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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 25, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news." i am gavin gray. our top stories -- the pope in his christmas blessing has called for negotiation to end the conflict between israel and the palestinians. pope francis: on this festive day, let's ask the pope for
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-- the lord for peace in jerusalem and the holy land. leaderrussian opposition alexei navalny calls for a boycott of next year's presidential election after being barred from standing. venezuela's president under pressure as canada expels the ambassador and says nicolas maduro is robbing people of democratic rights. and we visit a shooting range in india to meet the granny who has become a celebrity at age 80. gavin: hello, and welcome to "bbc world news." in rome, pope francis has called for an end to the suffering of children and for peace in the middle east. it comes as christmas celebrations in bethlehem have been quieter than usual after
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the violence which followed president trump's decision to move the u.s. embassy to jerusalem. meanwhile, the archbishop of canterbury has used his christmas day sermon to reflect radicalhe describes as -- tyrannical leaders around the world. said 2017 had seen populist leaders deceiving the people. the bbc's religion editor martin bashir reports. ♪ martin: bright sunshine lit up the basilica in st. peter's square. pope francis chose to focus is christmas day message on how conflict and oppression are casting a dark shadow over the world. he said that christmas makes us focus on the christ child, and thereby pay attention to the suffering of children, particularly in the holy land. "we see jesus in the children of the middle east," he said, "who continue to suffer because of
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growing tensions between israelis and palestinians. on this festive day, let us ask the lord for peace for jerusalem." the anglican archbishop in jerusalem said that christ himself wept over the city 2000 years ago, and with donald trump's decision to officially recognize jerusalem as the capital of israel, that grief continues. >> when he wept at that time, he wept for peace and love and the life of people who live here. i'm afraid that our lord jesus is still weeping for the city. >> happy christmas. martin: at canterbury cathedral, archbishop justin welby says that though christ was born without any political leverage,
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he provides more freedom to individuals than the world's most powerful leaders. midway through preaching, his own powers of speech began to fail. >> like the budget, it is not gin. [laughter] martin: in rome, canterbury, and here in jerusalem, christian leaders have taken the opportunity of this day to challenge the wisdom of the world that they say is power before people and has failed to protect the most vulnerable members of society, our children. martin bashir, bbc news, jerusalem. gavin: russian opposition leader alexei navalny has called for a boycott of next year's election after the central election commission rejected his bid to take part. the commission said that navalny's controversial conviction for embezzlement meant he couldn't run. >> we can't call it a surprise, but this is a very important twist. just yesterday mr. navalny went to the electoral committee and
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submitted all the documents needed, and today in the morning, just a few hours later on, basically, he was rejected because the head of the electoral committee said he has outstanding criminal convictions. mr. navalny and a few human rights organizations around the world said that those charges are politically motivated. -- orn authorities insist a russian court decided that's what happened, he can't run. first of all, he said he would appeal the decision, and if the ban would continue, call to boycott the elections. adds smallthis intrigue, because almost all political analysts believe mr. putin will win, but the question is what the percentage will be and what the turnout of the best -- what the turnout will be. gavin: the russian deputy prime
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minister of the 2018 world cup has announced he is stepping down temporarily from his role as the country's most senior football official. he is relinquishing his job over the lifetime ban from the olympic games over state-sponsored doping. >> i addressed the russian football union executive board in regard to the temporary impossibility of performing my duties while court proceedings are underway. this is to let the russian football union worker normally. -- work normally. i asked that my full powers be temporally suspended for six months. my mandate will be active until 2020. gavin: mr. mutko has said he will remain as the chief organizer of next year's football world cup in russia. take a look at some news in brief. a bus in the russian capital of
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moscow has plowed into a pedestrian underpass, killing at least four people. it traveled high-speed down the staircase in the underpass. it took place in the west of the city. the driver of the bus was detained by police. a man has rammed his car into the headquarters of germany 's social democratic party in berlin. police say the 58-year-old intended to kill himself. he had gas cartridges in the car and cans of petrol. the man was injured and taken to hospital. he also left a bag containing gas canisters in front of the headquarters of chancellor angela merkel's party. a diplomatic row between venezuela and canada has intensified. canada has announced it is banning venezuela's ambassador to ottawa from returning to the country and is expelling the d'affaires. the canadian parliament says the move was in retaliation for the expulsion of its most senior diplomat from caracas over the weekend.
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the bbc's americas editor explains what the row is about. reporter: well, it is about the opposition in venezuela and the way president nicolas maduro handled the opposition movements this year. in april, maduro announced he was going to convene an assembly. it was very controversial, because the new assembly, the new body would take over power and basically replace congress in venezuela that was controlled by the opposition. that sparked 4 months of protests with about 120 people killed. canada has been very vocal about that, very critical. they went against the venezuelan government, and what happened is over the weekend, they finally -- venezuela expelled the canadian ambassador, and canada said they could not stand by,
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and they will continue supporting human rights in venezuela. in a sort of tit-for-tat measure, venezuela also expelled the brazilian ambassador. reporter: slightly different case. the brazilian ambassador, what they said is that brazil has broken the rule of law with impeachment of its left-wing leader. but what it shows here is that venezuela has decided to strike against the countries that are critical of president maduro, next year running for reelection. and they will get closer to the allies -- russia, cuba, latin america and other parts of the world. gavin: the creation of the constituent assembly really reduced the powers of the opposition, and that means next year's election should be easier for nicholas maduro. reporter: it is. the opposition is very weak.
