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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 17, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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narrator: funding for this presentation is made possible by... man: babbel, a language learning app that teaches real life conversations and uses speech recognition technology. daily 10 to 15 micute leons are by native speakers and they are ababel. b-a-b-b-e-l.com. narrator: funding was also provided by... the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributionsto thim viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, bbc world news.
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america." reporting om washington, i am laura trevelyan. it is the eve of impeachment vote, and america is divided. we are in the key state of michigan, where a democratic heat.oman is feeling the >> folks come these are the questions you arshouting at me, so you may want to listen for one second to the answer. laura: getng brexit done. bridgen's leader says he will change the law to stop anymore delays to the u.k. leaving the eu. plus, the jewish barber bringing christmas joy to washington. he tells us yey this time of ar is about more than simply religion. laura: for those watching on pbs
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anaround the globe, welcome to "world news america we are less than a day away from what could be the impeachment of president donald trump. representatives wie on whether the president abused his power in obstructing congress. democrats saymp 's conduct towards ukraine violated his oath of office. t the presidmself lashed out in a letter to house speaker nancy pelosi, calling the proceedings a perversion of justice. the house rules committee m to set the parameters of how the vote will play out. many lawmakers have been hearing from constituents about how they want elected leade to vote. jon sopel has been to michigan, where one democratic congresswoman was feeliro the pressureboth sides on impeachment. >> ♪ o say does that jon: even a smendard townhall ing like this one michigan comes wrapped in the stars & stripes. >> ♪ o'ofer the lanhe free
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♪ jon: but over the ieachment of donald trump, it is a disunited states. congressmen and women who will vote like elissa slotkin, under pressure from voters. she won her seat in a wealthy district 30 milesde north of oit. s and she ruggling to make her voice heard. rep. slotkin: ok, i'm going to continue because i've got the mi these are the questions you are shouting at me. you may want to listen for one sec to the answer. jon: one of the hecklers as come with a group of republicans to stir things up. afterwards was you were calling her out. what do you think the political consequences are? >> ihink her self-awareness is very good. she said "this vote made end my short-lived political career." that is a good self-assessment. jon: the congresswoman says she
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is doing what is right. that the attempt to strong-armto ukrainnvestigate joe biden went too far. rep. slotkin: when it comes to asking foreigners to getting a requires a responso meet it cannot be normal to reach out to foreigners. iti knoounds different, but there has to be some decisions that areeyond the political calculus. may be that voters decide in 20 that they don't want me as the representative. >> ♪ jingle bells, jingle bells ♪ jon: there are other preoccupations this time if you like present buying and who is paying the electricity bill. but impeachment, too. what do you think of impeaching him? >> i think it is ridiculous, waste of taxpayer money. leave it to the voters. it is close enough. >>he economy is doing phenomenally well. >> he is the most corrupt man o served in the office a exactly what the founding fathers intended when ey came up with the idea of impeachment. >> he is not fit for office.
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he is embarssing. jon: america is so polarized on this. >>es. >> all or nothing. it is going to be in adjusting christmas. jon:e forget whristmas. here in chigan, they go for bright christmas. the one thing elissa slotkin isi dr of is tt it is a backlash-freehristmas, because it is possible of the biggest casualties of the impeachment process could be the democratic party itself. jon sopel, b news, michigan. laura: if the house toes indeed voorrow to impeach the y esident, the senate will hold what is essentiaial. at least one republican senator, lindsey graham of south carolina, says he will sign with the president. supreme cour justice ruth bader ginsburg has been weighing in. inamed exclusive interview with bbc, she was critical of those taking a position for the trial bens.
