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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  September 11, 2019 6:00pm-7:00pm PDT

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captioning sponswsed by neur productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, paying for the pain-- a tentative deal is struck to settle massive lawsuits with one of the biggest manufacturers of opioids. then, closed polls, open future. after a closely watched election in north carolina breaks for the republican, questions abound over what it means for the 2020 presidential race. and, spy games-- new revelations level source inside the russian government. kremlin's plot to influence the 2016 election? plus, art, the internet, and authenticity-- artists grapple i with tact of digital technology on creation and collection.
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>> it's a little different than having a painting on your wall. but i think it's clear something that's coming because thyounger generations are totally comftable with digital ownership and digital things feel real to them. so it feels like it's something that will naturally become more prominent. >> wdruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: ♪ ♪ moving our economy for 160 years. bnsf, the engine that connects us.
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>> supporting social entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's most pressing problems--ol >> the lemelson foundation. committed to improving lives through inventann, in the u.s. developing countries. on the web at >> supported by the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. mmitted to building a more just, verdant and peaceful world. more iormation at >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: >> this program was made ible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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>> woodruff: this has been a day of remembrance: 18 years since s the september 11th attacks that killed nearly 3,000 people. in new york, crowds surrounded the memorial pools where the world trade center towce stood. in washington, a huge american flag hung at the pentagon, president trump.s including defense secretary mark esper noted that many americans have no memory of the attacks. >> on this 18th anniversary ofve 9/11, service memberwho were not even born on that day now stand among our asyear passes details fade. we must ensure the memof departed do not. >> woodruff: vice president pence joinederemonies outside shanksville, pennsylvania, where one of the hijacked planes crashed.
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bells rang to commemorate the passengers who fought the al-t qaeda hijackers. president trump today defended his decision to fire national security adviser johbolton. he cited differences over north korea and venezuela, among other issues. the president spoke during a meeting in the oval office,nd said bolton had made some big mistakes. >> he wanted to do things, not necessarily tougher than 's known as a tough guy. he's so tough he got us intoot iraq. that's tough. but he's somebody that i actually had a very good relationship with, but he wasn't getting along with people in the administration that i consider very important. >> woodruff: the president of iran, hassanouhani, welcomed the ouster of bolton, who advocated a hard line agait hran. rouhani called for americans to "abandon warmongering." a court in scotland has joined the battle over brexit. it ruled today that british
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prime minister boris johnson illegally suspended parliament this tht found he was trying to clear the way to leave the eutpean union, with or with a formal deal. the british supreme court will have the final say at a hearing next week. palestinians today ced any israeli move to annex the jordan valley. the region is seen as the heart of a future palestiniae. israeli prime minister benjamin nenyahu pledged tuesday to annex it, if he wins re-election next week. the palestinian liberation organization warned it would be a fatal mistake. >> means one thing, means the burying of any prospects of peace bween palestinians and israelis. why such an administration and such a prime minister is willing to invest everything they have in order for our children and israeli children to continue in
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why?lict for another 100 years? >> woodruff: other arab leaders also criticized netanyahu's announment. ck in this country, president trump said his administration will propose a ban on all e- cigarette flavors, except the flavor of tobacco itself. it's aimed at curbing under-age vaping. the food and drug administration has had the authority to ban vaping flavors since 2016, but had resisted taking that step. a federal jury in florida hasnv ted a chinese woman of illegally entering the president's mar-a-lago estate. yujing zhang was arrested for trespassing and lying to secretn service . she carried electronic gear, bui was not charge espionage. zhang could get six years in prisonma california lrs gave final approval today to protections anr workers at ride-sharin on-demand delivery services. uber, ft and otherthat rely on contractors, strongly opposed the measure.
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their workers will have to be treated more like employees, when it comes to wages and benefits. general motors is recalling nearly 3.8 million pickup trucks canada after reporfaulty and brakes. the company says there have been 113 crashes and 13 injuries. the affected vehicles range from model years 2014 through 2018. on wall street, stocksallied after china exempted some u.s. produc from tariffs. the dow jones industrial average gained 227 points to close at 27,137. the nasdaq rose 85 points, and the s&p 500 added 21. oil tycoon and philanthropist t. boone pickens died today at his home in dallas. he made a name in the oil business, and then led bids to ke over larger companies. later, he pushed renewable energy and donated millions fron his fo
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t. boone pickens was 91 years old. and, there's hopeful news in the campaign to save a species. scientists in italy have create ncembryos of the nearly ex northern white rhinoceros. tthey inseminated eggs frwo f u sperm collected from the last males, before they died. th aembryos will be carried surrogate mother from another rhino species. still to come on the newshour: decades of death and billions of urllars-- an opioid manufa pays for the epidemic. what can the special election in north carolina tell us about the race for the white house? another challenger appears-- mark sanford on why he's contesting president trump for the reblican nomination. the hurricane is over, but the damage remains-- the difficult path for recovery in the bahamas, and much more.
