. as a result of tha. conservative half of turkey. many of whom he has lifted out of poverty has banded around him. but. and the other half mostly leftist and seculars loath pen and increasingly there is no room in the middle. problem of course is that erdogan has cracked down on so many people locked up so many dissidents stepped on so many toes. that he does not have the luxury of losing elections if you you know that if he does. those groups that he prosecuted will prosecute him in return so he can only be more authoritarian going forward. in order to make sure that he will never lose power. that is a deep crisis because he's not supported by eighty percent the country has deep traditions of. democratic institutions civil society multi party elections half of turkey doesn't like him they will
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never fold under his rule. so he will become more authoritarian but that will be increasingly not accepted and embraced by the half that floats in and that's a very deep crisis that the countries that. senator up to thank you for joining us my pleasure. now the news now from around the world explosions of the mosque in the western afghan city of harass have killed at least twenty nine people and injured many more. police said the attack took place during evening prime. it was carried out by suicide bomber and another assailant. the mosque is in an area mainly inhabited by shia muslims. no group has yet claimed responsibility. and take a look at this archaeologists cambodia's ankle what temple complex about not to launch stay issue. believe today all the way back to the twelfth century. stand same figure to meet his highness thought to have stood as a guardian at the entrance to. should hold the top. you're watching bbc while news america still to come on tonight's program. the rest of two opposition leaders in venezuela
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intensifies the international outcry against the government. this time running out for a peaceful solution. british five has a new editor the fast man at the helm in the magazine's history. and the fashion industry is watching closely to see what kind of changes edward and a full makes. david senator reports now. i am innocent and info on the editor in chief spell. looks really eccentric and that is going to be perfect. but like that expression i was spotted on the train. go. ibm on. and would then and police today in charge of one of the most important things in fact. vote it doesn't happen very often the last editor of british vogue was in place. twenty five years and from day one. changes a foots the going on to snapchat's. and as a new more diverse team. he has over five hundred
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thousand instagram followers he's appointed steve mcqueen naomi campbell as you say samick nightmare stylist. all these independent professionals who to a certain extent rely on social media to keep building their brands. vogue is the top of the for and tree and features clothes only a few can afford. it has there been a pretty torrid time for the magazine business of the last few years. because of well the new competition. fashion. on your phone. news agents have been closing sales of glossy magazines have been droppin. anyway my cat yeah yeah and it's people like whitney there wasn't any change in the business celebrities of fashion blogger. nelly everyone wants everything right now. and today they want to know what's what's cool right now and that's why social media is so important. you still read magazines idea i myself i did.
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indeed people have been predicting the death of print for a good few years now. and it hasn't happened. it is a new era. and a new name in charge for business. changing fast that it's a vote it seems. venezuela to opposition leaders have been taken to a military prison by the security services. a move that's attracted widespread condemnation. un secretary general has expressed concern that the escalation of political tensions will make it difficult to find a peaceful solution. from caracas the bbc's katie watson reports. nnova. until you know doesn't screams for help because he's taken away in his pajamas by the venezuelan intelligence at this.
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someone else yells that venezuela is now is it take to ship. he was nearly one to be taken away offices also sees leopold and loeb as an opposition leader who was released from prison a few weeks ago. but placed under house arrest. tensions are running high in venezuela off the election of a new assembly. that would effectively rewrite the constitution the been violent protests in recent months. and on monday former man mr ledezma released a video on social media criticizing the weekends but. i believe i mean if we let everybody that i sent folder he called the vote to forward saying public powers have become a political machinery. at the service of a totalitarian regime a tyranny. you pulled a lupus also made his voice heard while under house arrest. the supreme court said on tuesday it had revoked the house arrest because they'd made political statements. did also received intelligence that the two men were trying to flee. but one of the men's lawyers said they hadn't broken any restrictions. at a press conference mr did
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as ms wife warned of what was happening in venezuela. thing unless it will be that gave me a short that what is happening in venezuela is no joke. the fact they've ceased to fundamental opposition leaders the events of the last three months let that be a message to the entire world. that venezuela is experiencing a massacre. it's a huge attack against human rights and human rights abuses are being carried out openly in our country. you and also weighed in saying it was concerned about the escalation of political tensions. in this critical moment for the future of the country the secretary general urges all venezuelans particularly those representing star. state powers of the state to make all possible efforts to lower tensions. prevent further violence in loss of life as well as find avenues for political dialogue. but this is a country divided avenues for political dialogue seem to have been exhausted. with the israeli arrests just like the votes with their administration is clearly doing what it wants regardless of outside pressure.
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it is as they say venezuela's issue and nobody else's but the concern. is a global one. katie wasn't bbc news in caracas. one hundred fifty years ago the u. s. bought alaska from russia for about two cents an acre. which is like a bargain today. and the national archives has uncovered images revealing not send you the splendor of the landscape. but also alley experiments in panoramic photography. jenna brian has more. america bought alaska from russia in eighteen sixty seven many people for the boss territory was quite literally a waste space. but by the turn of the century gold and other minerals have been discovered and maps where in demand. short summers meant the topography as didn't have time to produce conventional drawings so they photographed the land instead. it was revolutionary. the photographs would be shot in the field to exact
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specifications. they would be processed in the field. and once that season was over and they would take the negatives back to washingto. print them up. and they were able to produce numerous maps of the alaskan interior. that was useful for the railroads and and everything. richard schneider discovered these previously unseen photos when the national archives took custody of the negatives. unlike the bulk of the images from the u. s. geological survey which we use to gather data. these were more like snapshots albeit on a grander scale. what time is it what should the test role and then they process that test role? to make sure that the camera's working right the chemicals are fine but that's why you find that a lot of these pictures like almost candid shots. of these men in the field well there's a guy hiking or there's a guy posing or there's a camp. and he discovered something else the images were also an early attempt at panoramic
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photography let's say i have this as a single image. i found out that maybe the next one and the serious. also have this mountain it except it was on the left hand side in the second picture but was on the right hand side the first picture. so i put them up to like tables like some ago may go together. i only discovered that after the fact. what they are even used for him that's why in a sense it was? dumb luck gore or just serendipity of that i was able to piece together so many of these into panoramas because who knew. the survey team was led by james battling his pioneering work didn't end in alaska. from panoramic data gathering he move to aerial photography joining the allies in world war one to map enemy positions. and his work is still usefu. some of the glaciers he photographed in alaska or a hundred years ago have since receded. visual evidence of the impact of global warmin. jane o'brien abc news
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maryland. beautiful images of alaska nine your trip back and thanks for watching wild news america. with the bbc news out. of vertical videos are designed to look around your lifestyle. so you can swipe your way. to the news of the day. and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected apps does. funding of this presentation is made possible by. the freemen foundation. and coal fuller foundation pursuing solutions for america's neglected me. planning a vacation escape that's relaxing inviting. and exciting. is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families couples and friends
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can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days cooling trade. and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at the rubric dot com. bbc world news was presented by casey team loss and
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: a new revelation in the russian saga. the "washington post" reports president trump dictated the misleading public statement that his son, donald trump jr., released about his meeting with a russian lawyer. then, i sit down with republican senator jeff flake to talk about his new book criticizing his own party's abandonment of conservative principles, and its response to the president. >> i think we have a responsibility to stand up and say, "no, this is not right," and i hope we do so more in the future. >> woodruff: and, two years after the flint, michigan, water crisis, how schools there are seeing and dealing with the consequences och

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