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-- before the trial begins. justice ginsburg: the house indicts and the senate tries. should it be impartial? of aourse, that is the job o judge, to beal impar as my -- >> but you will be very aware already saying before the impeachment gets to the senate or the trial in the senate, they have made their minds up. that is problematic. e ginsburg: well, if a judge said tt, a judge would be disqualified from sitting on the case. [applause] >> but it is about the level of accountability, so if a senator 'ays i've made my mind up and the trial do't exist at the moment, there is no accountability, is there? justice ginsburg: my oldhief, chief justice rehnq put it very well. heai, "the daty a judge and
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stops being impartial and starts to do thingspl tse the home crowd, whateve your home crowd is, that is the day that judge should step down from office." laura: ruth bader ginsburg there. this afternoon thesi pnt wrote that furious six-page letter to house speaker nancy pelosi, calling it is strongest and most powerful protest against the impeachment process, saying "this is nothing more than an illegal, partisan attempted tohat will, based on recent sentiment, badly fail at the voti booth." for more on this, i'm joined by the bbc'anthony zurcher. the president is furious and comparing his treatment toac the sed of witchcraft at salem, saying they had more due process. is his fuming strategic? anthony: it is hard to tell with donald trump.
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wsometimes strategic t his gut feels, and his gut telt like he h vent on eve of impeachment. in the last paraaph you get to do just of what he was trying to drive that,-- theis of what he was trying to drive at, saying that this would be a mark on america, markn the country. he is really more concerned about it being a mar on his presidency. he is afraid that people will t this -- will look at this as hat it wasn't all th great that there were critics out there. laura: barring a political earthquake, does it look like the house is thing to impeach president tomorrow? anthony: it does. there are 213 democrats and one independent former republican saying they will support impeachment. you need 216 cap a majority in the house so we are close to going over the top. thereic are 98 repus against. 31 democrats from trump
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stcts, only two of those have said they will be against impehment. laura: if it goes to the senate, is it a done deal that democrats doe't get their way and are no witnesses? anthony: no, it isn't. mitch mcconnell said he did not want to have witnesses today. ebhe chuck schumer, the democrat, saying that he wanted to call tnesses like mulvane white house chief of staff. a lot of that will depend on what it majority of the senate things and what chief justice john roberts thinks, because he is the presiding officer of the sete trial his decision will hold the day. laura: has the publicove at all through this process? anthony: no,t has been consistently split along party lines. democrats are in favor of impeachment, republicans are against. maybe inome of the swing districts it is a little more iffy and that is why democrats are under pressure. but no, it is a partisan issue.
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impeachment has morphed into otpartisanship, t thr way around. laura: anthony zurcher, thanks for being with us. the bbc will bring full coverage and analysis of torrow's impeachment vote. we will have correspondence on capitol hill, plus a teamref experts to it down. do join us on bbc world news. henow to u.k., whether prime minister has addreed is new cabinet for the first time it's winning last we's election. boris johnson has promised to work flat out to repay the trt of the voters will but the opposition labor party is concerned by his first big move, preventing the post-brexit transition period from being extended. john pienaar.cal editor john: not a hair in pce. it's showtime that his time from how many neohnson: hospitals are going to build? 40. how many nurses aree going to hire? john: the cabinet looks the same
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for now, but their new mission is to deliver on brexit for the party and for all theor new voters. the brexit secretary had private doubts, but sources say he was overruled. britaiis cleared to be rid of eu rules by the end of 2020. >> is the deadline a rl one? john the deadline is meant to sure for an agreement next year. it exclaimed a messy exit made ad no-eal outcome more likely. th men leaders, director and his beach -- the vector and his beach and rival, are seeking a new way. the commons looks the samey, toda but it isn't. far fewer labour mps thath before, and e new speaker, drag to tradition that drag by have an easier job than the last one. because the prime minister's command of thens coms total.
