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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 25, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. german chancellor angela merkel is still in charge, but after sunday's election, the far-right is gaining ground. a humanitarian crisis in puerto rico. more than 3 million residents are struggling to cope with the devastation left by hurricane maria. and from a refugee camp to a top player on the pitch, she is hitting her goals in more ways than one.
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jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. german chancellor angela merkel may have secured a fourth term in office, but her party, the christian democrats, lost over a million voters to the far right in sunday's election. mrs. merkel says she wants to win them back, but she starts in a weaker position and has to build a new coalition government. more on the challenges ahead. reporter: in the heart of german democracy, the far-right is seats inh dozens of the bundestag. germany's parliament is a building that consciously preserves the scars of the second world war, reminding germans of the destruction the far-right visited on europe. far from power, angela merkel has endured with her position as germany's preeminent politician unchallenged. with a fourth term as germany's
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weakened.r, but chancellor merkel: we have wished for a better result, of course. we are trying to analyze the votes we lost, especially those that went to the afd. we want to bring those people back by addressing some of their issues. reporter: this is where many will have to be won back, east berlin and east germany. over a million voters deserted mrs. merkel's party for the far-right, many believing that during the refugee crisis, she lost control over germany's borders. >> i didn't like angela merkel because there was no stopping the refugee politics. it was all too quick. >> i think we should give the afd a chance to see if they are really for the state and democracy and everyone. reporter: at the very first press conference today, splits in the afd were already emerging. frauke petry, one of the afd's inders, who just won a seat parliament, turned on her
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colleagues. >> it has been said that the afd has become an anarchic party, but i want real politics, so i will not be part of the afd in the bundestag. reporter: she walked out, saying they were becoming too extreme. the party already arguing with itself in public. remaining leaders are sticking to their line that the influx of a million refugees means that germany is losing part of itself. "we don't want that. so manywhy we won votes," they said. germany as a whole is entering a period that will be more fractious and a divided, as merkel tries to cobble together a coalition and tackle the challenges she faces here and across europe. jane: north korea's foreign minister has accused the u.s. of declaring war after president trump said recently that the country's leadership wouldn't be around for much longer. the white house has denied the
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suggestion, calling it absurd. the exchange is the latest round of heated rhetoric between the 2 countries. north america editor jon sopel jointly from the white house -- joined me from the white house a short time ago. it may be absurd, but how seriously is the white house taking this? jon: i think you have to take it seriously when north korea, a member of the united nations, says that war has been declared against it by the united states because of what donald trump has said. the "declaration of war" line has a legal basis to it, because it means that you have a right of retaliation and right to defend yourself. north koreans are saying that if you send any more bombers off the coast now, we will blast you out of the sky. this is potentially very serious indeed. will american planes try to jam the north korean radar? an act of be seen as war as well.
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what would happen if an american plane was shot down? you can see that at a time when there has already been intense name-calling, even on the relative sanity of either the north korean leader and the u.s. president, that what you need is a cooling down, and as the chinese have said, that is not happening at the moment. jane: aside from the war of words, jon, are we seeing any actual change in strategy here? jon: well, no, the strategy is broadly the same, but you have a lot of hot rhetoric which can easily lead to two miscalculation. you saw it unfolding last week at the united nations. the president announcing further sanctions against the north koreans, some of it being announced by the chinese and the eu as well, to try to economically isolate pyongyang. that is conventional politics, that is conventional diplomacy at work. but it is going hand-in-hand with very, very hot rhetoric, which could lead to miscalculations. and that is what scares off a lot of people.
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jane: jon sopel, our north america editor at the white house, thank you for joining me. the governor of puerto rico says the island is experiencing a humanitarian crisis following the devastation left by hurricane maria. he said the storm was an unprecedented disaster, and he is calling for full support from the u.s. government. we got the latest from a cbs correspondent who is there and he spoke to michelle fleury a short time ago. >> the governor of puerto rico tells us more aid has arrived, but the question is, where is it? we have been driving across the northern part of the country from west to east, and we have not seen distribution lines or convoys bringing relief aid. the united states government says, for example, millions of liters of water have arrived, but where is it? the governor says i promise you, it is here. in terms of hospitals, fuel is being sent to them, hospitals
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are being prioritized. there was a tweet earlier today from a doctor in puerto rico that said we have run out of diesel at the children's hospital and children will die if we don't get fuel. there was a dire situation at the airport in san juan this morning. people have literally been sleeping on the floor for the last three to four nights hoping to get off of this island. people who have not had food or water, patients in need of dialysis, blood pressure medication, blood thinner medication. we saw children stripped naked by their parents, sleeping in sweat in strollers. the lines at the baggage counter were dark. there were no agents. there were probably 1000 people in line this morning. it was cooler outside, but nobody wanted to go outside, because they did not want to lose their place in line. people were literally panicking. michelle: it sounds like a desperate situation, one that could potentially get worse. do i understand that officials are watching a crumbling down in the western part of puerto rico?
