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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 2, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and koer foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with wa, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation plaing is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. picked to head the federal reserve. jerome powell gets the top spot, while president trump promises a holiday treat. president trump: we are giving a beautiful christmas present in the form of a tremendous tax cut. jane: authorities are learning more about the man behind the new york attack. president trump says he should face the death penalty. scientists discover a new species of orangutan so rare it has gone on to the endangered species list.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. president trump nominated jerome powell to be the next chair of the federal reserve. if confirmed by the senate, the former investment banker will replace janet yellen when her term ends in february. in a ceremony at the rose garden, trump said powell was the perfect man to keep the american economy growing. president trump: we have had back-to-back quarters of growth, a major accomplishment, and are doing better and better every single week. but if we are to sustain this tremendous economic progress, our economy requires sound monetary policy and prudent oversight of the banking system.
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that is why we need strong, sound, and steady leadership at the united states federal reserve. jane: for more on this, i was joined a short time ago by neil irwin, senior economic correspondent for "the new york times." this was not exactly unexpected, but it sounds like it will not be much change. is he a safe pick? neil: i think so. this is president trump threading a needle the economy is strong. why not reappoint janet yellen? but if you want someone who's not a democrat, not appointed by barack obama. powell is who you need. you expect continuity wi current policy rather than radical change. jane: but this is a big job. how likely is it going to be that he gets confirmed?
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neil: looks likely. he is a republican, but he is conciliatory, a centrist, not an ideologue. he will get plenty of democratic votes for confirmation. confirmation is not the issue. the issue is what do you want -- what type of leader the one for this organization. he is not an economist, he is a lawyer. does not have the economic heft that janet yellen or ben bernanke had. jane: does not have an economics degree. neil: that said, a lot of this involves bank regulation and all sorts of complicated things that do not involve monetary policy, and he will have a lot of smart economists around him. jane: it is a big day for the economy today, because the republicans unveiled their tax plan, something the president has got behind so far. and also something that he has put an awful lot of political weight behind. take a look at what he said. president trump: we are working to give the american people a giant tax cut for christmas. we are giving them a big,
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beautiful christmas present in the form of a tremendous tax cut. it will be the biggest cut in the history of our country. it will also be tax reform and itl create jobs. jane: well, the democrats don't quite see it that way. they think it is going to harm the middle class and bring up the deficit. so wheo we go from here? who does stand to benefit from this? neil: it is a complex package. there are so many elements. taxes,orporate individual taxes, a lot of different deductions. for any individual or company, it depends on where you sit on these detailed issues. whether you take the mortgage interest deduction and whether you are over the cap they want to put in place. for companies, what carveouts and the deductions you benefit from today. cutting the corporate income tax rate from 35% to 20%, getting rid of a lot of deductions. there are things if you are an upper middle-class individual that can cause issues. eliminating the ate and local
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income tax deduction, for people in high-tax states is consequential, and homebuilders do not like this plan. they think it will damage housing. jane: republicans have not had success with getting signature pieces of legislation through. they are not done at all well with obamacare, for instance. how likely is this to get through congress? neil: it looks more likely than obamacare reform and repeal. that said, it is a lot of moving pieces, and there is such a narrow majority in the senate , only a two-seat majority in the senate, and it only takes three senators on the republican side to back away and for the bill to fail to assuming there are no democratic votes. it is like a triangle. if you move one thing, you make more people unhappy because it might raise their taxes. if you don't do that, you can raise the deficit, so deficit hawks are upset. a lot of moving pieces to keep this together. they are trying to move quickly, trying to take this very complex plan and all the elements affect the u.s. economy and pressure through in the weeks ahead for -- before the end of the year.
