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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 30, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. there is a rift as prime minister theresa may criticizes donald trump after he tweets about the far right and her. there may be plans for a new secretary of state. but how uncertaint is rex tillerson's future? and the view from above. a photographer takes to the sky to show famous cities in a new light.
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laura: welcome to "world news america." there is dismay in britain tonight, while the white house is defiant following president trump's decision to show anti-muslim videos posted by an extremist u.k. group. britain's prime minister says the president was wrong to retweet the inflammatory material. the white house is that mr. elevating the conversation about terrorism. -- mr. trump was elevating the conversation about terrorism. our correspondent has been with the prime minister on a visit to jordan. reporter: this is a trip focused on building relationships around the world. but while theresa may was meeting kings and ministers in jordan, a major diplomatic row was building elsewhere. president trump has been personally rebuked by downing street for sharing far-right videos online. his response to theresa may on twitter, of course, "don't focus on me. focus on the destructive radical islamic terrorism taking place
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in the u.k." >> madam prime minister. reporter: her tour of the middle east suddenly requires diplomacy of a different kind. prime minister may: the fact that we work together does not mean we are afraid to say when the united states has got it wrong and to be clear with them, and i'm very clear that retweeting from britain first was the wrong thing to do. >> he effectively told you to stay out of his business. is that acceptable behavior from a supposed ally? prime minister may: it is an enduring relationship, but it is there because it is in both our national interests. reporter: so what of the much-anticipated state visit to the u.k. by president trump? prime minister may: an invitaiton has been extended and accepted. we have yet to set a date. thank you. reporter: theresa may had no choice but to respond to this tweet. it was aimed directly at her.
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this another test of her leadership, how to maintain authority and yet deescelate a potential row. the u.s. president, forging friendships of his own -- president trump: you have been a great friend -- has shown little regret. he shared videos posted by this woman, the deputy leader of the anti-muslim group britain first. today at the white house, donald trump's spokeswoman was asked if he had known who she was. ms. sanders: no, i don't believe so, but he knows what the issues are, that we have a real threat of extreme violence and terrorism, not just in this country, but across the globe, particularly in europe, and that was the point he was making. ,eporter: but in westminster plenty disagree with president trump and question theresa may's approach. >> should never have invited him within a few weeks of him being elected.
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every other american president has had to wait for years, had to settle down and we had to be sure of who we were inviting. >> difficult to see how you can rely on the goodwill of someone who's fundamentally evil, racist, completely contrary to our own values. reporter: while the prime minister practiced diplomacy in the middle east, relations elsewhere were tested. theresa may once again under scrutiny not just at home, but around the globe. bbc news, jordan. laura: for more, i was joined a short chemical by our -- a short time ago by our political analyst ron christie, who served as an advisor to george w. bush. britain's prime minister says the president's anti-muslim retweets are wrong, but the white house digs in and says the president is elevating the conversation on terrorism. who is right? ron: i think the prime minister is absolutely right. yesterday in my opinion was the darkest day of the trump administration. given that he sent out tweets and retweeted information that
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is not factually accurate, not -- it is not factually accurate -- not only that, but could incite muslim violence around the world and put in and women at risk, why did he do that? who is telling him to send that out? the special relationship we have with the u.k. and the united states is strained because of his actions yesterday. his darkest day in the administration. laura: those are strong words coming from you. we also learn from the white house that the president didn't actually know he was retweeting a far-right activist in britain. what do you make of that? ron: that is perhaps the most troubling aspect of this. the most critical thing the president has is the platform, the bully pulpit to tell allies around the world as well as american citizens what our government is up to. if he is sending out material that he is not sure of its authenticity, where it came from, and more importantly to me, laura, why is he doing this? what is the purpose of this? laura: i guess that is the question. we know the president space
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-- we know that the president's base like this kind of stuff, that he was elected because he can say the politically incorrect and call for a muslim ban, but when you are in office, you risk transatlantic rift. what is the calculation in retweeting this stuff? ron: the calculation is how you articulated it -- he wants his base to think he is taking it to the enemy and show how he is being strong and acting decisively. he is the president of the united states, of all americans, of this country, representing us here and abroad. he does not represent 40% of the american population. he represents 330 million of it. i think that fact is lost on him and those who surround him. laura: more white house drama today. we learned it is being reported that the administration is thinking of shifting u.s. secretary of state rex tillerson from his role from where he remains and represents the u.s. how undermining is that for him? ron: one of my favorite movies is called "dead man walking," and that is what you might call
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the secretary of state. the white house is clear in their intention that they want age -- edge him out, that they perhaps want to put mike pompeo, current head of the cia, in his place. if i were a betting person, i am tonight, the secretary of state will be gone by the end of the year and we will have a new chief diplomat of the united states. laura: meanwhile, he is not leading policy, but there are important policies he is talking about, anyway, on syria, north korea, ukraine. where does that leave him? ron: that leaves him in limbo, and it leaves a lot of our diplomats around the world in limbo. on one hand they see the president of the united states , our top diplomat, undermining the secretary of state. post importantly, from diplomats i've spoken to in recent weeks, how does that look abroad? they are not sure who is in charge. do they listen to trump, do they listen to tillerson, do they listen to both, do they listen to neither? the uncertainty is not good for america.
