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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 30, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news erica." > funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman tion, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for a erica's neglected needs. >> this fall it's season of revelation. from the choice of america's favorite novel. >> ware hoping to get people to fall in love with novels again. >> to the fate of a hero's love. >> i'mtill here. > from thsecret lives of the
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most amazing cats, to new discoveries about the first people's of the americas. >> our history goes back to the beginning of time. >> all this and more this season. >> and now "bbc world news."a: lahis is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i'm laura trevelyan. president trump is in pittsburgh tonight to offer his condolences after the synagogue shooting. the community is divided over his presence. nd one week to go counting. ahead of the u.s. midterm elections, we visit a swing district in pennsylv winning here is key to democrats' chances of tang the house. plus, rooney mania is sweeping america's capital. how the former england striker brought star power to washington soccer and how he's enjoying the change of scenery. >> i'm more relaxed a family. if you want to go to the supermarket or pop out to get a
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coffee it's quite easy to do. el laura:me to our viewers on public television here in the u.s. and also around the globe. president trump and hily have visited the tree of life synagogue to offer condolences who lost families in saturday's shooting. the white house says the president is there to grieve with the community but there are divisions within pittsburgh er whether he should have come. our correspondent, jane o'brien, is in the city and joinme now. jane, what is the president doing while he's there in t city? jane: well, he paid a visit to the synagogue. although this is a crime sce and clearly nobody can be allowed in the main building, he was able to go into the
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vestibule with the leads this congregation and ight a candle and say some prayers. he was with the first ltry, melania p, and also his daughter, ivanka, who converted to judai when she married h red kushner, who is jewish. they both were withim. they were able to go in and say some prayers as well. then afterwards, they came outside d they came to this makeshift shrine that's been growing as the days have been progressing. nd were able to lay some flowers and also stones from the white house at thesers sta of david behind me that all bear thee names of th victims. laura: jane, you have been in the city since just after the ooting. what's the mood like now as the president visits and thos first funerals take place? jane: well, everybody i've spoken to have said the focus should be today on the victims. as you said, the first funerals have been taking place and
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people have felt stngly the president's visit has been somewhat of a distraction, that it's taken the emphasis of the mourning and the tributes away from t victims and put it onto him and that's something they really wanted to avoid. they wanted today to be about remembering the victims and those funerals are going to be going throughout the week. even people who broadly welcomed his presence said it was absolutelyth fitting tha president of the united states should be here to pay his respects and show with the community. they just wished he delayed his visit. on the other hand, there's also been thousands of people who signed a petition saying theyhi objected t presence under any circumstances because they feel thahis rhetoric, that his divisive speech, has contributed to an environment in which hate can thrive. laura: jane, we lked to people who worship at the synagogue. what is the mood there?
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jane: they're just desperately sad. they don't understand why this happened to them. this is an integrated community. all day i've seen muslims, catholics, believers, nonbelievers coming here to show solidarity and for such a thing thappen here is inconceivable to them. laura: janeen o'bhere in pittsburgh, thank you. well, the u.s. midterm elections are a week away. democrats will need big wins in key races if they hope to retake the house. take theeg batund of pennsylvania's seventh district. the demographics there have shiftin large numbers of democrats registering to vote in this election. and ht for lee high valley what a win could s mean. >> tenth district is a microcosm, from the booming suburbs, expansive rural lands, democrats must win in mixed areas le these if they have any chance of taking back the
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u.s. house of representatives. this longtime republican seat is now open so voters have bee getting to know the fresh faces vyg for their support. democrat susanild, who leads in the roles, and marty, an olympic gold medalist. at this bate the candidates faced questions. marty focused on the economy and its strength under president trump. while susan hoped her and democrats' position onlt hea care would help flip the seat. do you feel finally democrats can taket? the s >> don't take anything for granted. for everyave to work vote i get. reporter: polls have you down. how are you feeling?ee >> igood. these are the same pollsters that didn't predict donald trump would win.ju reporter days until the election, most in ahis room halready made up their minds thanks in part to president trump. >> i just can't believe his moral background, the way he talks that people are sudoorting him. t get the mentality.
