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tv   PBS News Hour Weekend  PBS  July 7, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by wnet >> sreenivasan: on thiedition for sunday, july 7: new threats to nuclear limits from iran. in our signature ory, the rise of anti-semitism in france. and rswhy the owf a famous utah restaurant are stepping up to protect a national monument. next on pbs newshour weekend. >> pbs newshour weekenis made ssible by: bernard and irene schwartz. sue and edgar wachenheim iii. seton melvin. the cheryl and philip milstein family. dr. p. roy vagelos and diana t. the j.p.b. foundation. rosalind p. walter. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america--
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designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: d by the corporation f public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. som the tisch wndios at lincoln center in new york, hari sreenivasan. >> sreenivasan: good evening and thank you for joining us. the it ranian governmnounced today that it will enrich uranium past levels agreed under the 2015 nuclear deal. they say international inspectors will have def proof of this tomorrow, and the country expects to continue going st limits every 60 days until they receive relief from economic sanctions. uranium can be enriched for clear power, or with far more refinement, for nuclear weapons. the united states withdrew from the nuclear deal a year ago, but has exerted pressure on other signatories to not buy oil from iran which has had severe
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effects on the country's economy. iran says these recent moves are reversible. >> ( translated ): our negotiations are with the four plus one. if america wants to attend the talks we think it is possible provided that it lifts its sanctions. >> sreenivasan: u.s. secretary of statee mmpeo tweeted a response this afternoon saying that, "iran's latest expansion of its nuclear program will lead to further isolation and sanions... iran's regime, armed with nuclear weapons, would pose an even greater danger to the world." world leaders quickly condemned iran's decision. israeli prmiimster benjamin netanyahu called it an extremely dangerous move, and urged europe to imposeio san on tehran. the german and british governments called on iran to immediately stop and reverse its activitie french president emmanuel macron said his governm to restart talks within a week. the ofacting directo.s. citizenship and immigration said today that the white house is determiipned to add a citizen question to the 2020 census,
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despite court rulings against it. appearing on fox news nday, ken cuccinelli said that the trump administration w al find a way the controversial question. >> i think the president has sed determination, he's noted that the supreme court didn't say this can't be asked, they said that they didn't appreciate the process by which came forward the first time. >> sreenivasan: cuccinelli did not offer any specifics on how the administration ll add the qution. for more on iran's nuclear program and its plan to increase uranium enrichment, visit s.org/newshour. >> sreenivasan: in afghanistan today, the taliban claimed responsibility for a suicide car bombing that killed at lea 12 people and wounded more than 150 others. the explosion occurred outside an intelligence department compound in ghazni. ny of the wounded were students at a nearby high school. the attack came as an all-afghan peace conference, which includes the taliban, began in qatar. u.s.- liban talks are also
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underway and scheduled to resume tuesday. i recent ske with "new york times" reporter thomas gibbons- neff, who also served in afghanistan as a marine about the taliban, gyu.s., strand the growing presence of isis. >>ayes, so i think the best to think about the war and 2019 ay, the war when i was there 2008 and 2010, it's like looking through a straw, right? the str war 2010, 2011 was very large, it was all encompassing. it was trying to take you build up the afghan military, hold territory from the taliban and pretty much militarily defeat, defeat the group. and now, i mean the straw is kind of like the equivalent of a coffee stirrer, right? the strategy is, you kno is killing taliban to keep them at the negotiating table, while helpfully... hopefully come into some kind of peace agreement th the united states can walk away from and feel comfortable about it. >> sreenivasan: and what about
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the islamic state? the rising influence of that in connecon with or in concert with the taliban? >> right, so the islamic state, in khorasan, this affiliate that kind of i popped 2015, leftovers from pakistani taliban that kind of re-flagged inially as a small group, and the american military kind of came out and said that as such-- you know, we don't think this is a place where the islamic state can fester. you kn, it's just some disgruntled pakistani taliban or taliban fighters that have decided to pick up a new brand." but the group quickly grew, you know, infused by messaging fromm the main iic state core, as it's often referred to in iraq and syria, and also financially, which is which is a huge part. and soon their brand, i guess i keep going back to using that term, quickly grew. so it's kind of tued into this own entity and they've kind of been able toout-recruit the
