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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 10, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PST

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narrator: funding for this presentation is made possible by... man: babbel, a language learning app that teaches real life conversations and usesh recognition technology. daily 10 to 15 minute lessons are voiced by native speakers and they are at babel. b-a-b-b-e-l.com. narrator: funding was also provided by... the freeman foundation. leby judy and peter blum-k foundation. pursuing solutions for ec america's ned needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, bbc world news. laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am
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laura trevelyan. >> the house committee on e judiciary is introducing two articl oimpeachment charging the president of the united states, donald j. trump, with committting high crimes and misdemeanors. laura: with those words from democrats move a step closer to impeaching presiderump. the white house calls the charges baseless and a sham. scenes of utter devastation at the site where a volcano erupted in new zealand. six people are confirmed dead and eight more are feared to have been killed. plus, greenland's ice sheets are melting at a massive rate.lt the resus rising sea levels that will be felt around the globe. laura: for those watching on pbs and around the globe, lcome to
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orld news america." it was a somber day in washington as president trump was charged with two articles of impeachment by house democrats. the process began with a whistleblower's complaint about the president withholding tilitary aid to ukraine because he wanted an invtion into the bidens. now mr. trump joins presidents johnson, nixon and clinton, all of whom faced impeachment. mr. trump is confident he will be acquitted by thsenate. tonight he called it an absolute disgrace. it is only the fourth time in history lawmakers have tried to impeach an american present and remove him from office. democrats are charging mr. trump with abuse of power and obstructing congress. rep. nadler: the house comttee on the judiciary is introducing two articles of impeachment charging the presidentf the united states, donald j. trump, with committing high crimes and misdemeanors. laura: democrats allege mr. trump made a white house visit for ukraine's president and military aid for the country
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contingent on mr. zelensky investigations. with the 2020 election looming, democrats say they must move now. rep. schiff: the argument why don't you just wait"mounts to this -- why don'you just let him cheat and one more election? why not let him cheatne more time? laura: republicans counter that and the demoats are trying to rerun an election they lost. rep. mccarthy: impeachment is the removal of the high elected i don't care ithink. americans who support president trump are deplorables, but you do not have the right to disqualify their vote because you don't like president trump. laura: mr. trump responded with his signature tweet. the full house could vote as early as next were. blicans are looking to a january trial in the senate that they control. the battle lines are drawn in for more on the ar
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announced today i spoke with constitutional law professor and bbc legal analyst jonathan turley. he testified before congress o during last week's hearings. democrats ha unveiled their articles of impeachment, abuse of power and obstruction of congress. they are pretty narrow. what is your reaction?th jo: these are real impeachable offenses. ias glad to see that the committee abandoned bribery, extortion, campaign finance violations, obstruction of justice. th is what a lot of my testimony dealt with. those were untenable from a legal standpoint. these are not. these are things you can impeaen a presfor on these facts. the question is not the theory, but the record. because they are moving so quickly, they have an incomplete and remarkably thin record. thiss the thinnest record ev go to the senate on a presidential impeachment, and that is not good. laura: democrats say they have to rush because this is about 2020 election, and they note in their articles of impeachment a
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pattern of behavior id the prt. do they have a case? ink they: i don't ally do. it makes very good copy and good opcs. but they burned three months. they could have gone to court to force key witnesses like john bolton to teify. in the nixon case, it took two months to go from the trial court ruling all thehrough to a decision of the supreme that decision led d nixon to resign. i baffling not only that ldey would set this arbitrary date, but they wove ahead on a record that will only fail. this is not a case for removal. you don't impeach a president this way. laa: how do you see this proceeding from here? could the full house votprto impeach thident before christmas? jonathan: yes, ihink they are anning to have that vote before christmas and send it to the senate. the senate has tough decisions to make. they have to decide what the decide critical questions like will there be witnesses or depositions.
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how much time will they allow? how much will occur on the senate floor? all those are difficult decisions. when i did the last impeachment against adam schiff, the judicial imp work to work out those rules. laura: you met with senate republicans today. is there tension between thete seajority leader want a swift trial and the president wantinto call live witnesses? jonathan: that is above my pay grade, but basically what i received were questions about the history of impeachment a asw senates handled these questions in the i was impressed by the questions. the senators seemed to be very much in earnest. they were trying to figure oe what their rould be and what is the proper range in terms of these questions. this is someing, fortunately, the senate has only done twice before, and once was in 1868. they have to look at these rules again.ch enator has to make an individual choice.
