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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 10, 2018 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentationo is madible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. weee its ideal form in ou mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip ay everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, yo dreams. your your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. and now, "bbc world news." rajini: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am rajini vaidyanathan. the turkish lira tumbles to a. low as the uys it will double tariffs on steel and aluminum. should nfl players who don't protest during the national spanthem have their pay suended? president trump thinks so. she was bullied for her skin color d then became the youngest designer at new york's fashion week. we meet the ung woman behind flexin' in my complexion. >> don't let the words people say about you get to your head. t your head at -- get to your head at all.
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rajini: welcome to our viewers on public television here in the u.s. and also around the globe. ca has been a dramatic day in turkey, where the currency, the lira, has fallen to an all-me low. president trump has doubled tariffs on steel and aluminum, accelerating a fall in the currency. turkey's president erdogan hit back, promising retaliatory sanctions. the latest center on the detention of a u.s. pastor in turkey. we begin our coverage in istanbul. reporter: a day t financial markets will never forget. the turkish lira has seen ups and downs, but never sunk so low before. at one point the lira plummetedy ne0% overnight. the turkish government was keen to put on a brave face. they keep on talking about
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this foreign-exchange rate and whatnot. forget about that. despite all the attacks on our , untry through foreign exchange rates, god willi will continue to grow in the second quarter and end 2018 acord high. rerter: mr. erdogan's rhetoric may have gone down well with supporters but not international marke another major blow came when trump tweeted this to announce a doubling of steel and aluminum tariffs on y "our relations with turkey are not good at this time," he commented. athe tariffs weinst the rules of the world trade organization. the rift between the nato allies deepened. these are the options that turkey has at the moment -- interest-rate hikes, which president erdogan seer as the mothf all evils, is not likely to happen.ee he mighthelp from the imf, following the example of argentina, but that is not likely, either, as it would be frowned upon in turkey. there is a feeling that the
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enquickest and most efficistep could be to ease tensions with washington. for that to happen, washington expects an american stor under house arrest in turkey to be released and sent home. otherwise, washington warns, more sanctions could follow. rajini: for more, i spoke a short while ago the director of the turkish research program at the washington initute. thanks for joining us. >> my pleasure. rajini: president trump tweeting that relations between the u.s. and turkey are not good at this time. what could be done to ease those tensions? >> at this neither side is interested in the ealating -- deescalating. imump sees this as a personal conflict between h and erdogan. is believes the turkish president made a e to lease u.s. pastor brunson, and he hasn't done that yet. trump is angry. erdogan was probably interested
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weekescalating until last realizing that turkey is facing a simultaneous economic crisis and maybe he can use the crisis to blame it on the u.s. instead of taking responsibility for it in his domestic policy. i would say going rward both sides will be interested in not deescalation, but keeping it where it is and maybe pontial escalation of the conflict. rajini: how damaging is the u.s. action to turkey? >> very damaging.ey t's economy was brittle be c tfoheisris. nothing to do with u.s. policies oranctions. turkey was on a cheap credit-driven boost.y the economs overheated. inflation had hit an all-time high. ns was cooling down, and erdogan pulled early electo avoid having an election at the time of economic meltdown. it was all very obvious. but the sanctions wi signal to the international market that turkey is not a safe place. it will give the wrong message, and i think they will compound or geometrically multiplied the impact of the economic crisis. what was already bad situation
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will probably become worse in turkey. rajini: it looks like turkey is going to retiate. how do you think the people of turkey are going t etake this dinomic situation? >>ie most countrthat go through economic crisis, governments get voted out. that may not happen in turkey because tu ey is a polarized landscap. i consider turkish president erdogan to be a prototype of populist leaders globally. laat that means is for thst 16 years he has been polarizing turkish society. he has built a base that loves and adores him and at buys into his narrative that he is out to make turkey great again. the ba will buy into his new narrative that the sanctions represent an economic attack against turkey, that washington wants erdogan to fail because turkey's adversaries do not want turkey to beme great. unfortunately for turkey, parts notthe population ar necessarily buying into what reality is, but what reality is made for them by theer populist le
