tv BBC World News PBS May 20, 2011 12:30am-1:00am PDT
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corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> president obama says the middle east peace deal must be based on israel's 1967 borders as a response to the arab uprising. >> a failure to change our approach friends a deepening spiral of division between the u.s. and the arab world. >> the former imf boss dominique strauss-kahn will be placed under armed guard at sea which trial. 8 were ships belonging to colonel gaddafi's forces have been destroyed in a series of coordinated attacks. welcome to "bbc world news," broadcasting on pbs in america. and arises over unemployment in madrid.
rises over unemployment in madrid. lars von trier has been banned from the cannes film festival for saying that he sympathized with hitler a little. president obama has given his strong support yet to the uprisings across the middle east saying that he would like to use this historic opportunity to spread reform across the region. in a speech, he had a tough message for regimes like syria, libya, and bahrain. he stressed the need for any future palestinian state to be based on the borders before the 1967 war. >> as unrest exploded across the arab world, the president seemed hesitant and incoherent.
today, he resolutely back to the arabs spring. he compared it to the boston tea party, the civil-rights movement. he said that the american party was to support democracy and change. >> we have the chance to show that america's values the dignity of the street vendor in tunisia more than the raw power of the dictator. yes, there will be perils that accompany this moment promise but after decades of except in the world as it is in the region, we have a chance to pursue the world as it should be. >> he said as the reason change, the need for an arab israeli peace was more urgent than ever. the palestinians hope that the u.n. will back their call for state had in september. the israeli prime minister is in town to mark. the man who accumulated obama while giving the go-ahead for more settlements.
he said that people were tired of it and this process that never produces an outcome. the acceptance of two viable states should be the basis of new talks. >> we believe the borders of israel and palestine should be based on the 1967 lines with mutually agreed swaps so that secure and recognized borders are established for both states. >> this means that the current map would change. the two separate states would be based on the lines before the six-day war of 1967. gaza and the west bank would become the palestinian state. he did not commit himself on the future of jerusalem. issue has issued a stinging statement saying that these borders are indefensible and would leave many major population centers beyond the lines. the president explained why he had chosen to talk about those borders. >> our argument is like a started on a conversation about
territory at about security. -- let's get started on a conversation about territory and about security. if we make progress on what two states with look-alike, a reality sets in among the parties this is how it is going to end up, then it becomes easier for both sides to make difficult concessions to resolve those issues. >> he spoke of the country such as egypt, their debt canceled. libya, where he said that gaddafi would be forced from power or would leave. a much stronger line on syria. >> this hearing people have shown the courage to demand in a transition to democracy. president assad has a choice, he can lead a transition or get out of the way. >> the president said that he wanted to speak honestly to friend and foe. he has done that.
one leading republican accused them of throwing israel under the bus. this might be approached it more in the arab world than at home. -- appreciated more in the arab world than at home. >> let's get some reaction. we will be hearing from our correspondents in ramallah, a jerusalem, and tripoli. >> here in cairo, they will certainly welcome president obama's support for what he described as the core principles which are being fought for in the middle east at the moment -- human-rights, freedom of expression and assembly. those are important to the many arabs engaged in uprisings. and there will be much more skepticism about his call for middle east peace and a new initiative on the israeli- palestinian issue. they have heard that before. they heard that in his speech in 2009. nothing comes of it. there is a solution and the high
hopes he raced back in 2009. many people did not even know that president obama was speaking about the middle east of day -- at the middle east today. one of the great themes of these recent uprisings and revolutions is declining american influence in the region. >> here in tripoli, the government of colonel gaddafi is still digesting president obama's speech. one official said beforehand that we don't react to these things quickly. they are expecting president obama to tell us off. what was striking was how little president obama mentioned libya given the fact that millions of u.s. dollars are being spent here and many americans are still involved in the military action. in some ways, libya has become difficult for president obama. on the one hand, it has highlighted what many are saying is this double standards.
