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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 29, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and now, "bbc world news." ben: hello, this is "bbc world news." i am ben bland. our top stories -- new york's fire chief says a child playing with the stove started a fire in the bronx which killed 12 people, including five children. >> it started from a young boy,
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three and a half years old, playing with the burners on the stove. ben: antigovernment protests spread to several cities in iran, with thousands chanting slogans against the country's supreme leader. funerals in egypt for nine people killed in attacks from on coptic christians. also in the program, this dog's injured leg was saved by scientists who grew part of a bone in a laboratory. they want to use the same technique to treat humans. ben: hello, and welcome to "bbc world news." a toddler playing with the stove has sparked a fire in an apartment block in new york.
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12 people were killed, five of them children. four others remain critically injured in hospital. it happened in the bronx in a five-story building on prospect avenue near the bronx zoo. the new york fire chief has described it as an unprecedented loss, and the city's worst tragedy since the terror attacks of 9/11. the bbc's yogita lamaye reports from new york. yogita: smoke rose through the air of the bronx neighborhood on thursday evening. the fire started in a kitchen on the first floor of this apartment building. eyewitnesses say it quickly spread to the top floor. >> as i look, i see flames, and i realize everybody is panicking. i go down to see what is wrong, and obviously by the time i got downstairs, the fire escalated from one apartment to 2 from almost three. yogita: within three minutes, firefighters arrived, more than 150 of them. the injured were rushed to
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hospital, and those rescued were given blankets to shield them from a severely cold evening. but not everyone could be saved. >> took him outside. burned all over. burned, burned, burned. then they started bringing them out one by one. it's hard to take. yogita: officials say an unattended three-year-old boy playing with a cooker started the fire. >> the mother was not aware of it, was alerted by the young man screaming. she exited her apartment with her two-year-old and three-year-old, and left the door open. this fire quickly spread up the stairs. five travels up, the stairway acted like a chimney. it took the fire so quickly up the stairs that people had very little time to react. they couldn't get back down the stairs.
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those that tried, a few of them perished. >> you know, it is sad, because for the new year we have to deal with this tragedy that just happened now. that saddens a lot of souls in the neighborhood. it is not going to be like a happy new year. yogita: during the most festive time of year, the neighborhood and the city has found itself in the midst of tragedy and grief. yogita lamaye, bbc news. ben: protests against the government in iran are now into the second day, despite official warnings that demonstrators will be dealt with firmly by the police. protesters have been demanding an end to clerical rule, freedom for political prisoners, and more public spending at home instead of on the war in syria. reporter: these are extremely rare sights. cities across iran hit by large and sometimes violent antigovernment protests. this is the western city of
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kermanshah, and despite the repressive actions taken by police, the protests have grown and spread across the country. iranians have suffered tremendous economic hardship, with a huge fall in living standards over the last decade. what started as a protest against rising prices has grown into much wider anger against strict clerical rule and iran's supreme leader. demonstrators are defending the -- demanding that political prisoners should be freed, and the government stop spending millions on foreign wars. seething discontent with iran spending money on wars abroad, on spreading shia islam abroad, supporting hezbollah abroad, and that has changed the character of the demonstration into a political one, undermining the clerical regime. reporter: iran's relatively
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reporter: iran's relatively moderate president, hassan rouhani, has promised benefits of economic growth after an international deal to limit nuclear activities. but the promises have so far failed to materialize. it is too early to say if the regime is under serious threat. these are the biggest protests in iran for almost a decade, and the government will use greater force if it feels it is losing control. ben: let's take a look now at some other news from around the world. china has clashed with president trump over accusations that it is helping break sanctions against north korea. mr. trump tweeted that china had been caught red-handed, allowing oil to be transferred to a north korean ship. beijing hit back, saying the allegations did not conform with the facts. colombia's last rebel group, the eln, has pledged to continue peace talks with the government
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even beyond the temporary cease-fire due to end january 9. talks are due to resume in ecuador just before that date. a deal would bring to an end half a century of conflict in colombia after a deal struck in 2016 with the farc. 2 british men have been charged with preparing a bomb for use in a terror attack in in the u.k. both were remanded in custody. they were arrested 10 days ago. with just over a week to go before egypt's coptic community marks christmas on the orthodox calendar, there has been an attack against christian targets. nine people died in two attacks south of cairo, according to the interior ministry. 7 people including a policeman died when a gunman tried to storm a church. he was intercepted and arrested by police. he had earlier killed in two people.
