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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 3, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is de possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected nes. >> wow, that is unbelievable. ♪ >> i'm flying! ♪ >> stay curious. ♪
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[applause] , >> and now"bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trelyan. a state funeral for a former president. the coffin of george h.w. bush arrives at the u. capitol. dignitaries and the public will pay their respects. his legacy is being remembered as one of service and loyaltto his country and the family he held so dear. plus , it started on the pitch. now refugees in the u.s. have a school to call their own. we meet the woman who made it happen.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. this evening president george h.w. bush's casket has arrived at the u.s. capitol building in washington, where he will be lying in state until wednesday morning. it is all part of the state funeral following the death of the 41st president fridayig. we goji to vaidyanathan. what is being set in interview to our 41st president -- tribute to our 41st president? rajini: casket of america's 41st president was taken up the steps behind me to begin commemorations of george h.w. bush, making his final journey to washington, d.c., surrounded by members of his family, members of his own government, members of tod's
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administration, as well as politicians across the political spectrum. they are gathering in the rotunda for a special servioe of commemor we have heard from senior politicians, we have heard from mitch mcconnel, and also from the vice president mikece p many of the politicians who have been speaking to pay tribute to the character of george h.w. bush, here is what outgoing speaker of the house pd l ryan say. rep. ryan: throughout his life of service, president bush personified gra. his character, his character was second to none. he reached the heights of power with uncommon humility. he made monumental contributions to freedom with the fundamental decency that resonates across generations. laura: that was the speaker of representatives
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paul ryan. atmospheret is the like on this solemn day? rajini: it is a solemn day, but it is also a date many people want celebration of george h.w. bush's life. fitting that there is such a tribute to him on capitol hill because he was a pol sician who gamuch of his life to public service. nowadays we talk about the anti-politician, how people don't respect andevere public service perhaps in the way they used to. in many ways george bush as a president represented an era when public ghrvice at its t was respected. he served in congress here, he cia.on to head up the he was the.s. ambassador to the united nations. he was head of the republican national committee. and ofe course,s vice president to ronald reagan
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before he took the top job serving as the 41st president. he onlyat served one term in role. in many ways he embodied public service and that is what peoplee want to celebr here on capitol hill. there will be an opportunity fob members of thec to pay their respects as his body is laid in state. theirrst people will be respects as well as dignitaries are members who worked for the bush white house, people who served on his staff. and then members of the public will have the opportunity to pay their respect through wednesday morning. on wednesday morning his casket will be moved to washington's where h cathedral, will be afforded a full state funeral. vaidyanathai thank you. joining us is rich galen,sp who waesman for dan quayle and communications director for the flitical action committee event-vice president -- then-vice president george h.w. bush. we heard mitch mcconll when he
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was an exhibit earlier say a steady hand studying the course. is that how you saw him? rich: exactly. we spoke earlier of the dissolution of the soviet union and the reunification of germany, but perhaps the biggest thing he did, the steadiest hand he demonstrated, was getting group of 60 countries to join together to push saddam and the iraqis out of kuwait. quick story -- years later i was working in the middle east, and the guy introducing me mentioned the fact that i worked for dan quayle, who was vice president. the entire room stood up and applauded. i hanothing to do with it, of course, but thaopis how much in kuwait appreciated what they had done. i think the legacy of george h.w. bush insecure. laura: he was very upsetbout the "newsweek" cover that
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called him a wimp, and yet he represented these values of prudence, dignity, humility. is that what made him so much onof-a-kind? rich: i think that is true. erreme society was shifting like sand at the beach at that time in ou history, and president reagan, remember, was known for wearing the cal poly high -- cowboy hat and chopping wood. that is not what.w. did. w. did that at the ranch in crawford. but that is n the something he likes. he played sports, he drove his boat -- again, patrician sort of things. well, notked upon -- i think, i know, i'm fairly largely by eastern report -- unfairly,argely by eastern
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reporters who wanted to demonstrate that he wasn't up to theobbut he certainly was. laura: indeed,ar and w hearing so much about his wartime service. how far do you think that informp, his own leaders whether it was the first gulf war or never getting the -- end of the co war? rich: in terms of his leadership, he was clearly an accomplished he came back from the warnd went to college, he played baseball for yale and was voted captain of the team. but he wasn't that good a baseball player. he was pretty average when you look at his statistics. yet his leadership shown through and he was elected captain of the team. whatever he did, he was seen as a leader. laura: he was a one-term president. what do you see as his defining legacy? rich: "world news americ i thine
