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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 16, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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woman: this is "bbc world news america." is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing ss utions for americglected needs; d by contributions to this pbs station from viewers lu. thank you. laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan.
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the u.s. says evidence proves iran was behind attacks ich wiped out nearly half the saudis' oil production. now all eyes are on who makes the next move. pres. trump: there are ways to see definitively where they came from and we have all of those ways and that is being checked out right laura: wng the picket line. auto workers in nine states go on strike at general motors,ot spelling trouble for the industry. plus, from musician to author. ben folds talks about thewh experienceh shaped his career and influenced his lyrics. laura: for those watching on pbs and around the globe, welcome to "world news america." president trump says he does not want war with iranis but the u.. ore prepared than ever
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should it come to that. his comments come after a weekend attack on saudi ar bia's mal facility, which riyadh says were with weapons made from iran. the output accounts for 5% of global supplies. reporter: striking at the heart of saudi's oil industry. a major attack on the world's largest processing facility cutting e country's output by half, and attack claimed by houthi rebels in retaliation for saudi arabia's intervention in yemen. this is not i their first. d last month a targeteattack on a military rate killed dozens. back then i interviewed the houthi's deputy foreign minister, who warned there was more to come. >> for the last fiveve years we
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een the ones that were attacked. now it is onlyl nor that we retaliate to defend our land and our people that have been the main reporter: this was the most damaging and humiliating blow to saudi ainbia since they tervened in yemen civil war. meey are supporting the ye government with the backing of the u.k. and the u.s. fighting against houthi rebels backed by iran. for years on, thousands have been killed in air strikes, the conflict has created the world's worst humanitarian crisis. previously, the rebels have only had limited capabilities, but claiming this latest attack anges that. they show no evidence. da the u.s. government released these satellite images -- proof, they iran that houthis but
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responsible. >> this behavior is unacceptable, and ey must be held responsible. make no mistake about, this was a deliberate attack on the global economy. reporter: as tensions in the region escalate, iran categorically denies allegations th d continues to defend the houthis. >> yemeni people are exercising their legitimate right of defense. reporter if attacks like is continued from the fear is that saudi arabia with their alliesh will respond weater force, and it will be the people of yemen that pay the price. laura: a brief time ago president trump commen the attacks and any possible retaliation. pres. trump: that was a veryd
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large attack, could be met wid an attack many, many times larger very easily by our country. but areoing to find out who definitively did it first. laura: short time ago i spoke with a former senior director at cithe national security co and now managing director of the washington institute. i started by asking him why the president is not outright attacksiran for the >> it is still early going. it may be that they are trying to sort out the evidence they have come the message they want to send, and how they can best share the evidence with the need to coordinate with the hosaudi's,hemselves were a bit more hesitant in their own messaging then secretary pompeo was yesterday. ngall signs point st to iran. you look at the scale and the precision of the attack. d of course the attack is very much in keeping with what iran has been doing the last few months.i uld be surprised if we heard that it wasn't iran. laura: well, the president says
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he does not want a war withdo iran, but ho the u.s. respond to this? >> obviously the free flow of energy, the glob and so forth, has always been considered a vital interest by the united states. and yet there is always also the worry ab middle east, escalation with ir specifically. this tends to be the dilemma oss. officials get caught in. how do we impose aon iran r , if this was iran, at would be an egregious act without escalating to a war we don't want? laura: right, and so ifhe u.s. does not go for a striking as -- strike against iran, what other options do they have? michael: there a any number of ways you can impose a cost. we have significant economic nctions. the u.s. military is the most capable military in the world. the range of options at the president's fingertips is quite significant. it is really the question of arq we willing to entertain any risk as we deploy these options.