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has left a huge toll andcrisis permanent scar across america and individuals. the centers for disease control has estimated that as many as 400,000 people died in the u.s. since the late '90s from prescription and illeg opioids. now, the first comprehensivein settlement a a key manufacturer appears to havech been r. more than 20 states, and more than 2,0 cities and counties, have reportedly reached a deal with purdue pharma, the manufaurer of oxycontin. the case against the company was expected to go to court next month. now as amnnawaz reports, there are some asking whether this settlement is ough. >> nawaz: judy, to be clear, the deal is not yet finalid. but plaintiffs lawyers and purdue pharma have confirmed they are working on a
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settlement. the settlement would reportedly include: a payout of u12 billion to states, cities and counties. it includes three billion dollars fr the sackler family directly, which owns purdue pharma. the sacklers would also givep control of purdue pharma, and the company would declare it would then be converted into a public trust focused on combating the opioid epidemic. idveral attorneys general this was a settlement in the best intest of their communities. but others are against including william tong, e connecticut attorn general. purdue pharma's headquarte are in his state. attorney general tong, thank you for beinwith us tonight. let's just begin with the big question-- why are you opp osed to this tentative settlement? >> well, thank you for having me here tonight, amna. i'm opposedecause the scale and the depth of thest ction, the pain, the death that has been caused by purdue
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and the sacklers far exceeds this purported deal and proposed deal. and t's just be clear-- no one, to my knowledge, has offered $12 bilntlion guad in cash or $1rbillion, for that matter.the base of this is a $3n guarantee from the sacklers, and beyond that, we don't know any more. and that just doesn't cut it. the sacklers have a reaunl oppoy here andoppurdue has an opportunity make this right and to begin to meet their obligation to fund vital investments in addiction science, treatment, and prevention. because they-- they started thii on it, and instead of trying to help put it out in all of the states, they're choosing to start it burn. >> nawaz: let's start with the sackler timily. you meed there is a $3 billion offer from them. how much more would you like to see from them? >> i would like to see them meet their dligation to fun treatment and prevention and to
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really start to tackle this problefr this isankly, just a down payment. and there's so much me to be done. and we've been very clear about our principles and i think our beliefs are shared by a number of states that purdue pharma and the sackers have to get o out the opioid business completely, that purdue pharma has to getw shut d that it can't continue as a going for-profit company. that just-- >>awaz: sir, let me justpo t out, as part of the reporting so far, the sackler family would give up control of the purdue pharma, and purdueo pharma wouldnto bankruptcy pup said you wanted the sack hei to meet its obligation. what is the number you are looking for? when you're in tks witthem and negotiations are ongoing, how would they meet their obligations? >> i don't think that's clear under the terms of what has been reported on and i'm no going to comment on specific negotiations. but it's ctiear to mee that thre has not been an agreement to shut down purdue pharma and for
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purdue management anthe sacklers to get out of the opioid business completely in the u.s. and abroad, never to return. i don't think that that's been offered, and i don't thinkee that'sagreed upon. with respect to the dollars, it's just clear to m that what's been offered isn'tff ient. and the scale of what is the largest public health crisis, at least in my lifetime, isn't met by $3 billion or som approximating that. and certainly, there's been no offer of something like $10 lion that's$12 bi been reported by the press. any suggestion that there's an offer of that size in guaranteed, committed dollars to tieatment and prev is inaccurate. >> nawaz: there are several people who will saok, "lo$3 billion say starting pointbi you're not being specific with how much money you would like to see. but those same vicms and families that you say need your help, $3 billion would begin to help. and this would not end the path for accountability. litigation paths ahead. ot
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what do you say to that? >> it would-- itinould bego help, but it doesn't do enough. and the facis purdue pharma pled guilty to federal criminal charges in 2007, and after that, purdue pharma enable the the sackler family to siphon off billions upon billions of dollars, well north of $3 billion, out of e company to line their own pockets and that prioritized profits and protecting their own wealth over confronting a crisd that they he way on and helped to create in this country that cost, by the y, more than 1,000 lives in connecticut just last year, and even more this year, and billions and bilons in damages, not just across the country, but in connecticut alone. >> nawaz: attorney general tong, i should ask you as well, even this does not move head, there are several other players in this field. i apologize, we have less than f minute l there is a federal trial in other opioid manufacturers and distributors and farm easy. in other words, this is not the
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only platr. so why nove with what you can now to get the money that could be available now, an then pursue other paths against other players? >> because in our view, based o what we knowthe billions of dollars that the sacklers took t of the company, because of the tremendous damage that they have done and the scope and the scale of the death and destruction and the pain that me at their hand, what's been offered so far doesn't even begin to meet what they owe the people of connecticut and the people of this cothuntry. an damage that they have caused far exceeds any offer that i hae seen. >> sreenivasan: that is connecticut attorney general william tong joining ujos night. thank you very much. >> thank you.
