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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 21, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. history in the making. celebrations in zimbabwe as robert mugabe finally resigns as president after 37 years in power. >> it is a happy day today. independence is finally here. laura: the prominent american tv news anchor charlie rose is sacked the day after 8 women accused him of making unwanted sexual advances. and united nations is taken over by the children. it was a day when young people
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have their voices heard in the corridors of power. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. robert mugabe, zimbabwe's leader since independence, resigned as president today. the man known as the crocodile because of his tenacious grip on power finally stepped down. his former vice president, whose sacking prompted the military out,ver that forced mugabe will be sworn in this week. here is our africa editor fergal keane. fergal: it is a night like no other in their lives. a great tension has broken. the epoch of fear, of desperation, of robert mugabe, has ended.
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how rarely does politics translate into something so truly felt. >> this is history in the making. we never thought something like this was going to happen in zimbabwe. >> yes! >> this is one we have been fighting for since independence. one man has been taking us back. we are very happy that is done now. >> and then suddenly we got the news tonight that it was over, that he had retired, that he was gone. suddenly there was just this euphoria amongst all of us. [cheers] fergal: the sense of surprise here is deep. because at the day's beginning, it did not feel as if robert mugabe was going anywhere. parliamentarians, urged on by
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the crowds, gathered to begin the process of impeaching the president. after a week in which he stubbornly refused to quit, his own mp's led the legal process. tomp's moved to parliament prepare for the impeachment vote, the decisive political phase of the operation to remove robert mugabe from howard gets underway. will he be gone by the end of the week? >> i'm not sure. i really can't say. if it were my choice, i would have wanted him to go yesterday. fergal: the mp's knew that public patience was wearing thin and the expectations of the nation were focused on them. the crowd has new heroes. the general who arrested robert mugabe. and emmerson mnangagwa, the political brain behind the coup, and president in waiting. by midafternoon, the mp's and
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senators had moved to a hotel to accommodate the special joint session of parliament. they were watched by the public in what felt like a rare moment of true democracy here. people are suffering, this mp said. and then the moment. a letter was handed to the speaker. he read it first himself, and then to the world. fergal: he was muffled, but the words were momentous. [cheers and applause] fergal: many who a week ago would have cheered robert mugabe exalted in his fall. and we are here right at the
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moment where they have heard that robert mugabe has resigned from the presidency. you can hear cheering from zanu-pf mp's, opposition mp's, and those who have come to witness what is happening. they thought it would be a potentially elongated process of impeachment, but it hasn't happened. he's gone it's over. , a week ago, most foreign journalists were banned here. today mp's were eager to speak with me. this is a huge moment for your country. >> absolutely. ,he people speak their mind change will come. fergal: can you tell us what you feel? >> i'm feeling very happy. people of zimbabwe are so understanding. fergal: celebrations spilled into the streets.
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they cheered emmerson mnangagwa and mocked robert mugabe. wherever they were met, soldiers were feted. we moved back up through the city into the rapidly gathering crowd. for many here, they have known nothing but the age of mugabe. now it is over. but in their joy, zimbabweans also know that they must be vigilant. >> i think people are going to thenice tonight, and after that, we really have to be about the serious business of leading our country. we cannot make the mistake of having the same type of leader. we can't afford that.
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fergal: remember the longer road to this moment. the people who endured white minority rule, and that saw their independence turned to tyranny, found themselves suddenly free. laura: the bbc's africa editor fergal keane reporting there. ,e got to the capital, harare tonight. you have been reporting live from the streets all day. how would you sum up the mood? reporter: the mood has been electric. it has almost been a carnival atmosphere. i compared this to the scenes i witnessed when i was a young girl in 1980 when zimbabwe won its independence. people have been running to the streets, shouting they are free. there is a real sense of hope that comes about with end of robert mugabe's rule.
