tv PBS News Hour PBS June 10, 2019 3:00pm-4:00pm PDT
captioning sponsored by newshour pductions, llc >> yang: good evening. i'm john yang. judy woodruff is away. on the "newshour" tonight, mexico begs to implement the immigration deal it made with the trump administration, but how much has really changed? we break down the agreement on its first day in effect. then amy walter and tamara keith are here to analyze another busy weekend on the presidential campaign trail and congress's response to the mueller report. plus: stone by stone. with the memory of the fire that consumed paris's notre dame cathedral still fresh, stone masons work to repair the national cathedral in washington, d.c., damaged by an earthquake in 2011. >> you know it lasted only 58 w seconds, an it ended we just kind of started looking around and looking up.
and seeing how things had rotated or fell, or were twisted, and it was just incredible. >> yang: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour." >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> babbel. a langua app that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more. >> consumer cellular. >> fancial services firm raymond james. >> the william and flora hewlett foundation. for more than 50 years, advancing ideas and supporting institutions to promote a better world. at www.hewle.org. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: and individuals.
>> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> yang: a top house democrat says the justice department agreed today to turn over some underlying evidence from the mueller report.ch house judiciarrman jerry nadler says it includes files on whetr president trump obstructed justice. attorney general william barr had defied a subpoena for the full mueller report and. eviden today's agreement delays any house effort to hold cim in crimintempt. the justice department says it will try to accommodate congress-- so long a is
not cited for contempt. upresident trump today ke his defense of a deal with mexico to curb illegal immigration to the uni states. he said there is more to the agreementhan has been announced, but gave no details. he also warned he could still impose 5% tariffs if the mexican legislature rejects the deal. we'll take a closer look at what was agreed to, the news summary. the president is alsoth atening more tariffs on china, if president xi jinping does not meet with him this nth at the g-20 summit in japan. speaking with cnbc by phone, mr. trump said it's in xi's interest to get trade talks going again. >> hs for china and i'm for the u.s. so we're going to have our differences, but i think the diffences can be worked out very easily. i'd be surprised if he didn't go. i think he's going. i haven't heard that he's not. we're expected to meet. and if we do that's fine and if we don't that's fine. >> yang: in beijing, china's foreign ministry said it is open to more trade talks, but it stopped short of announcing any future meetings.
and in hong kong: the territory's leader carrie lam announced she is moving forward with a law to let some criminal suspects be sent to mainland china to face tria th'ste ms protests.da ondreds thous of opponents of the proposalne marched inf hong kong's biggest demonstrations ever. they say the communist party uses the mainland courts to prosecute political dissidents. canadian prime minister justin trudeau announced pls today to ban single-use plastics as early as 2021. he said water bottles, plastic bags and straws could be put on the list in effort to reduce pollution. trudeau also touted e economic befits at a news conferenc >> by recycling or reusing these plastics, we can reduce pollution, generate billions of dollars in revenue, and create approximately 42,000 jobs across the country. this is what it means to innovate for the future.e
protect vironment and grow the middle class. >> yang: the announcement comes after the european union parliament voted in march for a similar ban. a helicopter crash-landed on a skyscraper in new york today, killing the pilot and calling up unpleasant memories of 9/11. the crash shook the building and started a brief fire rescue vehicles swarmed the site as rainy skies clouded the smoking rotop. the pilot was the only person aboard. officials said t indication that terrorism was x volved. former boston red eat david ortiz is hr pitalized afing shot in his native dominican republic. the three-time world series winner, known afctionately as "big papi," was attacked at a bar last night.se rity camera footage appeared to show a gunman ambush ortiz from behind. it is unclear ife was the intended target. the alleged shooter is inst y. ortiz is in stable condition after undergoing surgery.
u.s. customs and border protection reports a data breach that includes passport and visa photos. one of the agency's sub- contractors was hacked in late may. the attackers accessedmages used at airports as part of a facial recognition proam. officials aren't saying how many photos have been compromised. california may become the first state to pay heah benefits for some low-income, undocumented migrants. leaders in the democrat- controlled state legislature agreed sunday on adding that coverage to medicaid. officials estimate it will cover 90,000 people at aost of $98 million dollars a year. the proposal is expected to pasl the egislature later this week. wall street's weekaftarted well r president trump called off new tariffs on mexico. the dow jones industrial average gained 78 points to close at 26,062. the nasdaq rose 81 points. and the s&p 500 added 13.