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>> woodruff: nearly a year after the midterm elections and a result that was thrown out because of evidence g.o.p. fraud, north carolina's 9th district finally has a republican dan bishop won yesterday's special election by less than 4,000 votes in a district predent trump won by nearly 12 points. the campaign was seen by bothti parties as potly the first signal about voters' thoughts ahead of the 2020 presidentialnd racehe republican party's strength with suburban voters. steve harrison is a political reporteror public radio station wfae in charlotte andin has been trathe race. steve harrison, thank you very much for joining us on the newshour. what has been racks across th state to dan bishop's win? >> so i think that people were a little surprised-- not so muchho that dan biwon, but that he won by two percentage points. now, that doesn't sound leak a
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lot, but in the previous rat,ce last fall, the republican candidate was ahead by 905 votes. so this was a little bit bigger margin. i think one of the early reado s it on for republicans is president trump came on monday night and held a rally for bishop in fayetteville, in the far east of the district, and apparently that worked. cumberland county is the home oe eville. dan mccready won that last fall. and this time, dan bishop took cumberland county. f, you know, this was a w the president. as he was leaving to come downin to north car he was kind of downplaying his involvement in theace. but then, you know, after dan bishop won, he started taking a lot of credit for the win. done.ruff: which h this is an interesting district. it sprawls all the way from charlottesville towa the western end of the state, all the way to fayetteville in the east. it's urban, it's suburban, it's
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rural. what do you see in the results about whoted for whom that tells youhy bishowon an why, frankly, mccready came so close? >> so, the district a gerrymandered district. the republicans drew it to be a and really the heart of the district is a part of charlottesville that is very wealthy, white, college educated, and has voted forbl reans in big margins for decades. that part of charlottesville, combined with union county, a suburban county, has about 60% of t vote. it's designed to really carry the district for republicans. but what's happened that th part of charlottesville has really flipped. dan mccready won it last fall. he expanded on that margin this time. and that part of charlottesvil is going me blue. but at the same time, dan bishop was able to make in-roads in the district, workingss voters. it was a erttle bit of a replay
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2016. >> woodruff: and you're saying-- and you're pointing out and reminding us tat mccready, the democrat, did better than he did last fall. from this?epublicans taking awab are they tellingue are you sensing there's more nervousness out how-- what president trump can expect in north carolina next year? >>o, i spoke with bishop's campaign strategist today, and his view s, "lo, we may be losing college-educated voters in charlottesville," but he said, if we can make that up by getting working class voters in rural counties, that's oky. that's still a winning coalition." he felt like they were in good shape for statewide races anid gointo 2020. on the democratic side, like you said earlier, president trump won tht is distr 12 percentage points. for the democrat to get within two po ants is pretty big shift. and if the democrats can perform like that again in 2020, they have a really good chance of
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winning north carolina. >> woodruff: and at this poin just very quickly on this, steve harrison, any sense going into the presidentialized election? >> i think that north carolina will again be a highly contested swing state. of course, the republican national convention will be in charlottesville nextngear. that's go bring a lot of attention here. but i think that both sides, as they have for the last tws,o electire going to be spending millionof dollars and lots of time in north carolina.> oodruff: and finally, i want to ask you about what happened in your state cap,it raleigh, today. in a surprise move, thean republcalled a vote which, in essence, overturned theno democratic govs veto of a budget. i think this is a inminder, we the country is dividing from looking at politics in washington. it's a reminder it's very divided at the state level.. >> rig what happened in raleigh today kind of takes-- takes it to a whole other level. what happened was the democratic
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governor of north carolina had vetoed the republican budget. the legislature does not have t enough vot over-ride the budget. the democrats have been-- it's been two months now with this impasse over what's going to happen with the budget. the democrats this morning were under the impression there would be no vote on the budget. they say that the republicanla onsh leadership had told them that. the republicans say no such thing. and this morng, they had a quorum, and with hardly any democrats in the chamber they passed an over-ride. and democrats were livid. >> woodruf sounds like not a lot of love lost at this point. but, aga, a reinder ofst how deep the partisan divide, even at the state and local level. thank you very much, steve harrison, with wfae. we appreciate it. >> thank you. t >> williamny, donald trump is reshaping the
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but there are a few who are concerned by his leadership and have their own ideas of how to mark sanford is one. the former south carolina running for the republican nomination. making him the third in his party to do so. mark sanford, welcome to the newshour. so why challenge a president who is polling at 87% favorability in his ownarty? >> because i think we need to have a conversation about what it means to be a republican these days. i think that certain tenets of what the republan party traditionally stood for have been lost of late. and i think that at a grassroots live, there are a lot of people out there that i think still believe in those things. take, for instance, this issue of spending andebt and deficits. they've gone out of control in washington. the president said, "if i get elected, i will completely
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eliminate that debt the eight years that i might be in office." o fact the numbers havee in the other direction. i think it's worth a >> woodruff: and i want to ask you about that. i mean, you're making that a centerpie. at least that's what you're talkg about this week. but just how far are you prepared snoog are you to talk about cuts in social-- the entitlement programs, so-called, soc secity, medicare, even tax increases? how far are you prepad to go? >> go all the way in simply telling the truth. i think tht, you know, people would acknowledge that we're on an unsustainable path. i think there's a disconnect between the way in which people gather around the family kitchen and the water cooler, and the business table in very carefully and ticulously going through their budgets, at the business or individual levels, and they see e numbers and they say, "you know, thy don't awpped, but if nobody else is worried about it, i guess i'm not worried about it, either."
