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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 10, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm PST

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narrator: fuing for this presentation is made possible by... man: babbeng a language learnipp that teaches real life conversations and uses spenoh recognition tegy. daily 10 to 15 minute lessons are voiced by native speakers and they are at babel. b-a-b-b-e-l. narrator: funding was also provided by... the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovr foundation pursuing solutions for america's neglted needs. and by cons ibutions to this ation from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, bbc world news.
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laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting fr washington, i am >> the house committee on e judiciary is introducing two articl oimpeachment chargingpr thident of the unitedat , donald j. trump, with committting high crimes and misdemeanors. laura: with those words crom demoats move a step closer to impeaching presidentrump. the whe house calls the charges baseless and a sham.f scenester devastation at the site where a volcano erupted in n six people are confirmed dead and eight more are feared to have been killed. plus, greenland's ice sheets are melting at a massive rate. the result is rising sea levels that will be felt around the globe. at
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laura: for thoseing on pbs and around the globe, welcome to "world news america." it was a somr day in washington as president trump was charged with two articles of impeachment by house democrats. the process began with a hoistleblower's complaint about the president wiing military aid to ukraine because he wanted an investigation into the now mr. joins presidents johnson, nixon and clinton, all of whom faced impeachment. mr. trump is confident he will betted by the senate. tonight he called it an absolute disgrace. it is only the fourth time in history lawmakers have tried to impeach an american president and remove him from office. democrats are charging mr. trump with abuse of power and obstructing congress. rep. nadler: the house committea on the jud is introducing two articles of impeachment charging the president of the united states, donald j. trump, with committing high crimes and misdemeanors. trump made a white house visit
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for ukraine's president and t military aid f country contingent on mr. zelensky announcing political investigations. with the 2020 election looming, democrats say they must movere now. schiff: the argument why don't you just wait" amounts to this -- why don't you just let him cheat and one more election? why not let him cheat one more time? laura: republicans counter that the president did nothing wrong and the demoats are trying to rerun an election they lost. rep. mccarthy: impeachment is the removal of the high elected person in this land. i don't care if yos think americo support president trump are deplorables, but you do not have the right to disqualify their vote because you don't like president trump. laura: mr. trump responded with his signature tweet. the full house could vote as early as next week. reblicans are looking to a january trial in the senate that they control. the battle lines are drawn in
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washington. for more on the articles announced today i spoke withco titutional law professor and bbc legal analyst jonathan turley. he testified before congress on during last week's hearings. democrats have unveiled theirf articlespeachment, abuse of power and obstruction of congress. they are pretty narrow. what is your reaction? an: these are real impeachable offenses. i was glad to see that the committee abandoned bribery, extortion, campaign finance violations, obstruction of justice. that is what a lot of myal testimony with. those were untenable from a legal standpoint. these are not. these are things you can impeach a president for on these facts. the question is not the theory, but the record. because they are moving soha quickly, the an incomplete and remarkably thin record. this is the thinnest record ever go to the senate on a presidential impeachment, and that is not good. laura: democrats say they have to rush because this is about potential interference in the
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2020 election, and the in their articles of impeachment a pattern of behavior by the present. do they have a case? jonathan: i don't think they really do. it makes very good copy and good optics. but they burned three months. they could have gonee o court to foy witnesses like john bolton to testify. in the nixon case, it took twogo months trom the trial court ruling all the way through to a decision of the supreme court. that decision led riesard nixon ton. its baffling not only thatou they set this arbitrary date, but they would move ahead on a record that will only fail. this is not a case for removal. you don't impeach a president this way. laura: how do you see thisro proceedinghere? could the full house vote to impeach the prriident before mas? jonathan: yes, i think they are anning to have that vote before christmas and send it to the senate. the senate has tough decisions to make. they have to decidwhat the
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rules are and they have to decide critical questions like will there be witnesses or depositions. how much time will they allow? how much will occur on the senate floor?e all those fficult decisions. when i did the last impeachment against adam schiff, the judicial impeachment, it took work to work out thoes. laura: you met with nate republicans today. is there tension between the senate majority leader want a swift trial and the president wantinto call live witnesses? jonathan: that is ab pay grade, but basically what ier receivedquestions about the history of impeachment and how senates handled these questions in the past. i was impressed by the questions. the senators seemed to be very much in earnest. they were trying to figure out what their role should be and what is the proper range in terms of these questions. this is someing, fortunately, the senate has only done twicere beand once was in 1868. they have to look at these rules again.
