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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 7, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world newsa. amer >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for americs neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. thatrip away everythi stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach t nking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news amica." reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. president trump says he will announce his decision on the iran deal tomorrow. britain's foreign secretary is in town pushing him to stay in k e accord. mr. johnson: we that you can do is be tougher on iran, address the concer of the president, and not throw the baby out with the bathwater. jane: vladimir putin is sworn in for a fourth term, putting him on course to be the longestse rving russian leader since stalin. and taking the fight beyond the bounds oearth -- could donald trump's space force actually become a reality?
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jane: welcome to our viewers on public television inndmerica and arhe globe. will he or won't he? president trump says tomorrow is the day will announce his decision on the iran nuclear deal. his tweet comes as british foreign secretary boris johnson is in washington, the latest european official trying to convince the trump administration to st. in the acco nick bryant starts our coverage. nick: on american televi this morning, a double serving of boris at breakfast, the foreign secretary appearing on donald trump's favorite new show, "fox and friends," to address an audience of one. mr. johnson: we think what you can do is be tougher on iran, address the concerns of the president, and not throw the baby out with the bathwater. nick: just in case the
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president has switched channels, he popped up on a rival network. mr. johnson: i understand people have anxiety about the deal, and of course they are right in the sense th it is far from perfect, but it is the best thing we have at the moment. nick: donald trump has called the iran deal a dister and says he will announce his decision tomorrow. although the foreign secretary is not scheduled to shake hands with the president before then, that has not stopped him from stroking his ego. mr. johnson: if he can fix north korea and he can fix the iran nuclear deal, i don't see why he is any less of a candidate for the nobel peace prize than barack obama, who got it before he even did anything. nick: signed by ira and six world powers in 2015, it was the signature foreign policy achievement of barack obama's presidency, one that lifted
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crippling economic sanctions in return for limitations on the nuclear energy program. t nald trump thinks it is far too lenient on tehran. president trump: the iran deal was one of the worst and most one-sided transactions the united states has ever entered into. it is insane, it is ridiculous, it should never have been made. nick: there room for compromise, one in which america would withdraw from the deal without blowing it up, one which would allow european countries to continue trading with iran while at the same time exerting more pressure on teher its ballistic missile technology and regional aggression? >> long live the united states, long live fran. nick: boris johnson is not the first european to charm and cajole. frcrch president emmanuel ma pleaded with mr. trump to accept the compromise. german chancellor angela merkel made the same case a few days later.
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from the foreign secretary, a final face-to-face plea senior administration officials such as the new secretary of state, mike pompeo, who said at the iran deal is built on lies.th view is shared by donald trump, and the final decision rests with him. nick bryant, bbc news, washington. jane: for more on what is at stake in tomorrow's decision, i was joined a short time a by robert malley, who served as special adviser to president obama and is now president of the international crisis group. doesn' doesup his mind -- it sound as if he has made up his mind. what do you think this means for p e iran deal? >> i think he mades mind a while ago. he seems determined to undo president obama's legacy and live up to his campaign commitments. i think he will walk away. what is you- what does europe do?
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jane: we have seen a succession of european leaders ov the last month or so. what is the best they can hope for now? >> in decision, that the president decides not to decide, and the europeans have moved in my direction, i'm winning, i wgil them more time to meet my demands. that seems increasingly unlikely. president macron was not able to convince him, the chancellor of germany was not, and now boris johnson did not get a meeting with president trump. he has made his decision and does not want another five day'' oupressure. he always surprise us, but there's little europeans can expect that is positive. jane: in fairness, president trump does have a poinha this deal haits critics from day one. couldn't it be strengthened? >> any deal where you don't get anything you want could be strengthened i don't think that is a fair point. what could have haened in a different world is for president trump to say, "i don't like this deal, but let's keep it, implement it for a year or two, once both sides show they are
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implementing the deal in good faith, let's work on issues not concluded in the deal." ballistic missiles, regional behavior from other issues. that is possible. why would iran negotiate with somebody who tore up a deal tha had just bgned? jane: if you had been tougher in the negotiations, would it be >> so hard to respond to that. i'm sure the iranians are thinking they should have beenot tougher in ntions, too. the foreign minister told secretary of state kerry at every meeting we had, what guarantees to have that the next president will implement the deal? "he will, trust us, he will." this is the best deal we thought we could get. of course we could have done a little bit better, the iranians could have done a little bit better, but let's not forgete the goal of al was to ensure iran cannot develop a nuclear program. the goal of the deal was to prevent them acquiring a bomb that goal is succeeding.