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laura: meanwhile, ron, what is your betting? does the president get his big win this week, the tax cuts? ron: i think the senate tax cut bill is very close, but does he get the bill on his desk by christmas? no. laura: ron christie, thanks. ron: great to see you. laura: in bangladesh, pope francis has called on world leaders to take decisive measures to address the myanmar refugee crisis, although he again avoided using the word "rohingya," as he did in his visit to myanmar. however, the pope did refer to the plight of thousands of refugees who fled rakhine state. this report from dhaka. reporter: he is the third pope to visit bangladesh and the first in more than 30 years. pope francis was greeted at the airport by the president and given a grand welcome in a country that has a tiny catholic population.
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he flew in from myanmar, on a visit that has been overshadowed by the rohingya crisis. all eyes were on whether he would talk about the issue more openly than he did in myanmar. during this speech at the home of bangladesh's president, he did not use the term "rohingya," but talked about the influx of refugees from myanmar's rakhine state that this country has been dealing with. pope francis: the international community must take decisive measures to deal with this great crisis, not just to resolve the political issues that have led to the flood of people, but offering material assistance to bangladesh in its effort to respond to the urgent human need. reporter: some will be disappointed that he has not sent out a stronger message. pope francis is in bangladesh for 2 more days, but he is not expected to make any more speeches. many wonder if this is the last we have heard from him on the rohingya issue during this visit. on friday, he will hold a big
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mass in this public park. that is what these men behind me are preparing for. it will be the first time any -- many ordinary people in this country have a chance to see him. around 80,000 people are expected to gather here from different parts of bangladesh. >> we have never thought he would be here. it is a feeling that we have never imagined that he is here. >> i'm very happy the pope is coming to bangladesh, he has selected bangladesh to come. such a small country. but still here to this country to come. reporter: at this park, it will be mostly catholics he will address, but pope francis will also be meeting people from other religions in the day, particularly those from the muslim community. and even some rohingya refugees. bbc news, dhaka. laura: in other news from around the world, you and officials in urgentay 500 people need
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medical evacuation. they are warning that further delays will lead to more deaths in the area, which is surrounded by government forces. a humanitarian advisor says not a single person has been able to get out in two months. the oil exporters group opec has agreed to extend curbs on production until the end of next year. the current deal, which has has helped boost the price of crude oil by almost 30%, had been due to expire in march. now opec wants the support of key nonmember exporters of oil, notably russia. disney has picked a chinese actor to play mulan in a new film, following accusations that hollywood casts white people in asian roles. the new adaptation of the 1998 movie will tell the tale of a famous chinese heroine. several hollywood films have been criticized recently for so-called whitewashing. russia has joined in the diplomatic row over north korea,
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blaming america for pushing kim jong-un to snap and step up its nuclear program. sergey lavrov has rejected a call from the united nations to sever ties with the north after the latest ballistic missile test. earlier, my colleagues katty kay and christian fraser spoke to the former u.s. ambassador to the u.n., bill richardson, for their program " days." 100 they started by asking why after more than two months, kim jong-un decided to launch a missile now. mr. richardson: i think he was upset. i think a little diplomacy was going on. don't shoot a missile for 60 days, and we will talk. and then instead, the u.s. administration puts him on the terrorism list, which i don't think was a smart move. they can do that later. throw him a little fig leaf, a little diplomacy. they didn't shoot a missile. now, i am not condoning his behavior. but then, i think the president and the administration gets their mixed messages. preemptive military strike, utter destruction, sick little puppy.