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prime min. johnson: this parliament will not waste the timef the nation in deadlock and division and delay. guess what this parliament is going to do when we put the withdrawal agreement back? we are going to get brexit done. john: fm the loser, a very different tone. mr. corbyn: i would like to congratulate the prime minister on winning the election and ing turned to office. i want to pay to bs to those membr my party particularly who sadly lost seats in the election. >> elected that the expanded westminster group -- these are uncertain and challenging the public are looking at this place our leadership. john: jeremy corbyn has had a bad day at the office. the former labour mp was spotted at westminster earlier tling him to his face what she thought of him. >>aw i jeremy taking selfies with these young people, and i thought that rather than grinning and smiling, you should
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be apologizing to them. this was his camign, his annifeo, his present position, run by his peoplhis team. john: at ameacked private ing, labour mps were overwhelmingly criticalth of r leader. one said that they were economically illiterate. many of his colleagues put the finger directly at him. some mps have still to be sworn in. it is a different parliament now, but life will not be easyne for anyo. john pienaar, bbc nr.s, westminste laura: in other news, court documents have revealed that the owners of the cpany that makes oxycontin,urdue pharma, started taking money out of twa from after i fined for misleading marketing of the painkiller. the sackler family took seven really dollars out of purdue pharma between 2008 and 2017. the sacklers own the firm which
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is acced of fueling the u.s. opios crithrough drugs like oxycontin. reds of thousands of rsproteste hit the streets of france again today, the latest in two wnsks of demonstr over plans to raise the age of retirement for the travel was disrupted andost trains cut to thousands of homes, some flights were canceled, and the eiffel tower was shot. indian prime minister narendra modi has again defendehis new citizenship law despite protests against the spreay.ng the countr he says protesters should stoped what he call guerilla politics, and is accused his opponents of stoking fear amongst muslims. three neighboring ies havem to citizenship but not if they are muslim. doors working with refugees and migrants on the greek island of less post told the bbc theye are seeing m children self harming and attempted suicide. there has been a spike in refugees arriving in recent months. most are fleeing war.
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18,000 people are living on the maria camp on lesbos,o built house just 2000. you mathfindhe details i report upsetting. reporter: thiis no place for a child, and yet the campus home to more than 7000 of them. the vast majority of these ilen have fled war-torn countries, and arrived here in europe, placed supposey of humanity, safety, and security. at the nearby children's clinics, and mental health emerncy is unfolding. a 17ear-old boy slashed himself across his chest and arms overnight. hi friends brought him in. >> just asking if we can talk. reporter this is a sadly common
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senior. >> he is not worried. he tal about wanting to do this again. reporter: more than 150 children have been referred to msf psychologists in the last two months alone double the number from e summer. two of those children attempted suicide. the youngest was just 13 years old. >> a child will experience something traumatic ce tohave the time and s recove you can see children banging their head against the wall, for instance, pling their hairs of and in the age between 12 and 17 we see children start to cut themselves, stngly start to talk about the desire of dying.
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reporter: a father in desperate sear ofp helr his family. his dauger has autism and epilepsy. they arrived a few days ago. it took them two months to get here fromfgnistan. they met us at a makeshift community center at the camp. he described how they all almost died when they wereth slated to e scene as they crossed from turkey. their bag with their money and medication was lost. >> the children were just screaming. they had so much fear. and the darkness -- we always remember the darkness. reporter: both children, he tells me, are utterly traumatized. reporter>> at night she screams. she does not sleep. reporter: wework refused
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her mission to inside thesed camp. almost olive grove holds half of the 18,000 population. some families are getting stuck here for months awaiting news on their asylum claims. the greek gernment recently announced plans to move 20,000 people off this island and neighboring islands by early 2020. but movementn that has been extremely slow. people particularly women and children,eep arriving. tilden are resilient. --ilen are rilient. here in a shack is as a community center, staff are trying to help them remember simply had to be children. but there is oy so much these young minds can take. laura: the desperate conditions on lesbosor the kids. u are watching "bbc world news america."