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eachenator has to make an individual choice. people who say that thiss going to be partyline really are not borne out by history president johnson was saved by seven republicans called the radical republicans, who despised johnson. but they voted to acquit him. one of them said it was like looking into his open grave and jumpg. but he felt he had no choice, because that impeachment was abusive.tu laura: jonathaey, thanks for being with us. jonathan: thank you. laura: among the judiciary committee members who will vote on these articleis democratic congresswoman zoe lofgren from california. she was a staffer during the nixon administration and served on the committee during the clinton impeachment. my colleague katty kay spoke to her from capitol hill earlier today. katty: congresswoman, you have worked through two previous
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impeachment processes. what are your thoughts today? rep. lgren: this is a solemn day because we have released thr osed articles of impeachment relative to president trump's misconduct, and i think the articles are very well-founded. they are supported by the evidence. but it's not a time for joy when a president threatens the constitutional order in his way. katty: you were a staffer on capitol hill during the nixon impeachment process. how is this different? rep. lofgren: well, each situation is different. president nixon engaged in but it was really directed domestically. so far as i know, unprecedented that a president would solicit the assistance of a foreign government to interfere in an american election. that is very disturbing and not really consistent with the president's oath of office.
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thtty: increasingly it does look like -- i'm king as well of the clinton impeachment hearings when you were a member of the coittee that worked on that process -- that impeachment is becoming a political tool. are you concerned that accelerated use of impeachthnt anway that it is being split on very partisan lines, particularly in this case, that impeachment is not what america's founding fathers intendedt to be? rep. lofgren: the founding fathers intended impeachment to be used to curb an ongoing threat to the constitution and to the constitutional order, aswhich is present in this the sad thing is there is a headline in "the washington post" today that says that if it talks like a duck, wike a duck, the republicans are calling it an avocado. i still hope that the republicans will look at the facts and reach a conclusion to defend our country. katty: is there a problem in the
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sense that the term "high crimes and misdemeanors," which is the bar for impeaching an american president, is not a clear legal term and he can become a political term and impeachment means nothing -- something, and as er ofdoes mean fact there are meetings behind the words "high crimes and misdemeanors." we had a whole hearing in the judiciary committee about the origins of the phre e and what unding fathers meant. in fact, it goes back to great britain. it started in the time of oliver cromwell. it is not has whatever we say. it is conduct that is inconsistent with the oath of office tprotect and dend the constitution, and unfortunately president trump has engaged in that activity. tty: so, today we have two president trump, abuse of power and obstruction of congress. do you think there could have been more articles leveled against him that included some of the evidence from the mueller
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report? do you wish this had been a broader process? rep. lofgren: i think we got it just right. certainly his pattern misbehavior is reflected in the discussion, but we have focused on the evidence, the direct evidence we have. it was committed to us primarily from the intelligencittee. katty: some of your democratic colleagues who are in districts that are more republican-leaning may have problems in this vote. what do you say to them whenei own constituents are saying "we don't want any of this impeachment business, if you vote for these articles of impeachment, we will not reelect you"? rep. lofgren: this is a time when every person who serves ino the house needeflect on their own oath of office and decide what their obligation is to protect the constitution and defend the national interest of the united it is not somethat anyone can lobby you about, that
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leadership can tell you what to do. you need to reach into your owne t and do the right thing. katty: congresswoman lofgren, thanks very much for joining us. rep. lofgren: thank you. laura: in others, nnd number of people including a police officer have been killed in a shootout in jersey city, new jersey. dozens of police have surrounded a convenience store. what prompted issuedt a isn't clear. top officials from the u.s., mexico, and canada have signed a revised trade deal after more than two years of tough negotiations. usmca replaces the 25-year-old north americ agreement.e u.s. house speaker nancy pelosi, ove key democrat needed to the agreement forward, and u.s. labor unions have given their t blessithe deal, which they say includes improved labor standards. fia 34-year-old has taken in finland as theorld's youngest serving prime minister.