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so we've been lulled in this sense of "it will go away on its own," when in fact that's not ca. eskin bowls, one of the cochairw of the bls movie simpson report. said we'ng walway from the most predictable financial crise in the history of man. i think we're w athat the tipping point. if you look at the way we're projected to run deicits the next 10 years, if you look at the spending, we aret a tipping point. so either we go out and confront truth and, indeed, deal with entitlements and other ore pretend it will go away, which it never doe as, and as consequence the financial markets will bring us back to reality and it will bruising for every one of us. >> woodruff: you think you can get people to care about ths, to vote for thiswhen there's no evidence right now that there'any kind of consensus, even among republicans. it used to be the party of getting spending down. >> yeah. tone, asagain, a corne
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were many other things. the republican party is not exactly the republican party that i invested a lot of years of my life into. but it is what it is,ich makes it that much more important to say, sthrks really the direction thae t we want to go?" i mean, take, for instance, just the congressional district they us to represent here in south carolina. >> woodruff: and i-- >> i'm sorry, you were about to say something. >> woodruff: i was going to g say there are a couple of ot ir issuant to ask you about. >> take that district, it went democratic forhe first time in 50 years, in large part simply because of the prntsi tone. working women, suburb an women, young miltlennials turned n droves. and as a consequence, the district went in a different direction. i think it's time to have a real conversation about where we're going as a party. >> woodruff: i want to ask you quickly about a fw other issues. one is climate ciange. ine you with the presiden his skepticism about it? >> i'm not. i believe in is inconceivable to me that you can say, "i believe in the
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miracles of moern medicine d what science can do in healing the human body, but i don't believe in science outside of the body as it relates the larger, you know, ecosystem thit we in as human beings." >> woodruff: immigration. ye president's been ver tough on this issue. he wants a border wall. you've said you agree with that. what about the policy of family separation, tighter asylumws rules, l where are you on that? >> i agree with much of that. i mean, i think that incs muh as asylum is abused and not for true asylum, we have a problem, and it ought to be tightened up. i don't agree with the idea of sepating families, simply because, you know, you can be tough on immigration but also believe in the sanctity of the family unit. >> woodruff: foreign policy, would you talk to the leader of north korea? >> you know, i don't think so.
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i mean, i think he's proven himself an awfully bad actor on the world stage. i was in congress at the time that, you know, the clinton administrati, in essence, struck a deal with north korea, and the nedeof thaal was, you know, we sent a lot of money their way, and we got nothg in result. i don't see this movie ending up much differently. i think it falls more carefully on the lines of trust but verify that reagan talabout. and they need to do some things that show verification before we step out in trusting them and meeting with them. >> woodruff: and do yo agree with presidenwi president trumpn trade towards china, the tariffs? >> i think that, you know, as late as this last friday, "the wall street journal" had an article talking about how there had beea full percentage point country as a result of trade uncertainty. i think the way that he h approached it has been mistaken. i think it is hurting the american consumer. you look at about $1,000 cost
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per household that's cculated now in what's coming our way, and it's going to get worse. and if we don't wattch ou, we're going to go in the direction of the 1930s, where world trade you start a trade war, you don't know exactly where it ends. i think we're, again, not approaching this in the right direction. >> woodruff: how would your white house, if you're elected, be run differently from this white house under president trump? >> i was a chi ecutive of a state for eight years of my life. and what i saw in that experience is it's incredibly important that there be predictabili from the executive branch. it allows forces for you andu against you to line up, ad there is at least a battle line drawn where you can have a real bate on where you want to go next as a state, where you want to go next as a country. m what we havre of is sort of chaos they. one day it's here, they next da it's here, the next day it's here. and as a consequence, what happens is exactly what we'ngre
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sen trade, wherein business investment has been frozen up be'tause people don know what comes next. you're not going to invest in environment and the same is true of political decisions. they're not made because nobody knows exactly what's going to happen next. am i really going to take a stand as republican? he may or may not have my m bac. it's important tre be predictability out of the white house. >> woodruff: and finally, the l esident has made some very cutting, personacomments about you, mark sanford. the office, how you let theng office of governor and abe num of other things. the-- >> well, let's be clear. i ddn't-- woodruff: go ahead. >> i'm sorry. go ahead, yes, ma'am.dr >> wf: the chairman of the republican party in south carolina has called your candidacy vanity project. you're not getting a lot of support in your home state. they've canceled the republican primary in your home state of south carolina. how do you-- i mean, when your home folks are not behind you, how do you have a candidacy?