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and then secretary tillerson, state secretary, and mattis, defense secretary, are moderate, restrained, say let's have diplomacy. mixed messages. we are escalating again, i believe unnecessarily. katty: are we escalating at a time that the north koreans are saying we have done our testing, we know we are an nuclear power, and perhaps some people are suggesting they would be ready to negotiate seriously now because they are feeling more confident? is there a risk that we missed the signals, we miss the moment? mr. richardson: well, i'm not condoning their activity, but north korea has always said, once we achieve a level of being able to hit the united states, maybe not with the nuclear warhead, but all the way to the mainland, then we are ready to talk. it has reached the point kim jong-un has announced, and i've always said that kim jong-un has an endgame.
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his endgame is that is when he will be ready to negotiate. we should have taken advantage of that. the fact is that for 74 days, he did not shoot a nuclear missile at all, or an icbm. and then we put him on the terrorism list, the president goes to asia and calls him fat and small. just name-calling. this doesn't work in diplomacy. it might work in real-estate deals and reality tv, but here we are escalating again. christian: the honest truth is, bill, that diplomacy has not worked, and the reason they have proceeded with this program, despite all the pressure they have been under, is because they see the missiles as insurance against the existential threat they face. giving them up, why go through all the pain they have been through? mr. richardson: well, i think
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you have to make an extra effort at diplomacy. i think what maybe will work is that you say to the north koreans, don't shoot a missile for a certain period of time, 30 days, and we talk and return and maybe reduce a little bit of our military activity with south korea. some variation of that. but when the secretary of state is not allowed to negotiate, and he is diminished by the president, who says you are wasting your time negotiating, if you are north korean, you are saying, hey, they don't want to negotiate, so we will continue our efforts to boost our missile and nuclear capabilities. christian: the one thing you do notice about the launch site of this missile is that it is much closer to pyongyang, which rather underlines the fact that there are no good military options. if you take this out, you kill a lot of people. mr. richardson: that's right. there is 25 million south koreans that are vulnerable, and artillery and any kind of operation. 150,000 americans in south korea, dependents from our military, 50,000 there. 50,000 in japan.
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yes, we would win a fight with north korea, but at what cost? the collateral damage would be huge. what are the options? sanctions aren't working too well. so move to another option. it is called diplomacy. explore every possible avenue to cool things down and start talking. laura: bill richardson on "beyond 100 days." you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, why the border between northern ireland and the irish republic has complicated britain's plans to leave the european union. economic worst crisis in decades, millions of people who have climbed out of poverty are slipping back. unemployment is near record highs, and at the same time, government spending has been cut. it is driving more homeless
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people to squat on disused land, a strategy that device result. of south america correspondent katy watson reports from outside são paulo. reporter: this is one of brazil's newest neighborhoods, a tent city with no running water and no proper toilets. even so, every day more and more people are moving here. and 1000 in september people were living here. after two weeks, the number soared to 8000. now 12,000 people have set up camp. organizers are saying they have to turn people away. the camp is run by the homeless workers movement. they are squatting on land that they say was abandoned them although that is currently in dispute. she moved in because she could no longer pay her rent. she has asked the government for help, but no luck. >> at the moment, i'm unemployed. there is me, my elderly mother, and three children. i was working, but when i lost
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my job, things got more complicated, because i'm the only breadwinner. occupations are politically divisive. brazil prepares for elections next year. organizers say they are nothing that will go away. not new, so we will make the neighbors happy. these people have flats overlooking the camp. they say it has changed the area, and they are locked in a battle to close it. they say they feel sorry for people, the this is the solution. their new neighbors will be camping out here for a few more nights yet while the economic crisis and the political battle continues. katy watson, bbc news, sao paulo. laura: one of the sticking