while it is taking military action here, this is not doing the same kind of tough response in relation to other parts of the middle east where governments are also using force to put down protests such as syria and bahrain. president obama's answer in that speech was the u.s. cannot prevent injustice everywhere. involvement here militarily does not mean that it will do the same thing every place. >> here in jerusalem, it is fair to say that the initial israeli government response to president obama's beach has not been positive. the israeli prime minister who is due to meet mr. obama in washington said he appreciated the president's commitment to peace. beyond that, there were very few warm words. what has angered the government is the assertion from mr. obama
that the future palestinian state must be based on the 1967 lines, albeit with some land swaps. mr. netanyahu said that clearly he thinks that those 1967 lines are totally indefensible. this is the policy that the israelis did not agree with. they will not be happy with what they heard from mr. obama. there were many platitudes about the close relationship between israel and the u.s. israel must decide how would approaches the obama doctrine, this new doctrine about middle east peace and whether israel is ready and willing to sit down with the palestinians. the reaction from the palestinian side from ramallah with my colleague. >> we are here in ramallah and the west bank. i have just been out into the streets. such was the skepticism and the low expectations about this speech that it was actually pretty difficult to find anyone
who had watched it. those i found were genuinely pretty surprised about that line about america prepared to push for a palestinian state based on the 1967 borders. this is the first time that the u.s. administration had said that. people were genuinely pleased. i talked to an official close to the palestinian president. he was expecting nothing from this speech. when i told him that line about 1967, he was genuinely surprised and pleased. palestinians are pretty skeptical. they know it is one thing to talk about the basis of negotiations, quite another to get those actually started. >> you can watch the entire exclusive interview with president obama here on bbc news and also online. you will find it on our website.
the former head of the international monetary fund, dominique strauss-kahn, has been indicted on seven charges of sexual assault and attempted assault of a hotel chambermaid. he has been granted bail but he will spend another night in custody while the paperwork is completed. >> heavy security as dominique strauss-kahn's arrives from rikers island. having resigned as imf chief, has focused was trying to get bail in attending to defend himself from charges including attempted rape. his wife and daughter turned out to support him, a carefully choreographed to show the judge that he was a devoted family man despite the allegations of a hotel made. the defense insisted dominique strauss-kahn was not about to flee the country and would be electronically tagged and would be confined to one location.
>> he will appear in this court and anywhere else the court directs. he has only one interest at this time and that is to clear his name. >> the prosecution argued he was a flight risk and releasing him from jail would just be too big a risk. >> he has the stature and the resources not to be a fugitive on the run but to really live a life of ease and comfort and parts of the world that are beyond this court and this country's jurisdiction. >> the judge was not convinced and ruled that dominique strauss-kahn should be granted bail under restrictive conditions with $1 million posted as a guarantee. prosecutors announced that dominique strauss-kahn had been formally charged with a violence sexual assault and attempted rape. a grand jury heard evidence in secret from the 32-year-old maid who had been making his
allegations. the jury decided there was a case to answer. whatever did happen between the maid and dominique strauss-kahn, he has resigned from the imf and the financial institution is looking for a new boss. the backers of the former prime minister gordon brown point to his leadership during the crisis. he needs the support of the british government to succeed. >> if it is to be headed by european, the french finance minister is the front runner. >> i have the very highest regard for the french finance minister. like many other candidates, she would be an excellent choice. >> after a turbulent five days for dominique strauss-kahn's family, he has been granted bail. a long legal process lies ahead.
>> and nato says its aircraft have attacked 8 warships belonging to colonel gaddafi's forces. the vessels were targeted as part of courted the strikes on the ports of tripoli and -- the alliance said they had to take decisive action to protect the civilians but also in nato forces at sea. >> recent nato air strikes on tripoli had mainly targeted government buildings and the colonel gaddafi's presidential compound. residents of the libyan capital heard a series of blasts and then columns of smoke could be seen rising from the city's port area. at least one boat could be seen in flames though it was not clear whether it was a civilian or military vessel. for weeks nato has tried to keep up their pressure on the
gaddafi regime but on the ground the conflict between pro gaddafi forces and the rebel army appears to have hit a stalemate with few signs of serious gains made by either side. the libyan government reiterated its criticism of nato saying that international leaders have so far ignored an offer from the libyan leader to visit the country. >> why want reasonable governments come and act, especially when they are invited. we promise them free access from the 25th of february. that is almost three months ago. it is not obama who decides whether muammar gaddafi leaves libya or not, it is the libyan people decide their future. >> coming hours after president obama laid out the u.s. position, there is clearly a long way to go before the
conflict in libya reaches any kind of definitive conclusion. >> you are watching "bbc news," still ahead. the radical director, lars von trier, has paid the price for comments about hitler. here in britain, a legal gagging order preventing the media reported allegations about the former head of the royal bank of scotland has been lifted after it was challenged in the house of lords. >> top city bankers and not usually known by their nicknames but he was. sir fred goodwin, the man who was at the helm of the royal bank of scotland and it had to be bailed out was 20 billion
pounds of taxpayer money. in the past, the focus has been on his pension payout, but now it is on his private life. in a real moment of high drama and house of lords, -- use parliamentary privilege to raise the stakes in the injunction debate. >> would he except that every taxpayer has a direct public interest in the events leading up to the collapse of the royal bank of scotland? how can it be right for a super injunction to hide the alleged relationship between fred goodwin and a senior colleague. >> fast forward a few hours and with the allegations now out in the open, a judge agreed to bury the injunction. fred can be named but there is still a ban on the toes of the sex relationship and the other person's fault. today, -- there is a ban on mentioning the sexual relationship and the other person involved.