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the so-called islamic state group said it was behind the attack. reporter: ahead of the new year, another attack on the christian community in egypt. a friday mass was being held inside a church in southern cairo. but then it was fear and shock as gunfire was heard outside. >> the ones that were sitting here got hit and went into that shop, and he died, too, and his daughter got shot in her arm. the man from the restaurant, his daughter was going to a lesson. she was leaving the church and got hit in her hand. there was an elderly lady coming out of church to see what happened, and she, too, fell here and died. her blood was here. reporter: the attacker first targeted the police force securing the church where hundreds of worshipers were. the gun man, a wanted jihadist, was arrested at the scene. he had been armed with an assault rifle, 150 rounds of munitions, and a bomb he intended to set off at the
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church. on his way to the church, he also killed 2 other people when he opened fire on a store owned by a christian family. in the last few days, egyptian authorities have intensified the security presence in the streets. possible attacks on christians in general in the new year and during the christmas season. mournig the dead, they came here for the funeral to say goodbye to their loved ones. this is the latest in a series of attacks targeting christians in egypt in the last few years, but its timing is very crucial, as it comes just over a week ahead of coptic christmas ofebrated on the seventh january. bbc news, cairo. ben: an archbishop from the london diocese of the coptic church in great britain gave his reaction to the attack. >> very sad, of course, loss of
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any life, especially when it is people we know, and i know people from this community i've spoken to people over the phone during the course of the day. it is a terrible time, when people are supposed to be in prayer. friday is a day of holiday in egypt, and it is the day of greatest attendance of church services, like sunday in britain. and so when people go to pray and they end up being targeted and killed, and they -- we also know that one of the security servicers protecting them also lost his life. for his family as well as in the community, it is a very sad and tragic day. there is radicalization on the fringe in egypt which demonizes and dismisses the presence of anyone who is different. it falls predominantly on christians, because it is the biggest numeric minority. christians represent 50% of the population. -- 15 percent of the population. but it also happens to the sufi
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community in the last attack, where 235 people died. it is this ever-narrowing molds that one does not fit into becomes dangerous for the whole community. it is the distancing of this fringe from the rest of society. people who filled that church today know that the churches have been attacked in the past and know that they are in a position of danger, as we approach the new year, new year's eve, and our own christmas, nativity celebrations. people know that they are in danger. what i heard is that people who go into their front rooms with their families pray together before they go to church, as they think they may not return, or even worse, not all return. it creates a greater vulnerability. there is also resilience there, and what we have seen from the christian community is this constant gesture of forgiveness, of peace. that is the only way to break this cycle. it is the only way to the appeal
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to the hearts of those who desire to you -- desire to persecute, and say that human life has sanctity and it needs to be respected. ben: 5 indian officials have been suspended after a huge fire killed at least 14 people in mumbai. most of the victims were young women at a birthday party. one politician described the building, which has upmarket caf├ęs and bars, as a death trap. fire at the kamala mills compound in mumbai is reported to have started in a restaurant and spread quickly. 21 people are being treated at hospital. reporter: the fire broke out at a rooftop restaurant in a popular commercial district of the heart of mumbai. within minutes, it spread, first to a bar next door, and then through the entire building. most of the victims were women attending a party. the bbc's service editor was at
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the restaurant when the fire broke out. >> there was a stampede, and everybody was trying to rush out. minutes after the fire started, the whole of the area was engulfed in fire, and before anyone, including us, could reach the staircase, the first place to catch completely was the fire exit. reporter: the blaze was put out early in the morning. the structure completely gutted. families and friends of the victims are distraught and raising questions about safety measures. the building was located in a congested neighborhood. y's once housed the cit colonial era textile mills, and is now filled with bars, restaurants, and offices. some still located in the old factories, others in high-rise glass and steel towers. but many of them lacked proper safety standards and emergency exits.