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there is a risk if you do nothing. we're seeing that today. there was not much done after iran attacked tankers in the and yet iran escalated anyway. it is tough to get out of this dilemma entirely. laura: there is mixed messaging from the administration. only last week u.s. officials were saying that thewo president d meet with presidento uhani without preconditions. is iran responding to that messaging? tomichael: you havut that in the broader context of the tensions between the u.s. and iran. since the united states announced they were going to cut off iran's oil experts entirely , iran has been escalating in the region in terms of expanding its nuclear program and incrementally violating ther nuclreement from which the u.s. has withdrawn.he for iran, this is an effort to push back united states and to get sanctions lifted and deter hers from helping the united states. laura: the u.s. policy of
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maximum pressure was designed to bring iran to the negotiating table, but has it had the effect of backing them into a corner and made them lash out? michael: no doubt. as they look at oil revenues to dwindling, they probably feel they have little to it iimpossible that you could eventually have a negotiation. laura: how tense is this moment? michael: i think this is quite tense. this is the most significant attack on the energy infrastructure in the gulf arguably since saddam hud ein invawait. this is a significant moment for the region and u.s. policy. laura: michael singh, thanks so much for being with us. the drug's manufacturer closely identified with the opioid addiction epidemic has filed for bankruptcy. purdue pharma has been acced of aggressively marketing opioids and misleading doctors.
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it has reached a tentative settlement with several states. ndour north america correst nick bryant reports. nick: these are the quiet rituals of opioid a pair are visiting is tryinto bash visiting a shrin- a pr are visiting a shrine to a child who overdosed on heroin. bujeff was 28 when he died his mother told us his drug addiction began a decade earlier when he was prescribed painkillers as a teenager. he did not miss practice. or game he was an amazing kid. nick: jeff had beeininjured playg american football in high school and started taking oxycontin, a drug prosecutorsti allege was deceptively marketed by purdue pharma, owned by the sackler family, one of the richest in america. in the early days, did you have eany sense of how addictive -- no, no, no. like, no, no, no. it really bothers me because no one ever told us there was an addictive quality at all. they purposely setut to
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misguide doctors, ms. lee -- sld t public, and have everyone assume they were safe. nick: purdue pharma has filed for bankruptcy out of a proposal to settle thousands of lawsuits against it and provide money for communities to tackle the opioi. cris these are the kinds of adverts purdue pharma ran in the late19 's that it is said falsely downplayed the risks of oxycontin. >> some patients may be afraidid of taking opbecause they are perceived as too strong or addictive. but that is far from actual fact. nick: but since 1999, 200,000 americans have died from overdoses related to oxycontin and other prescription opioids. the proposed settlement has bees opposed tes such as new york and massachusetts who have accused members of the sackler family of being behind purdue's decision to deceive doctors and patients. legations that purdue an
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members of the sackler family with involvement in the company refute. they deny that they haved contribu the opioid crisis and have pointed to heroin a intentional as more addictive -- and fentanyl as more addictive. nick bryant, bbc news,ew york. laura: in india, aleleast 12 pe iied after a boat capsized. the indian navy is time to find survivors. over 30 people are thought to be missing. president erdogan ofury is hosting the leaders of iran and russia in ankara. the leaders of talking about the conflict in syria and the humanitarian crisis in the northwest of the country. turkey is concerned about refugees from idlib province crossing io their territory. 26,000 car workers across the
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u.s. for michigan to texas went on strike last night after talks faltered with their employer general motors. it is the union's first strike after the automaker came out of bankruptcy a decade ago thanks to the taxpayer-funded bailout. the united auto workers unioner wants beealth care and job security. gm says their fair offer as the rejected. i spoke to transportation writer micheline maynard from michigan. micheline: we did not think they were far apart until the last couple of days. neral motors did something very unusual. it give a complete offer to the uaw and en it publicized the offer. the protocol is that once the talks are down to the final days, no o t speaks to t media, let alone to the public. it caused very hard feelings on the part of the a: how significant is this strike by the auto workers? e first since 2007. micheline: exactly, and in between that time we hadhe
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baweruptcies of general motors and chrysler, which were funded by the american government, and they came out of bankruptcy.very quic the thinking has been they have been doing extremely well, and perhaps because oft the uaw feels they deserve higher wages. what has also happened is that general tors announced it was closing 4 plants and that did not sit well with the uaw either. they want more job security for the workers who are left. laura: how big of an issue is increasing automation of the auto industry and the loss of jobs? micheline: the loss of jobs is a huge, huge issue. it isn't so much the loss of the jobs themselves, but jobs are being performed by tporary workers, and it is taking uaw members longer to get the exact wages that the veteran workers get. and so automation is not so much the issue, just that the uaw
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wants what is left to be laura: what are the consequences for the car industry in the u.s. if this continues? micheline: generally car buyers are reluctant to purchase vehicles from a dealer if then company isrike, and general motors have the problem of having 50% more cars at dealerships than it should have this time of the year. general motors dealers have a supply. it is just that people are atscouraged from going out and laura: you are an experienced transportation reporter. what seems to you like a possible resolution to this? micheline: the one complicated factor here is that the uaw leadership here is under a they very much need the workers to approve a contract becauseho they want tofaith in them. there is a federal investigation of top leadership. but the works are not about to approve a contract without the job security guarantees they want.
