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tv   BBC World News  PBS  August 16, 2011 12:30am-1:00am PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news."
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>> hello and welcome. i am in singapore. >> i am in london. the headlines. a crucial meeting on the future of the eurozone. california leaders in france and germany solve the debt crisis? isolating gaddafi. libyan rebels say they have taken control of key cities surrounding tripoli. >> indian police detain an anti- corruption campaigner to prevent him starving himself to death. the fbi detained a man in the united states. it is 11:00 a.m. here in singapore. >> it is 4:00 a.m. in london, broadcasting to viewers on pbs in america and around the world. welcome to "newsday."
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french president nicolas sarkozy and german chancellor angela merkle are preparing for a crucial meeting to discuss how to deal with the ongoing eurozone debt crisis. markets will be hoping for the launch of a common eurobond. merkle and sarkozy have said that would not be on the agenda. christian frazier reports. >> four weeks ago, they shook hands on a deal the french were hailing as a game changer. the was the expanded bailout plan, now totaling 440 billion euros, a cure to the economic turmoil in europe, or merely a pact to buy time? since then, italy and spain have come under renewed pressure. the crisis in europe's periphery has spread to the core, with a run on french banks last week. there are signs in france and
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across the eurozone that growth is shuddering to a halt. the july decision to expand the bailout fund cannot be ratified by the 17 eurozone members until after the summer break. today's meeting has been called to reassure markets that action is being taken. but there is a perception among the european commission is part of what fueled the crisis. >> we have had difficulty communicating in the agreement to the citizens. experience has shown we need to stand ready right after our crisis management tools, and head of the curve, to be effective. >> there will be no announcement today on eurozone bonds. jointly issued securities would make the debt of countries like italy and spain a common burden. the italians believe it is the
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master solution. the germans do not share that enthusiasm. nicolas sarkozy has added for closer economic governance. the loss of sovereignty that could result from the eurozone scheme, as well as the highest interest rate germans would pay, could be an immensely difficult sell for angela marco. and yet french and german leaders will be acutely aware that they will need something big to reverse the downward cycle of the past few months. it is the integrity of the single currency at stake. that is why huge emphasis is being placed on the meetings here at the palace. the germans are already plain down expectations. they know the decisions and the leaders made here could well determine the future of the eurozone experiment. bbc news, paris. >> colonel gaddafi has called on his supporters to free libya from traders and nato.
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his broadcast appeal was made over a telephone line from an undisclosed location. rebel forces advanced into two accounts that control access to tripoli, zawihah and gharyan. the rebels will control the main supply route and, from aaa. >> tripoli is starting to feel like a city under siege. the power cuts are taking their toll. this family brought out the candle, and then the certificates. weapons training, provided by the government to loyal men and women. >> i am ready to pick up a gun, ready to defend my country and gaddafi, who has done so much for us. >> outside, gaddafi agents were on alert. as we left, we and our government minders were stopped. they took our permits as armed
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men checked every vehicle. >> this check point we have been stopped at is a man by local people. i am told there are similar checkpoints across tripoli. it is clearly not normal. it is because of the war. it is a sign of the tensions in the libyan capital right now. >> this has only increased the tension. 30 miles to the west, rebel forces are celebrating and the advance. the opposition feels the momentum is finally with them. but how much they hold and how long they can hold it for is unclear. libyan state television shows crowds cheering as colonel gaddafi addressed them, audio only, on a crackly telephone line. he called on his supporters to
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prepare for the fight. cleanse the country, he said. the blood of martyrs will fuel the battle. out in the desolate housing estates of eastern tripoli, the mood was different. the were worried about our cameras, so we blurred the pictures. he told me gaddafi must go. listen to this man. >> we hate gaddafi. everyone. >> it is hard to gauge how many agree. the rebels are now closer to tripoli than ever. the army, we assume, will fight back. this war may have entered a decisive phase. bbc news, tripoli. >> a resident of zawiya described the situation.
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>> the rebels controlled the city. the khaddafi forces are on the northeast side of the city. there are no face-to-face battles. they were only using missiles. they filed -- fired seven or and missiles. -- or eight missiles. there were nato airlines flying all over the sky. there were bombs just a few seconds ago. that is what happened. >> ar gaddafi forces trying to regain the city? >> they are trying to, but they are just firing missiles from far away, two kilometers or
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something. it is east of the city. the fight is between the mountains and zawiya. most of the rebels are staying there. >> as a resident, are you sensing there is a change happening? >> right now? i cannot say that. we control most of the city. the rebels control most of the city. there are no gaddafi forces inside. they are just firing the missiles from far away. that is all. >> a resident speaking to me a little earlier. details of an obama fight back in the united states. >> that is right. the u.s. presidential campaign is gathering pace. president barack obama is on the
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road in the midwest. his republican rivals are staking out positions in iowa. the bbc's north america editor has more. >> it can be a ponderous business when the president goes on campaign. his bus tour is the first in office. no cheerfully-painted bus for him. this looks like a vehicle headed for a real battle. there are cheers here, but many blame him for the poor economic recovery. he said it is the fault of republicans in congress blocking his ideas. >> we could be rebuilding roads, bridges, and schools, and parks all across america, right now. >> the president is in real trouble, his reelection no certainty. his approval rating was 68% when he took office. it slipped below 40% for the first time.
