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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 17, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. the critical moment in thee battle to stre dame. firefighters in paris speak for the first time as new pictures emerge of the damage. >> i went up into the towers. it was only when i got to the top that i saw how daunting it was. at some point we heard an enormous noise, which must've been the spire falling down.ne at least 28 people have died after a bus carrying german tourists on the portuguese island of madeira plunges off the road. d tintoretto comes to washington. some of the artist's greatest works have left venice for the first time in 0 years.
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jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. just two days after the devastating fire that gutted much of notre dame, a restoration plan has been announced. the french government says there will be an international competition for the best ideas r rebuilding the cathedral, and $1 billion has been raised. firefighters have been telli eir story, as our paris correspondent lucy wils.amson report lucy: notre dame today is a cathedral divided by the fire. marks of tragedy surrounded by tranquility. this video ven exclusively to the bbc shows stained-glass intact under a jagged hole where
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the roof used to be. polished pews behinred timber. that so much survived is extraordinary. the local mayor said there was a moment that night when fire crews told president macron they weren't sure if notre dame could be saved. >> it is very dficult. they could not get up there, the normal scales are not large, not tall enough. they had to use other devices to get into the building, tcky had to chat the building was safe. they went up there and they did not have 100% certainty they would be able to get dd out. lucy: this is what firefighters faced that night. today, one of them spoke publicly for the first time. er>> i went up into the t it was only when i got to the top that i saw how daunting it was.r it was extemely hot, and we had to keep moving back, moving back. it was spreading very quickly. at some point we heard anen mous noise, which must have been the spire falling down.
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lucy: investigators have so far interviewed around 30 people. early reports suggest the fire began at the base of theca edral's central spire, where a major restoration project was starting. the main contractor involved in the restoration work told us they were the only ones in the ebuilding on monday and w putting up scaffolding, not doing anything inlving heat or sparks. eyeft at 10 to 6:00, he told us, turned off the electricity, and handed the keys to the caretaker. along thbanks of the seine, artists came to record a change in the city leinster. the prime minister has announced an inrnational competition fo designs for the cathedral's new spire. at churches across france tonight, bells rang out in n solidarity wire dame. ftthe sound of continuity a crisis that let all of paris
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know ty are not alone. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. jane: at least 28 people have died in a bus crash on the portuguesesland of madeira. the s which was carrying german tourists plunged off a road a overturned. there were around 55 people on board. threporter: coach which was carrying german holidaymakers came to rest on its side after anparently coming off the road on a tight curvrolling down the mountain. exactly how it happened isn't clear. the bus is badly damaged with most of the windows broken. it seems many of the victwns were thronto the ground in the crash. local people quickly gathered, some assisting emergency services as they helped survivors get clear of the wreckage. 55 people were on board the bus when it crashed in the early evening in the city of caniço, east of the island's capital. madeira is one of a small group of islandoff the coast of
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north africa that are part of the republic of portugal. it is a popular destination for those seeking early-season sun. tonigh work at the scene goes on. ign office says they are standing by to offer any assistance to britons caught in the tragedy, although so far the tragedy, although so far those involved appeared to beou germansts or locals. jane: here inhi wton, everybody is waiting for the release of robert mueller's report on russian med the u.s. election. we know it will be distributed tomorrow morning, and the attorney general will hold a press conference. what we don't know is how much will be kept secretit is those blacked out parts which are stirring controversy and raising interest. for more, i spoke a brief time ago with george washington university law professor jonathan turley. thank you for joining me. jonathan: thank you. jane: what are you expecting tomorrow? n jonathanhing good when it comes to president trump.