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so general motors and the uaw need to reach a deal and then the uaw needs to get worrs to improve the deal. it is a bit sticky. laura:eneral motors has experienced the ire of president trump for closing factories in key political stakes. -- states. how much interest is the president taking in this strike? mieline: well, it is very unusual for a car company have to manage a u.s. president. as we have seen with donaldll trump, he weet about just about anything that catches his attention. normally in labor negotiations anu are just worrying about the union and the co these days you wake up in the morning and see if donald trump has said anything. shat is an element that has not been part of previ negotiations. mura: is there some optim around the talks when they resume tomorrow? micheline: i don't really know, to be honest. i think one of t things that the strike does is it lets workers get out into the street and wa picket signs and blow
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off steam. if thereth is somethin is really bothering them, they will let local presidents know about that. the local presidents go back to the bargainers and say this is what we really want. in a sense the 24 hours today could be a value to uaw as a goes back to the table. laura: micheline maynard, thank you so much for joining us. micheline: thank you for having me. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america."om still toon tonight's program, supreme court justice brett kavanaugh faces a new claim of sexual misconduct from his college days. someemocrats calimfor his achment, while republicans claim he is being harassed. of course you all know that "world news america" is always tv magic, but we have real tricks for you on tonight's program and they comerom
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nigeria. he is just 19 years old, and his talent for magic has earned him a following on the stres of lagos. take a look at his magical s.illusi >> people ask me, amazing any sort of tricksks or sleight of hands. i am 19 years old and i'm a magician. today i'm ingto on the streets of lagos to perform some tricks and i will blow their minds. i will bring a picture to reality. take it likehat. it goes out. >> gd trick, good trick. >> everywhere i go to, people get to be my friend and know me
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more. at the same time, more practice. i go to look at people and see what the do. you don't get to go far. what can you see? i hope to see myself as one of the greatest magicians in the world. laura: almost a year after he
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was confmed as a supreme court justice, a report in "the new york times" is leading docrats to call for supreme court justice brett kavanaugh to be impeached. the report includes a new hiallegation he exposeelf while partying at yale university, but the woman involved does not recall the incident. president trump says democrats are looking toyo desnd influence justice kavanaugh's opinions. ai spoke hony zurcher and asked if the calls would lead anywhere. anony: the impeachment process for supreme court justice is the same for u.s. presiden jordi -- a majority vote in the house of representatives and two thir in the senate. you want to watch the house of representatives, where there i a majority of democrats but it does not seem like there was a lot of interest to proceed on this. jerry nadler says we have our l hands fuking at the president. although you did hear from several democratic presidential candidates including elizabeth warren saying he should be
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impeached, so clearly it is generating some political interest, at least on th campaign trail. laura: are these new allegations about how brett kavanaugh behaved as a teenager refocusine attention onnvestigation by the fbi and senate investigators a year ago? anthony: that is what you are hearing from democrats who want some sort of investigation or impeachment or something, th the fbi during this review process did not talk to some of these witnesses or corroborating people who heard about it at the same time to find out any more reinformation, that it wasn't a thorough investigation, that they didn't look into the other allegation, and that is why they need to look at it again now.ea what youfrom republicans and conservative defenders is that these new allegations are scant and this is anr example of the media trying to thes merge jet -- besmirch justice kavanaugh, and if you look at specific incidents, "the ton york times" left out t
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the pen question has no recollection of the incident. laura: what does ts do to the political spotlight on justice kavanaugh, who wants nothi more than to stay out of it? anthony: the way the system is set up, the supreme court should be insulated from the politics day in and day out, because these are lifetime appointments, so they don't have to be quite as directly unr the spotlight. but that is not the way ie systworking right now. there is so much attention focused on the u.s. supreme court and the politics of every single decision. ople from the president down talk about obama justices or his justices, so it is hard not to look at the supreme crt in a political context these days. that will affect the decisions they rule and any ture nominees who have bigger battle than we have seen recently. laa: just briefly, when th president says that people are trying to influence the justice's opinion, is he talkin about potentiaortion? anthony: potentially abortion.