and on broadway, it was a night of historic firsts at this year's tony awards. "hadestown" won eight awards, including best musical. it is the first musical winner to be written and directed by ermen. meanwhile, ali stron best featured actress in a musical, a!in the revival of "oklah stroker is the first actor in a wheelchair ever to take me a tony. >> this awd is for every kid who is watching night who has a disability, who has a limitation or a challenge whoai has beenng to see themselves represented in this arena. you are. t >> yang: ty for best play went to the irish family drama, "the ferryman." still to come on the "newshour," what does the deal between themi trump adstration and mexico mean for immigration to the u.s.?tw nets in the financial scrutiny of the national rifle
association. amy walter and tamara keith break down the latest campaign moves in the race for 2020. and much more. er >> yang: aen days of threats from president trump to levy tariffs on mexican products cause of migration into the united states mr. trump announced friday night that a deal had been struck t stem the movement of people, and avoid opening another front in the trade wa but as nick schifrin tells us, the details are important-- and what happens now is open for interpretation. >> reporter: these are the images mexico wants the u.s. to ge: mexican police detain honduran immigrants, preventing them from moving north to the u.s. mexico vows to accelerate the deployment of its national guard to cities and its southern border. on its northern border, with the
u.s., mexico promises to accept more central america applied for u.s. asylum-- and provide them with better shelter,ood, and education than they currently receive. and mexico promises to better track central americans currently waiting in long lines at mexican immigration offices, mexico's foreign secretary marcelo ebrard said today. >> ( translated ): we are going to ask them to register, and we will tell them what the options are. mexico cannot permit a flow of a million and a half of people without knowing their names.ep >> rter: president trump told cnbc today the mexican moves could work. eople from guatemala, th people from honduras and el salvador, in theory, if they do it right, they're not going to be able to gethrough. nobody's going to be able to get through. and then they're also going to protect our southern border. so it should have a biimpact. reporter: the agreement was announced friday night, after a week of meetings and a presidential threat of escalating tariffs. today president trump said those tariffs scared mexico into
making concessions. >> this is something the u.s. has been trying to get for over 20 years witmexico. they've never been able to do it. as soon as i put tariffs on thei tablwas, it was done, it took two days. >> reporter: but mexico hadom already pred to track central americans, deploy national guardsmen, and accept asylum seekers. on abc new democratic presidential candidate beto o'rourke called the tariff threat counterproductive >> they might have accerated the timetable, but by and large, the president achieved nothing except to jeopardize t most important trading relationship that united states of america has.te >> repor but this afternoon, secretary of state mike pompeo said these agreements wentan further exican promises made last year. >> the scale, the effort, the commitment here is very different than what we were able to achieve back in december. >> reporter: to talk about that debate, t a firsthand look at the impact of these agreements, we turn to our own amna nawaz, who's in el paso, and journalist james fredrick,
who's based in mexico city and join us from mexico's southern border, near guatamala. james james frederic, let me start with you, the stepsexico promised, ac kell rating deployment of the national guard, taking in asylum see, are the steps new? >> they're ramping up what mexico's been doing for the last few years. this is not brand-new thing dor mexico to be detaining an deporting migrants but it feels like a rampup. for the nawrksd what mexico sd is it's going to send it to the actual border with atemala which, when i was there yesterday, was totally oen, migrants crossed totally freely and that would be new if mexico imports the border as well.
on highways is where it usually tries to catch migrants traveling in buses. > the highway checkpoints were sporadic two years ago. e there signs mexico is stepping up the checkpoints and taking steps to impact the structural problems of migration? >> you can definitely see more checkpoints no nowadays. there's a lot more than when you and i were working together here. so you can feel thdiafference. you know, structurally, it's hard to tell us if anything is really going to change here because, as we've seen many times, when you put auies out on highways, that just means most migrants go and they walk in more rural areas. many are getting back on the freigh trains called la besti to try to get mother. so there's more enforcement, but that's not clear whether that will just musmigrants further out or whether that's actually going to stop people from
getting to the u.s. >> amna, one to have the major attempts by mexico, they say they're going to try to take in mormore asylum seekers that geto the u.s. and come back int mexico, offer them food, education, shelter. is is something mexico already promised. is there any sign you've seen that mexico has been doing this and is capable of dointhis? >> so far, we visited a couple of shelters that cropped up toy take in some of those migrants who have been sent back by the u.s. across legal ports of entry like this one behind me. unequivocally, i say the answer is. no there's not much that the mexican government has been doing so far, that program that sends people back from the u.s. has been in place for months here in el paso is now going to be spread across the southern border. but there aren't the resources to be able to provide those kinds of services to those eigrants. these towns on mexican side of the border, the border towns, are being similarly overwhelmed. abre on the el paso side in
juarez, they havut 1,000 people they did not expect to be housing. the shelters i visited ask the federal government for whatever help they can get. some said so far, over the last few months, they've only received two food shipments. that's it, that's the only assistance they've gotten from the mexican government. otherwise, they've relied on the mexican government to pay the ity bill. they are off and so far the lights are not on. so far we have not sen resources from the mexican government in any organized way. we'll have to wait and see. >> you're talking to a lot of central americans who areoving north or trying to get to the u.s. any sign these agreements will change that ty're thinking, perhaps even reduce the irlikelihood of theoving north? >> we talked to a couple of the peoplen the shelters, folks who either had been told to wait their turn in line, aning the they tried to cross, got told the u.s. port of entry was full,