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pace in which the americaki military is ling them. >> sreenivasan: wow. w hy is that recruitment so successful? >> i think there's a lot of reasons. i mean, i think you know what intelligence officials kind of fall back on is that, you know, fighting for the islamic state, it doesn't matter who you are or where you come from. they just... they'll take kind of whoever and top that. their leadership, unlike, say, compared to the taliban, is very focused on merit. you know, if you show that you have drive and are intelligent, you'll, you'll gain rank quicker. you'll be, you know, kind of considered more important in the organization than, say, you know, in some taliban groups where,ou know, you're kind of... your connections are based off milial connections or, you know, bribes, etc. so, i mean, it's, it's a whole whole mix of stuff. , but again, i methink the... this ability... the fact that, you know, isis in
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afghanistan is recruiting from urban centers lie jalalabad and rsbul, disenfranchised youth coming out of uniies were kind of looking for this this cause to pick up. so it' kind of a perfect maelstrom of conditis. >> sreenivasan: strategically, the u.s. military leaders thh, you speak w do they think that they can make any greater advces, especially sort of the mountainous regions where, well, there've been resistance fighters in at region for hundreds of years. >> i think the strategy or at the american military is trying to do is keep them... you know, keethe islamic state in khorasan in those mountains, right? the aren't villages per se. they aren't urban centers. they're kind of... i think they refer to it as guerrilla territory, right? i mean, you can't... you can't logistically suply, you know, the american military or the afghan military to go up there and hestay. you know, it's very hostile terrain, weather, logistics, air support.it i meanll gets strained up in that area.
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so t strategy, really, if you if you zoom out enough, relies on time-- having enough of it to build that afghan force that can handle the islamic state. >> sghreenivasan: all thomas gibbons-neff, a reporter in the "new york times" washington bureau, thanks so much for joining us. >> oh, thanks for having me. >> sreenivasan: an "increasing sense of emergency." that's h the president of the european jewish congress recently described the concern over growing a europe.itism in that includes france, where an increase i has raised the alarm. newshour weekend special correspondent christopher livesay reports from paris. ( singing ) >> reporter: every turday for the past eight months, thousands of people have donned yellow road-safety vests anmarched on th streets of paris and other cities in france, the so-called yellow vest protests. what began as and remains a
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mostly economic campaign against high fuel taxes has evolved into a more wide-ranging ant establishment protest-- sometimes violent-- targeting policemen, journalists, the wealthy, the french president. but what's shocked manhere in france is that they've also at times targeted jews. e yellow vest movement is a largely leaderless one that's given a platform to people of all kinds of ideologies. yet some eople say it's that same openness that's allowedti emitism to rear its ugly head. last fruary, police had to step in to protect prominent philosopher alain finkielkraut after he was bombarded with insults d anti-jewish taunts. and some protesters have been spotted calling french president macron as" "whore of the jnd their "puppet." >> the yellow vest is a very heterogenemooument, but it favors the expression of anti- semitism bitecause opopulist and anti-elite tones.
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>> reporter: research professor nonna mayer says the yellow vest movement, while not anti-semitic itself, has accidentally revealed a subset of the w vement that is. and statistics sti-semitic incidents are on the rise, up 74% from last year. >> there were 541 ac according to the police count. one third ofhem were actual olence against people or against a synagogue or against a house. the others were what they call "threats." that means graffitis, insults, intimidation. >> reporter: and there's another new layer to today's anti- semitism-- social media. >> the reality on the web is not a fehundreds. it's thousands, of course, every day. every day. >> reporter: johanna barasz is assistant director of dilc ah, a governmeency set up in 2014 specifically to coordinate the government's response to hate crimes, including anti-semitism. she showed us some examples of anti-semitic postings. >> it's upposed to be the hand
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of a jew pushing on the people. >> re eporter: many fensive. but they're not illegal. >> to go clearly against the law you haveo target directly people, incite violence. >> reporter: or deny the holocat,ust. in france is one of several countries in europe, including germany, where holocaalust des a crime. >> this one says, "today hitler j the minimum." we need to kill mos, this is what it means. this is not easy to prosecute but it can be argued that it is an apology for the genocide, and this is illegal. in germany they just passed a law in which if they don't take down the illegal contents, like facebook or twitter or any kind of platforms, then they are confronted to huge fines, like f dollars. >> reporter: and you would like to be able to impose the same kinds in france? >> yeah, yeah. >> reporter: how bad is it right now?