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just because there was a desion made there was not indictle conduct does not mean there is not conduct there is quite damaging. we expect this report to be filled with vignettesnd testimony of the president acting inappropriately. one of the areas that we will look at most closely will be key witnesses like white house counsel don mcgahn. what we know is he had three interviews tt exceeded 30 hours. ng.was talking about somet he is the person that is in the background of every critical moment. he's credited with stopping the president, reportedly, wanting to fire mueller, fireay rosenstein,aste over the justice department. if that is te, all of that is likely to be detailed.co for members oress, just because he is not indictable doesn't mean he is not peachable. jane: there is also the issue ou obstction of justice.yo
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jonathanu have to rememberer that muellgreed there was nothing criminal connected to a llusion theory, and his people were divided on whether there was something crimelated to obstruction. however, the attorney general and deputy attorney general both agreed there is not an obstruction case to be made. methat does no that this report is not full of obstructive behavio obstructive behavior. jane: but will we know about that, because so much of it we are expecting will be redacted?k jonathan: i te will. i think barr will try to keep as much in there as possible. we will be looking specifically for some things. most of us will be going to the obstruction section. collusion fell flat early on. it was not compelling from a criminal standpoint. obstructions going to be a target-rich environment for those who are critics of president trump. jane: democrats are gearing up
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to fight for more information, the bits that aren'telsed. is this going to add fuel to their fire? nathan: it is hard to sa bill barr is following long-standing department of justice policy. you really cannot release grand jury information. there is a lot of misinformation about that. it ia crime. you need a court order. usually judges refuse. there was a decision just a week ago from the d.c. circuit, the key circuit here, that said that even a trial judge cannot orderf the release ofmation simply because it is of great public interest. he is on good ground in saying i need to redact stuff. jane: are you expectingseny of this tle these issues once and for all, given the partisan divide in the country? jonathan: that is what is fascinating, you have 35% on it either side of the spectrum who will not be moved by anything in this report.
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it could say that trump cured cancer and his critics would still say "lock him up." the same is true on the other side for his supporters. there is a sishy middle but it is getting smaller every day. but itis important to see if there is anything here members could claim is impeachable conduct. jane: i suppose we will find out tomorrow. jonathan turley, thank you very much. an 18-year-old flora will run -- woman who made threats against schools in denver, colorado, has been founded. sol pais had an infatuation with the columbine massacre, and police closed in on her close to the high school were 20 years ago this weekend 13 people were killed by two male students. killed by two male ss. nada tawfik is in littleton, colorado, and she joined me a short time ago. what more can you tell us? nada: 18-year-old sol is was found dead from self-inflicted gusehot wounds after an int manhunt that included law enforcement such as the fbi and
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local police here.th believed she was a credible threat because in their words, she made a pilgrimage from florida, miami, florida, to here in colorado because she was obsessed with the 1999 shooting. they believed she was mentally unstable from comments she had madean to family and friend posted online. she was able to legally purchase a shotgun here in the littleton area. there is, of course, all this --bvious relief that the threat is gone from the the hundreds of thousands of students in this area and the wider community. of course, they have already been on high alert because of the upcoming 20th anniversary of the columbine shooting he. this is another sad reminder that life will always be affected by that tragedy. authorities say that schools will reopen tomorrow, that the event to mark the tragedy will carron over the weekend. one of the directors of school
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safetyad this plea to the public, please stop treating columbine as a tourist attraction.in janeed. nada tawfik, thank you for joining me. the ousted president of sudan omar al bashir has been moved to a high-security prison, according to members of his mily. once a protest against deteriorating conditions in the country -- months of protests against deteriorating conditions in the cntry culminated in a military coup. a-listerer lisette -- a-li least had reports from the capital, khartoum. alistair: change has come to sudan, what you would not have thought so from the streets of khartoum today. in a place where dsent is dealt with through intimidation and torture. these people risk it all to stand their ground t they now sayy won't stop until they get what they want all three of these pers were picked up from home by
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security forces at night and held for months in terrible conditions. abdullah is just 21, an i.t. student. fohe describes beinged in stress positions all night and tortured. he is one of many youngbe people en many times. ola secondary sc teacher, she is 72 and s held in custody for weeks. demands like arresting former leaders have not been met, she ys. the military has made promises, but nothing has been don yet is the all-time -- nothing has been done yet. all talk and no action. the miliry remains stiff. demonstrations started over the price of great and other basic -- over the price of bread and other basics.