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--nk i the defining legacy for george h.w. bush is heated what was right for america. fell, thee wall state of the union address in 1992, and the vice president just referd to this -- he said america you can argue whether anybody wothe cold war, but that is a different issue. he did not say "might ministrations -- my administration won the cold war." he said america won the cold war. he understood the place of america in the world. laura: when we see the bush clan who have gathered, how important hes family and how dedicated was rich: amazingly dedicated. ner went to kennebunkport, but i know a lot of people who did and there were alwmily members there all summer long, drifting in and out of td family compoere. there is probably nothing more important other than public
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service to mentioned before, to george h.w. bush than his sons, daughter, dahter-in-law, the children and grandchildren. laura: rich gan, thank you so much for joining us. rich: thanks for hang me. laura: as memories pour in of present bush, many mentioned his highflying adventures. he decided to mark a major birthday by jumping out of a plane. he did the last parachute jump at age 90. r more on that plunge and others before it, sergeant elliott joined my colleagues katty kay and christian fraser for their program "beyond 100 days." katt i imagine, sergeant ouelliott,ight have been a little bit nervous skydiving with the 41st president of the united states when he was 90 years old. >>et honestly, i was comy nervous on all three of his
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oubs, but a little more ne on the 90 because he is 90 years old, and he is not a young man anymore. it is quite a big task when you find you are going to jump a 90-year-old formof president out n airplane. katty: yeah, what did his wife say to you? >> [laughter] the first time i met mrs. bush, her exact words to me, "if you hurt him i will kill you," and i think she would ive killed me ad hurt him. christian: presumably, even if he was 90 years old, he was involved in the landing. >> absolutely. both parties, when you are doing the job,he 41st president is not a small guy. he is 6'2", 0 pounds.
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dealing with parkinson's disease, he didn't have the muscle ability. so it was a lile difficult to itd, but we accomplished together and he had a big smile on his face when it was done. christian: did you check on the way-- chat on the way up? what did you talk about? >> youno he was extremely quiet. i think he was just taking it all we took off from walker's point so he could se his family home, his summer home, landing at saint ann's church. lot during the takeoff. he was quiet and overlooking his life -- that is what i think he was probably thinking. i'm not e katty: why do you think he did it? >> i think he did it to send a
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message out to peopleis age that regardless of your age, you can still do what you love to do. toalso did it, in my eyes, show he is a professional. he felt that when he was shot down during world war ii he did not eject properly, so he jump out of airplanes because you wanted to do with perfect. hed he enjoyed a journalist. ived a full life of -- he enjoyed adrenaline. edhe l full life. katty: you have a full life, indeed. a -- he livell life, indeed. laura: so many memoriesid of prt bush flooding in. wereands of houthi rebelsse to oman for treatment. lks should take place in sweden next week. uruguay has rejected an asum request by peru's former
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president. mr. garcia asked for international protection at the uruguayan embassy in lma after he was involved in a corruption scandal. the former peruvian president is accused of taking bribes from a giant brazilian construction company while he was in office. . garcia denies all the charges. suthe pr is mounting on president macron of france after more violent protests in paris this past weekend. demonstrators began last month over a planned increase in fuel taxes, but sparked wider discontent about economic reforms. the french prime minister has been meeting with pototical leaderiscuss the crisis and is due to meet representatives of the protesrs tomorrow. from paris, lucy williamson reports. lucy: it is a challenge new fuel taxes. by saturday it was about challenging power. paris has not seen greatike his -- rage like this since before the president was born.
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screamed one front page today, "this needs a response." the president met with opposition leaders for crisis talks and tomorrow he will meet with representatives from elprotesters themss. problem forecurity emmanuel macron is becoming a political crisis, t. his young party, len as himself to macron come seems to be splintering on how to respond. but some in mr. macron's arrty say ther no conditions that will satisfy the protesters, that what they really want is for the government to fall. >> i did propose many times when it we raise your wages -- what ife raise your wages? he said we don't want this, we want something else. day, whnd of the those people want is to take
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charge. and so that's a political conversation. met: the first -- we first at this protest site weeks ago. to stop the saturday protest, he says macron must review all pension laws in the minimum wage. another day of action risks catastrophe, he says, and it is not just educators who are to blame. >> it is a measure of both. have the writers -- you have the rioters getting more violent. amgst protesters, violence is growing more strongly. retheyed up and they cannot see a way out. lucy: in front of the national workers staged a spread -- ambulance workers staged a separate protest. president macron, criticized for acting too much like a king, is facing a crucial test, to show
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that he is listening to voters without giving in. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, he has taken viewer around the world on amazing adventures. now sir david attenboroug 's warnat climate change could lead to the collapse of civilization. michelle obama has been in london to promote her new book g,"becom and she took the time to visit a school she first went to in 2009. that visit inspired her focus on education here in united states. the bbc has more on this return trip from mrs. obama. report: returning to the school where it all started, this afternoon michelle obama was welcomed back with overwhelming applause from