go back and come back. people are waiting several months just for the firo chance tonto the ports of entry. we've also talked to people being sent back toic mex they crossed, apprehended on the u.s. side, and were sent back and wait ago court date. ey'll wait asaid long as they need to, but immigration advocates, folks tracking this thing especially on the mexican side of forward toker, say they worry the families, a lot of them, becau they are so december 3r59, because they don't have the means to spend monthst a tim in limbo many juarez and other towns on the mexican side waiting, that they will be incentivized to proses illegally. they have a lot of concts waiting in forward toker towns to prey on these peoige. >> ition officials say there is more in this agreement than has been made public. the u.s. has been pushing fo mexico to become a fizz three country, meaning they would have to take in all asylum seekers
regardless of where they're from. mexico was resisting that and now is condering that position. >> mexican officials have not said anything to that effect yet. the main thing to say about that is echoing what amna is saying on the u.s.-mexican border is here on the guatemala-mexico border is there are tons of people, central americans as well as africans and hatians ve met here, are trying to apply for asylum in mexic mexico's refugees agency only 2 million andof $1. expects it to receive 60,000 asylum seekers this year. soagain, without the resources, it's impossible that mexico could really take inpe le who are fleeing the country from persecution. >> you have been to that border so often, you've talked to so many people on both sides you know so much about tis issue. the challenge that james just describe are you see ago fundamental shift or anything at all in those tnds?
>> over time there are historically seasonal changes. tas the summer gets horse, the numbers could dip a bit, but for all of the convsation around poll factors -- we talk about this in washington and the u.s. we need toe chaylum laws and other structural things need to change so people aren't incentivized to come -- there's not enough versation around the push factors, the things forcing theme to lethave three central american countries in first place. there's consensus of people we talk to in el paso, unless the root causes are addressed, ings won't change soon. >> amna nawaz in mexico, james frederick, joining us on the guatemala-max can border. thank you so much. >> yang: the powerful national rifle association is facing new scrutiny on multiple fronts. today, the "washington post"
reported that nearly a quarter of the n.r.a.'s board of directors have received payments from the group in recent years. sometimes totathng hundreds of sands. this is no top of disclosure of lavish spend n.r.a. c.e.o., wayne lapierre, a new york attorney general's inquiry into the lobbying group, and calls by democratic lawmakers for an investigation. carol leonnig is one of the "washington post" investigatoke reporters g into the n.r.a. carol, thanks so much for joining us. you looked at a lot ofax records, state charitable reports, and other documents. what did you find? tell us about this spending ing directed toward members of the board. >> what we've found was tht a large number, quite a large number, 18 out of 76 board members, were engeged in som sort of side deal, a financia transaction, an agreement that
they were benefiting financially from an agreement that the n.r.a. made maybe with a vendor, maybe with a commission, neighbor wit payment for lobbying services. some of these payments wereot that much. some of them were quite considerable. and it was striking us to because weanted to understan how good the n.r.a. board is in gorning this charity, which has, you know, a special tax status. looking at their corporate governance, this question arose, if so many ofthem are receiving payments or financial benefits via t n.r.a., how well are they looking after the n.r.a.'s spending, which is t the board's purpose is? >> we asked the n.r.a. about, thd they gave us a statement. they said, we believe the peace provides aw distorted v the n.r.a.'s arrangements relating to our board members or the companies they reprent. that said, "the washington post"
does concede that independent expertdid notee any violations of the law, and they note that thn.r.a. properly disclosed any payments that wee made. borrowing from the n.r.a. statement here, that said, you also talked to a number of lawyers who raised questions about ese payments. >> yes. rticularly atook pa charity law, the law that pverns these kinds of groups that don't have taxes. they said they had never seen anything like this before, for this volume or this pattern of board members to have this kind of financial stasentially, in the n.r.a.'s ending in business. what's important about this at this moment, john is that, as you know, and as i'm sure many of your viewers know, the n.r.a. is in the middle of a horrific family feud. the leadership, now run by wain lapierre and has been run by
wayne lapierre for at least a couple of decades, is under scrutiny for lavish, personalng spen the question becomes is the board really exercising control over that kind of spending, fosr s, for travel, for a high fa luting, you know, private jets to the bahamas, to budapest, is the board looking out for the members who are paying their dues, or is it really doing things that benefit specific individuals and their lifestyle. >> the new york attorney general's office is looking into a lot of things, some of the things that you report this horning. the other spendingt you just mentioned. what are some of the possible outcomes of that investigation?t new york attorney general's investigation is rightly and squarely focused, at the moment anyway, on whether or not this entity is -- really
deserves its tax exempt status. you know, the new york attorney general famously ran, campaigned on thsee prohat she would look into the n.r.a.'s tax status and whether they were rightfully a charity as defined by the law. what could happen is that thein stigators determine that the best interests of the members are not being served by this charity. we are told by sources that there is a lot of concern about whether or not these financiale transactions wlowed for years to go on undocumented, unreported to the rest of the borksdnd whether that was real then and whether or not it wasto legaave many of these agreements sort of retroactily approved i recent months, which is something that we have heard the n.r.en has beoing in anticipation of this inveg:igation. >> you talk about serving the interests of the n.r.a. members. you spoke to some of them.