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anger over inflation transformed into a movement against the president of nearly 30 years and his regime. casht is in desperately sh supply. people really are struggling to get by. but ife goes on, despite protests in major parts of the city, as an hang on, creating to and the longer the demonstrations contie, the more angry ordinary people could become. there has been a coup, change of leadership, a series of sackings and reshuffles. still, thousands of protesters were made on the streets of khartoum. don't trust the generals in the rheadquarters ove there. they think it is the shuffling of an old deck of cards, and they are not moving until they see what is going to bring real change to the country. alastair leithead, bbckh news, toum. jane: you're watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's rapr she was the wife of one
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president and the mother of another. a new biography looks at the life and legacy of barbaraush. even small amounts of red and processed meat such assi an expr of bacon today can increase the risk of valorg cancer, accordo the latest study of half a million people led by oxford university and funded bcancer research u.k. reporter: there is nothing quite like a bit of bacon and sausage. or is there? at this café for some diners, it is a e musecially at breakfast. >> i don't see anything wrong with i >> i'm not one for these cereals, but i feel i'm quite healthy, active. but now this. further evidence suggests red and processed meat such assa mi, bacon, and hot dogs can
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be harmful if he regularly, even in small quantities. those who ate the equivalent o one ration of bacon a day, four out of 1000 develop bowel cancer. for those who ate three rations a day, ve out of 1000 developed the same cancer. it is thought the checals associat with processing meat could increase the risk of cancer, and high temperature cooking can create carcinogenic chemicals. chbut this b says there is always two sides to every story. >> good things in red meat all the essentials, vitamins you can't get anywhere else. a good balanced diet. my grandfather used to swear by it and he lived a long and healthy life. reporter: processed and red meat is part of many people's everyday diet. whether the findings influence what is on peopl's place in the days and weeks to come remains
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to be seen. but the advice from experts, don't eat toouch, and if you do, cut back. bbc news, birmingham. jane: when it comes to cutting its research, thd new study cofer new ways to study brain disorders. scientists have managed to partially revive pig brains four hours after they were removed from the pigs' bodies. the research at yale university may raise questions about what it means to be alive and conscious. our medical correspondent fergus walsh explains.br fergus: thn is the most complex organ in the body. it was always assumed it gets irreversibly damagewithin minutes of blood flow stopping. now a remarkable study in the journal "nature" challenges that view. the scientists at the yale school of medicine used brains
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from farm animals. in all, 32 brains were collected from an attoir. four hours after death, the organs were placed in specially designed tanks and synthetic blood was pumped at body temperature for six hours. remarkabl despite being dead for hours, cells inside the brain started to function. there was activity inap ss, some cells started to work. the brain was using oxygen and blood flow was restored. eis video shows some of blood vessels of the partially revived organ. but there was no whole-brain activity that might signal awareness. >> this indicates thaton individual neare viable but not pable of forming an organized global activity. this is not a living, functioning brain. o rgus: when the brains were
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tested, there wasobal electrical activity. the researchers had been to anesthetize and cool the organs if they show any signs of conscioun'ness. they 't, so the brains were not alive, a crucial ethical point. it looks like this technology, even if it could bring ifindividual cells back to can't bring the person back to life. it can't make the brain function as a whole in a way we think is important. whats ethically significant about brain deaths is a person who was there, their personalities, thoughts, memories, is gone forever. fergus: so what might this research lead to? first, it givescientists a new way of studying the brain when damaged by diseases like alzheimer's and stroke. in the longerm it might allow them to revive parts of an them to revive parts of an injured brain. it does not mean that anyone declared brain dead can be restored to life. the idea of a brain kept alive and conscious outside the body remains science-fiction.