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hundreds of schoolgirls in north london, a place which holds special memories for the former first lady. it gave me -- mrs. obama: it gave me a level of focus and determination when i got to see you all up close. i said then that you remind me me, and all the fears and all thchallenges that you face, and you got to -- you gave me a .sense of comfort reporter: michelle obama made her first visit to the school back in 2009, and nine years later, her appearance and words of advice has had a long-lasting impact on students and staff >> she inspired me to go to law school and she inspired me in so manyways, to take on roles. there asels that i am well and my voices being heard from her and it is wonderful. reporter: today a new generation of schoolgirls got to meet the
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role model. mrs. obama was on stage for an hour and spoke openlyut a a wide range ofsss, including her time in the white house. ladyobama: being first wasn't the easiest job in the about but i got your hope what i can do for you. >> to remember the past memories that she crated for us in our school. s here her presence continto have the same effect. laura: climate chang tis the greateeat to humanity in thousands of years -- that is a starwarning from sir david and barrow, who spoke -- sir david attenborough. the broadcaster said that climate chanhe could lead to collapse of civilizations and the extinction of much of the natural world. our science editor david shukman
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has the story. david: it has been a year of deadly fires andecord heat, and a new warning from site is ivabout the dangers ofg in a world of rising temperatures with the risk of many more scenes like this. a socl have been media campaign has gathered voices from around the world calling on -- social-media campaign has gathered voices from around the world calling for action. campaign spokesman was given a rare chance to appeas directly to tobal forum. >> right now we're facing a man-made disaster of global scale. our greatest threat in thousands of yrs, climate change. action, thetake collapse of our civilizations and the extinction of much of the natural world is on the
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horizon. david: there was applause, but not much. maybe because tackling climate ange is so difficult. lande, like many countries, depends on coal. we went do a mine to see the grim process ogetting it out. many think that a green future versions of jobs. what would you say ta polish miner about his future? >> all you can say is things change. it is the process of history which is now moving, and you will have to find your children -- have to find s w way living. david: as the conference tenseues, there will be arguments over what to do. with so many countries representehere and thousands of delegates with incredibly complicated negotiations, it is
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easy to forget what this is all about. so let me show you this happened to global -- what haslo happened tol temperatures. orangesbelow average, for above-average, and the most recent years of the hottest, so they are marted re-- marked in red. the big concern is where the world is heading next. stormers firms and sea level rising are growing threats. small island states feel the most vulnerable. >> what kind of effort must be put into rebuilding when your entire economy is wiped away? imagine, what is the entire economy of irend or england was washed away? where would you start? that is the reality of climate david: outside the conference, coal fires are burning, each one polluting the air. scientists say that stopping this is essential. it will be a huge challenge. david shukman, bbc news.
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laura: four the united -- for refugees arriving in the united states, it can break down barriers. but itas only the beginning of her mission to help. she is running a refugee academy in georgia. she told us her story for the series.100 women" refugee students can must of had little to no -- most have had a little to no education. they have not healed, they don't tknowir identity, and academically they are .r behi ch, you care about any ir a player is hungry, thega is affected. after practice, kids would sayca "coachyou help me with
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homework?" i realized it was a band-aid solution. this one kid had been in the country for five years, and he didn't speak english very well. "coach, can you help me with my homework?" i had a headache. "how about you read to me?" "note i have a headache." he looked up at me and said "i can't" rea i cannot afford a private school for my players, so it was cheaper to open one. asix ki one teacher, almost 12 years ago. only in america can you do this. -- muslim woman running a schoolor kids from different countries. i have become like the mama there. i want to be protective. what am i beg protective of?
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they need to hear it and they need to handle it with dignity. i heard the worst after 9/11, but this is 10 times worse. we just blame them for all our problems. i just want them to know that the world does not hit them. we have had deathon threats he voicemail targeting me. "where is your location, i want to see you," and not in a friendly way. hathat is why we don' the name outside the building. wereon't publicize wher located. there are other times when people are excited to see us and say "you are what everyday america is about." to ah our school didn't have exist, but as lothere are wars, there will always be refugees. how can we make a refugee something to be ashamed of?
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laura: the healing power of sport. remember, you can find all the day's news on our website. i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "bbc world ews america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions erica's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possilities. your days filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs hovps everyone theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> nawaz: good evening. i'm amna nawaz. judy woodruff is away. on the "newshour" tonight, the ids farewell to the 41st president. we reflect on the life and legacy of georgh.w. bush. then, a pause in the trade war. president trump hails a new agreement with chinabut few details are known. plus the future of work-- how a small town in kentucky is revy iving their econ shifting from coal to the health care industry. >> we began to realize and accept the fact that coal wasn't coming back. and then the conversation changed to, well, whating to be the future of appachia, the future of eastern kentucky? >> nawaz: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour."

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