what were their reactions to the things that you found >> you be, that is such an interesting moment for us. i have iterviewed many n.r.a. board members and just regular dues-paying members in the past, and, usually, they are in shared defense of their organization, almost like they're constantly at war witanybody who critiques or questions the n.r.a.'s motives and goals. but something is changing in the ground right no because thse members are telling us they are worrieabout cronyism, that misspending, about, you know, buying a $50 friends of the n.r.a. raffle ticket to help support the cause of the second amendment, and learning thatap wayne ierre had suits that were $3,000 a4,000 apiece, trips on private jets with his family, an ex pent account that paid for hairdressing and stylists. these members are very concerned
about what's behind the curtain, and i'm struck how much that has changed, how much that tone is a shift from prior years. >> carol leonnig of "the washington post," thank you very much. >> of course. >> yang: stay with us. coming up on the "newshour," mothers of the victims of violent crime offer ers serving life sentences a message of redemptn. high expectations and a lawsuit over pay equit- the women's world cup begins. plus, the painstaking ocess of repairing a gothic cathedral. with eight months before the first in the nation iowa caucuses, the largest group of presidential hopefuls descended onhe hawkeye state this weekend. as lisa desjardins reports, this will be a cisive week in the 2020 campaign. >> reporter: in iowa thisek
a sft into high gear. the campaign signs, the colors, the chants, all of it cresting-- and competing-- in cedar rapids. >> j.k.d. is the candidate for me! >> reporter: 19 presidential candidates were there for the state democratic party hall of fame dinner-- but first, they faced off in mini-rallies outside.en new jerseyor cory booker: >> we've got the determination, we have the love that it takes to win the nomination and beat donald trump! >> reporter: it was a fight for visuals. south bend indiana mayor peteie bttigplayed the keyboard, and many campaigtled on social media to prove they are organized and, above all, excited. >> i-o-w-a! elizabeth warren all the way! >> reporter: inside the dinner, the long line of candidates wae limited to fnutes each. some, like californisenator kamala harris, came with a broad campaign message. >> i am here to ask for your support, because i am here to
make the case for america, and totrosecute the case agains donaldrump. >> reporter: others focused on a single, signature issues, like washington governor jay inslee: >> we need to stand up to defeat climate change. we need to save our kids from the threat of asthma. we gotta save our farmers from the floods. iowa is on the front line of disaster. and it is on the cutting e.e of technolo >> reporter: for montana governor steve bullock, it was campaign finance. >> in this post-citizens united world, where money equals speech, corporations have the same right as people. until we address the fact that the rules are now written for w the peoph the biggest checkbooks, we're not going to solve any of the problems we've heard about. >> reporter: this week, the whole field is steaming toward another landmark, when democrats thtermine out which of the 23 candidates have mecriteria for the party's first presidential debates. ree candidates: bullock, plus miramar florida mayor wayne me congressman seth moulton, are still in doubt.