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tonight'come on program, as boeing holds pruction of the 737 max plane, how can the comedy was for public trust in theircraft-- the company restore public trust in the aircraft? the pakistani army has reacted angrily to the death sentence handed down to former military ruler pervez musharraf on treason charges. the charges go back t 2007, when the general suspended the constitution in a bid to extend his rule. tssecunder kermani rep secunder: pervez musharraf was accused of training for suspending the constitution in late00 faced by mounting opposition--late 2007hen faced by many opposition, enough to detention of--announced intention of rivals. the case against him had been going on with progress is slow. esther musharraf denied wrong
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doing, but he never attended the trial. he left pakistan and he hasn't turned since. today's court verdict has taken many people by surprise for him though hiseath sentence is very unlikely to bele impnted. it is really unprecedented i pakistan. ura: last night we told you about t boeing's decisi temporarily stop production of the 737 max jet. adthe planeeen grounded by separate crashes killed 340o people. now we will look at the broader impact of the decision. i spoke earlierith an aviation thanks for joining us.ilot. now that boeing has halted production temporarily of the 737 max jet how difficult is it going to be to get pas tngers to
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truss plane again? >> w think initially thel be some difficulty. i think boeing will go on a pressniative, a public relations initiative, along with the faa declare that the aircraft is safe to fly. and i personally believe it will be safe to fly as well. as time goes on, as the months pass, han nature is that we will begin to forget about the place, and move forward and we -- max.use the laura: a yet more than 300 people did die in two crashes of that plan. mewho is more to b boeing >> boeing, as one of the leading aircft manufacturers in the world, has bn instrumental in making flightsafety one of the
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safest modes of transportation inhe world. given that, one accident is too much. in the 1970's, 1980's, even well intohe the 1990's,orld would suffer numerous aircraft accidents per year that resulted in hundreds of fatalits. this is rarely occurring anymore. we havto give boeing its due. but that said, they did have very serious probls with their quality control in the production of this aircraft and some military aircraft as well, as reported by the u.s. military onli their productio. laura: but if boeing has to suspend production for a long period, what impact will that have on the aviation economy of america? >> it will have an initial temporary impact. economists are saying that between .4% to .6% of the u.s.
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gdp will be affected and will decline. but wheneproductiondi starts and ribution of the aircraft starts combat will be recovered. not all of it will be recovered, but a substantial portion of it. the supply cha will be sustained at lease for t short-termk, as will the employees at boeing on the manufacturing side of the max. it behooves boeing tsustain those employees and that supply chain in the hope that during the first quarter or the near-term second quarter, they will begin to manufacture that aircraft again. laura: thanks for being with us. >> my pleasure. laura: jack bubis has been transforming his washington,a d.c., salon int winter wonderland for three
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decades. this year his christmas display is dedicated to his late brother, who died a few weeks ago. jack is jewish,j but he says the holidays are not about religion. he isocused on bringing joy to those around him. the bbc rushed to meet him. i'm the owner of minsky's hair emporium. 'm a hairstylist. i'm a one-man operation. my business opened up on june 1, 1982, the day omarilyn monroe's birthday. i got white house street. does my house --m house tree. and then i make a 3-d tree in the back.
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i am jewish, but religion has nothing to do with this. i'm a very spiritual person. i think everyone has their right to be whatever they believe in, and if they don't believe in it, that's fine. but we are human beings. we have got to love one ather. the first time was when my mother died. my heart wasn't in it. this year, on november 6, my brotr harvey died. my i wasn't sure if i was going to do it. that is my otherrandfather. but i got the feeling from family that i should. so this year i decided to do it ancall it harvey's christmas.
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i really get pleasure out of eing oth people with happiness. there are a lot of people that don't decorate, because my 9ientele is from two to a t of the older people that come in just marvel and say that this reminds them of being a good and make them feel when you hear that, that makes me feel good. laura: jack bubis on the meaning of christmas, even know he is jewish. it is all about spirituality. you can find much more of all the day's news on our website on the eve of the historic impeachment vote. i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." narrator: funding for thisresentation is made possible by... babbel, an oprogram designed by language specialists
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teaching spanish, french and more. narrator: funding was also provided by... the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutio for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. narrator: be more, pbs. ♪
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captioning sponsored b newshour productionsllc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the brink of history. the u.s. house sets the stage for tomorrow's vote to impeach president donald trump then, clipping the wings. boeing stops production of its 73max passenger jets, following two deadly crashes and many questions about what went wrong.d, from conflict zones to ump country. how a small kentucky city became a haven for refugeesand why the president's policies now threaten that balance. >> we really need more refugees and more immigrants coming to bo and for our economy to grow, we need to have people moving here to fill those jobs. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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