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>> it is in guajataca. we are told by the man who manages the dam that there was about 25,000 acres that will flood if that dam fails. we got right up to it. here is what we saw. the spillway portion of the dam has failed. water is flowing uncontrollably. however, the dam is holding. there are various reports from the government that there is a crack in the dam and it is vulnerable of failure, but it has not happened yet. nonetheless, you've got more water than they want coming out of that lake and flowing downhill. we are told that 70,000 people could be affected by flash flooding if the dam fails. but really, the troubles that officials are having right now is how do you warn people downhill that this is something they need to worry about? communication is out across the island. it is extremely hard to get any kind of cell phone signal to call. police officers cannot communicate with one another. i asked the governor today, how
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alert people to give them a heads up that the dam may fail? he said it is one of the problems we are having to deal with. michelle: thank you very much for the update. >> you bet. jane: now, hundreds of nfl players refused to stand for the national anthem over the weekend, joining a growing protest against what they call racism and police brutality. president trump has condemned players for taking a knee, saying it shows disrespect for the country. the gesture was started by one player last year but gained momentum following comments the president made in alabama. president trump: wouldn't you love to see one of these nfl , when somebody disrespects the flag, to say get that son of a -- off the field right now? out, he's fired. he's fired! jane: for more on the reaction to those comments and the senate race president trump was supposed to be talking about, i spoke a brief time ago with
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anthony zurcher. the white house has said that this is not about race, so what is it about? anthony: they say it is about patriotism, respecting our troops, respecting the flag, that it is honoring the soldiers who died, and that is what happens at the football games. what critics are saying is that it is impossible to separate us this from race. the protests that colin kaepernick started was observing police brutality and violence against blacks. when you have a majority-black sport like the nfl, black players kneeling, then i think that race is definitely a part of it. jane: a lot of critics are saying it is all about affection, and you were at the rally when he made the comments. is it distraction? anthony: i think it definitely distracts from what is going on. one of the theories is that donald trump gets in front of a rally, spoke for an hour and half, and tests what works and doesn't work. that line got a lot of reaction
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from the audience and media reaction, and he leaned into it, like he often does with controversies. but yeah, there is a lot of stuff going on right now. there is a health care bill hanging by a thread. they have a week left to pass it, and it doesn't look like it is going to go through. there's a crisis in puerto rico. there's a question over this man donald trump was down in alabama to endorse, luther strange, a sitting senator, is going to lose in a primary runoff to an upstart judge. jane: how close is that race? anthony: it looks like the judge, roy moore, is liable to win. he is ahead in the polls, last poll i saw, up by high single digits. from being on the ground in alabama for the past couple of days, the enthusiasm is all on roy moore's side. it reminded me a lot of donald trump's presidential campaign, where people had homemade signs and were railing against the establishment and looked at luther strange as being another washington insider, who they did not want. it is odd to see donald trump on
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the other side of the equation. jane: right, so why is he supporting the establishment? anthony: if you listen to donald trump at the rally on friday, the reason he said he did that was because luther strange was loyal. he has worked with a lot of senators over the course of the year, and whenever he was trying to strike a deal and get support on a key piece of the agenda, they would say, "you should have dinner with my family" or "i need this for my district." luther strange, according to donald trump, said "i will have your back, i will vote however you want," and that impressed donald trump. if you are a realist, you say that donald trump is helping mitch mcconnell on the washington insiders, and they are worried about losing roy moore in the midterms next year. donald trump should be able to protect them, and he cannot, that is a huge concern. jane: anthony zurcher, thank you very much. kurds in northern iraq are voting in a referendum for --ependence from slight referendum for independence, despite warnings that the results could add to divisions
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in the region. the outcome is expected to be overwhelmingly in favor of independence from baghdad. our middle east correspondent orla guerin has sent this report from arbil. orla: waiting patiently, as they have for generations. kurds arriving before the polls opened, defying the international community and the government in baghdad. first in line, this 65-year-old. "i came here at 6:00 in the morning," he told us. "this is the greatest day of my life." and for many, it is a day of remembrance, like this family, who lost a proud peshmerga fighter, killed last year by the so-called islamic state. his widow says the vote has brought him back. >> it is a very happy day for him and for us. we feel like he is right here. he sacrificed himself for this
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land. his blood was not shed in vain. orla: then, at last, time to cast her ballot. "we hope we are getting our freedom," she says. but this vote is being watched anxiously by neighboring states and by the west. the fear is that it could spark new conflict, and not only in iraq. kurds say what is happening is about self-determination and far farcracy in action, and from trying to stop them, the international community should be giving strong support. there is a real sense of history in the making, and whatever comes next, the votes being cast today could reshape the middle east.