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points of britain leaving the european union is what will happen to the only land border with the eu. it is between northern ireland, part of the u.k., and the republic of ireland, in the eu. the want it to remain in customs union and the singer market, but that idea is deeply unpopular with many in northern ireland. our ireland correspondent reports. reporter: on the island of ireland, culture does not recognize borders, and neither do people. the uilleann pipes are one of the traditional signs of the land, and in this workshop, it sits just a mile from where northern ireland meets the republic, he makes the pipes. he is closely watching the slow negotiations to carve out a deal that will see the u.k. leave the eu. he fears it will mean a return of checks on the irish border. promising -- they are
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promising there will be none of that at the border, but i cannot see how they will stand by the promise. reporter: neither the british government nor the european union want the return of customs posts. or the border bridges that connect ireland northern and south. the eu says one way to ensure that is for northern ireland to stay inside the customs union and the single market, even if the rest of the u.k. leaves. it is an offer that has angered unionists, and their support is vital for the conservative government of westminster. >> if there is any hint that in in theo keep the dublin eu, they are prepared to have northern ireland treated differently, then the rest of the united kingdom, they cannot rely on our vote, because they have undertaken an agreement with us, our votes for their support for the union. reporter: that is the fear of a move towards a united ireland, and it would probably mean new checks for ships crossing the
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irish sea, effectively creating a border between two parts of the u.k. but there could be benefits for northern ireland's troubled economy. this business park was opened in 2013 using 6 million pounds of public money. four years on, all 22 acres lie largely empty. last month one firm finally signed up, and others might be likely to follow after brexit , if being based here means you can trade either within the eu or as part of the u.k. >> just as we have for our people, we can choose identity, british or irish, our products can be the same. if we take this opportunity, we become one of the most attractive investment locations anywhere in the world. reporter: no one wants new barriers in the cities and towns that sit all along this quarter. and the irish government is still prepared to stand in the path of trade talks to ensure that.
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>> this is a historic moment, and we are not going to allow the reemergence of physical border on this island. and the european union will support us on that. there is going to be no need to use the veto. reporter: but that does sound, though, that if you had to use the veto, you would be prepared to use it. >> the eu side, in my view, will not progress to phase two on the sufficiente make progress in all three areas. reporter: and the border is the sticking point? >> the border is the sticking point. ♪ reporter: ireland's uilleann pipes were once known as the union pipes. but no one is sure of the consequences once this island is at the edge of two unions, both of the eu and the u.k. laura: the biggest cities in the united states are recognized by their iconic skylines, but for
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one photographer, the best views from above. he captures stunning images on helicopter rides across los angeles and new york. let's take a look. into -- >> get into a zone when i'm photographing. the things i like to look for are patterns and geometry. you might see things in a microscope sometimes that have some of the same patterns. i'm a pilot. i got my license when i was 17. and that is when i first began photographing aerials and airplanes. i grew up in los angeles, moved to new york, practiced architecture. those are the two cities that i know and love. times square photo was shot after dark, when all of the lights have come on. the light on the street is constantly changing, depending on what is on the screens.
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you see all the taxicabs. they are almost like blood cells moving in arteries. it is almost like information moving down the streets. disney is the only private entity in the united states that has its own no-fly zone. i found it was only to 3000 feet. i got a helicopter and i brought some longer lenses with me. from above, you get to see it all and how it is laid out. so much fun to go around in a helicopter with the door off. it is kind of dreamlike. laura: well, here in washington, d.c., the oldest holiday tradition took place today, and this year it was president trump. what he was doing was letting the national christmas tree. that is a ceremony that dates back to 1923.
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that beautiful trees from vermont. it is 48 feet tall, and has 2500 bulbs. the first person to do that was calvin coolidge in 1923. i am laura trevelyan. thanks so much for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, debate on the g.o.p. tax overhaul heats up ahead of a senate vote-- republicans sounding more optimistic as the hours go by. then, i sit down with former israeli prime minister ehud barak to discuss president trump's israel policy, the location of the u.s. embassy and the current upheaval in the middle east. also ahead, in the fierce bidding war for amazon's next headquarters, a look at philadelphia's chances as it goes all in to compete for one of the nation's biggest employment opportunities. >> i think the biggest thing that philly has over most other cities is our diversity. it's really big right now for silicon valley and tech start-

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