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>> there's a big difference between political folks and home folks. and i have had the honor of getting to know all kinds of lks from across south calina over my long number of years, both in congresand the governorship. and there is a decided difference between the politic body and regular people in our state. i think what this should tell us is, wait a minute. lomebody in the trump organization isking at the numberes and saying my support is a mile wide but an inch deep. because if you have a chance to pick up supposedly a 90% win in the first-in-the south primary,a yo it. instead they canceled that primary south carolina, which is, again, beyond perplexing. and so, i wold simply say i think it begs mucmore the question why are they doing it? and begs that much more of a question for the need for a
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debate in the republican party on where we go next. >> woodruff: sar mark sanfora candidatnfor the republi nomination for the president. thank you. >> yes, ma'am. >> woodruff: stay with us, t coming up on newshour: nte art world contends with questions of autity as it embraces a digital future. and new twists in the case of the c.i.a.'s high level spy in vladimir putin's russia. now, let's get an update on the tuation in the bahamas and the very difficult relief efforts. stephanie sy is our new national correspondent at the newshour. shwill be based in phoenix but joins us at the desk here tonight with the story. welcome, stephanie. >> thank you, judy. it's great to be part of your team. unfortunately, the sf hurrican dorian's destruction in the bahamas is still coming into
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focu a the island aco is virtually uninhabitable, and there's major destruction near freeport and the surrounding area on grand government officials say 2500 people are listed as missing. some of them could be in shelters or still on the islands. rlier this evening i spoke with christy delafield of the relief group mercy corps. she joined us via skype from the eastern part of the grand bahama. and i began by asking wht it looks like there. >> the destruction on abaco really was complete. the homes were flattened. it's in e quite like that here in freeport. the buildings were built a little bit better. they fared a little bit better. but people still don't have running water, a lot of widows are blown out, the wind did a tremendous amount of damage on roofs, and the floodwaters were devastating. floodwaters of up to maybe eight feet just destroyedle's homes and people's vehicles with salty, contaminated water. >> we know that those fldwaters were dangerous well, and the govement is now
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saying that there are 2500 people that are ill unaccounted for. s that surprising to you, to hear thatmber? >> sadly, no. this is something that we were hearing from people all along in the past week, people saying that they had loved ones that they hadn't heardm or that they didn't really know where-- where pele had fled to or how they had fared. so this is-- this is devastating. and we need to-- we need toor learn e information, and the search and rescue needs t continue. >> that doesn't necessarily mean high.eath toll will go tha >> no, it's a thing that just we need to get through the confirtion process, and that's, you know, managed through the gvernment, and they are going to wok tod unerstand the full picture. and it just takes time. >> let's talk about the response for groupsco like mercps in week two versus how you responded in the days righ tt after the hurricane. what are you focused on now? >> today, the focus is really on connecting with those organizations locally tht
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undetand whose needs haven't been met. we're still really trying to bring in urgently needed supplies, clean water, food, tarps, rope, allh thoseings that, you know, need to be brought in ngreat volume. but at the same time, we understand that there isn't a one-size-fits-all approach. different people lost different things and need differentin . and this is where you start to see maybe pockets of people that are more difficult to get to that aren't gettinghelp tht they need. i think that one of the other things that you might not expect really been useful in this situation is mercy corps is bringing in solar lanterns so h peope a little bit more light, the electricity grid but they alshave usb cha so they can charge their phones. other communitiesp people with reach their loved ones and access emergency services. >> it'september, and sool
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schoolshould be starng for kids there this month. will they be able to go to school any time soon? >> school was supposed to start e monday. weeeing a lot of people, a lot of kis who just before the storm were buying school uniforms, were buying new they had paid school fees, which is how that operate here in the bahamas. and it's a real disappointment foa lot of families who aren't going to be abe to send their kids back to hool. we're also hearing that it might be as much as two months before the electricity gets back upnd running work really quickly and as fast as they can to get that happen r schools and other really essential resources. but it may be some time. >> when it comes to the bahamian economy, what are thger term ramifications that are becoming evident now? >> so, this isnoan ec that is really driven by tourism, as a lot of people who have visited the bahamas know. it's a beautiful destination.