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even before the result, kurds took to the streets in the city of kirkuk. >> we are free now. orla: the oil-rich city is controlled by kurdish forces, but also claimed by the central government in baghdad. and the divisions here are now all too clear. in arab neighborhoods, we found a very stark contrast. no referendum fever here. this man didn't vote, and is worried about the future of iraq. do you feel like you might lose your country? "yes," he says. "we didn't before, but we do now." but for the kurds tonight, time to celebrate. they say the referendum is a mandate for negotiations with baghdad. they won't be redrawing borders or declaring independence in the
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morning, but they have passed a point of no return. orla guerin, bbc news, arbil. jane: we will, of course, continue to bring you full coverage of the results of that referendum. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, nearly a week after mexico were shocked by a deadly earthquake, how they are coping, and the questions being asked. >> known as the olympics of modern art from every two years, countries from around the world send their best artist to represent them on the world stage, and every inch of the most beautiful city on earth becomes crammed with thousands , gallery owners, and
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millionaire buyers, who to send for the opening week. but this year, as well as the official british pavilion, a group of diverse emerging artists are being sent to shake up of venice with the first ever diaspora pavilion. dominatedworld still by white western nations, these emerging artists will be exploring some of the key issues of our time, from nationalism and identity to borders and belonging. world is a unique series of films on the bbc, offering personal insights into global events. "our world," stories that speak
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for themselves. >> today president trump fulfilled one of his key election pledges. >> james comey told senators in a blockbuster hearing that donald trump lied about his firing. >> they are calling it the brexit election. does your wife manage your tweeting, christian? >> no, no. >> it got more dangerous yesterday. >> making sense of the stories shipping your world. "beyond 100 days," on bbc world news. as the days passed following the massive earthquake that shook mexico come it is clear that thousands of people will be homeless for many months, perhaps even years. in nubber of modern buildings collapsed, suggesting that in some cases, codes put in place
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after the 1985 earthquake were violated. the government has opened places where people can report suspected construction violations. from mexico city from will grant reports. will: this was number 138 in mexico city last week. earthquakewerful 7.1 struck, the building collapsed and sent a huge plume of dust and debris across the neighborhood, much the dismay of onlookers. dozens of people were in the building of the time. many lost their lives. today the authorities are cleaning away from the remnants of the disaster, spraying off dust that still codes the streets. but many fear they are washing away important evidence could the building housed several companies registered in a second making cheap clothing and toys.
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undocumented workers were thought to be among the dead, many of them women. the exact number isn't known. activists turned out to honor them and vowed to prevent the government from brushing away the story. >> a lot of information is not been released regarding the people saved and the bodies found from where they were taken. nothing has become public. that in itself arouses nothing but suspicion. this space in which so many people lost their lives is now a shrine, but those who turned out to remember them want to create more than just a memorial. they want answers. all over the capital, people of difficult questions. none more so than this man. he bought his apartment in a brand-new block six months ago for around $140,000. the building was a supposedly built using state-of-the-art green technology. in reality, he says, it was made of sticks and strong. -- straw.
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>> it was not built properly. the basement was getting flooded. things were coming out all the time. deniedhe constructor has responsibility, and is not answering the residents' calls. a team of inspectors have visited the site to establish responsibility, but say it is too early to know for sure. it is a tale playing out across mexico. thousands are in emergency shelters and are facing a bleak winter. mexicans from all walks of life are pitching in to lift spirits. but many have a long legal battle ahead to make sure those guilty of corruption, violating building codes, and cutting corners, face the music. will grant, bbc news, mexico city. mexico's reckoning following last week's earthquake. team sportsng girls are an outlet for athleticism and building friendships, but
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for nadia nadim, the game of soccer was more than that. she started playing at the age of 12 when she and her family arrived at a refugee camp in denmark after fleeing afghanistan. she now plays professionally, and spoke to us from her new hometown in portland, oregon. >> the first time i started playing football for real was in the refugee camps. my passion for the game started there. i was born and raised in afghanistan. my father used to work for the afghan military, and when the taliban gained power, he got killed. my mom and five sisters, it was hard for us to live in a country where women don't have anything to say. through pakistan, we took passports to italy, and that on a truck we ended up in denmark.
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before i came to denmark, i've never seen girls do any kinds of sports. suddenly, having this freedom to do whatever you want to do was amazing. i loved the game right away, because first of all, it is so simple. you just have something around to kick. it doesn't really matter who you are, what color is your skin, or what background you have. ♪ when you stand and hear the anthem, it is not even the danish one, but it is the atmosphere, just undescribable. if my family didn't leave afghanistan, we probably wouldn't be alive. the mentality i have right now, the way i have been raised, it would not fit in a society where you have no voice. everyone deserves a second
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chance. because i got new chance, i think i'm doing pretty great, and i show that is possible. if you get a chance, anything is possible. i am also admit school. -- i am also in med school. i wanted to do more than just play football. i play football because i love it, it is my hobby, my passion. but i also want to do something that will impact people's life. i want to be in that position for other people. for me, it has always been you have to do stuff that makes you happy, and i do that, and i'm obviously honored and blessed to do this for a living. it doesn't feel like work. it feels like, yeah, as it was when i just started. the only difference is through playing in front of 70,000 people, not in my schoolyard or at the refugee camp.
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jane: nadia nadim on her new life and her new career. i am jane o'brien. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, an island in ruin-- with wide swaths of puerto rico still without water, power or a place to go home to, the devastation from hurricane maria comes into stark focus. then, political football-- professional athletes team up to condemn president trump's attacks on protests during the national anthem. and, the kurdish fight for independence-- the largest ethnic group without a state heads to the polls in iraq. >> it feels amazing, i'm so emotional. i have goosebumps all over my body. it's really so emotional, i cannot describe into words. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.


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