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>> in certain neighborhoods i would not walk around with my kippah. >> reporter: rabbi tom cohen is an american who'sived in paris for the last 25 years. though he's proud of his small synagogue, he wouldn't let us film the outside of his building. >> we're trying to avoid any attacks. >> reporter: you're trying to avoidrg becoming a ? >> avoid becoming a target. exactly. that's what the security services recommended, so we have to have to have guards. >> reporter: there's been a heightened need for security here since march 2012. a man identifying himself as a follower of isis targeted ash jeay school in toulouse killing a rabbi and three childre >> after the attack of toulouse the french government mobilized the french army, and in this particulogar small syn, we say in yiddish "estibola" which means a little tiny, tiny synagoguei d eight soldiers living here 24 hours a day, seven days a week for four months. th response of the french government at the time saved my religious school because parents were afraid at that point saying, "why would i send my
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kids to school?" thinking maybe somehing might happen. >> reporter: france is home to the largest jewish tion outside israel and the united states. half a million jews liveere, many in paris's marais neighborhood. more recently, the 17th district just north of the arc de triomphe has become the new jewish quarter of paris, with about 40,000 jews, some of whom say they have fled to the cit from the suburbs because of anti-semitism there. large number o migrants from majority muslim countries. does that impact at all the level of anti-semitism? >> it's more complicated because in the subu prbs is, where you have jews and where you have people who are immigrantorn identifyto the palestinian cause, it's a very special mix of social insecurity, social resentment with the emotional igger of what's going on in the middle east. and then suddenly that makesem . gives them the possibility to defend a cause, the cause of the palestinians.
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>> reporter: sacha ghozlan, president of the national orgazation union of french jewish students, helped commission a poll ws ch he says shw bad things really are even at france's esteemed public sorbonne university. >> what cllame out from this is that for the jewish students specintfically 89 perf them have experienced directly anti- semitism in the university. >> rweporter: he showed us the office of the jewish student union was ransacked ngst year. >> "ive to arafat," "death to israel," "long live to palestine." >> reporter: do we know who d this? >> no, we don't. >> reporter: the slurs were very anti-israeli. is that the sa thing as being anti-semitic? >> no, actually you can protest agait the policy of the israeli government. r.at's f that's politics. but when you say, "death to israel" that is something very part so people use their hate against israel to target jewish people here in france. and i'm fed up with tweets coming from the government
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saying, "we condemn these acts." we want more acts coming from the government, from the deans of the uy.nivers >> the jewish students have problems but others-- islamic students- , arabic students-ve problems too. >> rorter: georges haddad is president of the sorbonne. he denounces anti-semitism and defends his university. >> my university is not anti- semitic at all, and i am the best. examp i am a jewish person from a jewish family coming from tunisid i have been twice elected president of this university. >> reporter: and while haddad takean-semitic acts seriously, he says the numbers on campus are marginal-- two or the a year-- and there isn't much that he can do about them. >> reporter: so in the meantime what do you d >> discuss, dialogue. i'm not pessimistic. i'm realistic. ( choir singing ) >> reporter: rabbi cohen too believes dialogue has a place. it's one of the reasons he helps organize this interfaith choir
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at a nearby church. the theme of this performan? "peace"-- "shalom" in hebrew. it's something rabbi cohen says his communi strives for even in the shadow of anti-semitism, knowing there were teshen things were far worse. >> it's not vichy france. and, matter of fact, it that's the one major difference i always say. nde french government is 110 percent bes. and we feel it. ( choir singing ) ( cheers and applause ) >> sreenivasan: in 2017, president trump cut the size of utah's grand staircase-escalante national monument almost in half. subsequently, his administration's interior deparustmen funds to assess opening land that was formerly parof the monument to potential oil, gas and coal