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there will be a e lift, given the fragility of the coalition. jane: neil irwin, thank you for joining me. it has been two days since the terror attack on new york city , which left 8 people dead, and today the bike path with the victims were struck has been reopened. suspect sayfullo saipov has been speaking to investigators about how he plotted the assault, but when it comes to justice, president trump has already weighed in, saying saipov deserves the death penalty. from new york, the bbc's nick bryant has the latest. nick: flags are at half-mast, but what is striking about the new york attack is how quickly the city has settled back into the rhythm of everyday life. the bike path where cyclists were mowed down has reopened, scattered with a few bunches of flowers, its trees bearing the marks of where the pickup truck crashed into them. close to where the attack ended, there is a small floral
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memorial. but this is a ty of incessant motion, and life goes on. handcuffed and shackled and appearing in court in a wheelchair, the suspect, sayfullo saipov, has been charged with federal offenses which could bring the death penalty. waiving some of his rights, he spoke freely to prosecutors and told them he chose halloween because the streets would be more crowded. he also wanted to display the flags of the so-called islamic state in the rental truck used as a weapon, but the it would -- but thought it would bring attention to himself. he also intended to continue his high-speed drive through manhattan as far as brooklyn bridge. a security camera captured saipov as he rented the vehicle in new jersey. he decided to use a truck two months ago and practiced completing turns. the indications right now are that he acted alone. >> is this inspired? he just got all this off the internet? was he enabled? was he communicating with isis officials over encrypted
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channels? was it directed? was this part of a plan? at this point, we don't see anything that leads us to believe anyone else was involved, but i caution, we are a day or two into this. nick: in a series of tweets, donald trump said he would love to send saipov to guantánamo, but that would take longer than the federal system. he added, "there's something appropriate about keeping him in the home of the horrible crime he committed. should move fast, death penalty." presidents have traditionally been urged not to comment so volubly on active criminal cases. but those don't seem to be concerns of donald trump, who has labelee justice system a laughingstock. nick bryant, bbc news, new york. jane: a look at other news making headlines around the world. spanish prosecutors are seeking a european arrest warrant for deposed catalan leader carles puigdemont.
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mr. puigdemont's in brussels with his lawyer, saying he cannot return to face trial because the climate is not good for him to return. it comes as 8 catalan leaders were placed in custody following a high court appearance in madrid. u.k. prime minister theresa may has posted her israeli counterpart, benjamin netanyahu, to mark 100 years since great britain pledged support for the declaration paving the way for a jewish state inside palestine. the declaration is a polarizing topic, with israel and jewish communities viewing it as moment momentuous, while palestinians regard it as a historical injustice. for the first time in more than 10 years, the bank of england has raised interest rates. the bank rate has been raised to .5%, the first increase since july 2007. it reverses the cut in august of last year made in the wake of the vote to leave the european union. president trump leads for his
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first official trip to asia on friday. the agenda during his five-country tour will be dominated by the risk of conflict over north korea's nuclear weapons program. but behind that crisis is an underlying struggle for strategic dominance in asia between washington and beijing. our china editor carrie gracie reports. carrie: a game where the past is america but the future may be china. big stars moving here for the money and the eyeballs. there are almost as many chinese shooting hoops as there are americans on the planet. >> the united states is still the one to beat, and it will take china time to catch up, but basketball is our national sport now, and it can play anywhere. carrie: the rules of basketball are one thing, but the rules of the global power club are another. china has resisted american lectures on open markets and democracy.
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it is winning its own way. america first, warned candidate trump. mr. trump: we cannot continue to allow china to rape our country -- carrie: but when president trump played host in april, he needed china's help on north korea. there were no trade sanctions. he called president xi a good friend. president trump: we are going to have a very, very great relationship, and i very much look forward to it. carrie: xi jinping has lots of friends, though, party comrades applauding his promise that china will build a first-class military and move to central stage. this is the generation who will have to make that dream come true. explaining the map of asia from a chinese point of view. since world war ii, the u.s. navy has patrolled these
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contested seas. but china is pressing its claim, and rivalry is growing. >> i think president xi and president trump should better communicate and try to compromise, so maybe in this case lots of the security problems can be solved or at least decreased. >> i do think there will be more rivalry, but there'll also be more opportunities. artificial intelligence, many high-tech areas that need the cooperation between the china and the united states. >> i do not completely agree -- if we look back into history, we see a lot of wars originated from economic conflicts. carrie: china's history has seen many great powers rise and fall. ituilds its u.s. strategy brick by careful brick. president trump's visit is major and important moment for china. the host will do nothing to
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-- xi'sze is just guest. but he has less reason than any recent chinese leader to bow to his demands. president she believes america is in steep decline and china is rising. carrie gracie, bbc news, on the great wall of china. bee: of course, we will bringing you full coverage of that very significant trip, the longest undertaken by a u.s. president in asia in five years. now to our weeklong series marking 100 years since the 100 level -- russian revolution. moscow correspondent steve rosenberg has been traveling through russia for a series of special reports. he began his journey in st. petersburg and ended some 6000 kilometers away. from there, he explained how it would take years and the civil war before the bolsheviks established control over russia.