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she won the suppt of parliame. heads a coalition with fouro other parties that by women, all but one of them under age 35. a sixth person has died in new zealand after yesterday's volcanic eruption on white island. the latest victim died in hospital. 8 othersre missing, presumed dead. police say an investigation has been launche reporter: it looks like the surface of anotherlanet. this is white island hours after its devastating eruption. it's dangerous fo rescue helicopter, and for those looking for survivors. officials have said there is a 50% chance of another volcanic blast in the next 24 hours. this ash-covered rariciginally
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helping the injured to safety described the itike -- i have seen the "chernobyl" miniseries. everything was blanketed in ash. it was quite an overwhelming feeling. reporter: this womanives close the harbor. she has been on trip to the volcano on white island with a guide who is a family friend. he was on the voland when the ano erupted. he died of his injuries. >> he was a lovely guy. i have known him since primary school-age. going to the swimming club and kids do. the things that reporter: mary says her community did not see the island as a threat. >> you have got masks, you have your helmets, your glasses.
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there's a lot of safety things beforehand. i suppose the fact that it has not erupted before, we take it for granted. reporter: health officials say those who are being treated in hospitals achass the country suffered severe burns. two british women are amg the wounded. new zealand's ime minister jacinda ardern visited some of the injured in hospital and thanked members of the emergency services who are first to respond. for years, thousands of urists have been coming here and getting on these boats. but there are questions about whether warnings o -- volcanic activity are taken seriously, and whether people's safety has new zealand police have launched an investigation to look into the rcumstances of the deas and injuries on white island. an active volcano that hasong been a tourist attraction but
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has now turned into a site of utter devastation. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, russia's foreign minister gets a white house visit. when it comes to questions of electio meddling, he says his country has nothing to hide. a new mural by british street artistanksy has had to be protected after a member of the public that creative with it hours after it appeared. siit is ed to look as if reindeer pulling a bench. it is a commentary on homelessness at this. holiday, he reporter: the elusive artist banksy has treated his latest ece.
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this is the film he uploaded to instagram. it has been viewed 3 million time and thousands of people have turned up in prison to see it. >>zi i think it is a, beautiful. absolutely beautiful. >> i think it is brilliant. and our culture itself. the homeless peop themselves, brings great awareness to everything. reporter: thend rrs appeared in the early hours of friday morning. the filling happened later that evening. local businesse knew something was going on but when i sure it was tanks he -- banksy until yesterday. >> the thinking behind his art, behind his picturess -- it lovely idea. reporter: the red noses were nl on the origiece. someone jumped on the barriers and sprayed them on. whatever youhink of the red n oseec additions, they dided to put up clear plastic to protect it from potential street artists.
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banksyle says that whi they were filming with a homeless man passersby kept offering him drinks and help. egrough sleepersarly sleepier at the station. >> for us it teachetouches a pot birmingr that was his point anyway. reporter:t needs to be saved? >> he needs to be saved. reporter: protective glass will protect it from vandalism or enhancement, depending on your point of view. laura: today the russian foreign minister sergey lavrov was hereo in washingtomeetings with president trump and the u.s. secretary of state. among the issues brought up was mon ow's interference ie 2016 u.s. election. mr. lavrov said that rusa wanted to publish communications with washington that cared his
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country of the allegations, but the u.s. has blocked their release. angela stent, professor atto geor university and author short time ago.ld," joined me a we are hearing from the white house that the u.s. warned sergey lavrov that russia must not inteere in any more ections. do you think russia will lten? angela: i think president trump had to say that given everythine that has hap as mr. lavrov has said many times including today, you have g proof that we interfered and you are not show proof. i don't think that whatever -- whatever mr. trump said will have no impact. continue to interfnd well will have to see whether that happens next year. laura: president trump is the day he is facing articles of ompeachment because of allegedly withholding aid kraine
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that ukraine wanted to counter russian aggression. what does vladimir putin think of this? angela: vladimir putin must be quite please mr. lavrov was in the talks between him and putin any french and german leaders. mr. lavrov will report to mr. trump his version of what happened at that meeting before anyone from ukraine has. i think in general putin is looking at what has happened in the united states, he is seeing all the chaos, we are at each other's throats again on impeachment. i think he must be smiling. laura: when he hears the president say that ukraine was interfering in the 2016 election, that is a russian narrative, isn't it angela: it certainly is, and putin himself has said that is probably true. putin, of course, has denied this, too. the "ukraine interfered" story fits right into the russian narrative that they had nothing