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it's an arc plego being made upf undreds of islands. these two islands aren't in a position to welme tourists but the bahamian government is concerned they're seeing fewer visitors and depression over alv the economy which could have broader ramificatioving forward and there are a lot of people wondering if they're going to have jobs in the nextrs year, two ye >> a tough road ahead for sure. mercyty delafield of corp thank you so much for youucr insights there in grand bahama. >> thank you for having me. >> woodruff: now, how some in the art world are using authenticity of their workee the and help ensure artists are getting the money they deserve.t it's a stot's a mix of art and technology. miles o'brien has thstory for our latest segment on the "leading edge" of technology. it's also part of arts coverage, "canvas."
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>> reporter: in the capricious world of fine art, there is little that is fair and equitable for the artists themsees. if you are at the top, your work can fetch astronomical prices--d this dockney painting sold for $90 million in 2018. but hockney's cut: zero. and, of course, for the vast majority of artists, "zero" is an all too familiar number. they don't call them "starving" for nothing. but technology may be changing e,e landscape, with some bold brush strokes. >> i am a big proponent of what onomy." "the new art >> reporter: artist and entrepreneur jackie o'neill is doing her part to create new economy. she started a company called t"" blockchain art collective." she believes helping artists monetize their work begins with a better system for identifyingl what i and what is fake. for ten dollars, she sells artists a little gadget youha
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might ve implanted in your dog to keep him or her from being lost: a radio frequency i.d. chip. >> so, if you try to remove it, it will fall apart intnchil of ltle pieces, and then the microchip pieces will void once you get to the point of actually removing that if you were to >> reporter: a smaphone app can scan the r.f.i.d., which stores information about the piece-- the artist, title, date, medium, area, region and origin. and it has a unique identification number. it's a way to prove it is authentic >> authenticity basicas y says that tject, this rare, precious, unique object is what people claim it is, and it's hard to prove that often. so, when people are going and provenance, they usually go tor the expert. experts usually are art histians. >> reporter: anyone who watches the "antiques roadshow" knows how that works: authenticity, scarcity and value determined by seasoned experts, sometimes leading to thrilling moments. >> i would suggest a value of
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200,000 to 300,000. >> that's so much. >> reporter: but as the name of jackie o'neill's startup suggests, much of the work of the middlemen is supplanted by storing althat history, or provenance, with blockchaingy techno blockchain enablesen cryptocues like bitcoin and ethereum, but it has many more applications. ruter all, is all about verification and. but instead of relying on an auction house to keep ann accura database of the art's provenance, blockchain allows the whole world to watch. ithe chain of these recor copied on thousands of computers, makg it virtually impossible for anyone to cook the books. or in this case, forge a piece of art. >> there's w more complexity nowt can be baked into i that benefits the artists over time, that automates the glery commission, saves time and money, and you don't have to
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work so hard to provthat >> reporter: and it works even if there is no physical object, when the art is purely digital, nothing more than a binary code collection of 1's and 0's. john watkinson is the co-creator of cryptopunks, a groundbreaking pixel art seation. in 2017, he and co creator matt hall produced ,000 cryptopunk characters. they kept 1,000 for themselves, then offered up the rest online, for >> there is male, female and there's a few rare types. so, you can see there's a zombie, an ape and the most rare is an alien. there's only nine of wed to make it, so that there was sort of a scope ofa >> reporter: echaracter was ersigned a link in the ethm blockchain, so the authenticity, scarcity and ownership of the anpunks was all instantly d globally provable. nerdy art collectors soon began buying and selling cryptopunks,
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spring an active online market. >> we sort of hit a nerve i think inhat the audience that was into these currencies, the art appealed to them and thepe collectible appealed to them. it all wor d together, but it also was just an interesting answer to question le, "do you feel like you own these things"" and the answer was yes. >> reporter: right now, the avage value of the cryptopunks, including the common ones, is about 40 to $505 but the high water mark: one rare alien which sold for $16,000. >> it's a little different than havi a painting on your wall but yeah, i think it's clearly something that's coming because the younger generations are totally comfortable with digitaw nership and digital things feel real to them. so, it feels like it's something that will naturally become more prominent. market is an empowering prospect for aspiring artists. that's a big driver behind da art. it's an online social network that allows artists to collaborate and communicate with each other through their
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drawings. >> so, you make a drawing, andyw somebody from re in the world can reply to you withaw another drg. and this creates this spontaneous visual conversations among people all over the world who may not know each other. it's thing.y pretty magical creator of dada.y mam is the co- >> t first person who draws decides on the topical, colors. but thpeople who follow to our surprise really y to create a very coherent work of art. >> reporter: this dada piece began with a portrait of your humble corresponde. and ended with this depiction of our favorite anchor ju woodruff. >> hola, boris! how are you? >> hola, hola. >> reporter: judy mam introduced me tthe artist boris toledo gutierrez of santiago, chile. he is a frequent dada contributor. boris, it's a great pleasure to meet you. tell me a little bit about what you find interesting and fun