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>> if the democrats win the house, they're going to just itch pea trump. th's their whole mission. reporter: it's not just the national political environment helping democrat shifts in demographics could also help push this region more to the left. this district is moderate at its core, but there are signs that that could be changing. voter registration is way up, and new democrats outnumber republicans 4-1. this professor is an analyst who has been closely monitoring ce. >> new registrants are mostlyly -- usuounger voters and they tend to break democrat but in this particular cycle that's accentuated, it's been pushed up. so democrats, itethese new do turn out and there are some signs that they wl be more likely to turn out, really gives a boost to the democrats. >> how are you? reporter: in the final days of
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this campaign it is which candidate can get their message out best. >> we're just reaching out to voters from susan' campaign. reporter: and which party can turn out the votes. bbc news, pennsylvania. laura: and pennsylvania's seventh district is a abo hour's drive from philadelphia where the roots of america's democracy took hold. declaration of independence and e constitution was signed there and the city served as the nation's capital at the end of the 18th century. today it's a diverse center of business, education, arts, and, of course, pitics. bbc's katty kay is there and i spoke with her earer. katty, pennsylvania is nicknamed the keystone state. could it hold the keys to unlocking the house of representatives on election night? katty: i just spoken to a coup of officials from the state, the current mayor who says, yeah, absolutely. everybody's oking at those suburbs outside of the city of philadelphia. they are suburbs where it could
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gohe eway and particularly democrats hope women voters, some women voters who may hav voted for donald trump two years ago but don't like the kinds of things they of the white house, they don't like some of his tone, they don't like what he said about immigration. those are the kinds of voters that could switch party now and vote for a democratic candidate. at the democrats take back the house of represees, it will be because of suburbs outside of cities like this one. laura: well, katty, from what you're saying, even though donald trump isn't actually on the ballot thi time, this election is indeed all about him and a state he narrowly won in 2016. katty: yes. totally a referendum on donald trump. midterm elections quite often are a referendum on the president in this country. but i thinkhione more so than ever because donald trump is such an unusualde pre. republicans, i sense -- and i don't know how you feel this, laura -- a couple weeks ago they were feeling confident
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around the brett kavanaughin he just in this last week, the elections seems to be closing a bit and democrats seem to be doing a bit better. there is an interesting poll that came out yterday in the gal lineup poll that showed -- gallup poll that showed in the week of the pipe bombs, the mass murder in the synagogue in pittsburgh, president trump's approval rating has gone from 44% to 40%. now, four-point drop in the space of one week, that's quite aignificant drop. to the extent this is about donald trump, a decline in his approval rating is g notood for republican candidates. laura: katty, then subur women outside philly, could they also be crucial to whatha ens? i katthink women are always important in american elections. they've decided the last three u.s. presidential elections just because they vote i men do. mbers than the
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almost getting to the stage, laura, where you can kind of divide the parties between the democratic party, which is leaning female, and the republic party, which is leaning male. it's another of those emerging splits in american society just because women's approval of donald trump has dlined so dramatically in the course of the last two years. laura: katty kay in philadelphia for usht ton thank you. president trump added to the midterm mix earlier by declaring in an interview he plans to end birthright citizenship.th 's the right of a baby born here in the u.s. to be anic am citizen regardless where the baby's parents are from. it's enshrined in our constituamon by the 14th dment. mr.rump's bombshell came in this interview with axios. unesident trump: how ridiculous we are the only y in the world where a person comes in, has a baby, and the baby is essentially a citizen of the united states for 85 years with
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all of those benefits? it's ridiculous. it's ridiculous. and it has to end. reporter: have you talked that with counsel? president trump: yeah, i have. it's in e process. it will happen. laura: a we should note there are actually more than 30 countries where citizenship is a right given at birth. that includes most nations in north, central, and south america. with re i spoke earlier our north america reporter, anthony. the president says he can do this by executive order. can he? thony: that's a stretch. as we mentioned, the 14th amendment says at the beginning all persons born or naturalized in the united states and subject to the jurisdiction thereofns are citif the united states. that's a pretty clear-cut language and it would be a task . maybe a congressional law could handle it. evenaul ryan said it would be straight up un-constitutional. donald trump has talked about his in the past, but it would