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fergusalsh, bbc news. till a lot of questions, though. today marks one year the death of first lady barbara bush. she is known for being the wife of thet 4s. president and the mother of the 43rd but shefo was also famouspeaking her mind, and in her later years she had many issues with a republican party. earlier on the program "beyond 100 days" matthew price a i spoke with susan page, author of "the matriarch." you certainly blew away my perception of barbara bush. she was feisty but influential. susan: she was. americans thought of her as america's grandmother, cloud of white hair with a sharp time. but the fact that she was influential behind the scenes in her husband's administration and
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her son's, she is unique in american history, the only person to be the wife and mother of presidents and if to see bot of them in office and she continued to of christ her son -- tohe advisson george w. bush, even arguing against the iraq war. jane: she struggled with things like abortion,hether or not e was a feminist, and even whether she was a republican. what do you think that says about her character? susan: it says she was constantly willing to think about issues and change her mind. she worried about the issues. you mentioned that she no longer considered result or republican. when she told me that i february 2018, it was astonishing. she had played a role in seven of the last 10 presidential tiels. she had been the face of the republican party. but she was really distressed by the tone president trump took hnd the directi was taking the country, she
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considered hself a woman without a party. matthew: susan, accordfig to the brieng notes i have been given on thi mrs. bush one of the title of your book to the "the fat lady sings again." why? susan: well, the title is "the matriarch." she did not like the word "matriarch." she hated the word "dynasty." it had big shot-itis. i saiddo computer like it, wha you want the title to become a and she said "the fat lady sings again." it was her quick wit and self-deprecat:ng humor. , author of,e indeed, "the matrich." it has taken 500 years, but tintoretto, one of the great
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masters of the italian renaissance, has made his debut in the u.s. some of the works at the national gallery of art in washington have left venice f the first time in celebration of the artist's birth. take a look. the sheer scale of tintoretto's canvases is overwhelming. some could be included in this show because they wouldn't fit through the gallery doors. those orat did are a eller's paradise. scenes from the bible and classical mythology brought to life in dramatic brhstrokes. >> tintoretto worked on an enormous scale, and the big arintings behind me are only paintings behind monly middle size. he had his ambition to cover every wall. he was born in venice 500 is ago and he thought big. for him, a way of cog urgency was to do things on a really colossal scale. jane: tintoretto was a pioneer in the new medium of old paint on canvas, and he used the human figure, usually muscular a drawn from life, to drive his narratives. in "the last supper," the disciples are clearly shocked
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when jesus said one of them will betray him. their actions tell the story. tintoretto painted nine versions of the last supper. f very differe the time in that they are quite casual, rustic. over here, we have what scholars believe is aortrait of his young daughter. down there, we've even got a cat. he was also prolific, running a workshop to churn oupaintings to keep up with the huge number of commissions. this is one of the highlights oi the tion, the "paradiso," and it is incredible to think it is almost 500 years old, because it is so modern, sont. in fact, this 16-foot-long sketch was his calling card, anu d him the prize of painting the principal government building in venice. with so many of tintoretto's big kahunas on display, it might be easy to overlook his portraits.
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but they were the inspiration for later artists like rembrandt, and critik them among the finest of the era. >> they look you direytly in the it is like they have just seen yo you lock eyes with them. it eliminates anything else from the painting that would distract this book is that from this focustr -- that would dt from this focus on the directed ntze. that gives a very porary feeling. you feel that these are people you might know today. jane: this is the first time tintoretto has had his ownkb blter show in the u.s., and with the exception of some works still in venice, this exhibition has assembled his finest paintings under one roof, illustrati why he still packs a punch centuries later.yo in caswere wondering why they have been moved now, it is because a lot of them are being herestored to celebrate artist's anniversary. you can find more all the
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day's news on our website, and to see what we are working on at any ti twitter.us out on i'm jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world ." s america >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around you you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stayte up-to-da with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possilities. your day is lled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discer theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evendyg, i'm oodruff. on the newshour tonight, one on one with john bolton. w we speh the national ewcurity advisor about the trump administration'sanctions on cuba and more. then, 20 years after the massacre at columbine high school, what we have learned about mass tragedy in the decades since then. plus, th bottom of the world. sightseeing trips to antarctica have tak off, but the surge may add stress to an alrady delicate ecosystem. >> antarctica is really the world's last great wilderness. it's a continent that is for nature, and i think that's a really important symbol, because so many other places where han civilization has spread to, we have destroyed the environment. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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