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about drawing on dada? >> what is generated by the community and the fact that people make all these works but that they are all shared in common. >> reporter: when judy mam and dada art founder bea ramos looked at ways to help their artists monetize all this stunning creativity, they too it allows anyone to own an individual drawing or an entire conversation. >> we want to give artist aic guaranteed bncome, everyone in the community. dould hope that artist co make ends meet by beg artist. it's like no one ever of dentists, "oh, poor dentist are the dentist needs e four gigs in order to survive." it should be the same with artist. >> reporter: even eshed art icons are dabbling in this bravnew art world. in 2018, christies, with help from blockchain art registry startup artory, sold a collection whose provenance wa
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stored on a blockchain. it was used to give buyers more confidence, but blockchainould also make it possible for an artist to pture royalties in auctions like this, or wherevere and whenever work is sold. it's the norm for composers and >> every time this object gets resold, i can contractlly automate, embed securely that each subsequent sale of an art on the secondary market for living artists, for artist's estates, they can seek 10% of every single subsequent sale. right now they don't see any of that. >> reporter: no doubt david hockney would appreciate thene royalty. as it is, some of his work is finding its way onto the chain. fractional ownership of his se own a share of a hockney piece. it's a way to please to art fani shallower pockets. but even though they couldro guarantelties as well,
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these blockchain sales will not put anything in hockney's pocket. for the pbs newshouri'm miles o'brien in new york city. >> woodruff: reports that the u.s. extracted a high-level russian spy from the kremlin have dominated the headlines in e u.s. and russia. the news has reignited a discussion about the sources and methods used to develop the intelligence community's assessment that vladimir putin himself ordered interference into the election. newshour white house correspoent yamiche alcindor has more. >> alcindor: in 2017, the u.s. intelligence commuty released an assessmenthat russian president vladimir putin directed a campaign to influence the 2016 presidential election. the assessment said they made that conclusion "with high confidence"-- a qualification reserved for the most solid intelligence. that led to years of speculation
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about what, or who, led the intelligence community to that assertion. this week, a sies of reports emerged about a high-level russian asset whom the c.i.a. recently ericated. the "washington postrted that the source is living in the washington, d.c. area. to discuss these revns, i'm joined by andrew weiss who oversees russia research at thet carnegie endowor thanks so much forng me, andrew. what do you make of the fact that all of this information about this russian informant has been made so public?o >> there'sething here that doesn't add up. first off, it's a problem to see this kind of information being talked about publicly. it goes to the heart t of whaour intelligence community is about, which is protecting the sources and methods they use to gather sensitive information. setting that aside, what we see is a lot of swirl right now. is this person high level? is this person the bag carrier? is he the person who basically helped run the motor pool fru thian ambassador in washington? so there's a lot of information being dumped out there that
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doesn't fully point in the level.ion of someone who is hig what ituggests is it is someone who was in the know and in policy-making circles in the kremlin, and that could have be very valuable for u.s. intelligence. >> alcindor: howennusual is it for the u.s. to infiltrate the inner circle of the russiant? presid and what does it mean that that asset could have been d st? w might the u.s.' ability to gather information in russia be impacted byt? >> we dhn't know about what kind of sources the united states government currently has or has had in theru newscasssian ruling circles. it's a very closed society. putin is a notoriously circumspect person. the russians are very good ats protecting sensitive information about their foreign policy activities, including their interference in the 2016 presidential election. what we do know is the message this sends to the world, which is that the united states doesn't do a good job aof protecting information about ople who assist us. and so the fact of this information coming out i thak send very negative gnal to
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people who might want to work withhe united states going forward. it's a have, i thvnk, disruptive set of revelations, not because it necessarily blinds us in russia, but it just really sort of castaise negative cloud over the u.s. intelligence-collecting apdoratus. >> alc president trump has tweeted out an image of surveillance that is widely believed to be classified. he haas always shad sensitive information with russian officials when they were visiting the white house. the c.i.a. is pushing back toa say it would be inaccurate to sireport anything the prent has done has impacted their-- possibly take out a source from a freign country. but that being said, what do you make of the president's actions? an how could they have at alled impahe u.s.' ability to protect classified information >> ihould emphasize, the negative cloud is not really on the u.s. intelligence community. it's on president trump. from the very first meeng he had with the russian official in the oval office with the russian