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many of its leaders have been put in prison or left the country. is constituent assembly divided. the opposition, they don't know how to boycott, to strike back, and president nicholas maduro called for elections early in april, may, he is almost certain to win and get another six-year term. gavin: with regard to the expulsions of canada and brazil, is that the end of the matter or can you see this escalating? reporter: the conditions for brazil are basically impossible. it would be the return of dilma rousseff. with canada, they said canada is taking orders from president trump, and there's nothing that can be done. for venezuela, was really crucial is relations with the united states, where they export most of the oil, and russia. gavin: at least nine people at and killed by a suicide bomb attack close to afghanistan's national intelligence agency in
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the capital, kabul. the bomber targeted people as they arrived into work. the so-called islamic state group said it carried out the attack. reporter: the mangled remains of the car hit by the suicide bombing -- most of the passengers of the car died in the impact of the explosion. the bomber was on foot and detonated before the security guard could stop him. 2 guards were among the dead. several people were injured. >> i heard a big boom and then realized it was an explosion. i was so scared, then the security forces arrived. >> the sound was so loud, then suddenly people were fleeing from every corner. security forces came quite soon. fearing the possibility of a second explosion, they stopped people getting close to the area. reporter: the islamic state group said it carried out the
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attack. it comes a week after militants stormed a building near the same intelligence agency. in may, a truck bomb killed at least 150 people in the heavily protected diplomatic district. the repeated attacks raise questions over the ability of the security forces to prevent such incidents. as a bitter power struggle continues between the afghan presidency and local leaders, some are worried that the political crisis is distracting the government's efforts in tackling the growing islamist insurgency. gavin: you have heard of recycling. but these days the new buzzword is upcycling, transforming rubbish into objects of desire. a nonprofit workshop is working with the long-term unemployed to make furniture, ornaments, and jewelry out of old household
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appliances. this report from the dismantling and recycling center in vienna. reporter: it is beautiful, but it is actually all made from rubbish. the process starts here at this workshop. workers remove hazardous substances from old computers and appliances. the leftovers are sent either to recycling or upstairs to the trash design team. >> what we do is we collect specific kinds of garbage -- that means electric and electronic equipment. we make design objects and jewelry. and we offer the old garbage an opportunity to get reused or to get upcycled. reporter: they turn vinyl records into clocks and dead keyboards into rings. the glass from washing machine doors become sandblasted bowls. complete with patterns. and it is not just about transforming trash. lives are changed here, too. many of the people who work here
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are the long-term unemployed. suzanne says she has been given a new chance. >> it is cool. i find it really super. you make something new out of old stuff. but it hurts me when i have to cut up these old records. i recently had an old abba album, and then i thought, no! and then it became a notebook. but that is the way it goes. reporter: some of the vienna's famous christmas markets are also getting in on the act. trash designers on offer alongside the gingerbread and old wine. the workshop has its own stores where products are on sale come often for pretty prices. these items have come a long way from the city's rubbish to the magnificent surroundings around austria's old royal palaces. when it comes to christmas presents this year, the designers are hoping that it
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will be upcycling all the way. bbc news, vienna. >> stay with us on "bbc world news," because still to come, queen elizabeth uses her christmas message to pay tribute to the people of manchester and london following terror attacks this year. >> we saw this enormous tidal wave approaching the beach, and people started to run, and suddenly it was complete chaos. >> the united states troops have been trying to overthrow the dictatorship of general manuel noriega. the pentagon said the operation was 90% successful, but failed in its principal objective, to capture noriega and taken to the united states to face charges. >> the hammer and sickle were hastily taken away. the russian flag was hoisted over what is no longer the soviet union. >> day broke slowly over lockerbie.
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over the cockpit of pan am nosedown in the soft dirt. you can see what happens when a plane eight stories high falls from 30,000 feet. >> christmas returns to albania after a communist ban lasting more than 20 years. thousands went to midnight mass where there were anti-communist riots 10 days ago. this is "bbc world news," and our main headline this hour -- the pope has given his christmas blessing, and he has called for peace in jerusalem and mutual trust on the korean peninsula. queen elizabeth has attended a traditional christmas day service with other members of the royal family, including prince harry and fiancee meghan markle. in her christmas day broadcast, the queen paid tribute to the cities of manchester and london
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following this year's terrorist attacks. nicholas witchell has more. nicholas: it is a day for families with its own established pattern. for the royal family, that means a visit to church led by the queen, and their very much at home already, the soon-to-be newest member, meghan markle, alert to everything that was going on and waiting for her cue in terms of royal protocol. a curtsy as the queen left by car. walking across to speak members of the crowd who had been hoping to meet her, before lunch and the queen's christmas broadcast. ♪ the central message of this year's broadcast was one of solidarity with 2 british cities. queen elizabeth: this christmas, i think of london and manchester, whose powerful identities shown through over the past 12 months in the face of appalling attacks. nicholas: the queen said it had been a privilege to witness the
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extraordinary bravery of young people injured in the manchester attack. she spoke, too, about what she called the sheer awfulness of the grenfell tower fire. queen elizabeth: our thoughts and prayers are with all those who died and those who lost so much. and we are indebted to members of the emergency services who risked their own lives this past year saving others. television has made it possible for many of you to see me in your homes are christmas day. nicholas: and there were personal touches. the queen recalled that it's 60 years since she delivered the first live christmas day tv broadcast. queen elizabeth: and that is how i imagine you now. six decades on, the presenter has evolved somewhat. nicholas: and it is 70 years since she and the duke of edinburgh were married.
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he retired from solo duties this year, but -- queen elizabeth: i know his support and unique sense of humor will remain strong as ever as we enjoy spending time this christmas with our family and look forward to welcoming new members into it next year. nicholas: the christmas message which acknowledges the passage of time but which reminds us that more than six decades now after she came to the throne, the queen remains strongly committed to her role as head of state. nicholas witchell, bbc news, buckingham palace. gavin: the deadly tropical storm that cut through southern philippines on saturday, where it killed 240 people in mudslides and flash floods, is beginning to hit southern vietnam. after one million people are being evacuated from low-lying , anywhere from da nang southwards is expected to have a 500 millimeters of rain.
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short time ago we were joined by nick miller from the weather center, who tells us that the storm is weakening. >> at one point it was a typhoon, and it strengthened moving through the southern philippines. but just before reaching southern vietnam, it was downgraded in terms of wind strength to a tropical storm. these are ranked in terms of wind, as we know. wind is not the only future we need to be worried about with typhoons and tropical storms. it is very much the rain, all that rain in the southern philippines the cost problems, the landslides that result from that, and the amount of water above normal tide level that will come in particularly to low-lying areas. that is a serious threat to southern vietnam. although technically it has weakened, we expect for several hours of heavy rain, and that storm surge has potential for damaging winds across parts of vietnam, and in the worst affected areas reaching into hundreds of millimeters. gavin: extraordinary.
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and then continue heading west. where does that put the track? heading towards thailand? nick: it does. again, it is a weakening system. we have watched the satellite imagery in it has broken apart in terms of structure. the energy from this moves out west into the gulf of thailand. i think all the areas in the middle of the week, southern areas of thailand will be affected by heavy rain. again, that brings potential for some flooding by some spots. perhaps about 100 to 150 millimeters of rain. it is not producing as much rain as we have seen in vietnam the rescuers and certainly the terrible problems we saw in the southern philippines. gavin: when we talk about these weather conditions, it is in a relatively short time. particularly talking about the philippines, what brought the mudslides. nick: yes, and not everybody will see that much rain. it all ties in with the topography of the hills and the geography of these places as well. you can see lots of rain, and there are minimal impact, but
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you can see lots of rain in the worst possible area, and a lot of that rain will produce landslides and flooding. that is quite unpredictable in terms of the impact, but we clearly saw that in the southern philippines and we are at risk of seeing some problems that may not be on that scale in southern vietnam, but that is why the preparations and evacuations are taking place. it is something we need to watch closely. gavin: in india, each year around 2000 women are killed over dowry demands from one of the highest in the country. but an 80-year-old grandmother has been waging a unique fight for gender equality. she is india's oldest shooting champion, and here is her story.
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gavin: now, christmas is, of course, being marked in many different ways around the world. funnily enough many seem to , involve water. take a look at this. ♪ >> it's a bit like english weather here at the moment, but we are just delighted to be here. lovely people, lovely atmosphere. i'm afraid we've got silly hats on, but that's part of the deal.
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>> merry christmas! [laughter] >> merry christmas, and a happy new year. gavin: lovely, warm sunshine to end there. stay with us for the headlines. this is bbc news. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores.
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>> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> sreenivasan: good evening, i'm hari sreenivasan. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight, on this christmas day, an examination of president trump's claim that he's ended the so-called "war on christmas." then, young rohingya refugees finding a new home in chicago. it's monday, which means amy walter and tamara keith are here to talk about politics. why the president is taking to twitter to denounce the deputy f.b.i. director. and, from the members of the armed services, a special rendition of "carol of the bells." >> ♪ gaily they ring while people sing ♪ songs of good cheer, christmas is here ♪ merry, merry, merry, merry christmas, ♪ merry, merry, merry, merry christmas >> sreenivasan: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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