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take a lot of work tthis through. laura: who is it exactly the president was talking about there? my son was born here when i was a gal immigrant, but is he really talking about children born to undocumented immigrants anthony: it's vague. we don't know what this yet to be released execive order would look like or legislation in congress. it seems like probably t talking about people came over illegally, had children while here and they are currently granted citizenship. but he could also be referring to people tourists who come over, have theju children here to get u.s. citizenship. or perhaps even green cardholders. although the supreme court has directly addressed that about 100 years ago where people here legally, not u.s. citizens, had a child here and that person was determined to be a u.s. citizen. las this really much more about style rather than substance? the president pulling an electoral rabbit out of the hat with a week to go? anthony: i think that certainly could be one of the issues here. we are midterms. from the i think donald trump wants to talk about immigration. yesterday,e had the order out
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of the defense department of 5,000 troops goingo the border to prepare for aan car of immigrants coming up that may note arrre for a couple months. today he's talking about birthright citizenship. he views immigration as a winning issue. he campaigned on it in 2016. he's reaching back for it again. 's comfortable ground. right now it's not a top issue for voters. health care, the economy is higher. he wants to change that. laura: anthony, you know the president's schedule with a week to go until the midterm elections.ca where is haigning and how does this issue play into where he's going?ba anthony: he'storming over the united states. 11 states. -- 11 stops. two stops in florida, two stops in missouri, two stops in indiana. these are all states that have key senate races, where there are democrats trying to run for re-election in states that donald trump carried in 2016. in fac there is one state on this list, georgia, that does not have a senate election, and none of ese states were ates that donald trump didn't carry in 2016. laura: anthony, thank you so much for decoding all of
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hat. in other news, theotorious boston mobster jamesey "wh bulger was killed in prison. s. was once one of the f.b.i.'s most wanted crimin later became an informant. bulger was found dead in his cell in st virginia shortly after he had been transferred there from a florida prison. at least nine people have died intaly after heavy flooding and gale force winds battered the country tuesday. extreme conditions in other parts of southern europe have left thousands without power the bad weather will continue as the storms head nort former nurse in germany has admitted to killing 10of his wn patients. that's shocked the
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country. one of his trials said he administered fatal doses of medi tion on a massive scale. detectives said he wanted to impress his colleagues by resuscitated the peopl recently poisoned. jenny hill has more. reporter: hiding his face, post-war germany's most prolific serial killer. els hogel preyed upon the elderly and infirmed. he's now known to have killed more than 100 people but investigators say weer will neally know the true scale of his crimes. hogel found his victims on the wards of two north german hospitals. he systematically administered fatal doses of medication before trying to resuscitate the very patients he attacked. song the victims, this ma grandfather. christian told us he wrote to hogel in prison to ask why. >> he just said that he lost the contact to people, to human beings lying there. it was just bodies for him. he was killing everyone he could get, just playing with them.
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like someone who is using something mechanical, like a computer. you switch a body on and off. reporter: in court for thesi confeson, the families of the dead. many had no idea their loved ones were murdered untilor investigexhumed their remains. they accused the hospitals of turning a blind eye to high death rates. by doing so, they say, managers facilitated the murderous ambition of a man whose crimes have shocked this country. jenny hill, bbc news. laura: an absolutely horrifying story. you're watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's ogram -- how the food we eat is destroying one of south america's most famous savannahs. laura: inia indon an
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underwater search has begun. 189 passengers and crew on board but there's been no sign of the survivors. rebecca reports now from jakarta. reporter: at the crssh site, di have been deployed to try to locate the plane's black boxes. finding that will help investigators work out what went wrong. the president inspecting the wreckage a promising a full investigation. his was the first boeing 737 max eight to crash. a technical log obtained by the bbc sws there were problems on a previous flight. but lion air insisting those problems were sold and the plane was given a full clearance tohe fly. , what's left of the plane, as well as people's possessions are beingaid out here at the
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port. for the families, it's another day of waitiav. families hbeen told to come here to this poce hospital where the remains tt has been recovered from the wreckage of the plane has been brought. families are being asked to give d.n.a. samples, pieces of clotng, anything that can elp officials here to identify people. her family has flown in in the hope of getting some closure. the little wister on the plane. >> we just desperately want some news to give us a sense of peace. thatl. is rt repo: bbc news, jakarta.