they havnot polled highly enough or raised enough money. this as iowa democrats seem to t see the field groups. a new io "des moines register" and "mediacom," found five candidates soaking up the most support.es former vice ent joe biden, vermont senator bernie sanders and massachusetts senator elizabeth warren, plus buttigieg and harris. everyone else is at 2% or below. two her notable findings fro this poll of iowa democrats: ae sizaunk-- 25%-- say a candidate being white would bere f an advantage against president trump in a general election match up. woman would be more of asaing a antage. one of the few candidates missing from last weekend's iowa action? biden. he was attending his granddaughter's high school graduation, but he and president trump will be back in the hawkeye state, tomorrow. for the "pbs newshour," i'm li
desjardins. >> yang: and now politics monday with amy walter of the "cook political report" and host of "the politics with amy walter" podcast from w-nyc. and tamara keith from npr. she also co-hosts the "npr politics podcast." amy, tam, welcome tam, let me start with you. lisa told us in the report the findings from the iowa poll where you ha two groupings, four candidates in double digits and then a big dropoh, isat likely to be that -- have we already divided this field up? >> the interesting thing is that some of the candidates who ar in the 1% and 2% were higher up in people's minds and in voters minds a few months ago. so among the top five -- like if you add kamala harris into the group thatncludes pete buttigieg, joe biden, elabeth
warren and bernie sanders, if you dig into this poll a little t deeper and you look at who is a second choice, who isti ly being considered, then even though kamala harris is only at 7% of the max -- in sort of tin poll, if you add esose others items in, she mov up and she's part of that group, and it really says that there are a lot of secoond chices, there are a lot of people considering a lot of others, and that a lot of movement could still happen. this is definitely not locked in. >> yang: second is the iowa caucus is important because if a candidate doesn't get enough to oss a threshold they regroupd choose others. democratic caucus gores in iowa are asked were cetain characteristics would be an advantage or disadntage. a candidate over age 70 is said
to be aisadvantage -- of course, donald trump is in his 70s -- but of the three top people ithe poll, look at their ages on election da. >> speaks to tam's point that this is still a very fluid field and a majority of the top few candidates, the majority of voters arsaying thy're giving attentiono the candidates.% 50%, 6f voters are saying i'm putting them in mind as to a potential person i could vote for. also these voters areper crowds pressured because not only do they believe beirng ove 70 is not an asset against donald trump, but the number one advantage they see in a candidate to gop against donald trump, having experience in washington, which all three of those, certainly the vice president possesses that much moan the other candidates. the other thing really
interesting in terms of the polr that ossets democrats are looking for is finding the candidate that is best suited best able to beat donald trump is more important to them than finding a candidate who alliance with their views or ideology. so once again, it's the battle over who's the most erectable which is only way we're going to find out who is the most evectable is who wins i going to set the table for who the most electable is.g: >> yahere was also in that poll sort of the age and, experien course, to joe biden, but are there danger signs or other warning signs in that poll for joe biden? >> i was actually looking bernie sanders and warning signs for him because he, you know, st time around and earlier, there was a big space between bernie sanrs and the next tier of candidates and, now, bernie sanders is basically in a lck with mayor pete buttigieg of
south bend, indiana, and senaton warren senator warren talks about some of the main themes in the saways bernie sanders does. interesting lyrics podge is trying to -- pete buttigieg is erying to be more of a middle of the roadmocrat in the same way joe biden does without the less toricle package. >> ten enthusiasm for biden amondemocrats is not as hi as it is for the other democrats in the race. so voters are saying, yeh, i votinvoting for him, but they'rt as enthuse yagsic about -- an enthusiastic about supporting him as other democrats supportn other peoplehis race. it's important we understand where this race starts and as we're watching it move forward, and tam makes a good point which his fluidity of tis. but it confirms things we're saying about iowa, voters are
kicking the tires, interested in knowing who these people, are they want to find an electable candidate, and they're open to a whole bun of difrent kinds of candidates who don'tar necey fit one distinct ideological profile. >> moving to their activity on investigations of presthent trump that deal wi the justice department to get evidence sent to coness. there was a hearing, a house judiciary committee meeting today. there was an npr marist poll asking dmocrats whether impeachment should start, very divided. very divided in the howssments what's this say about how the democrats in washington proceed? >> they're trying to have it bothays, which is what today was about, which is showing 36% who want to start impeachment proceedings said, look, we areg holde department
of justice accountable because we threatened to subpoena thera attorney ge we got these documents. we're going to hold hearings. we will be able to show america what was in the mueller report. for those people who say i really don't want to start impeachment hearings, they're not impeachment hearings. we're just asking questions, we're just getting documents, right? everybody gets what they want. also notable in the iowa polls, iowa demrats whore also pretty generally a pretty liberal group, also evenly divided. >> that's absolutely it. and today's hearing, which included cable news fixtures coming to provide testimony that was not unlike what they provide on cable news on a regular bas is unlikely to change anyone's mind. >> right. a if ye a democratic house member who is in a purple district, you're not going to watch that hearing and say, oh might gosh, i need to change myn