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steve: this man and the russian revolution have one thing in common, they are both 100 years old. born in 1917, he has survived three famines, fought 4 wars, and in his lifetime, czarist russia and soviet russia have fallen apart. how does a nation survive that kind of century? "because our people are strong and patriotic," he says. "we love our motherland and are ready to die for it." his home is in the russian far east. re, china is closer than most of russia, and the cradle of the revolution is a world away. we are more than 6000 kilometers east of st. petersburg. it would take the bolsheviks five years and a brutal civil war before they conquered this area. the decisive battle was here and soviet mythology painted the
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reds as triumphant heroes, the anti-communist right army -- white army deservedly crushed. but this version of history is crumbling, just like the battle site memorial to the heroes, and that is because the official view of the revolution has changed in russia. to those in power today, red october is no longer a national celebration. in russia, it is not only the future that is unpredictable. so is the past. that applies to the russian civil war, the russian revolution, to almost any period of this country's history. so often here, the past is rewritten, reinterpreted, according to who is in power. in the school museum, which is open to the public, they displayed guns and bayonets unearthed in the forest. they try not to take sides, red or white, but not everyone welcomes that.
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"the soviet union wasn't that long ago," says this teacher, "so sometimes what we say and -- what we say now about the white army doesn't go down well with supporters of the ussr." back in his lap, the centenarian shows me the commendation he got from joseph stalin. his view of the past is unlikel to change. "revolution day is like my second birthday," he says, "because it is the birthday of the ussr." and that is unshakable loyalty to a country which no longer exists. steve rosenberg, bbc news. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, the secret hiding in the forest. scientists discover a new
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species of great ape. we will tell you about the orangutan that already faces threats. the de facto leader of myanmar, aung san suu kyi has made her first visit to the troubled state of rakhine since a violent campaign first 600,000 rohingya of muslims across the border. it suggests that the civilian government wants to be seen taking theory in the crisis. jonathan head reports. has taken aung san suu kyi more than two months to visit rakhine state, and even this trip was brief, allowing her little time at each stop. but with it, she signals that she wants the civilian government to take the lead in addressing the rakhine crisis after weeks of military operations which have driven hundreds of thousands of rohingyas over the border. quite what the government can do is not yet clear.
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she was able to meet one of the few remaining muslim communities and urged them not to quarrel with their neighbors and to trust the authorities to resolve the crisis, but gave no details. last month, she outlined a blueprint for the reconstruction of rakhine state, stressing the need for development and investment. but there is still no agreement to bring back the one million rohingyas who fled to bangladesh. recent arrivals say they experienced such appalling brutaly at the hands of the myanmar military, they are unlikely to accept repatriation without significant international support. and at the moment, myanmar authorities are tightly restricting operations of aid agencies in rakhine. ms. suu kyi has in the past said that the rohingyas will be allowed back, but the military and much of the burmese population disagree. rebuilding the rakhine economy while leaving the rohingyas and
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-- in exile would widely be ordemned as sanctioning, what the u.n. describes as textbook ethnic cleansing. jonathan head, bbc news, bang jane: not to a previously untold actions one woman's during world war ii. suzanne spaak gave her life to children in a nazi-occupied paris. earlier i spoke with the author of "suzanne's children" to learn more about the resistance. there are many stories about people helping jews under nazi occupation. what made suzanne so special? >> she was a woman who lived at a time when there were very few official possibilities. she couldn't vote, she cannot
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could not open a bank account with her own money without her husband's permission. and yet she undertook this incredible task of organizing a network of people to rescue jewish children from auschwitz. she and her network offers a model for how resistance can address abusive governments. jane: resistance is something we hear an awful lot about today. what lessons do we learn from her? >> first of all, if she could have voted, she would have voted. she beeved in the democratic process. she took this extraordinary action when there was no democratic process available. the other thing was it was not a narrow resistance. it was not the wonderful job of hiding a jewish family in your basement -- many people did that. she found the people who needed her help the most, and they happened to be polish jews in paris, even though she wasn't polish and was in jewish. -- wasn't jewish. the first thing they did was get information out. there was a wall of propaganda coming out from the nazis and the vichy government.