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one thing conservatives believe is that a lot of these appointe become more liberal, and he does not want to see that with kavanaugh. anlaura: anthony zurcher, you for that analysis. singer and songwriter ben folds is well known for his lyrics, but now he can add author to his list of accomplishments. ok tells his life story. it delves into the experienc which shaped his musi short time ago i spoke to ben in los angeles. thanks for joini us. how did a dream about lightninge bugs when you wo years old inspire your music? ben: i don't know if having the dream inspired my music, but as an adult, i look back and i can see that that particular dream, which stuck with me my whole life, is a good metaphor for the way i see art and the making of art and the role of an artist.
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laura: you say that pop music helps us get into adult hood. o did itat for you? ben: absolutely. pop music -- especially thoughtful rock music -- was a huge thing for me wh i was pecially a teenager. it can be your best friend, it is something that you listen to and escape into, and it speaksks to you, and it weeds out the pesky adults in the room wdo 't understand why you are listening to it. that is also good. laura: as you have had ups and downs in your own care, haser music helped you through the rough times? ben: absolutely. for me music is my life. it is my livelihood and sort of my mission. when i have had tough times, even if brought on by my career and things that affects, music itself is what i understand and what i do.
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if i were a teacher, that would be my thing. if i was a farmer, that would be my thing. but music for me has been mydi focus anipline and certainly saved me. laura: you are very involved in the portance of promoting music in education, d as we rush to teach kids to code rather than sing, are we missing out on something? ben: i think definitely. the creative part of our minds , of ouriv, of our beings, rs really very important for a balanced life and civilization that is healthy. i d't think it is that controversial to say that ideash are part oreason, a good part of the reason, that humankind is not at the middle of the food chain where we used to be. we are at the top now. d to compartmentalize
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creatity as just something that is an occupation, making little arts and crafts on the side, is a big mistake for humankind. we need to make sure wremember th there is creativity in science, creativity in farming and teaching and accounting. it is just part of who we are and part of what we do. it haso be integrated. the arts and arts educatn for kids is the training ground for creativity and ideas. top of the food chain, that is my pitch. laura: ben folds, thankswior bein us. ben: thanks for having me. laura: what inspires ben folds. well, i am laura trevelyan. thank you so much for watching "b world news america." announcer: funding for this presentation is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions america's neglected needs;
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and by contributions to this pbs station from v like you. thank you. just up here. that's where... man: she took me out to those weapons. i think we'r to a great start.
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captioning sponsorho by news productions, llc >> woodruff:m ood evening. dy woodruff. onthe "newshour" tonigh strikenearly 50,000 autoworkers e walking the picket lines to force general motors to improve wages. then, targeting oil. strikes on saudirabia raise questions about who was behind the attack and how the united states will respond. plus a new face for late night-- lilly singh breaks boundaries of all sorts moving from youtube to national television. >> i want to go out there and be like, this imy point of view, this is what i'm going through, these are my thoughts and feelings, this is the person i am, and this is the person i want you to get to know, not just talk show host, but i want you to get to know lilly. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour."


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