posind we need to move forward with impeachment today because these people who say it all the time said it again today in a house hearing. the indication of how this is probably not moving anyone, today cnn moved away from the hearing as the aring was happening very quickly because there was a helicopter wash in new rk city and tt game wall-to-wall coverage. now, if there were a real impeachment hearing, that would have the wall-to-wall coverage, the helicopter crash probably wouldn't pull people away om it. >it. >> yang: that has to be the w lastrd. thank you. >> you're welcome. y g: how do you find hope after a horrendous crime? as maya trablusi of public media station kpbs in san diego us, a group of mothers who lost children to murder, have a message for inmates son ynr committing violent crimes. >> reporter: bevbravo lost her 21-year-old son seven years
ago. killed as he walked ouof a friend's house in the city heights neighborhood of san diego. >> this is where my, my son is buried. >> reporter: her pain as raw now as it was then anduring the five years she spent in court until two men were finally convicted of his murder. >> i went into court crying for the son that i had lost, and i left that courtroom crng for the young people that decided to take my son's life. >> reporter: she used her own tragic story to effect change. together with other moms of murdered sons and daughters, she formed a group called "mothersge with a mes >> it's a mother's pain. we carry our child for nine months and when that child is taken at wha be, something inside of you es. w >> reporter: ten took their grief into the community, hoping to divert teenagers away from crime before more murders
took place, but also after-- within the correitional system lf. >> the reason we are here is so that we can share our stories. and by sharing we begin to understand each other,y understanding each other we begin to heal. >> reporter: on a recent visit to centinela state prison, the mothers with a message spoke with inmates, some of whom have been in prisonince they were teenagers, and some may never be eligible for parole. jason hernandez is serving a sentence of 84 years to li. >> i'm sorry. sorry. doesn't cover it. sorry. sorry. to a lot of people is a word and it doesn't cover the pain. how do you, how do you give a mom, her child back? you can't. how do you give the children their dad back? you can't. >> reporter: antonio cruhas been in prison since he was 16. >> i love this class. i know i owe tm more than an apology. i owe them my life i regret ever making such
decision that took what was to me a gang member, was a son to his mother, was an uncle. >> reporter: the workshops led by mothers with a message reach outside prison walls, too. >> hi, i'm former u.s. and world skateboard champion, dennis martinez. i lost everything. >> reporter: dennis martinez turned a life of drug addiction into priso dministry. >>'t care if they're blasted with tattoos, or whatever crime they've committed, if they're willing to change, i was willing to work with them. >> reporter: once he heard the mothers with a message story he knew he could use it to help offenders entering bk into o ciet >> when you go tprison your family goeto prison, your wife goes to prison, your kids go to prison. >> reporter: he runs a faith- tbased residential treatm facility, called training center in san diego, design to help transition men back to life on the outside. >> you can nev go back in time and change what took place, but you just sure darn can change
this moment right now and move forward to make sure that it never happens again. and that's my job iso get these guys prepared to come out. and so i need the right tools to accomplish thi so i'm going to, i need the shotgun blast. and the mothers with a message is my shotgun blast. ♪ ♪ >> reporter: matthew onant was 19 when he entered the prison system. >> i shot and killed somebody. i was arrested, convicted, and sent to prison on a 20 to life sentence. >> reporter: he served 25 years, stly in maximum securityfo facilities, bere finally earning parole. but he says it took most of thae , and a long list of behavioral infractions, beforeld he w change his mentality, never expecting to be released. he says the mothers, and their message, finally give him a vicarious look at his own victim's family. >> and if you're any bit oora human beinave any humanity
left in you, when you hear their ory, you can't help but realize what you did and, and despiswhat you did. so the class is priceless. ♪ ♪ >> reporter: now as a free man, conant, also known by e rapper name "emcy," joins martinez inside the priso and at the training center testifying to other prisoners how he was rehabitated from the inside, before he was let out. living evidence of the impact of a mother's message. i thought i was going there to see what i could give them, did somethingall for me, because my heart was in a lot of pain, and they offered me a little bit of peace.
>> reporter: for the pbs newshour, i'm maya trabulsi in san diego. >> yang: the women's world cup kicked off in paris this weekend and once again, as lisa desjardins is back to tells us,h americans are a favorite to win it all. >> reporte the u.s. team takes the field tomorrow against thailand in its opening match, with high hopes of hoisting the cup ab the americans have won three world cups since the women's competion first began in the '90s. but the competition may be closing in. france, england and germany aret all considereats. for the u.s., there's also a most unusual backdrop. mbers of the team sued t u.s. soccer federation this spring over longstandi allegations of gender discrimination and violations of the equal pay act. to help unpack all of this, i'm joined by christine ennan, a sportswriter and sports columnist for "usa today."
welcome. >> thanks, lisa, gre to be here. >> let's start with the world cup. >> yeah. the u.s. team has dominated since there were rankings at all. at are their strengths d possible vulnerabilities this year? >> this is a veteran team. i think for v eveewer who remembers brandy chastain going back 20 years now, mia hamm, this is the next generation, and they are strong, and they're ranked number one in the, wor anand they should win the world cup. noeysaying l. competition, it's the greatest day in women's cork today until tomorrow, in terms of the level of play, and that's around the world, not just thu.s. this is a veteran team, 12 returning players from the 2015 team that won the world cup in canada the names ae alex morgan, megan llpino. you have carlyyd the star of the 2015 team. megan rapino took a knee in support colin kaepernick in one game.