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erdogan's -- sanctions might t hu economy but they might strengthen his base and power. rajini: is there any way forware to maktions between the two countries improve? t ner: absent andrew brunson's release, i don'e how trump will have an agreeable relation with turkey again. he might push for sanctions until he secures the release of the pastor. rajini: thanks for coming . soner: my pleasure. rajini: president trump has called for nfl players who kneel o ring the national anthem suspended without pay. in a tweethe said footballers they should "be happy and cool w and find anoth to protest." it is the latest in an ongoing row between the president and many nfl stars. on thursday night my number of players raised a fist before preseason game as a way of bprotesting leatality towards african-americans and to highlight racial inequities. this comes
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anniversary of the white supremacistttally in charville, virginia, which turned violent, leaving one woman dead. a short time ago i was joined by a politics and race and culture journalist. this has been an ongoing clash between the president and nfl players. but it is one that public opinion suggests the president -- the president has got the backing of public opinion. >> he may have the backing of public opinion, buwhat we are talking about is freedom of teech and a consistent trend from the presidecriticize african-americans when we act on our civil liberties and to peaceful protests. the consistency of him finding ways to deprive african-americans of things tham y americans take for granted, whether the public approves of it or not, is esirrelevant. are americans and they have the right to voice issues they care about in a peaceful manner.ga we are not insng conflict or fights. we're making sure people know icat we are against police brutality and syst
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inequality. i don't think the president needs to weigh in or say that afcan-americans should lo money be suspended by voicing -- acting on their freedom of speech. rajini: what do you think these players want to change so that they won't doing these protests anymore? barrett: i think there's a national discussion -- we want to have a national discussion to create structures that help all americans equally and don'sp portionately harm communities of color. that has been the discussionay fromne, and it is alarming that once we tried to haves conversatiout treating everyone equally in america, neople get bent out of shape and try to deprive the professing a desire for equality of their basic civil liberties and civil rights. justgaving a discussion, mak people aware of the day-to-day interactions and threats that african-americans face in the u.s. dueo the color of our skin. rajini: we are talking about all of this ahead of the one-year anniversary of the charlottesville white
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supremacist rally. there is another rally planned by the same group this weekend in washington, d.c. what do you think has changed in the last year? barrett: frankly, i think the biggest change in the last year that we anticipate that this rally is going to happen and we anticipate that hatefuthings and dangerous things may occur, but there is not a capacity to prevent it. last year we were caught by surprise by all the stuff that happened in charlottlle. anw this group is moving dd having a seconlly, and we don't expect the president to do anything to denounce i wexpect the president to denounce african-americans for peacefullyrotesting and using freedom of speech. we don't expect anything to stop this. i think the discourse has gone to a sad state where we have normalized, kind of condoned hate and terror from certain groups of americans as we try to figure out how to combat it, but we don't have the answer to combat it. : of coursethis has been
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conversation about race and social inequities that has been going on way before president trump became a candidate. barrett: 100%. america has had issues regarding race since the beginning ofnd america,hat african-americans are trying to do is create structures so that we can have these discussions to make it more equal and make it less -- make it harder for peatle to do hateful things terrorize and make people feel unsafe. for the longest time america has had a scussion where they don't wa african-americans to voice these opinions. and they w who are filled with hate and want to intimidate and terrorize nonwhite americans. this is a conversation we have had for a long time. at some point we need to get to a place where we can progress beyond this oppressives quo and have profound and important discussions to treat e peopally. rajini: thanks very much for coming in. barrett: thanks for having me. rajini: let's look at the day's other news. sthe saudi-led coalitios it will investigate an attack in yemen which killed at least 29
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people. the attack targeted a school bus in an area under the control of iranian-backed houthi rebels. strike, thee coalitn initially claimed a targeted militants. the un's secretary-general called for an independent inquiry into the attack. police in the canadian city of fredericton say four people have been killed in a shootino including tw their officers. one following the attack in the provincial capital of new brunswick. police say theres no further threat to the public. canadian prime minister ju tin trudeau sa government was following the situation closely. now to australia, where parts of the country are trying to pe with the worst drought in living memory. a warm, dry winter has left many outback farmers in new south wales struggling to survive. little rain is expected iadthe months a our correspondent phil mercer sent this report about 260 miles north ofney. phil: it has been two yearsnt