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an investigation has now been ordered to determine the cause. action has been taken against the restaurant owners, and five city officials have been suspended for negligence. bbc news, delhi. ben: stay with us on "bbc world news." still to come, liberia's vice president joseph boakai concedes the presidential runoff election to former footballer george weah. we hear from our correspondent in monrovia. >> the most ambitious financial and political change ever attempted has got underway with the introduction of the euro. >> tomorrow in holland we are going to use money we picked up in belgium today, and then we will be in france and use the same money.
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>> george harrison, the former beatle, is recovering in hospital after being stabbed at his home. a 33-year-old man from liverpool is being interviewed by police on suspicion of attempted murder. >> i think it was good. >> just good? >> no, fantastic. >> that's better. ben: hello, this is "bbc world news" i am ben bland. the latest headlines this hour -- new york fire chief says a toddler playing with a stove started a fire in the bronx which killed 12 people, including five children. widespread antigovernment protests taking place in iran after demonstrators defied warnings by authorities.
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protesters say leaders are wasting precious resources on war efforts. the white house has congratulated liberia on its presidential election, and in a statement, it describes the country's first democratic transition in more than 70 years as a major milestone. liberia's elections board has officially certified former football star george weah is the winner. he will replace ellen johnson-sirleaf, africa's first elected female head of state. andrter: the parties carnivals have continued in the last 24 hours since the announcement of the result of the electoral commission. this is the headquarters of george weah's political party, and as you can see, people with have thronged to the place almost unendingly, all-night vigil, dancing, beginning of a
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new era in the country. so far things are going very well with vice president having having admitted defeat in the election. george weah has held meetings with diplomats from among them the former united nations envoy here, former nigerian president. ben: a court ruling in south africa could lead to president jacob zuma facing impeachment proceedings over the use of public funds to upgrade his home. the country's constitutional court has said that parliament failed in its duty to hold the president to account, and must now look again at whether he should be removed from office. reporter: the judge was very, very careful in his ruling, giving the ruling, to really balance the issue of whether the court was overstepping its boundary in terms of telling parliament what to do and addressing the matter at hand. he acknowledged that parliament
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had done some things -- he talked about the vote of no-confidence with the motion that was discussed the question and answer sessions held in parliament. but he said that basically, parliament hasn't done enough to hold the president to account. what he said that the national is only has to do is read lock -- relook at the rules on the process of impeachment and what is impeachable. what it would take to impeach the president. he said it should be done without delay. what exactly "without delay" means is anybody's guess. the opposition, which brought the case, had hoped he would compel the parliamentary speaker to start impeachment proceedings. that hasn't happened. people are saying this is the step before the step before the processes can be carried out. ben: spanish prime minister
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mariano rajoy has dismissed the idea that the former catalan leader carles puigdemont may lead a new government in the region from abroad. he is currently in self-imposed exile in belgium. mr. rajoy says the parliament must choose a new leader. prime minister rajoy: it is absurd to claim you are a regional president when you are living abroad from an more so to claim you can fulfill your duties abroad. can you imagine if i were living in lisbon? it makes no sense at all. ben: researchers here in the u.k. have saved the leg of a dog using a new technique to grow bones in a laboratory. the dog would have had her entire leg amputated were it not for a novel method of creating bone. the treatment is the world's first, and now the first human trials are due to take place in glasgow.
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reporter: there is no holding her back, but last year, her front right leg was broken in a road accident. her vet tried everything. nothing worked. her entire leg was going to be amputated. >> 9, 10 months, she would be unable to get out and have walks other than to go to the toilet. reporter: but to fiona's delight, her dog was saved with an experimental bone-growing technique. >> it is absolutely fantastic. to have theeased dog back and active, healthy. reporter: the vet show the problem. the blood supply to the edges of the bones is failed and it was not able to heal the break. the scientists cover the dead areas with artificial bone, and after six weeks it was completely mended. the artificial bone mix was made at glasgow university, and it consists of sterilized
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chips and a chemical that makes them grow rather like a fertilizer. >> we want to look at dogs and cats who have broken bones, but also looking at other areas where we could help patients. things like joint fusion, where they have had a tendon injury, so they can walk properly. reporter: researchers here are so amazed at the success they have had in treating eva that they want to try out the technique on people. they are the first researchers in the world to grow bones in their lab and put it into a patient in three years time. these are the people who have been most helped. it is 20 years since princess diana brought the issue of landmine victims to the world's attention. their limbs usually have to be amputated. landmine campaigners are funding the new research, so it can be used to grow the bone back and attach an artificial leg.