you have someone who is socially active. she is an out athlete and the first openly gay athlete to be on the cover of "sports illustrated" in the swimsuit issue. so you have story lines galore. >> who's the biggest computation? >> without a doubt, france. lots of hosts. lots of pressure on them. they've never gotten to a lee el whey would win a world cup or an olympic. if the u.s. and france does what they're supposed to do, they'll meet in the quarter finals. >> what i love about this team, they can strike from upclose and azy far awa like the middle of the field. i'll put in a word for m favorite number 9 lindsey haran, whom i'm watchin tell us about the cultural story. it is entire team headed to u.s. soccer saying they're not given the same treatmentor pay as the esn. pl some ca they say half the pay, yet theay more games. r ight, this is a story line since '99, because after they
won the cup, all the w bak 20 years ago, but then, in a few months, they were striking and this has been constant battle with their fed ration over travel conditions, over pay conditions, over the opportunity market themselves, and missed opportunities galore. >> and sometimes theaywere g on not as good turf, astroturf.o >> four years absolutely. in canada, the men would never play on artificial turf, and the women were forced to. you can get more injuries and a tougher surface to play on. women have been second class citizens in soccer from the get-go. right now they're busy focusing on soccer but when they get the question about gender equity is going to keep coming up and the gap is extraordinary between at the men and the women make around the world and, of course, the u.s. men are nowhere near as good or obviously wining as many titles as the women are.
>> u.s. soccer id these are different groups of players with different contracts and doing atfferent jobs. the women say th not the truth, they're doing the same jorand sometimes wking harder. sometimes you hear u.s. sockersy officials , listen, women do not bring as much revenue in and that's why they're not getting paid as much. how do you see that that the? >> what the women say in returnh isy're not getting the opportunities, the federal regulation is not marketing them ways tothinking market them. so if you're not marketing them, then you may not be making the same kind of money. certainly worldwide soccer is last bastion of male supremacy, and th s engrainedexism and misogyny in european soccer, in south american soccer is extraordinary, and that's the world the u.s. federation is in. they've done some good things,th but sinc're in the u.s. and getting the kind of scrutiny they should get and an american
audience demands especially in regards how we treat our daughters and sisters as they grow up and that's the reasonat for the conven, but this is a team that wins and wins all the time and that should be smrks i think in thisa tion. >> christine brennan, always good to have you here. and we'll watch another u.s. team that could make history on a few levels. thanks. >> thanks, lisa. >> yang: washington national cathedral has received $22 million in donations to open"t cathedral college of faith and culture," focusing on topics ranging from ethics in politics to liturgical art to training clergy. the emphasis on culture as well as religion is also seen in the work to repairing damage caused by a 2011 earthquake.je rey brown visited to see what lessons there may be for the reconstruction teams atda str in paris, and what those at americaond largest church may glean from
the paris rebuilding as well. this story is part of our ongoing coverage of arts and culture, "canvas." >> reporter: april 15, the worla watched as firged the roman catholic gothic cathedral of not dame in paris. in washington, d.c., that day, the head of one of this country's largest cathedrals, was heartbroken. >> i emerged from a meetin i literally had to stop and catch my breath, and say a prayer right at that moment, because i know how devastating it was for us with this earthquake, and to see the flames shooting up the spire of notre dame... unbelievable. >> reporter: the very reverend randy hollerith is dean of the washington national cathedral, the seat of the episcopal church in america as well as the local diocese. the cathedral, begun in 1907 and built over 83 years, is a toddler by the standards of the 850-year-old notre dame. it's made of indiana limestone,
in a 14th century english gothic style. and for decades, it's been an inspiring house of worship and of civic engagement: this is where state funerals have been ld for presidents: dwight d. eisenhower, ronald reagan,an gerald forgeorge h.w. bush this past december. t 5.8 magnitude earth earthquake outside washington, d.c. today -- >> but on august 23, 2011raa earthquake hit the but on august , 2011, a rare earthquake hit the nation's capital. it was relatively small, but caused extensive dam this historic structure. >> it was insane that day. we were luckily on the groun working and all of a sudden i heard what i thought were explosions.