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foreign minister, he was basically retailing secrets. i he was shariformation we had gotten from a foreign government-- in this case, israel-- dealing with a threat, isis. he has basically thrown convention out the window. by virtue of his office he is able to declassify information basically on a whim. the problem is the presit nt doesem to understand the consequences of that. out, president trump basically trashes our he said something in a campaign our allies are worse than our enemies." and he doesn't undstand so much of the information the united states receives from partners cos from our allies and governments around the world who basically see their interests aligned with us. so what we've got right now is a completely undisciplined and disruptive presidency,tohich is goinave lasting consequences for how we cooperate with people the wor over. >> alcindor: you served on the national security councils of past administrations. there are very strict guidelines
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to safesoguarrces. tell bus those guideline 1k3-z why they're put in place. >>l we the protections are in place for a bunch of reasons. they're to prevent disclosure of sensitive information involving the sources and methods for ouro ence collection. they're also there to protect, as we were saying a few moments ago, the sources of that information so that they don't face harm or inadvertent discloser. what we normally i think have tried to do inside u.s. vernment circles is allow the hntelligence collectors to do their thing, and policy makers to do their thing. at times, there's a need for policy makers to have a ttle bit sense of what might motivate iomeone to share information, what the reasons were or howor this ition was collected. but, you know, up to now, i've never reio informlike this in theress about, you knw, things thatve invyou know, a very important event in u.s. foreign policy and nash a sehirity. it's--is really, as i was iaying earlier, an unprecedented event, to have s level of
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disexplores this level of disruption. >> alcindor: an unpcedented event. let's now talk about russia andu the response. what do you make of russia's response? and how is it comparing to past responses where spiesave bee revealed? >> so, the russian government takes a very hard line on these thind putin himself tend ld-bloodedn i a very co and chilling fashion about traders need to be wiped out. aitors need to pate price. in this case, the russian government has done something very different. they basically said this guy say joker. he had some sort of role heree. heainly wasn't a high-level adviser to prsident putin. they basically disparaged the press reporting on the subject. but wh at they'so done at the same time is try to saim, "e this is all jst a compounding of, you know, unfair and malicious slander aimed at" us. that also just doesn't hold a lot of water. but as a result, what you see is a mockery. and i think the mckery doeso have a chilling undercurrent to
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it. there was a cartoon on one ofe ssian state news agencies last night, and it basically has the mole showing up in the oval office popping up in donald trump's office and saying, "yo burned me. basically, "you are the one who ratted me out." so the government iding a message to russian officialdom. we are all watching you very closely. don't make any mistakes. >> alcindor: thank you very much for being here. these are certainly extraordinary revelations. andrew weiss. >> thank you so much. >> woodruff: finally tonight, we look back 18 years to a moment that forever changed american history. and a new way to pay tribute to the first responders who faced great risk on 9/11. here's a look at "rescue, recovery & healing: the 9/11 memorial glade dedation," a documentary produced by new york
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public media station wnet as part of its "all arts series."t >> i just doink the general public realizes how many people have gotten sick because the number of people that have died becieause of injecurof september 11 aertually outnu the people who were murdered on september 11. >> we fe it's really important thateople remember the sto of the recovery. we actually dedicated a new component of the 9/11 emorial, known as the "9/11 memorial glade." and the glade is dedicated to everyone who is sffering from 9/11 illness, and those who have died and those who will die. it's comprised of a pathway that runs from the southwest corner of the plaza towarthe northeast corner. on either side of it ar these sculptures, these slabs of stone, and they're meant to
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suggest the determinao on of those rticipated in the recovery. one of thehings we heard from e constituents, the former rescue-and-recovery workers wa that somehow incorporate remnant world trade center steel. and that's what you see is these rough and rugged grad nite piec. and instead throughout them in these cracks is world trade center steel. in a way, it's simply conying that, you know, we're actually stronger at the broken places. and there's an elment of hope that is conveyed. >> it was intended to sort geographically mimic the echo bridge, taking down to bedrock. i appreciate it. i really do. it is our space. it is a space dedicated, as it said, this is where heroes walked. and this is your glade. >> woodruff: such a powaerful
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tribute. and you casee the full documentary, "rescue, recovery & dedication," onlinmemorial glade and a news update before we go:e the supreme court, in an order ised late today, is allowi the trump administration to enforce new nationwide asylum restrictio. the administration first proposedhe change in july, but it was quickly blocked by lower federal courts. it now goes into effect, forcing many migrants to first see asylum in any country they travel through before they reach the u.s. and that's the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you and see you soon. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: su >> cr cellular believes that wireless plans should reflect the amount of talk, text and data that you use. we offer a variety of no- contract wireless plans for
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learn more, go toything ina >> and with the ongoing ipport of thetitutions and individuals. >> this progralewas made possy the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs u.ation from viewers like thank you. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by
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