we're not ruling out the need for legislative changes. we want to make sure that the role of parliament is probably reflected in what the courts do. so, a message to the judges. tomorrow, a key of the most senior officials in england and wales will hold a rare news conference here. the subject is injunction. it is believed that they could announce changes which would reduce the secrecy surrounding these cases. >> this is "bbc news." president obama has said that the borders before the arab- israeli war of 1967 should be the basis for a future palestinian state. a grand jury has indicted dominique strauss-kahn.
at least 300 people were injured when two trains collided during a thursday evening rush hour in soweto. both of the transfer going in the same direction and then one train rammed into the back of the other. there was no fatalities. protesters in madrid have been camping out in the city's central square for a fourth consecutive night. many of the demonstrators are young and unemployed. they are protesting against the government's handling of the economic crisis. the electoral board is pushing to have the protests and ahead of local elections on sunday. >> no home, no job, no pension, no fear.
this group calls himself "used without future -- youth without future." they are protesting what they call the central government indifference to their plight. youth unemployment in spain is above 40%. they see themselves as they lost generation. they are denied the chance of stable jobs at a regular income that their parents enjoyed. there is no single group leading this movement. the opposition conservative popular party make a very unlikely allies with most of the young people in the square. this began as a spontaneous outpouring of frustration and anger with many different actors. one clear message, the problem is a political system itself. >> the only thing we want is that the party that was elected
pays more attention to citizens so we can live a little better every day instead of force. we supposedly lived in the developed world in which there is more money but instead we are here protesting in order to get rights that my grandparents had. >> the madrid electoral board is seeking to bandy press test ahead of -- to ban the protest had of the general elections on sunday. now, many are talking about occupying the square for as long as it takes to affect change. >> after 12 days of vote counting, the final results showed that president rafael correa has won a crucial referendum that will give him new powers. voters decided on 10 proposals. the most controversial would give presidents correa control over the media and judiciary.
the controversial danish film makers lars von trier has been expelled from the cannes film festival when he said that he was a nazi and he sympathized with hitler. he has been declared a persona non grata. this has flash photography. >> this is the danish film director lars von trier at this film festival. his films have long been popular with the organizers. he no longer is. >> i found out that i was really an not see. >> speaking at a press conference, he drifted off topic and into a storm. >> what can i say, if i understand hitler. >> one of the stars of the film is clearly taken aback. she can be heard saying, oh, my
god. this is terrible. >> i can see him sitting in his bunker. he is not what you'd call a good guy. i'm understand much about him and i sympathize with him a little bit. >> the room was astonished but he was not done yet. >> ok, i am a nazi. >> the festival organizers declared him a persona non grata. >> the idea that he is not allowed to speak and bees do it occasionally without being punished seems a bit harsh. -- and be stupid occasionally without being punished seems a bit hard. a british designer was recently fired for what were considered
unsavory comments. there is a line between unconventional and unacceptable. >> there is something for me that are not on the joke table. they go off the table. one of those things is the holocaust. that is off the table. >> a previous film shown at cannes was about a group of people who is regarded social conventions to bring out the inner idiot. today, the filmmaker described himself as an idiot. maybe a case of his life imitating art. >> when elizabeth has continued her historic trip to ireland. after the symbolism and ceremony of the first two days, it was the monarchs's love of horses and raising that kept her visit -- kept her busy.
>> for two days in dublin, she has been a head of state, addressing the big issues of history and statecraft. today, there was a chance to relax and see something of an industry that is vital to our land and of course of great personal interest to her, the breeding of thoroughbred racers. the queen had come to the irish national stud and killed their. this is some of the most highly prized horseflesh in the world. resources need writers and if you happen to be a jockey but you don't have a horse, this is what you need. this is called a horse simulator. when the queen arrived, it was going slowly but the duke of edinburgh want to see how fast it could go as it was raising add a racing ballot -- gallop. ireland was focusing on her speech last night at the state dinner at dublin castle when she
talked about britain and ireland's troubled history. >> with the benefit of historical hindsight, we can all see things which we would wish had been done differently or not at all. >> this morning, david cameron joined the irish prime minister on a visit to dublin brewery and reflected on the queen's words. >> i thought what she said about things in the past that could have been done differently or not done at all i think what have spoken volumes to people in ireland. >> this evening, a very different setting to last night's dinner and speech. the queen is hosting its celebration of irish music and culture. the theme again his friendship. once president barack obama has set the borders before the arab- israeli war of 1967 should be the basis for a future palestinian state.
plenty more on his major speech on middle eastern policy on bbc news. >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold, get the top stories from around the globe and click-to-play video reports. go to bbc.com/news to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations.