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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 6, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. 26 people who went to pray were killed by a gun man in a texas church. the youngest was 18 months old. now authorities are trying to piece together why. in a bbc interview, president trump's commerce secretary denies misleading congress after hised documents revealed involvement with a company with links to the kremlin. in using the past to influence the present. 100 years after the russian revolution, a twist on history.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. once again flags are flying at half-mast here in the united states after yet another mass shooting. this time it is texas from where a gun man killed 26 people at a church while they were worshiping. the youngest victim was only a toddler. the attacker has been idened as devin kelley, who was discharged from the u.s. air force threes ago for domestic abuse. in sutherland springs, james cook reports. james: yet again it is a time for mourning in america. the masked gunman and was inside the church for a long time, say police can move around freely, firing with a powerful assault rifle.
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then once he started firing around from e outset what could the people inside do? there is no where they could go. james: are there too many guns in the united states? >> there are a lot of guns, but it is not guns that kill people commit his people that kill people. james: another through this and with a gun open fire, and then jumped in the truck. >> i was over the gentleman who was here in my truck, and the guy had just shot up the church, and he said, chased him, ok, let's go. james:eople are saying you are a hero. >> no. i'm just a guy who wanted to do the right thing. i just wanted to do the right thing. ride with me -- james: just last week, the pastor was speaking of his beloved 14-year-old daughter. now murdered in the church she called home. >> she was surrounded yesterday
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with her church family that she loved fiercely. belle would not have been able to deal with losing so much family yesterday. james: every corner of this community is in pain. the youngest victim was 18 months old, and one family alone lost five people. police say the killer, devin kelley, had sent threatening texts to his mother-in-law, and was thrown out of the u.s. air force for assaulting his wife and child. he did not have a license to carry guns in public. a very deranged individual. we have a lot of mental health problems in our country from as to other countries. but this is and i guns situation. james: nowhere, it seems, are americans safe from bullets, not even in the most sacred spaces. answer? here they say it is more prior and more weapons. god. and
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rajinithe bbc's vaidyanathan is on the scene in texas and joined as a short time ago. towne in this tiny texas where so many have been killed. what is the mood there tonight? rajini: laura, tonight flags are flying at half-mast in sutherland springs, as they are across america, as the community and country mourn those who lost their lives in the church behind me. sutherland springs is a very small community, population of about 400 people. everybody here is touched by what happened. i was talking to the local sheriff earlier today, and he, too, knew people who were caught up in this attack. he said the one thing that really struck him was going into the church after the shooting rampage took place. seeing the bodies of young children who lost their lives in the attack.
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the youngest, as we heard, was 18 months. the eldest, 77. communities are brought together and bound together by the local church. this is one of 2 churches in the area, and a real focal point for people here. of course, there are conversations people are having about guns, and interestingly, most people i spoke to hear here believe that the right to bear arms is a very important one. we are, of course, in texas, place with fairly relaxed gun laws. a lot of people said to me, don't take our guns away. they don't believe that is the answer. of course, that is one side of the gun debate, people saying more guns save lives. on the other side, many say their need to be fewer guns so people don't have the ability to carry out attacks like the one that happened behind me. laura: rajini vaidyanathan there . every time ago i spoke with a -- of brief time ago i spoke with a former fbi official.
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the police in texas are saying tonight that a domestic situation within the gunman's family may have motivated these killings. where do you expect the investigation to go from here? >> i think is these progress we have gone from the terror issue to the motive. in this case, the motive is seemingly the domestic piece of that. in the investigation, you have a dead individual now. the shooter was killed, so there won't be a trial or evidence, but right now trying to find the motive, find the reasons, they will do what they can to look at his computers, his social media accounts, look hard at his ownership of that weapon, whether he was allowed to have a weapon and passed the background screening. that will be going on along with assistance to the families of the victims. laura: when it comes to the weapon of the gunman had, he did have a conviction for domestic assault against his wife and child. and yet he passed tackground check.
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what will the focus of the investigation be there? >> whether or not on the federal side, the background check, what wadone, whether he did have the conviction and whether it was registered on the federal side, or whether or not he did this through the texas system, texas state laws, the concealed carry issue, which came up, a key part of this. the ownership and getting the weapon. weapon purchase right now is a key thing that the atf is assisting the state and local agencies to find out and track the weapon to see where it came from, how he purchased it, whether or not he legally could have. the background screening is the heart and soul of any purchase of a weapon, whether or not you are convicted felon. laura: right. now, as a former fbi official, how much of a allenge is it for the organization having so many of these mass shootings from orlando, las vegas, and now texas? >> well, i think it is always a challenge. the agents -- not just the fbi,
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but all federal agencies from state and local, everybody is rushing to the chaotic scene that they will walk right into until they can stop thshooter, find the shooter, and then it really starts to begin determination on the federal level, whether it is an act of terrorism matter, or now it has gone to the domestic side. this will be turned over and the assistance of the state and locals will be critical. laura: the question everyone is asking tonight, is there a single change in the u.s. that could prevent these mass shootings? >> i would like to be able to say that. i have done this a long time, and you are always trying to find, especially on the international terrorism side, how you can stop somebody. dylan roof was convicted of a hate crime in a church shooting. here we have domestic. you have the isis bicycle attack. the issue comes down to there is no way to prevent something from happening. i just wish i had the answer, but it is the mental capacity o some of these people and how
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deranged they are to do what they do. laura: thank you so much for joining us. in texasourning tonight. in other news from around the world, police in the state of kentucky have arrested a man who attacked senator rand paul. oucher, believed to be his neighbor, was charged with assault. the senator was blindsided and has five broken ribs. it is not known what prompted the attack. a judge in belgium has ordered the release of the ousted cattle and leader and four of his ousted n -- ousted catalan leader and four of his ministers. they are in court in brussels for a tradition hearings in two weeks. tonight there are new revelations from documents known as the paradise papers. technology giant apple has been managing most of its untaxed cash reserve offshore. on the island of jersey. it moved the money to jersey after a tax loophole in ireland was closed.
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although the company has done nothing illegal, the tax arrangements have been criticized by u.s. and eu officials. the paradise papers were obtained by a german newspaper and shared with the international consortium of nvestigative journalists, which includes the bbc's panorama. reporter: a rapturous reception for the latest iphone. it is the most popular and profitable consumer product of all time. it has generated hundreds of billions in profits for apple since it was introduced 10 years ago. what these papers show is just how determined apple has been to keep the tax bill on those profits as low as possible, and how keen some governments, lawyers, and advisers have been to help them do it. for many years, apple sent profits made outside the americas to ireland, where an elaborate corporate structure meant it paid nearly no tax on the billions it was making.
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taxes that would have been due to the united states, where politicians started applying pressure to a defiant apple ceo tim cook. tim cook: we pay all the taxes we, every single dollar. we not only comply with the laws, but we comply with the spirit of the laws. we don't depend on tax gimmicks. reporter: so no more fiendishly complex tax arrangements, right? wrong. documents obtained from a law firm based in bermuda show that when ireland shut the scheme down, they went shopping for a new way to keep their tax bills low. question now was sent to offices in seven tax havens, all british, with questions that made their intention clear. can you confirm that an irish company -- meaning an apple subsidiary -- can conduct
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activity without being subject to taxatioin your jurisdiction? after this offshore beauty parade, apple plumped for jersey, and company announced company accounts since show there has been no discernible increase in the rate of tax paid worldwide. let's be clear, apple has done nothing illegal, but hundreds of billions of dollars from entangled in a web of low-tax jurisdictions beyond the reach of any governmen the tax equivalent of outer space. as these documents show, it is a system that has continually eluded international attempts to reform it. the boss of the international organization trying to fix this problem admits it's a work in progress. >> changing the rules that make it legal that today many of these companies actually pay very little or no taxes at all, this is what it is about, this is what is happening, and this is what we are working on. reporter: apple actually pays a lot of tax, but not as much as many think it should. it is also not alone.
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other multinationals used similar structures, and u.s. companies alone are estimated to have over $2 trillion stashed offshore. the paradise papers show the lengths to which they and their advisors are prepared to go to keep the tax bills low. laura: the paradise papers also include revelations about president trump's commerce secretary wilbur ross. the papers show he retained an interest in a company shipping oil and gas for a russian energy firm, sibur. two of its owners are subject to some form of u.s. sanctions. the u.s. commerce department says mr. ross has not done anything illegal. earlier today, our economics editor spoke to mr. ross about this, and he defended his position. secretary ross: i think the media has made a lot more out of it than it deserves. first of all, the company in question, sibur, is a very major hydrocarbon company.
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its commercial relationship with navigator holdings is simply that navigator charters the vessels to them. there is no interlocking board, no interlocking shareholders. i had nothing to do with the negotiation of the deal, and in fact, it was negotiated before i went on the board of navigator. but most importantly, the company that is our client, sibur itself, was not then sanctioned, is not now sanctioned, and never was sanctioned in between. so there's nothing whatsoever in proper about navigator having a relationship with sibur. i don't know any of those individuals, i've never met them. i have certainly not had any commercial dealings with them. reporter: is there not, though -- some critics might suggest there is something improper with the commerce secretary of the
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united states having an interest in a company that gains from a relationship with russia. secretary ross: well, if you use the terminology "gained from a relationship" with a company in russia, if our government decided to sanction, that would be a different story. our government has not thus far made the determination to sanction them. so there is nothing wrong with it. the fact that it happens to be called a russian company does not mean that there is any evil in it. where there is evil is the misstatement that i did not disclose those holdings in my original form. the original form is called 278, and the navigator holdings are disclosed in three separate places. in addition, they are disclosed in the office of government ethics public website, oge.gov.
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so the notion that there was something misleading to the committee or to anyone else simply has no basis in fact. laura: u.s. commerce secretary wilbur ross there speaking to the bbc. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, our campaign of mass arrests is underweight -- a campaign of mass arrests is underweight in saudi arabia, but is it a corruption purge or a power grab? korea isposed by north never going to be far from the headlines,s president trump went to tokyo. a press conference with prime minister shinzo abbé, mr. trump suggested japan should buy more u.s. opens so it can shoot down missiles from japan. rupert wingfield hayes reports.
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ago, on a trip to donald trump is reported to have called the imperial palace and demanded a meeting with the emperor. today he finally got his wish. he also got a much grander welcome than is normal for what is not a state visit. in the baroque courtyard of the palace, he got the full treatment. prime minister abe at his side. but as they met for lunch, the biggest concern for both leaders was north korea anits missiles , two of which have recently flown over japan. mr. abe was asked if he agreed with president trump that it should now start shooting them down. prime minister abe: as far as shooting down missiles, we will shoot them down if necessary, but we will coordinate closely with the united states. rupertat that, mr. trump look spot a way of
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reducing japan's huge trade surplus with the united states. prident trump: if i could take a piece of the prime minister's answer, he will shoot them out of the sky when he purchases additional military equipment from the united states, he will easily shoot them out of the sky. rupert: for president trump, this visit has been a success. he has avoided serious gaffes has foundnzo abe, he a kindred spirit. he should not expect the same in south korea. rupert wingfield hayes, bbc news, tokyo. in saudi arabia, dozens of people are being interviewed after mass arrests of royal princes, ministers, and businessmen. they are being held following an
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anticorruption investigation. critics say it is an attempt by the saudi crown prince, mohammad bin salman, to consolidate his power. our security correspondent has the story. is he a: reformer or sickly hungry for power and overambitious? crown prince mohammad bin salman has been described as both after ordering a wave of high-profile arrests. reportedly locked up inside this riyadh hotel in great comfort are 11 princes, foreign ministers, and numerous other prominent saudis also cap in what has been called an anticorruption purge. top of the arrest list is the outspoken billionaire prince talal, investor in apple, friend of prince charles, and now among those accused of abuse of power. hands ofnotably in the the conference after the man in charge of the national guard was
