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tv   BBC World News  PBS  February 19, 2011 12:30am-1:00am PST

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you?
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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> the unrest escalates in the media as thousands of protesters are reported killed -- escalates in libya. panic- bahrain as troops fire on the capital. -- panic- bahrain. -- panic in bahrain. the military warns it will not tolerate any more strikes in egypt. welcome to "bbc world news," broadcast on pbs in america and around the globe. coming up later, the u.s. vetoes a un resolution condemning israeli settlement building in the occupied palestinian territory. new claims britain's intelligence service failed to share crucial information in the run-up to the london bombings.
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>> the death toll in libya between clashes about government and protesters appears to be rising. reports suggest 46 people have been killed over the past three days. the human rights group amnesty international says it has been told by sources the city's -- many victims had bullet wounds to the head and chest. there are also reports many people have been continuing their anti-government protests. authorities issued a warning to protesters would meet a violent response. >> scenes of an unsanctioned protest in libya today. images circulating on the internet by passing the government's media clampdown.
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another telling -- protesters get ready to topple a mockup of the colonel's little green book, the once volume containing his thought. the crowd cheers as it tumbles. they paint an image of a regime not immune from the ferment sweeping across the region. down with khadafi is the protesters' slogans. by how much pressure is president khadafi under? the arab world's longest serving leader as a cheap power in a military coup four years ago -- can he still keep his grip on the country? he might think colonel khadafi was more like -- more likely to survive and other leaders. he has oil money to pour into easing social grievances and is
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adept at reinventing himself. he is now more or less accepted by the west as [unintelligible] so far in the capital tripoli it is mostly pro-government rallies that have filled the streets. khadafi hoisted on a car by cheering crowds coming but it is his hard-line image that may make him foldable, like the now ousted president mubarak of egypt. >> libya is a country where demonstrations have been few and far between. i think they are always significant coming on line -- , unlike other countries where there is a challenge to the regime. >> already there has been a stark warning to protesters to expect a thunderous response. tonight's reports hinted at mounting government crackdowns, a sense of history in the making
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for libya. >> president obama has condemned the violence used by security forces in bahrain. in a telephone call, mr. obama warns the stability of the gulf state depended on meaningful political reform. at least 50 protesters were wounded when security forces opened fire on demonstrators. this time as they're trying to occupy pearl square. the u.s. and u.k. warrant their nationals against travel to bahrain. >> bahrain is in crisis. protesters tried to march to the center center -- march to the city center again. this was the response. the police and army are using tear gas and bullets.
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on the day they buried their dead, there was more bloodshed on the streets. dozens were wounded. some were critically wounded. >> they calls for restraint from britain and the others have fallen on deaf ears. the violence in the small gulf state is far from over. >> she has lost a son. he was buried today. one of six protesters to die this week. he was shot by the police. he was killed for a cause of rooted in this country's division. >> people want to stop discrimination. people want to stop the systematic torture going on torture bahrain. -- torture going on in bahrain. >> across town, it was supporters of the king who took
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to the streets. there is real wealth here but much of it belongs to the sunni minority who rules the country. >> they are trying to achieve the rights but it is not the way to do it. >> what would happen if the protesters got their way? >> they would destroy the country. that serious? ? the poor are over in willingly shiite muslim. this man is their most influential leader. at friday prayers, he called what has happened and massacre. no surprise that these are the people who make up the bulk of the protesters come and raising fears of a sectarian divisions. -- bulk of the protesters, raising fears of divisions.