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people who say that s going to be partyline really a not borne out by history. president johnson was saved by seven republicans called the radical republicans, who despised johnson. but they votedo acquit him. one of them said it was like looking into his ompn grave and g. but he felt he had no choice, because that impeachment was abusive. laura: jonathan turley, thanks for being with us. jonathan: thank you. laura: among the judiciary committee members who will votee on these artis democratic congresswoman zoe lofgren from california. she was a staffer during the nixon administration and served on the committee during the clinton impeachment. my colleague katty kay spoke to her from capitol hill earlier day. katty: congresswoman, you have rked through two previou impeachment processes. what are your thoughts today? rep. lofgren: this is a solemn
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day because we have released the proposed articles of impeachment relative to president trump's misconduct, and i think the articles are very well-founded. they are supported.y the eviden but it's not a time for joy when a president threatens the constitutional order in his way. g tty: you were a staffer on capitol hill dure nixon impeachment process. how is this different? rep. lofgren: well, each situation is different. president nixon engaged in misconduct, but it was really directed domestically. so far as i know, unprecedented that aresident would solicit the assistance of a foreign government to interfere in an american election. that is ry disturbing and not really consistent with the president's oath of office. katty: increasingly it does look like -- i'm thinking as well of the clinton impeachment hearings
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when you were a member of the coittee that worked on that process -- t becoming a political tool. are you concerned that accelerated use of impeachment and the way that it is being split on very partisanines, particularly in this case, that imachment is not what america's founding fathers intended it to be? rep. lofgren: the founding fathers intend impeachment to be used to curb an ongoing threat to the constituti and to the constitutional orr, ich is present in this case. the sad thing is there is a headline in "the washi post" today that says that if it talks like a duck, walks like a duck, the republicans are calling it an avocado. i still hope that the republicans will look at the facts and reach a conclusion to defend our country. katty: is there a problem in the sense that the term "high crimes and misdemeanors," which is the
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bar for impeaching an american president, is not a clea hlegal term acan become a political term and impeachment means nothing -- rep. lofgren: well, something, and as a matter of fact there are meetings behind the words "high crimes and misdemeanors." we had a whole hearing in the judiciary committee about the origins of the phrase and what the founding fathers. mea in fact, it goes back to great britain. it start in the time o.oliver cromwe it is not has whatever we say. s itnduct that is inconsistent with the oath of ofce tprotect and defend the constitution, and unfortunately president trump has engaged in that activity. katty: so, today we have two articles of impeachment against president trump, abuse of power and obstruction of congress. do you think there could have been more articles leled against him that included some of the evidence from the mueller report? do you wish this had been a broader process? rep. lofgren: i think we got it
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just right. certainly his pattern of misbehavior is reflected in the cudiscussion, but we have d on the evidence, the direct evidence we have. it was committed to us primarily from the intelligence committee. katty: some of your democratic w colleagu are in districts orthat arerepublican-leaning may have problems in this vote. what do you say to them when their own constituents aresa ng "we don't want any of this impeachment business, if you vote for these articles of you"?chment, wwill not reelect rep. lofgrenthis is a time when every person who serves in the house needs to reflect on their own oath of office and decide what their obligation is to protect the constitution and defend the national interest of the united states. it is not something that anyone can lobby you about, that c leadersh tell you what to do. you need to reach into your own heart and do the right thing.
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katty: congresswan lofgren, thanks very much for joining us. rep. lofgren: thank you. laura: in other news, and number of people including a police ficer have been killed in a shootout in jersey city, new jersey. dozens of polnde have surroued a convenience store. what prompted issued a isn't yet clear. top officials from t u.s., mexico, and canada have signed a revised trade deal after more than two years of tough negotiations. usmca replaces the 25-year-oldic north am free trade agreement. u.s. house speaker nancy peli, e key democrat needed to move the agreement forward, and u.s. labor unionsave given their blessing to the deal, which they say includes improved labor standards. a 34-year-old has taken office in finland as theorld's youngest serving priister. she won the support of parliament.