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since deains fell here, but this farming family is determined to beat the drought. keeping its beef herd alive is exhausting and expensive. crops have failed. the monthly feed bill is 25,000 pounds. it is a daily grind that is taking its toll. >> everybody is a bit stressed. we are under more pressure financially. you are stressed in your own relationships, and we tried to keep it together. we can see that our seasons are no longer what we would call normal. we have had the lowest rainfall in 116 years of recording. this is the worst. phil: this should be some of australia's prime agricultural land. in good times these fields would nove crops up to your knees. but just look at i the earth is bone dry and barren. many farming communities are before, aslike never
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the big dry in australia strengthens its grip. the lack of rain has dramatically altered the landscape. l of new south wales is officially in drought. for many, it is a disaster. the small town of manila is in the heart of the drought zone. at the local school, chiren of farming families share the community's pain and uncertainty. >> there is a lot of sorrow. you can sense the sorrow within thices when they talk about home and the farmers at the moment. it is pretty heartbreaking for them to watch their stock slowl but surely starve t death in front of them. >> i do a lot of study, so i wake up earlier and go to bed later. as well as keep working on the farm so everything ge done. >> the money is held very tightly. we're not spending it on a ssneary -- unnecessary things. we are makingurwe count
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every dollar we spend. capriciousalia's climate can be cruel. it can turn fertile ground into a wasteland. the government is helping, i but whreally needed is rain, and lots of it. the forecast for the months ahead doesn't look good. phil mercer, bbc news, new south wales. jini: so they need rain there, but from droughts to floods -- f south france, hundreds of people, many of theign holidaymakers, has been moved to safety after flash flooding tore through towns and villages. the storm followed a period of unusually hot weather across much of europe. the bbc's richard lister reports. richard: after the heat wave, the luge. hail stones as big as marbles fell in southeastern france as thunderstorms rolled in. torrential rain tut ed drought-hirivers into raging
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torrents, spilling over roads and causing chaos downstream. several campsites quickly overwhelme the water moving through witht such force thamping gear and picnic tables were swept away. more than 400 police and firefighters fanned out to search for stranded tourists. s.me were found hypothermic and clinging to tree these german teenagers were in a campsite when the flood struck. they were among more than 100 people who had to be rescued. most with only the clothes they wereulearing. "we not even take a suitcase," she said. "the most important thing is that we are all ok." later, though, a german man in his 70's was reported missing. the caravan he took refuge int waaway.
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150 people kayaking and hiking had to be led to safety. >> it was pretty intense on the river. such deposition. i've witnessed the qivers come upte a bit over the last 12 years i have worked out here, but i've never witnessed it like this when there are so many tourists here. there were so many people on the ound that did not know what they were doing. richard: it was an abrupt and frightening finish te holiday season for many. ge here,ents caused da too. this became a giant water shoot. -- chute. streets turned with dangerous floodwater engulfing cars.ra the wind, and hail damaged roofs, broke windows, and flooded basements. a violent end to a l hot summer. richard lister, bbc news. rajini: you are watching "bbc
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world news america." still to come on tonight's program -- rajini: we have a special report from onboard a u.s. military surveillance flight as china expands its military presence on disputed islands. rajini: villagers on the indonesian island ofombok have held friday prayers under an intent devastated by sunday's earthquake. more than 350 people are network died and -- more tha320 people are known to have died and the numbers are expected to rise. mehulika sitepu reports. mehulika: five days after the indonesian island of lombok was devastated by powerful earthquake, many of the islanderleft homeless by the disaster are still sheltering in
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tents or beneath tarpaulins, dependent on aid agencies for food, water, and medicine. but that has not stopped them from practicing their fai. these residents of a village in northern lombok held friday prayers inside a tent. >> we are able to fulfill one of our obligations, which isve praying imes a day, as to say pray friday. we have done it here together because we feel safer. we cannot pray in mosques yet, because we are in very bad condition. mehulika: the earthquake raised one of the mosques nearby. it is believed that worshipers were buried beneath the rubble. >> we are very sad that our er is place of pr flattened. there are victims under there as well. anow setting up tents for
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prayer. it is basic, but we hope we will be able to pray there again. mehulika: as the search for the missing in lombok continues, the ath toll is expected to rise. in the meantime, survivors live on handouts from agencies and pray to god for the future of the island. mehulika sitepu, bbc news, lombok. rajini: now to something we often.ee ve new video footage shows just how fast china's military development progressed in the south china sea. the islands lie betwee and the philippines. all three countries have claims on the islands, but it is china that has been building on them. rupert wingfield-hayes joined a u.s. navy surveillance flight
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over the area and sent us this report. rupert: this is the chinese navy politely telling the u.s. navy h go away. far out in the soina sea, we are approaching one of china's huge new bases. it is very clear they do not want us here. for the crew aboard this u.s. navy surveillance plane, this is now a daily encounter. >> it is a routine occurrence for us on these fligs. it happens throughout the flight where they come over ande come back with a standard response and it has no effect on any operations or anything we do. rupert: as we close the 12 nautical miles, t we can s huge extent of china's development out here. what we are seeing on the screen
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is live pictures of a place called mischief reef, and last time i was here it was a large now you can see there has been extensive construction. this is what it looked like saen. millions of tons o being pumped onto the reef to create new land. the firs outline of a runway, but no buildings. look at the same place today, fost of radar domes, aircraft hangers, and maybe a building to park missile launchers. using the high-powered camera, we watched as a group of vehicles drive down the runway. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 vehicles moving. no aircraft present. rupert: these flights are not just about surveillance. the americans are here to make a point. >> it is making sure we maintain ie rights we have as military aircraft flying ernational
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airspa, maintain our presence in the area, and showing that we are not worried about the buildup happening. rupert: to understand what is at stake out here, listen to how the chinese navy today talks to ant aircrom a smaller, weaker neighbor, the philippines. esrupert: with these bchina is succeeding in changing the very geography of the south china sea.ic despite a's assurances, down here the tide of history appears to be flowing towards beijing. rupert wingfield-hayes, bbc news, with the u.s. navy in the soh china sea. next story is my favorite one in the show. 11-year-old kheris rogers was bullied in school for dark complexion, but she decided to
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turn herself into a positive role model for others. last year she made history, gnbecoming the youngest de to debut a fashion line at new york fashion week. she told us her story. >> my name is kheris rogers, and i am the ceo of flexin' in my complexion. i was getting bullied and kids mways called me mean names. they always teasfor my dark skin complexion. c i would react ing and i sometimes wouldn't tell anybody. but when my mom figured out esomething was going on, started to talk to me about it. she nt up to the school, and then after that, i went to a whole 'nother school. my grandmother would tell me the same thing. she is the one who came up with
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flexin' in my complexion originally. i want to be a supermodel, i want to exnd my company, i one want to have my own clothing store one day, so give me a couple more years. and i want to be an entertainer becauske to sing, dance, and act. i would tell boys and girls who are being bullied that it doesn't matter what people think about you, it is what y think about yourself. you should do the same thing i do, look at yourself in the mirror and say empowering words about yourself. it helps a lot. you should be like, "i'm smart, special, creative." don't let the words people say about you get to your head. don't let them get to your head. at all. words of kheris . as we go into the weekend, remember, it doesn't matter what people think about you, it is
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what you thinkyobout yourself. can watch that report on our website and all the day'ins new, inclour top story on turkey. i am rajini vdyanathan. you can find me on twitter. have a lovely weekend. e with the bbc news app, our vertical videos designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the la headlines you can tr adownload now from select stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freemafoundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for erica's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. s weee its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.in
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at purepoint fcial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your .reams. your tomorrow is n purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> brangham: good evening. i'm william brangham. judy woodruff is on vacation. on the newshour tonight: new chapter for sofi. the story of a little girl reunited with her family after weeks of separation. plus, beyond charlottesville. one year after the d protests, we step back and f look at what hlowed that white nationalist rally. and, it's friday. david brooks and ruth marcus break down a packed week of olitical news. all that and more,n tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by:

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