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>> be fair, that is what we need. >> what happens here has the potential to shape the rest of a region that is important to britain and america. not just for its oil but as a strategic military place. >> this protest movement has a strong religious element but it is also about economics. demonstration is taking place in one of the poorest neighborhoods and is the exclusive preserve some of the shiite community who is the whoisbahrain -- who is the majority in bahrain. this is what that tension has led to, chaos at the city's main hospital. they even had to appeal for extra blood tonight. >> this is immediately after surgery. >> more than 70 were admitted,
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some with a bullet loans. we saw clear evidence high velocity rounds were used against unarmed protesters. >> [inaudible] >> they have been asked to talk to the opposition, but there anger has only grown as have their demands. finding common ground will be hard. >> stain in the middle east in jordan protesters are entering at based -- injuring eight people. anti-government protesters are calling for an end to corruption. at least five anti-government protesters have been killed in yemen during protests for the president's 32 year rule. four people or killed -- were
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killed. at least one person died when a hand grenade was thrown into a car. they will not tolerate the strikes that have been disrupting the country's economy and will confront them. seven days after mubarak resigned, huge numbers of people gathered in tarir square to remind -- to celebrate the departure. they expect political prisoners to be released and the cabinet to be replaced. the u.s. has vetoed a u.s. to county -- un security council that condemned the occupation on palestinian land. the u.s. ambassador to the un threatened peace but that the resolution only complicated the peace efforts. the first to you and the tell follows pressure from the pro-
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israel lobby in congress. barbara reports from the un in new york. >> right up until friday afternoon it was not clear if the resolution would get this far. the americans did all they could to get the palestinians to withdraw it. the palestinian on voice seemed relieved to have forced the issue to a vote. even though he knew the u.s. ambassador was going to catch the first veto of the obama administration under pressure from israel. there was enormous support for the resolution which called israeli settlements illegal. scores of countries co-sponsored this. when the u.s. vetoed, it was isolated. the ambassador strongly criticized the building but bringing the matter to the un complicated process for -- prospects for peace talks. >> every potential action must
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be measured against one overriding standard. will it move the parties closer to negotiations and an agreement? unfortunately this draft resolution risks hardening the position of both sides. >> the proper message that should have been sent by the ship curdy counsel to israel -- the security council to israel is the contempt of international law will no longer be tolerated. we want the message sent today that is one that encourages further [unintelligible] >> it is also likely to enrage those in the middle east. palestinian demonstrators wore their leaders not to cave in to u.s. pressure to drop the resolution.
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the veto also comes at a time when america's standing has been shaken by protesters against arab allies. president obama's rhetoric supports demonstrators but they see his actions as defending israel on the world stage. the obama administration was caught between a rock and hard place, between arab and international -- domestic demands to veto it. it vows to domestic pressure despite the fact it will be to its -- >> the u.s. secretary of state says the u.s. will follow its military action in afghanistan with diplomatic searches. mrs. clinton said this will include a civilian-led effort to the pakistani governments and civil societies and a diplomatic effort to end the afghan war.
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the u.s. says sanctions against the new money exchanged in kabul which they say has laundered money for afghan drug traffickers. americans are banned from doing business with the company and assets are to be frozen. the chairman of the u.s. federal reserve told the g-20 meeting that countries with large surpluses should let their currencies appreciate. it will take at least a decade to shift his country's economy away from the export-based model. this is "bbc world news." another blood shed on mexico streets as violence claims another 20 lives. ugandans went to the polls on friday to choose their next
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president. they expected the former president will continue to lead the country but the opposition accused the leader of reading his way to reelection. -- rigging the election. >> voters made their choice. 30 years of the president or time for a change? international and local observers are following the process closely. the vote went fairly smoothly. during weeks of campaigning, the president drew large crowds. his popularity cannot be stemmed from the fact he led the country to stability after years of turmoil. he often tells ugandans, if you want the peace tuesday, stick with me. -- if you want the peace to stay, stick with me. he said after a long time the
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president was turned into a dictator. he has a large support base. he has threatened to call protests if he feels cheated in the elections. the response said they would lock up any who dared demonstrate. this has been the most expensive election uganda has ever held. all of the parties have spent a lot of money and some will end up in the pockets of the voters, but the travesty is how much state funding is used to assure the president stays in power. if the president wins, all eyes will be on the opposition leaders. their response will help determine whether this remains a peaceful election. >> this is "bbc world news."
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reports from libya say 46 people have been killed in classes -- clashes with security forces over three days. at least 50 demonstrators are shot and wounded by troops in bahrain. the king has called for a national dialogue to resolve the political crisis. more on our top story. the anti-government protests in libya. our correspondent told me how security forces dealt with a group of protesters. >> anti-government protesting was happening in tripoli in an area. i was there. we were being attacked. there was a small peaceful protest.
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we were being attacked by priests -- by police and ammunition was shot at us. it was breaking apart. five people were arrested and we don't know about injuries that were going on. this was in tripoli. >> from what we understand, the protests you were part of was the first one in the capital? how many were protesting? >> we were around 100-120 people. it is actually the first attempt was very successful. yesterday there was another attempt but within a half hour it was broken apart and people were arrested. today, it lasted and they are moving down the street. they are still protesting. >> were you expecting the security forces to clamp down on you?