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>> with a prosthetic limb, it would make all the difference to their life, being able to provide for their family, instead of having to be a burden on their family. reporter: it has been a happy outcome for eva and her owners. thousands of people could soon benefit from the technology that has put a spring in her step. bbc news, glasgow. ben: now, for the past couple of months, millions of us here in the uk and around the world have settled down in front of our televisions to be taken on an extraordinary journey throughout the world's oceans. i'm of course talking about "blue planet ii," the latest landmark series from the bbc's natural history unit. the department is celebrating 60 years of bringing wildlife from the most remote locations on earth into our homes. >> i spent several days
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wandering around the station looking for animals. on one day i was lucky. reporter: it is 1957, and the youthful david attenborough is in the rain forest of what is now papua new guinea. >> these were pioneers of going to places where very few people had gone and recording it and going on proper adventures. reporter: colin jackson is one of the natural history unit's most experienced producers. seminal days of the nhu, the exploits of david and attenborough were revolutionary. >> he asked the bbc for a large chunk of money and he would go off for three months, and he would fill these amazing stories and adventures, and come back months later, and nobody would have heard from him, maybe the occasional letter, because that was the only way of communicating. >> i could see they were parrots, but i wasn't sure what kind.
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reporter: the unit was formed in bristol in 1957, although radio had been covering wildlife for 10 years by then. for the first time, what had always been the preserve of amateur cameramen was showcased on the fledgling medium of television. >> here are the pelicans. here we are filming them. let's watch the dive. reporter: this is peter scott exploring the caribbean. >> this time in slow motion. >> this goes back decades and there are rows and rows like this. some of these were shot decades ago, some more recently. reporter: over the decades, the planet has changed hugely, but the man who runs the unit today says the ethos remains the same. >> everything about what we do now is the same as it was then, trying to get close to something and seeing what technology is available and how we can innovate that technology, how we can get the audience is even closer to the natural world to
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liberate those stories that science is pointing us towards. >> the mother develops a pouch beneath her chin which will hold seven eggs. reporter: as technology advanced, the nhu were able to bring the vivid colors of the natural world into our living rooms. >> technology is a wonderful and it like, but without ambition, --hout understanding wonderful enabler, but without ambition come without understanding how wildlife and the behavior is going on and how we can go about filling that that is the power, people's imagination and people thinking, i want to show this to the rest of the world, and discovering little things -- "blue planet" discovering behaviors people haven't seen. reporter: what will future projects find? >> the next 60 years will be all about the stories about our relationship with the natural world, species loss, the kind of footprint of humankind on the world, but also the heroes that are bringing it back, because we have to bring it back. reporter: a sobering tale, perhaps, but one that the unit
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is determined to keep on telling. bbc news, bristol. ben: just before we go, a reminder of our top stories. new york fire chief says the city's worst fire in almost 28 years appears to have been started by a young boy playing with the burners on the stove in the kitchen. he says the fire in the bronx spread quickly up the stairway, which acted like a chimney, giving residents very little time to react. 12 people died, five of them children. you can reach me and some of the team on twitter. thanks for watching. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman
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foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> sreenivasan: good evening. i'm hari sreenivasan. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: bitter cold freezes much of the united states as americans brace for a frigid new year. then, contemporary perspective on the #metoo movement from a scholar of the ancient world. >> we have to re-look at what we think about women and men and power, and what we think power is. >> sreenivasan: and it's friday. mark shields and david brooks are here to analyze the week's news. and, the year in music. a recap of the tunes that defined 2017. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been p

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