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atura: demand for cheap food is linked to deforen and a devastating loss of ildlife. so says a latest report. land needed to meet pte global consn of cheap protein such as soybeans. the vannah in brazil is one one of the most overexploited areas. here is a special report from brazil. >> it's the area the size of western europe. in theart of savanna heart of brazil is one of the most biodiverse places in the world. home to thousands of plants and nimal species. but as each day passes, they're in danger from this. the fire over there is an example of the problem here in the heart of the cerrado.nd
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the as been set on fire and there is a chance the field has been cleared for soy production in the future. 80% of land in brazil is supposed to be for public use. awt as more space is needed to grow soybeans, thes being ignored, leading to land grabbing on a vast scale. >> there is a clear lack of governance in this r the law enforcement is not good enough by far. when you see all the land rise of local communities, that is not respected. reporter: this farming company prides itself on producing soy in a sustainable wayby reusing land that's already been spoiled. this man manages the far >> as soon as we find a new area of land, whether it's for sale or rent, we have a team of specialists which investigatesth history of that land. reporter: but most farms aren't like this.
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others will obtain land by any means. and it's the local communities who suffer.ur for enerations, the gomez-lopez family lived off open land. in the cerrado. she says they were forced to leave, their home burned down and their land sold. >> they took everything from us. we weren't allowed to bring anything. all the cattle, everything, it was all left behind. it was all destroyed. reporter: people and land and the pressure fueled by the way our food is produced. conservationists say we have 10 years to save south america's most valuable savannah. otherwise all this could soon vanish. bbc news, in brazil. cerrado. laura: the cost of cheap food.
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well, iyou're a sport fan here in washington there is a mew household nd its wayne rooney, the former england striker transferred to d.c. united. since then he's brought the local club from obscurity to a prime spot in the playoffs. natalie perks caught up with the star and has this report.ta e: as england's all-time record goal scorer, wayne rooney has always played at the hghest level. at 33 years old,e's taken on his toughest career leallenge. >> all right, d.c.s get to work. natalie: he told me he's not just in america for tion, though. >> of course, you have people twho compete, other playet have come over here and not done so well. peoplehat have an opinion have to have a player that can really play. natalie: rooney's arrival has been big news here. >> when wayne rooney arrived in d.c. back june, the team was in last place in the eastern onference.
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natalie: he was the spark they needed to go on a run and make the playoffs. a wage of more than two million unds a year but total earnings, reportedly more than double that, he's the highest paid player in the club's history. shirt sales and ticket sales are up but so is the level rooney demands. >> last week we had won a game and it wasn't our best warformance by any means and he came in and said i't good enough and everyone was thrown off. what, we just won the game, and he said that won't last in the playoffs. it was a nice like i guess kick in the butt. it was a wake-up call. natalie: d. is known for the fast pace and politics, yet, life in the capital has affordedooney something he hasn't had in 17 years -- the land of the frees living up to its name. >> i think it's a bit more relaxing for your family. if you want to go to the supermarket or you want to pop
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out and get a coffee, then, to it's quite easo. at times in england it could be difficult. i think to be able to walk a around have a bit morebi space and t more time toou enjoy with yr family is something that's different than what i'm used to. natalie: he's livi a different life now, albeit without premiere pampering. rooney is now flying economy and sharing hotel rooms. >> i think it's important to be part of the team. wouldn't come in and start manding things. it's not -- natalie: he watched england's world p run as a fan since -- for the first time since he was a kid. the child-like exuberance is coming ali in his football again. the smile is back against all odds. natalie perks, bbc news, washington. laura: and rooney and his squad will be in action here in washingt on thursday night for that much-anticipated playoff match. remember you can find more on all the day's news at ourbs
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e, plus see what we're working anytime, make sure to check us out on twitter. i'm laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so yoghcan swipe your way throu thnews of the day and stay up-to-te with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >>ox this is a a box that shows you a world behind your own. it was just a box. but the world has changed. and so have we. and now the box can be almost any size or spe.
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and you decide what you want to explore. anytime, anyplace. break out of the box with pbs. >> "bbc world news" was prested by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, a city mourns-- president trump visits pittsburgh as funerals begin foh ose murdered at the synagogue. ren, hate in america-- we take a closer look at te of anti-semitism in the united states. plus, what is driving migrants to leave central america? an inside look at how gangs have ravaged el salvado >> we are like prisoners in our own community. you basicalldon't live peacefully but instead you think you're not going to make ir another day,ybe you think what will your children won't eat tomorrow, because it will be too dangerous to go to work. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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