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she is a social democrat who heads a coalition with four other parties that by women, all but one of them unde age 35. a sionxth pe has died in new zealand after yesterday's volcanic erup white island. the latest victim died in hospital. 8 others are missing, presumed dead. police say an investigauion has beenhed. reporter: it looks like the surface of another planet. this is white island hou after s devastating eruption. it's dangerous for this rescue helicopter, and for those looking for survivors.ha official said there is a 50% chance of another volcanic blast in the next 24 hours. eight bodies remain buried on this ash-covered rock. one of the paramedics iginally helping the injured to safety
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described the scene.qu >> it wae an experience. it was like -- i have seen the "chernobyl" miniseries. evh.ything was blanketed in ngit was quite an overwhel feeling. reporter: this woman lives close to the harbor. she has been on trip to the volcano on white island with a guide who is a family friend.is he was on thnd when the volcano erupted. he died of his injuries. >> he was a lovely guy. i have kwn him since primary school-age. going to the swimming cerb and sond all the things that kids do. reporter: mary says her community did not see the island as a threat. >> you have got masks, you have your helmets, your glasses. there's a lot of safety things beforehand. i suppose the fact that it has
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not erupted before, we take it for granted. reporter: health officials say those who are being treated inac hospitalss the country have suffered severe burns. two british women are amg the wounded. new zealand's prime minister jacinda ardern visited some of the injured in hospital and thanked members of the emergency services who are first to respond. for years, thousands oists have been coming here and getting on these boats. but there are questions about whether warnings of organic -- volcanic activity are taken seriously,nd whether people's b safety hn compromised. new zealand police have launched an investigation to look into the rcumstances of the deas and injuries on white island. an active volcano that has long been a tourist attraction buttu
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has noed into a site of utter devastation. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight'sm, prograussia's foreign minister gets a white house visit. whent comes to questions of election meddling, he says his country has nothing to hide. a new mural by british street artist banksy has had to be protecte public that creative with it hours after it appeared. it is designed to look as if reindeer pulling a bench. it is a commentary on homelessness at this holiday, here. reporter: the elusive artist banksy has treated his latest piece. this is the film he uploaded to instagram.
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it has been viewed 3 million times, and thousandsf people have turned up in prison to see it. >> i think it is amazing, beautiful. absolutely beautiful. >>t i think brilliant. agreat addition to artwork our culture itself. for the homeless people brthemselvesgs great awareness to everything. reporter: the reindeers appeared in the early hours of friday morning. the fill evening.ed later that local businesses knew something was going on but when i sure i was tanks he -- banksy until yesterday. >> the thinking behind his art, behind his pictures -- it is a lovely idea. reporter: the red noses were not on the original piece. someone jump on the barriers and sprayed them on. whatever you think of the ose additions, they decided to put up clear plastic to protect it from potential street artists. banksy says that while they were
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passersby kept offering him drinks and help. rough sleepers regularly sleepier at the station. >> for us it teachetouches a pot point for birmingham. that was his point anyway. reporter: it needs to be saved? >> he needs to be saved. reporter: protective glass will protect it from vandalism or enhancement, depending on your pot of view. laura: today the russian foreign minister sergey lavrov was here in washington for meetings withr presidenp anthe u.s. secretary of state. among the issues brought up was moscow's interference in the 2016 u.s. election. mr. lavrov said that ra wanted to publish communications with washington that cleared his country of the allegations, but
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the u.s. has blocked their release. angela stent, professor georgetown university and author of "putin's world," joined me a short time ago. we are hearing from the white house that the u.s. warned sergey lavrov that russia must not interfere in any more elections. do you think russia will listen? angela: i think president trump had to say that given everything that has happened. as mr. lavrov has said many times including today, you have no proof that we interfered and you are not showing us proof. --on't think that whatever atever mr. trump said will have no impact. we know the russians will continue to interfere, and we will have to see wther that happens next year. laura: president trump is meeting with sergey lavrov on the day he is facing articles of impeachment because of allegedly withholding aid from ukraine that ukraine wanted toer cou russian aggression.