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why tear it up? jane: if it is the end of video, does that look like?al, what >> what my group, international crisis organization, has bee arguing is that there is a chance for europe to stop focusing on president trump. they will not change o is mine. -- they will not change his mind. focus on iran and try to convince them that they stand more to gain by maintagood diplomatic and economic ties with europe and try to preserve ever it can in terms of business dealings despite the reimposition of u.s. sanctions. stay in the deal, work with europe, rather than walk away, becae if iran walks away, we are in a very, very difficult and dangerous situation. jane: thank you very much indeed for joing me. >> thank you. now to russia, where vladimir putin hasr een sworn in s fourth term as president. in a lavish ceremony at the kremlin, he promised to do all he could for russians and boost the country's economic competitiveness. d in one of his first acts of the new term, mr. putin once
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again nominated dmitry medvedev as prime minister. moscow correspondent steve rosenberg reports. ldsteve: he probably cave walked this with his eyes for the fourth time in his hereer, vladimir putin climbed the staircase ofrand kremlin palace to take the oath of office. on the stroke of midday, he entered the hall where russian emperors were crowned. the symbolisand the message couldn't be clearer -- putin the modern czar, loved bhis people. he swore on the constituti serve his citizens, protect his country, and made this pledge. president putin: our main goal is a new quality of life,ty secuand health. our reference point is russia for the people, a country where everybody has the possibility for self-fulfillment.
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steve: vladimir putin is arguably the most powerful russian leader since joseph stalin. but in this power lies a potential problem fo president and for his country. hemas built a political sys in which all other institutions from parliament to the court system are weak, and all key decisions e taken by him, putin. that is not only a huge spsibility, it begs the question, what will happen when vladimir putin exits the political stage? if he exits,ccording to the constitution, president putin must step down in six years' time. but already many russiansed t he will try to stick around. >> he knows he cannot leave the kremlin voluntarily.po he will be rible for everything that he did and failed to do. steve: he is a prisoner. >> he is a prisoner of the system of presidentier in
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of the emlin and corridor's. steve: not eveinone is celebrg six more years of vladimir putin. police broke up this anti-putin protest in moscow over the weekend. the kremlin is facing international pressure over the salisbury poisoning and the war in syria. meanwhile, western sanctions against russia are biting. russia feels it has been squeezed by the west, and at g club,scow arm wrestl they tell me only putin has the political muscle to protect them. >>ha we don' to substitute him. vathere is no to him. steve: even in a country of 146 million people, there is no substitute for putin? t yes. ha, it sounds novery good, but it's true. steve: that is precise how vladimir putin wants to be seen
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by his people, as the only choice for russia. ste rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. jane: let's look at some of it days other news. road signs have been put up at the u.s. embassy injuries long after president trump recognized it as the capital of iael in december. itns remontroversial and few other nations have followed america's lead. secretary of state mike pompeo sa boundaries of sovereignty in jerusalem remain subject to negotiation. it was announced that president trump will not travel to israel next week for the opening of the new embassy. a ceremony has taken place in manila marking the beginningf joint philippine-u.s. military exercises. the drill involving a dozen soldiers from were planned before reports of chinale missile intions in the south china sea. beijing is reported to have --talled and tight defense
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and tired ofnse. lebanese supporters of hezbollah have been celebrating after the country's first general election in nine years. untficial results suggest t hezbollah and its politicalwo allies havmore than half the seats. hae israeli government minister says it is proofthe state of lebanon is indistinguishable from the iranian-backed militants. the white house is standing behind its pick to lead the cia. ilna haspel was on capitol meeting with lawmakers ahead of her confirmation hearing on wednesday. she was reportedly ready to pull out last week over concerns that the questioning would focus on her role in the agency's interrogation program. earlier, my colleagues kty kay and christian fraser spoke to , alter ofchael hayden "the assault on intelligence," for their program "beyond 100 days." katty: do you think thatthina haspel iright woman for this job? absolutely, i do,