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they put out newsletters, they told people what was actually going on. the second thing is that they found the most vulnerable cap populations, and often abusive governments go after them the first. these were immigrants, poor. they helped them, they saved their lives. jane: what difference did she make given the scale of the jewish holocaust? >> she was involved in creatin a network that rescued, one estimates, 500 jewish children. there are not hard figures available with this. with the scale of the holocaust in france, it was considerable. jane: do we know what happened to those children? >> i'veeen able to trace a fair number of them, and i've interviewed three or four of them. they grew up to be professionals, they had good lives, had good families. they carried the trauma with them, but they made a real contribution to the world. jane: what do you think inspired suzanne and kept her going?
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she was, of course, executed. she gave her life for this. >> she had been disappointed, to put it mildly, by her marriage, which was terrible. this made her useful. e was important, and the qualities she had were badly needed. so here she was, this woman who had been marginalized and treated badly, and all of a su she could be of use, and that transformed her. jane: you met her daughter. how much of a help was that? >> i interviewed her daughter, who is now around 90, probably 30 times, and her son about five times. it was extraordinary. the daughter has this crystalline memory of the occupation -- not only the important events of the rescue, but the day-to-day life, and capturing the flavor of paris was really important to me in writing the book. jane: thank you very much indeed for joining me. >> thank you. jane: a new species of great
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ape has been discovered by an international team of scientists. tapanuli orangutan, found in the dense forests of sumatra in indonesia, is the third confirmed species of orangutan. our science editor victoria gill has the story. victoria: the remote mountain forests of sumatra are home to some of our closest ape relatives, and a population discovered 20 years ago has been hiding a scientific secret. orangutan, tapanuli a species new to science. >> until now, it was thought they were just 2 distinct species of orangutan. sumatran and bornean. but this shows that there are actually three. a tiny population has been hidden away and isolated by hundreds of years of evolution. early dna analysis suggests they were peculiar compared to other
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apes. scientists embarked on a detailed study examining what they ate and the unique call. years of painstaking genetic comparisons enabled scientists to reconstruct the evolutionary history. the final piece of the puzzle was tiny but consistent differences between the sumatran and this, the tapanuli orangutan skull. >> it is an amazing breakthrough. there are onlyrade eight species -- great ape species, so adding one to this very small list is spectacular. victoria: with 800 individuals, this species will go on to the critically endangered list. logging, mining, and plans for a hydroelectric dam already pose threats to the habitat. the hope is that adding this ape to biology textbooks will ensure survival. victoria gill, bbc news. jane: beautiful animals there.
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you will be able to find all the day's news online, and to see what we are working on at any time, check out facebook. i am jane o'brien. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight... >> the tax cut and jobs act will deliver real relief for people in the middle. >> woodruff: ...republican lawmakers unveil a sweeping tax reform bill. we hear from the committee chair behind the plan, republican congressman kevin brady, and democratic senator elizabeth warren. then, president trump nominates jerome powell for chairman of the federal reserve, replacing janet yellen at a critical moment for the u.s. economy. and, the incredible transformation of one pakistani hospital-- how a public-private partnership has answered one city's desperate plea for health care. >> we did not have any, mammography machine. it took like 20 years for us, and now as i s o

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