>> reporter: joe alonso is head stone mason herepart of the team that set about assessing damage-- what he calls "masonry triage." it lasted only 58 seconds and when it ended we just kind of started looking around and looking up at the towers, at the pinnacles and seeing how things had rotated or fell, or were twisted. it was just incredible. >> reporter: no one was injured that day, and the cathedral was reopened to the public within three months. nearly eight years later, the progress is evident: pinnacles on the "west towers" have been restored. near the rose windowthe nave, the ceiling has been"re inted"-- patching all the stones which had shaken loose from the upheaval.ya in the "" on the side of the cathedral, reconstructed grotesques, wait to be reinstalled-- once more funds are raised. heads of prophets are intact in some places, still missing in others. and signs of the trauma remain. alonso showed us a part of the
cathedral's "south choir." >> look at these three pinnacles in a row. the big one here in the foreground? it's in good shape. you get the next one, you notice how it's rotatedik it'sa giant hand were to take it and twist it like that. >> reporter: wow. >> you can see it's rotatedan several degreethe top finial is cracked. anthen the one beyond it, had to remove with a large crane, the top six-and-a-half foot tall section had shaken and kind of shimmied over, almost to the tipping point. >> reporter: the national cathedral is one of the few to still have i own stone carving workshop. we watched veteran carvers andy uhl and shawn callahan work,ha using ers with chisels-- a modern adaptation of ancient traditions. and tradition is big here.he these and otr artisans began as apprentices under vincent palumbo, a fifth generation italian craftsman who served as
master carver at the cathedral. he died in 2000. on this day, shawn callahan was sculpting a limestone copy of a finial that had fallen in the earthquake and was damaged tyond repair. it will take aboutwo months to c, he said, as he studies the work of an earliver. >> i'm trying to copy his very distinct way he did the veining, how deep the undulations are.ti what's inter now is trying to figure out older methods andp what, oldeoaches i should say, because the method's are pretty similar, but just trying to decipher what other peoe did and the way they did things. it's always fun to start a new piece and before it's taken shape and seeing the shape come out, seeing it emerge. just creating something out of a raw stone and just seeing it emerge is what motivates me. >> reporter: more cutting edge technologies are used in nearby northern virginia, where mike kennedy takes 3d scans of damaged works... to then cut stone renderings which serve as guides for the stone carvers back at the cathedral.
some 900 scans of the actual building were done in 2014 to provide a blueprint should another disaster strike. overseeing all the repair and preservation work is jim shepherd, the cathedral's chief architect. the fire at notre dame hit close to home. >> when we put our building together, we had brick and stone, so similar to them. but then we also had the steel in our roof structure. but they had a whole forest of historic ancient oak in their tic... >> reporter: a kin?of wake-up ca >> yeah, and how much we have to invest in this to make sure our building is safe and the people are safe in it >> reporter: officials estimate total costs of $34 million, of which $15 million has be raised and spent on repairs to date. 's a tiny sum compared t notre dame's needs, but it doesn'come easily. even small donations are welcome. a giant le reproduction is in
process as visitors help" rebuild" by ying bricks. ultimately some half million pieces will be involvein this largest-ever lego cathedral- tnd hopefully $1 million raised. dean hollerith said he was heartened to see the enormous funding pledges pouring in into paris, nearly a billion dollars. but he also not surprised by the backlash from those who argue the money should go first to people in real need. >> we've tried to stay very balanced as we looat our own repairs. we raise money to repair the cathedral and at the same time we're also trying to make sure that we're raising money that we need to do the mission andst mi that we need. so that we are active in the community. so that we are caring for the sick and the needy. >> reporter: as the work continues on the building, theco cathedral unity will watch carefully the restoration of notre dame (bells) showing solidarity recently wito thing of its bells along with churches and cathedrals
around the world.pb for thnewshour, i'm jeffrey brown at the washingtonr national cat. >> yang: the cathe hal staff sentd-carved finial aboard air force one last week to the offrench government as parhe u.s. commemoration of the 75th anniversary of d-day. f "newshou tonight. on tuesday, breaking down barriers. we high light a push to combat adult ill literacy. i'm john yang, joining us online and again here tomorrow vening. for all of us at the "pbs newshour," thanks. see you soon. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> babbel. a language app that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french,
german, italian, and more. >> consumer cellular. >> financial services firm raymond james. >> and by the alfred p. sloan supporting science, technology, and improved economic performance and financial literacy in the 21st century. >> supported by the joand catherine t. macarthur foundation. committed to building a more just, verdant and peaceful world. goremation at macfound.org >> and with the g support of these institutions >> this program was made porible by the corporation public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from vewers like you. thank you. ns captioning sed by newshour productions, llc captioned by media acce group at wgbh
♪ ♪ hell everyone. welcome to "amanpour & company," re's what's coming up. >> my friends. >> egypt's president abdel fah al sisi is a stalwart ally of the united states and according to a new report, a flagrant human right abuser. i'll speak with the report's thor and also a former pritcher plus. >> whatever society says against u, exaggerateit, turn it into a style and you'll win. >> outrageous and unfiltered. moviemaker john waters on his blockbuster film airspray" and imparting wisdom to his so-called filth followers. and -- >> it doesn't have to sort of live in this cold marble altar and be a dead thing. >> reclaiming classics of the theater for