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development. last month, coe government tability office confirmed it is investigating whether or not the interior department broke federal law in doing so. in the meantimenesome local bu owners, including two restaurant owners are continuing to fight the cuts to the nationamonuments on their own. newshour weekend's mori rothman reports. >> reporter: ithe hours tween the lunch and dinn rush, chef jennifer castle, co- owner of the hell's backbone grill, is busy pickling cucumbers>>. hen i came here we had cucumbers, you know, like what are we going to do? and i wrote my uncle and asked him foandpa's pickle recipe. >> reporter: castle makes the skill learned nnter years ofs, a g a restaurant in the town of boulder, utah, a remote outpost surrounded by sandstone cliffs and valleys about 250 miles south of salt lake city. the drive to boulder winds through steep terrain and mountain switchbacks, opening to of the surrounding plateau. it's a feast for photographers and sightseers but offers few food options.
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>> there's nowhere get anything. >> reporter: only open during the warmer months between march and november, the restaurant is an experiment in sustainability and subsistence. the harsh, rapidly changing weather it n the high desn wreak havoc on local produce. >> it's not like massive changes, but it will be subtle changes, and sometimes its menu changes full on. >> reporr: the owners of the hells backbone grill call their food "place based"-- cuisine matched with the environment. >> you know, just like really kno ing that if you a place and you eat that food, it's going sto be terroir, i going to be that dirt and those herbs and that nein and that l. >> reporter: the dirt and the minerals diners taste are from the farm just five minutes down the road. the farm is called blaker's after the other half of the hell's backbone grill, co-owner blake spalding. >> if you go to italy, they're not going to serve you new zealand lamb and french jam an spanish ham. they're going to serve you everything delightful from that place.
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and so it's visceral-- you take that place into your body, it becomes part of your... it becomes part of you. i believe we were the first farm to table restaurant in the rocky mountain southwest, but no one to my knowledge was doing it in a rural setting. anso i wanted to show that it could be done in a rural tting, and i wanted to use the food to help people fall in love with this incredible precious, majestic, fragile landscape. >> reporter: farming thousands of feet above sea level isn't easy. fierce winds blow the soil around and special tents have beencr built to protecs. despite the challenges, the farm grows an average of 23,000 pounds of produce a year. >> we grow all of our own table flower we grow edible flowers we grow potatoes,tohilies, tomaes, green beans. >> reporter: hell'shaackbone grilbecome one of the region's predeere culinary stinations. it's been a james beard award
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semi-finalt multiple times and was named the best restaurant in southerntah by "salt lake magazine. lsspalding and castle have published two books sharing the restaurant's cuisine and recipes. but people don't just come to hell's backbone grill for the food. the farmits in the shadow of grand staircase-escalante national monent, a stretch of streaked rock formations, d gorges nearly twic the size of rhode island rising like a staircase from the grand canyon. it's a place where visitors could hike, camp, and embrace the remoteness of the desert knowing it would always be preserved. >> our parents and grandparents saved the grand canyon for us.to y we will save the grand escalante canyons and the iperowits plateaus of utah for our children. >> reporter: grand staircase was designated as a national monument by president bill clinton in 1996, protecting the area from mining and other extractive industry. >> i've co to utah to take a very historic action, to reverse
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federal overreach and restore the rights of this land to your citizens. >> reporter: in december 2017, president trump issued an executive order shrinking utah's grand staircase-escalante monument and nearby bears ears monullnt by almost two n acres. it was the larst reduction of deral land protection in u.s. history. >> that is the kaiperowits plateau and sadly that's what just got x-ed t. >> reporter: spalding says the reduction was devastating and she was moved to take action. she wrote an editorial in the"s t lake tribune" protesting the order and has banded together with local o siness ownerstop it. >> we haletters from 150 local businesses, all asking him begging him not to touch thenu nt because our livelihood is inextricably linked to its dese. why are we prioritizing, you
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know, oil and gas and extractive industry and public lands when we have a booming economy here that has arisen out of the economics of a new way in the west, which is quiet-use tourism? >> rorter: but for spalding, the fight is about more than business. it's about protecting a space for others to come and experience the sense of wonder she felt when she came here 20 years ago. >> our sort of working business model from the beginning was to be a warmearth, you know, metaphorically that people could gather arogound before then to have a transformative wilderness experience. i mean, i uld have never in my wildest dreams imagined the kind of response we've had. we get people sending us presents in the mail and love letters and it's not us, it's because of the power of this placlye combined with a loving prepared meal that is of this place.
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>> this is pbs newshour weekend, sunday. >> sreenivasan: greek voters ofchose kyriakos mitsotakihe center-right new democracy party over the country's current prime tsipras inexis parliamentary elections today. the prime minister called a snap election three months early after his party was defeated in the european union's elections in may. this is the first election in greece since an economic crisis require international bailouts. tens of thousands of protesters in hong kong marched to a high- speed rail station that connects to maiand china today. ack shirts and carrying british colonial flags the demonstrators said they wanted mainland chinese visitors to know about a now suspended ll that would allow extraditions to china. the protest remained peaceful and carried over into hong kong's shopping district, a popular tourist destination.ll naire financier jeffrey epstein, once friendly with former president clinton and
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president trump, was arrested last night and charged with sex trafficking. epstein is a registered sex offender, after pleading guilty to state charges of stuiciting proson and serving 13 months in a florida county jail. the deal was controversial and came from alen-prosecutor ander acosta's office. he is now the secretary of labor. the new charges allege the trafficking of dozens of minors between 2002 and 2005. epstein s currently being held in new york city's metropolitan correctional center and is alpected to appear in fed court in manhattan tomorrow. aftershocks continuetoday in california, at a pace of about one per minute. in trona, a cityf about 2000 people near the epicenters of the two major quakes that hit thursday and friday, food stores are still closed, water supply is limited, but electricity is now restored. seismologists predict the region could experience 30,000 smaller aftershocks over the next six months.
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>> sreenivasan: finally tonight, the u.s. women's soccer team woe theird breaking 4th world cup championship, in a 2-0 victory over the netherlands. whe fans across the united states celebrated at watch parties, the stadium in france was fi wlledh chants of equal pay, equal pay, as the head of the interndeional soccer tion took the stage. the u.s. women win much more yet earn less money and receive feweru. resources than th men's team. that's all for this edition of pbs newshour weekend. i'm hari sreenivasan. thanks for watching. ve a good night. captioning sponsored by wnet caponed by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> pbs newshour weend is made possible by:
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bernard and irene schwartz. sue and edgar wachenheim iii. the cheryl and philip milstein family. the j.p.b. foundation. rosalind p. walter. baucrbara hoperberg. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and groetupement products. that's why we're your retirement company. ee additional support has provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from views like you. ank y.
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ed: iserto rican c cuisine rich and vibrant, just like the people that live there. journey with me, ed kenney; and tiara hernandez as we dance through the streets of old san juan to learn about the origiof her , gandule rice. ar there so many reasons why i became a chef. as every dish h a story. food brings people together and has the power to conjure up cherished memories i was born and raised in the hawaiian islands, one of the most diverse communities in the world. in this show, we'll meet a guest from hawaii, learn about their favorite dish, trace it back to its orins, and have some fun along the way. man: ♪ higher so we can chase the moon ♪ announcer: major funding for "family ingredients" was provided by the corporation for public broadcasting. additional funding was provided by the hawai'i tourism thority,

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