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emmerson mnangagwa might be sworn in, or the day after that, people are not sure what kind of leader he will make. but today they want to savor the moment as the push to get robert mugabe out of office has finally been achieved. laura: what are people worried that one dictator could something be replaced by another? shingai: it has been one of the major concerns that has been expressed to me given the fact that emmerson mnangagwa has been part of the system, part of the architecture, part of the ns haveion that zimbabweab witnessed since 1980. many people i spoke to our forgivewilling to that because he's the only leader so far who has been able to outfox mugabe and oust him from power. laura: what is it about life under robert mugabe that people in zimbabwe -- and you live
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there -- are most hoping will really change? shingai: well, it must be remembered that president mugabe was a liberator. he was a hero in 1980, and he reconciled black and white, he educated zimbabweans and made it the most literate population in africa. soon after that come his legacy really started to wane, especially when he started to to singapore to keep himself alive while people died in hospital here because of shortage of basic medicine. many people here remember him as the president who was obsessed with power, and that of session led him to -- that of session led him to forget what is important, the people. laura: thank you so much on this epic day. well, senator chris coons sits on the foreign relations africa subcommittee in congress and earlier he joined my colleagues
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katty kay and christian fraser for their program "beyond 100 days to give his reaction to mugabe's resignation. katty: we spoke to you before mugabe fell. incredibly happy and harare tonight. are you optimistic about the country now? sen. coons: this is an historic moment for the people of zimbabwe. for over 30 years, mugabe was a president who was initially a liberator but gradually became a dictator. the economy has been a shambles and there have been many violations of human rights and ways in which democracy has been thwarted since the 2008 election that mugabe lost but somehow maneuvered to remain as president. i'm hopeful that there will be a peaceful transition of power. mugabe has resigned and called for a peaceful transition. this will be up to the people of zimbabwe and regional leaders from the african union to insist
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on inclusive and open process. my hopes are that the transition will respect the rule of law and will lead to an open and inclusive election in which there will be a democratic process to choose the future leadership of zimbabwe that can reform the economy and repair the health of the country. christian: senator, we have been here before with other african leaders who have been deposed, and the lesson is that there is a very short window, a very small window for the international community to enact reform and to the economy working again. what could the united states do to help zimbabwe? sen. coons: the united states, as you know, it post fairly strong sanctions against zimbabwe many years ago against robert mugabe and his inner circle of advisers, as well as the country as a whole. the united states continues to provide significant amount of humanitarian relief because of the famine and a drought, but we do not provide any direct
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government assistance. if the new government of zimbabwe presents itself as being more transparent and open to reform, the united states can consider lifting some or all of those sanctions. we can be a strong partner with zimbabwe for future development along with the united kingdom and others throughout europe and the world. we could create an environment for significant improvement in zimbabwe's economy as long as there is respect for human rights and the transparency and democracy that has been lacking for the last 37 years. laura: that was u.s. senator chris coons speaking a little earlier to my colleagues on "beyond 100 days." charlie rose from one of america's most prominent tv news anchors, has been fired by cbs after allegations of sexual misconduct. the pbs network has ended its relationship with the veteran broadcaster, too. 8 women accused the award-winning journalist of sexually harassing them. rose has apologized, although he says not all the allegations are