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whatvl doeimir putin think of this? angela: vladimir putin must be quite pleased. mr. lavrov was in the talks between him and putin any french and gean leaders. mr. lavrov will report to mr. trump his version of what happened at that meeting before anyone from ukraine has. i think in general putin is looking at what has happened in the united states, he is seeing s l the chaos, we are at each other's throain on impeachment. i think he must be smilin laura: when he hears the president say that ukraine was interfering in the 2016 election, that ia russian rrative, isn't it? angela: it certainly is, and putin himself has sa that is probably true. putin, of course, has denied this, too. the "ukraine interfered" story fits right into the russian narrative that they had nothing to do wi it and that the ukrainians are guilty. laura: and yet there are areas
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in the white house readout it is clear that president trump and sergey lavrov talked about chino and norta. are they working together on north korea? angela: i think they have similar goals there. neither russia nor the united states want to see a the russians are more skeptical that kim jong-un will give up they also talked about arms inthey also talked about arms that sense they are on the same page. --on in that sense they arhe same page. they also talked about arms control, which the russians would really like to extend the treaty on strategic weapons,t ew start, tpires in february 2021. president trump said yes, but we have to include the chinese. there is a difference of opion. but i think that is another subject on which russia and the u.s. will continue talking. laura: is it possible there coulbe a new arms control agreement? angela: its possible, but the u.s. would have to drop its insistence that the chinese are included. the chinese ha refused to do it. the easiest thing to do is to onextend this armsol agreement for five years, not changing it, and then say we will get to the question of china in the next five years.
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laura: u.s. secretary of state mike pompeo says tha u.s.-russia ties are complicated . is that an understatement? angela: it is a verye understatement. in many ways they are very bad still because of what happened 2016. but secretary pompeo said today that thees bus dialogue should increase and our economic relationship with russia should grow. th is something president trump said. and on syria and iran, we have to talk to the russians. laura: when it comes to syria, what does vladimir putin make of that u.s.-mostly withdrawal? angela: it has made russia the main player in syria now.s but it also meat the burden of reconstructing syria and resolving what happens in syria when the civil war is over, that falls more squarelyus onan shoulders now. laura: angela stent, thanks so much for being with us. angela: ank you. laura: melting ice caps show was the impactf clate change.
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now a team of scientists have the data to quantify what is happening. they say greenland is losing ice seven times faster than it d 1 in t0's and that will expose millions of peoplthe coastal flooding by the end of this century. the bbc'science editor david shukman has more. david: as the world heats up, the great ice sheet covering greenland is under threat. huge blocks of ice have always br,en off in the summertime but this process is acceleting. i have seen for myself how simelting ice is sending m torrents of water to the ocean. re and more of the ice is falling as temperatures rise.a nojor new study using data from satellites has calculated how much of greenland's ice has disappeared. the areas marked in d are extreme, and the scientists who did the research are shocked.
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>> it's quite depressing, really. the ice sheets have been heated, in greenland's case, by the atmosphere for several dec ies, and going to get worse, not better. and it is going to continue for decades. david: what is happening in grnland has implications right around the world. since 1992, 3.8 trillion tons of ice melted from it and ended up in the oceans.at as raised their height by 10.6 millimeters, which doesn't sound much. but for every extra centimeter of sealevel, 6 million more people are put at risk of flooding, and more melting will make things rse. warning siren on a winte night six years ago as the coast of lincolnshire was flooded. imagine how much worse it could be with an even higher sea level. >> welcome to the ceremoal opening -- da d: all of this is being discussed in madrid at the u.n.
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climate conference the countries are arguing on how to stop heating up. amid all the delegates, a leading scientist tells me there is still time to reduce the gases that induce meltin i you cut emissions significantly, you can limit the impact of sealevel rise. whereas if you continue to emit on the path we are on now, that will have severe impacts on the future. david: so there is a chance? >> there is a chance, yes. don't give up hope. david: campaigners from oxfam highlight the dangers of risin seas and say world leaders are failing to respond. david shukman, bbc news, in madrid. laura: sll time to limit the impact of climate change, raough. i am lrevelyan. thank you so much for watchi narrator: funding for this presentation is made possible by... babbel, an online program designed by language specialists
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teaching spanish, french and more. narrator: funding was also provided by... the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. narrator: be more, pbs. ♪
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judy: good eveninwo i'm judy ruff. on the "newshour" tonight -- >> the house committee on the judiciary is introducing two articles of impeachment, charging the presidente united states, donald j. trump, with committing high cris and misdemeanors. judy: a day for the history books. democrats in the u.s. house ofpr entatives make the case the president has committed high crimes and misdeanors on the same day they announce a major trade deal with the white house. then, a failing grade. clime scientists release the annual arctic report card, and it is a dire warning for the health of the planet. and, broken justice. sentenced to life as teenagers, hundreds of maryland prisoners have only a sliver of a chanceat parole. >> maryld'

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