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on several levels. i went to the agency -- i was part of the murder board where you prepare the nominee for thef mation hearings. gina was as i remember her, calm , collected, thoughtful, fact-based in all of the response katty: what she is concerned about is all of the storiesem about her invot with black sites -- gen. hayden: we will relitigate something we have litigated ltiple times. the way i look at it, kathy, you want to relitigate that, don't talk to the foot soldiers. talk to presidents, heads of the agency, attorney generals, members of congress who were all for this back in the day when we were all frighteneand the future was uncertain. to me, i think gina's past is perfectly acceptable. i'm worried about the present and the future. i want someone like gina hasl in the room with this presidents beshe will be ruthlessly candid. christian: are you concerned, enthough, general hathat when she goes to congress on
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wednesday and they start talking about black sites, the black ops operation she ran in thailand, this going to be messy for the cia and the agency as well? gen. hayden: it will, and it will be messy for her personally. christian, i view that as another reason to appreciate his woman willing to do this. she knowwhat she will have to go through. her only victory, her only outcome is thashe has the opportunity for further service in a really difficult b. christian: let's talk about your book, because we did not give it the full title. au"the a on intelligence: american national security ine e of lies." i am paraphrasing a sentence from the book -- "the traditions and institutions that protect americans are inherently fragile and require l tending. they are under serious challenge the united states today bat is quite a statement. gen. hayden: yea i think it's true. i look at this as a three layer cake.
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layer one is not the president orhe administration. layer one is us, a badly fractured society, described by pretty smart people as a post-truth culture, y that factsdecisions lessn and data and more on emotion, preference, tribalism, .oyalties, and grievan the second layer is the president, who campaigned on that, took advantage of that and i think makes it worse by some of wh he does and a lot of what he says. the third layer, the russians coming over the top andti manipu that mess, driving home divisions inside american society. christian: if it comes downut ultimately to does it matter that we cannot trust what the president says? gen. hayden: it matters a great deal. here it is less about accusing the president of lies, although he says calculated untruths with remarkable frequency.
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we have had presidents who have lied, we have had residents who argued about intellince. what i see here is something different, a p decision-making is not anchored in an objective view of reality, a president who makes decisions based on intuition and a prior narrative about how things work, not data-based in its origins. jane: former cia and nsa dingctor michael hayden spea to my colleagues a little bit earlier. u are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, melania trump steps into the spotlight, outlining the causes she will champion as first lady. more than 20 homes have been destroyednd hundreds more are threat after a volcano erupted
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in hawaii. 1700 people have been evacuaofd as a resul the activity. some people have been allowed to return, but only temporarily. james cook has this report. fountains of lava bursting from one of the world's most active fo canada's. -- active volcanoes. kilauea has been a rubbing fconstant more than 30's, but not like this. unfolding in slow motion, gobbling up the ground in a residential area. since thursday, lava has been spewing forth from a more than 10 fissures in the earth. no one knows where the next rupture will emerge. hundreds of homes threatened, hundreds of people for flee. you cano down the hill,
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see the avenue doesn't exist anymore. there is a black lava thing, and erhing is all gone. jon: at o -- lava burstne oint more than 100 feet into the ai even experts say that predicting plumbingior of a magma system which extends 40 miles beneath the earth is practically impossible. re particularly concerne about gas storage il ustry of therant near one of the ures, and sulfur dioxide in the air, which can prove deadly. this could go on for months, but there's nothing anyone can do .bout it except to gaze in awe james cook, bbc news.
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jane: nancy reagan had the "just say no" anti-drug campaign, michelle obama helped combat ildhood obesity with "let's move," and today melania trumpun laed her own signature initiative.al she isng it the "be best" campaign, aimed at improving children's social, emotional, and physical health. for re on this, rajini vaidyanathan joins me now. be best -- what does that mean? rajini: it is all part of her campaign to promote wellness on shocusing on children, but ischildren. it is quite wide-ranging. they are highlighted three main areas. the first is well-being of children -- that incmedes health anal welfare. another is working on opioid abuse and the effect that hadron young ch. last one is social-media abuse.
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perhaps the last one is the most heinteresting, because has been some criticism that the first lady is taking on cyberbullying when many say that her i husband, president trum not exactly kind to people on social media outlets. s been criticized about this in the past. nonetheless, she is taking these on as her caes. jane: and establishin sher individump, which is quite a tradition for first ladies. rajini: it is, and the role o h the first la evolved from the days of jackie kennedy, whose cause was to open up the white house to the public and introduce tours and make it a more livable place, to recent years whereoly has driven the causes. we are talking about people like first lady barbara bh and over bush, focused on -- and laura bush after h, who focuse on literacy and encouraging reading in children. and then you had nancy reagan,
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focused on the war on drugs, very much in step with her huand's policies at the time. someone like hillary clinton was sitting on her husband's health care panel and try to push through legislatn, which she tried and failed. war recently, michelle obama and more recentlyam-- come michelle and her "let's move" campaign. some take more of a backse. it will be interesting to see which way lania trump goes. i suspect it will be more of a backseat role. jane: why has it taken so long for her to establish her own voice and as you say, take this back rajini: she was in new york for the first six month of the trump presidency. with a lot ofs things come this p dsidency is veferent. she is married to someone who has not held quick office before. ntsome of the names i ned --rb laura bush, a bush, hillary clinton, they were married to governors. michelle obamanaarried u.s.
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r. melania trump has not had to do that. this is all very new to her, even in terms of having peoplto tell her whao. she has a much smaller team of consultants in the east wing. it is kind of a new experience for her, and i think that is why they are coming at this with a bit more caution. but there is no doubt about it, the lunch in the rose garden means her profile is going to go up. jane: and everyone thinks she di pretty well with the state visit with emmanuel macron. thank you very much indeed. force.the space it may sound like a summer blockbuster, but instead it is sometimes idea to create a new of the u.s.w branch military dedicated to fighting in outer space. it has been getting a ret of attentiontly, so we have been finding out whether it to become reality. president trump: the space force -- does that make sense? the space force. we may even have a space force. on president trump has men
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the space force a couple times, and wh he is alluding to is an ongoing debate in congress on creating a separate military serve that focuses on milita space capabilities. president trump: space is a war-fighting domain, just like the land, air, and sea. >> the u.s. has become increasingly reliant on space capabilities for milary operations across the whole spectrum of conflict, from fighting terrorists in iraq d syria and afghanistan. president trump: we need to protect the american people, and security is going to be a veryit big factorrespect to space. >> in 2001, there was a special ommission created by congress, and the final repothat commission recommended eventually transitionian independent military service for space. war fighting in space is not like "st wars."
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it is not space marines, there are no military service members fighting in space. all of these are unmanned satellites that the military us president trump: we have the air force and we will have the space force. e army, the navy. >> [laughter] there are a lot of things president trump has said that other presidents have not said before. but the u.s. military is critically dependent on space capabilities, and it is something we have to take seriously. president trump: some reint in the fue will look back and say how did we do it without space? s >> it would taeral years , even if the decisie made today, first of all for congress to decide wh to do. i think it will take five years, maybe more like 10 years, to transition to a new military service for space. president trump: we are getting very big in space. jane: there you go, and i'm sure darth vader is out there somewhere.
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you can find much more on all the day's newsn our website, and we will have full coverage tomorrow and presidemp's decision on the iran nuclear deal. i'm jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to thef newse day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. f download nowrom selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, gkovler foundation, pursu solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do wehape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal fm in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to revea new possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> nawaz: good evening, i'm amna nawaz. judy woodruff is on vacation. on the newshour tonight, rudy giuliani says president trump uld defy the mueller investigation while trying to set the record straight after a whirlwind first week. then, undermining the deal-- an israeli firm to dig up dirt on the obama administratirn's deal negotiations. and, stumbling toward peace-- nearly 20 years after wartime atrocities in kosovo, relenciliation remains a fra process. >> maybe the only solution is that the young people from kosovo to get together and firs talk that ink it's the only thing that we don't do that often. >> nawaz: althat and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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