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accurate. earlier i spoke to amy brittain, one of the "washington post" reporters who broke the story. amy brittain, charlie rose's career has come to an abrupt halt within hours of your article being published. but you report the rumors of his behavior have circulated for years. why did the allegations take so long to come out? amy: i think that is a complicated answer. in a sense many of these women were deeply afraid of the possible repercussions of speaking out against someone as powerful as charlie rose. his stature in this country when it comes to being a prominent tv journalist, television host, he has a tremendous audience, a tremendous amount of power, and they were fearful of him. in another sense, i would say that many of the women we spoke with indicated that they had shared concerns for years about what had happened with charlie rose. they had told the executive producers of the show, and it became clear that nothing was really going to come of their complaints. so for them, i think it was a
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matter of feeling like perhaps the story would never come out. i can tell you that recently it seems like in this country there has been more -- i guess you could call it a cultural awakening, a sense to be heard, and for these women perhaps it was a time for them to speak out in the confidence that their stories would be believed. laura: charlie rose says he always felt he was preserving -- pursuing shared feelings. did any of the women you spoke to see his advances like that? amy: absolutely not, and i want to be clear that in the reporting of the story, we interviewed these women so many times -- we talked to them for hours, we talked to individuals they communicated their stories to after the incidents happened -- ex boyfriends, friends, family members. at no point did anyone ever suggest that any of his sexual advances were desired or wanted by these women in any way. laura: in the wake of the stories about roger ailes,
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harvey weinstein, it seems like a dam has burst. do you hope that your reporting will contribute to a change in the culture? amy: well, i have to say that as a reporter we are focused on the process. we are focused on the process of gathering the facts and corroborating evidence, sharing these women's stories in the most powerful, accurate, fair way that we can. as a reporter i try to stay disconnected from the outcome at the other end, because you cannot go into a story like this wanting a certain outcome. i can just convey from one of the women that i spoke to who was quoted in the story that she told me the reason she decided to go on the record is because the only reason for not putting her name to these allegations would be out of a place of fear, and she says she has been in a place of fear for a decade and she wanted to speak out from a place of power and does not want him to have any control over her life anymore. laura: amy brittain, thank you so much for joining us. president trump has broken his silence on roy moore, the alabama senate candidate accused
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of sexual misconduct with young women, including a 14-year-old girl when he was in his 30's. speaking as he left for his thanksgiving break, mr. trump defended roy moore. the white house previously said the president found the allegations extremely troubling. here is what mr. trump had to say to reporters. president trump: i can tell you -- i can tell you one thing for sure. we don't need a liberal person in there, a democrat, jones. i've looked at his record. it is terrible on crime, it is terrible on the border, it is terrible on the military. laura: donald trump. well, for more on this, i spoke to our north america reporter anthony zurcher short time ago. president trump was trying really, really hard not to say anything in public about roy moore, so why the change? anthony: it has been a few weeks now, but i think originally they wanted to see what was going to happen, how bad it would get for roy moore, to see if he was going to pull out of the race.
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or if you support in alabama was going to crater. that hasn't happened. it is clear that roy moore will stay in the race. it will be a tight one. edit now at this point -- i think now at this donald trump point is starting to weigh in. we saw kellyanne conway, one of his senior advisors, yesterday made a similar point to what donald trump made just there. laura: and yet it is risky for the president because prominent republicans have called on roy moore to step aside and even his daughter has said there is a place in hell for people who prey on children. why is he taking the risk? anthony: you have seen donald trump go against the establishment before, and he supported the establishment candidate in the alabama primary going against roy moore, going against his own base. and now i think he is starting to regret that. this time he feels like he is more reluctant to turn his back on roy moore. the base continues to be behind moore, the alabama republican party continues to be behind moore, and he denies the charges. in a way, it is a lot similar to last year when donald trump denied sexual harassment allegations made against him.