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to do with it and that the ukrainians are guilty. laura: and yet there are areas of common interest. in the white house readout it is aclear that president tru sergey lavrov talked about china and north korea. are they working together on north korea? angela: i think they have similar goals there. neither russia nor the unid states want to see a nuclear-armed korea, although the russians are more skeptical that kim jong-un will give up weapons. they also talked about arms inthey also talked about arms that sense they are on the same page. -- in that sense they are on the same page. they also talked about arms control, which the russi ls would reale to extend the treaty on strategic weapons, new start, that expires in february 2021. president trump said yes, but we there is a difference ofe. opinion. but i think that is another subject on which russia and the laura: is it possible there could be a new arms control agreement? angela: its possible, but the u.s. would have to drop it sistence that the chinese are included. the chinese have refused to do it. the easiest thing to do is to extend this arms control agreement for five years, not changing it, and then say we
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will get to the queson of china in the next five years.ur laa: u.s. secretary of state mike pompeo says that ..s.-russia ties are complicated is that an understatement? angela: it is a very polite in many ways they are very bad still because of what happened but secretary pompeo said today that the busines dialogue should increase and our economic relationship with russia should grow. that is something president trump said. and on syria and iran, we have to talk to the russians. laura:hen it comes to syria, what does vladimir putin make of that u.s.-mostly withdrawal? angela: it has made russia the main player in syria now. but it also means burden of reconstructing syria and resolving what happens in syria when the civil war is over, that falls more squarely on rusan shoulders now. laura: angela stent, thanks so much for being with us. angela: thank you. laura: melting ice caps show was
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the impact of climate change. noa team of scientists hav the data to quantify what is happening. they say greenland is losing ice seven times faster than it did in the 10's and that will expose millions of people the d coastal flooding by the this century. the bbc's science editor david shukman has more. david: as the world heats up, the great ice sheet covering greenland is under threat. huge blocks of ice have always broken off in the summertime,th but is process is seen for myself how melting ice is sending masve torrents of water to the ocean. more and more of the ice is falling as temperatures rise. now a major new study using data from satellites has calculated how much of greenland's ice has disappeared. the areas rked in d are ere melting has been most extreme, and the scientists who
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did the research are shocked. >> it's quite depressing, really. the ice sheets have been heated, in greenland's case, by the atmosphere for several decades, not better.get worse, and it is going to continue for decades. david: what is happening in grnland has implications right around the world. ice melted from itnded uptons of in the oceans. that has raised their height by 10.6 millimeters, which doesn't sound much. but for every extra centimeter of sealevel, 6 million more people are put at risk of flooding, and more melting will make things worse. a warning siren on a winter night six years ago as the coasr of lincolnwas flooded. imagine how much worse it could level.gher sea >> welcome to the ceremoal opening -- dad: all of this is being discussed in madrid at the u.n.
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climate conference. the countries are arguing on ho to stoating up. amid all the delegates, a leading scientist tells me there is still time to reduce the gases that induce melting. >> iyou cut emissions significantly, you can limit the impact of sealevel rise. whereas if you continue to emit on theath we are on now, that will have severe impacts on the future. david: so there is a chance? >> there is a chance, yes. don't give up hope. david: campaigners from oxfam highlight the dangers of rising seas and say world leaders are failing to respond. david shukman, bbc news, in madrid. laura:till time to limit the impact of climate change, though. i am lau trevelyan. thank you so much for watchi fu narratornding for this presentation is masible by...
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babbel, an online program designed by language specialists teaching spanish, french and more. narrator: funding was also provided by... the freeundation. by judy and peter blumonovler founda and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. narrator: be more, pbs. ♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight... >> the house committee on the judiciary is introducing two articles of impeachment, charging the president of the united states, donald j. trump, with committing high cmes and misdemeanors. >> woodruff: ...a day for the history books. democratin the u.s. house of representatives make the case the president has committed high crimes and mismeanors on the same day they announce a major trade deal with the ite house. then, a failing grade. climate scientists relse the annual "arctic report card," and it is a dire warning for the health of the planet. and, broken justice-- sentenced to life as teenagers, hundreds of maryland prisoners have only a sliver of a chance at parole.


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