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>> honestly, there was a fire backed. they were calm in the beginning but there had been tension built up. rocks were being thrown at them. they wanted us to leave the premises. then they fired back with live ammunition. >> is aaa calm now? -- is trip;oli calm now? >> there is a riding going on all night -- rioting going on. now we are not hearing anything about the prisoners or anti- government protests coming but we know they are out on the streets. >> how are these process being organized? we have heard a it is social media and lots of local funds and the internet. is it the same situation in --
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and lots of mobile phones and the internet. >> we need help from outside sources. we are trying to get anybody to get-. we are trying to get the un, obama's help. everybody needs to hear us. this is a big massacre going on. people need to be aware of it. >> 20 people have been killed- free drug related episodes in mexico. -- have been killed in drug related episodes in mexico. a shootout between cartel members left eight more dead in monterey. you may find some of the images disrupting. >> another night of blood shed on mexican streets. this is acapulco, normally renowned for its beaches and sunshine. now transformed into a killing
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ground for drug cartels. police believe a group of gunmen drove through the city's murder and pedestrians and people in passing cars. this is the aftermath of a shootout between police and the cartel's near monterey. it started out as a high-speed chase. it ended with a gun battles that left eight drug hit men dead and another 10 escaping. it's -- it is scenes like these that felipe baycol run's war on drugs was supposed to do away with. -- felipe calderon. it averaged 22 killings every day. more than 40,000 troops deployed to stem the violence was in a factual. but for every person killed, there are those whose lives have been ruined by drug violence. this is one village.
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over one month ago members of the cartel came here and torched the place. the problem for residents here is their village lies in the middle of a region where marijuana and opium poppies grow in abundance. >> it is very fertile land to grow illegal drugs. criminals take advantage of this to grow their crops. unfortunately they affect indigenous people. >> official estimates say the number of people displaced are at 100,000. the government says it is winning the war on drugs but with more of its cities transformed into battlegrounds, at what price? >> we have obtained new information that questions whether the secret intelligence service could have done more to prevent the london bombings of
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2005. next we the inquests will consider whether the bombers could have been stopped. >> almost one year and a half before the bombings they were monitoring another terrorist cell planning to attack a nightclub. it was code-named operation crevice. a secret camera -- camera filmed. in february 2004 the main suspects were with two men. they did not know who they work. they will bomb london. they trailed them 150 miles and secretly photographed them. we can now revealed they were sharing its intelligence with the fbi just as it happened.
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the fbi was worried another cell may be planning to carry out further attacks or the u.s.. the senior fbi investigator now speaks from -- for the first time. >> i developed a close relationship to my counterparts in the u.k. very significant exchange of a sensitive to information on an ongoing basis. my concern was am i seeing the whole picture? they are going to blow something up. who else is involved? how far out does this group of people reach? >> were you concerned there was an othercell? >> yes, we were. the fact that core group was talking to people travelling outside the area -- and i believe it was to the north, that needed to be fine. if the operation goes down early then you leave this batts by, that can come back to haunt you.
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>> -- then you leave this early, it can come back to haunt you. >> and it did. they failed to immediately inform police special g branch. mi5 did provide some details about the car and addresses, but it was four months before police were brought into the picture. that was after the cell had been arrested. possibly putting the london bombers on their guard. >> the key question is did they pose a threat to the public who had been part of the plot? the answer was not at that time. m >>i5 -- >> mi5 did not routinely share information. that has changed. british intelligence insist there was no evidence the suspects were terrorists.
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>> for every lead that is followed, that is a lead that is not followed. there are limited resources available. jumping to an easy conclusion to say the security sources failed, at one level they did, but to describe that as a failure is to misunderstand the nature of what intelligence work isabel. >> we know the fbi was concerned there might be another terrorist cell in the north of england. one question for the inquest next week is why didn't and over stretchmi5 mobilized -- overstretches mi5 monitor the suspects from the beginning? over -- had they done so things might have been different. >> a reminder of our main news, there are reports that the people have been killed by libyan security forces over the past three days. anti-government protesters
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remained on the streets well into the night. the "bbc world news is." >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold, get the top stories from around the globe and click-to-play video reports. go to bbc.com/news to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its global wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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