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a lot of republican voters made this calculation where they decided, yes, donald trump, we have concerns about him, but it would be much worse to elect a democrat -- hillary clinton in that case, and doug jones in this case. laura: interesting. now, just tell us about the state of the race in alabama. it is all over the place. anthony: pick your own adventure showing these pulls. some showed doug jones, the democrat, up, and some show roy moore back up. it will be all about turnout. we don't know who will show up december 12 to the poll. we don't know if there will be a big democrat uprising, if republicans are going to stay home, if the republicans will look at this the way donald trump is, that, well, we cannot have a democrat in there with the senate narrowly divided. laura: anthony zurcher, thank you for the analysis as always. you are watching "bbc world news america. to come on tonight's
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program, a bright future for drumsticks, the turkey given a presidential pardon as the white house just in time for thanksgiving. navy says it will take advantage of improved weather conditions and step up its search for a summary and then vanished in the atlantic ocean last wednesday. strong winds and highways have hampered the search for the boat and its crew. noises picked up by search vessels did not come from the su b, dashng hopes for a speedy rescue. reporter: still hoping and praying -- the home naval base of the san juan is fast becoming a shrine to the missing 44 crew members of the argentine submarine, whose family
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and friends post messages of support to their loved ones. >> the mood is generally good. clearly, some are doing better than others, but in general terms there was a positive spirit, with the hope that there will be some indication of finding them. reporter: the german-built submarine had been returning from a routine mission at the southernmost tip of south america when it's signal developed electrical problems. the multi national air and sea search team is focusing on an ocean patch around 300 kilometers in diameter radiating from the last point of contact. the navy revealed that several signals picked up over the weekend were not from the submarine's missing satellite. >> the sound footprint could not correspond to a sub, said a navy spokesman. it may be a noise from a living thing. although they are designed to be difficult to detect and can stay in sea for months on end, the search is becoming a race
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against time. most of the crew live in this seaside atlantic city and among them is south america's first female submariner. with improving weather conditions, famines are hoping for positive news soon. -- families are hoping for positive news soon. laura: what would happen if hildren took over the world? it might be worth a try given the turbulent state of international relations right now. for one day, kids had their chance at the united nations. young activists came from all u.n the globe to you and -- . headquarters in new york in the aim of fighting for children's rights. our u.n. reporter went to hear the debate. >> 3, 2, 1!
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>> i don't feel represented. when i look at national leaders in the world, i don't feel that they are making these decisions out of the best interest of children, and that is why i am here. reporter: nearly half of the children surveyed by unicef across 14 countries said they did not trust world leaders to make good decisions for them. >> kids take over! >> i think because children do not have a vote, we are left in the corner to keep quiet. often we have solutions to social issues, environmental issues, because we are more creative, imaginative. >> so they think we don't know what is happening, but we do know what is going on. >> everyone needs to be heard. everyone's problems are important. doesn't matter where you come from or who you are. reporter: here are the statistics that worry unicef. one in 12 children worldwide live in countries where their prospects are worse than those of their parents. 385 million live in extreme
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poverty. 264 million youth are out of school. >> i'm here to advocate for the rights of children with disabilities. i believe that these children should be treated fairly and they should not be singled out. >> why i wish for every child. thank you. reporter: he fled syria with his family when he was seven years old, but he worries about those still trapped. >> i feel really bad for them because i know the situation they are in, and it is really hard. >> no child should have to experience violence, no child should have to be abused, and no child should have to be forced to fight. as i am speaking right now, tens of thousands of children, 20 countries, are still being used as soldiers, sleeping with their rifles at their side, seeing things no child should have to see. >> i want to remind you that my generation will inherit every
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decision made here at the u.n. but unlike adults, we don't have a voice. we don't have a vote. we expect you guys to represent us. >> ♪ what about us >> ♪ what about us what about us what about us ♪ laura: the kids take over the united nations, and about time, too. it is nearly thanksgiving in the u.s., and that means it is time for washington's annual ritual. yes, a turkey received a presidential pardon. before leaving washington for his mar-a-lago estate today, president trump used his authority to grant a turkey freedom from the dinner table. it is a fine white house tradition that goes back to the 19th century. on this occasion, the lucky bird's name was drumstick. he won't be on anyone's plate this thursday.
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fortunately. remember, you can find much more on all the day's news on our website, and to see what we are working on at any time, check out our facebook page. i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: ( cheers ) celebrations break out in the streets as zimbabwe's president mugabe resigns, ending nearly four decades of rule. then, as the flood gates open, revealing sexual abuse long ignored, a national conversation over how to respond takes hold. plus, opera gets political. jeffrey brown talks with composer john adams about keeping his art relevant. >> i don't think particularly opera has any chance of continuing to be a viable, living entity if it doesn't really discuss and address the issues of our own time. >> woodr

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