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replaced from removing a possible rival. -- onlypowerful friends 32 years old, he has formed a close bond with the trump administration. he has declared a war on religious extremism and rampant corruption. the shakeup at the top in saudi arabia is unprecedented. it has given this man, crown prince mohammad bin salman, enormous control of the richest arab nation. this matters to the rest of the world. why? because a stable saudi arabia is seen as an anchor of the stability in a volatile middle east will but purging so many senior figures so publicly is a risky move. the crown prince may be popular with young saudis, but his enemies are multiplied. >> house of saud is ally sensitive to this notion that it is corrupt, feeding of public funds. at the same time, there is an entrenched elite that is growing fat off the system and it will fight back and push back. he has got his balance between
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popularity on the street and rising tensions within the elite in society. much will now depend on the continued loyalty of the tribes and their leaders. modern saudi arabia only became united in 1932. there will be fears that the glue that held it together risks becoming dangerously unstuck. laura: shakeup inside the kingdom of silce. 100 years ago this week, the bolsheviks stormed the winter palace in st. petersburg. a new government of russia led by the soviets was proclaimed. a century on, the anniversary of the revolution has been remembered without fanfare. tonight, the bbc looks at how russian leaders have tried to shape revolutionary history to influence the present. reporter: even before the first snows of winter, it is bitterly cold in the vast forests of the russian interior. in this great emptiness is labor
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camp 36, now preserved as a museum to political repression. here for decades, the soviet union held political dissidents and worked many of them to death. it is one little island in the vast network known as the gulag. tens of millions of soviet citizens were enslaved in it. the soviet union's rapid industrialization after the 1917 revolution was due in part to forced labor. after the soviet union collapsed, russian president boris yeltsin buried the bones of the murdered czar nicholas ii. "i bow my head," he said. "we are all guilty and can no longer lie." two decades on, there is no such clarity. this state-sponsored part in central moscow -- joseph stalin, who sent millions to the gulag,
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takes his place in a line unbroken over centuries of all-powerful leaders. this is autocracy in bronze. is stalin being rehabilitated in russia? >> we should try to look at our history more balanced. there were crimes, and there were achvements. and there were repressions, and there were great victories. that is the truth. and there was difficult times. one person can be on one hand a hero, and on the other hand, 10 years later, criminal, because life is complicated. reporter: russians have a way of resisting state attempts to manipulate their history. this is the cathedral of christ the savior in moscow. the soviets in their atheism demolished it. the party would be the new priesthood.
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they built a public swimming pool here. it is said that russian christians baptized the children in the water, secretly keeping an older russia and its history alive. in the 1990's, post-communist russia rebuilt christ the savior an exact replica of its old imperial self. this, too, was an act in the writing and rewriting of the national past. concepte can see the that is emerging that we avoid have a great empire. -- always have a great empire. peter i, catherine ii, nicholas ii, the great stalin. reporter: and now? >> and now the present, trying to restore the empire, former creating an illusion of former greatness and future greatness as well. reporter: in russia, history is a political battlefield, for the past has brought great national
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anguh as well as national pride. laura: i am laura trevelyan. thanks for wching. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe youray through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> yang: good evening, i'm john yang. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight, police search for a motive after a gunman opened fire on a texas church, killing 26 people in the deadliest shooting in the state's history. then, president trump talks trade and the threat of north korea in a visit to japan, the start of a five nation asian trip. and, it's politics monday-- as more revelations come out of the 2016 presidential election, a look at the political state of affairs one year later. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by:

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