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unemployment was around 7% when he became president. it is now more than 9%. america has always had a aaa rating from standard and poor's, but has been downgraded to aa plus status. the republican ad has been tough -- has been quick to attack. >> it is a dead-and tour. in minnesota, 19,000 construction jobs have been lost. >> the republican race to take on obama has sharpened. texas governor rick perry is fiercely socially conservative and will focus on his record creating jobs in his home state. >> we need to be focused on jobs in this country, on getting our economy working again. i have a track record on doing that. >> at the same event, congresswoman michele bachman, another evangelical christian and strong social conservative
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-- she and rick perry will be fighting for the same right wing supporters. mitt romney is still the candidate to beat, but many conservatives do not like him. the contest was a long way to go. on the republican side, at least at the moment, it looks like a three horse race. they are worried that none of the three available are up to it. bbc news, washington. >> in other news, bomb blasts ripped through a dozen iraqi sympathies -- cities on thursday. the bloodiest war in a city where two bombs killed at least 37 people. the suicide bomber killed at least 10. others reportedly struck a counter-terrorism unit in tikrit. a protest is being held in canberra against carbon tax proposals.
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the internet giant google announced the deal to buy a motorola mobility for $12.50 million. the boards of both companies unanimously approved the deal, which it will be completed early in 2012. early this year, motorola split into separate companies. you are watching the bbc, live from singapore and london. still to come, five men are charge with running an international credit card fraud syndicate targeting australia bank systems. >> a message of unity and peace. an israeli conductor performs on the korean peninsula. some of the largest wind turbines in the world are being installed off the coast of cumbria in northwest england. britain has a dozen wind farms of sure, part of the government's drive for green energy. it is a huge engineering
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challenge. our science correspondent reports. >> in belfast, in the shipyard where they built the titanic, another giant project, meant to help revolutionize how we get power. the task is to maneuver these massive turbines slowly onto a ship. most wind farms are built on land. these will be stuck out at sea. the hope is there will be fewer objections. this is just one blade of one of the largest wind turbines in the world. it is made of fiberglass. when you get this close, you get a sense of the incredible engineering challenge involved in building these things. this is the next one. a dozen wind farms have now sprung up offshore. the latest cost half a billion pounds. each turbine towering over the
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ocean, taller even then big ben. each blade stretches for 60 meters. that is longer than the wing span of a boeing 747, and very difficult to build. >> the wind picks up. your operations can be delayed. particularly when you are working offshore. the sea conditions can impact the time it takes vessels to get from one place to another. >> two more turbines are ready for the journey to see. government plans could cost more than 100 billion pounds. a massive, controversial investment now getting under way. david truckman, bbc news, belfast. >> this is a "news de" on the bbc. a crucial meeting on the future of the eurozone is due to begin
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in hours. the leaders will hold talks on the debt crisis. >> libyan rebels say they have taken control of cities around tripoli. police in india have detained a leading anti-corruption campaigner they are preventing him going on hunger strike. it has become a major issue across the country after a series of high-profile corruption cases implicated top officials. a new law has been introduced in parliament. protesters say it is not strong enough. we are joined from delhi. tell us, where is he being detained right now? >> mr. vasari was picked up early this morning from the home where he is staying in delhi. that was before he headed out to
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the protest. we are not quite sure where he has been taken. we understand he is being taken to an undisclosed location. it is not clear what the government plans to do next, whether they plan to charge him with anything. they planned to prevent him from carrying out his protest, effectively banning the protest he was due to begin later today. there are a lot of supporters here in iran. we are seeing whether they will carry on in his place. >> how serious is the corruption issue in india? >> as you mentioned, it is a very, very big issue, the biggest issue in the country. that is because of the series of high-profile scandals emanating over the next year or two -- the
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last year or two. there was a telecom scandal. a former minister is in prison, awaiting trial. we had a scandal after the commonwealth games over contracts that were handed out, implicating top officials, many of whom are in prison. it is enduring a lot of indians. this man has been campaigning for several months. he has drawn widespread nationwide support, making the government nervous. >> a man has been arrested in the united states in connection with an incident in sydney, when a big bomb was fastened around the neck of an 80 -- and a-year- old girl. she had to wait for hours while experts removed the device. >> after one of australia's
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biggest manhunts, the new south wales police believe they have found the main suspect in a crime which has gripped the nation. it was a terrifying ordeal for the teenage victim. early this month, the 18-year- old was subjected to a 10-hour extortion attempt, when a masked man broke into the family home in sydney and chained an apparent bomb around her neck. he left a note of his demands and fled. after police painstakingly freed the girl from the device, it was discovered the bomb was faith and the entire experience had been what police called a very elaborate hoax. now, an australian businessman named by the fbi as paul doug peters was arrested in kentucky, where he traveled following the attack. he had some indirect links to the family. >> at 5:30 sydney time, a male
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was taken into custody as the result of a search warrant in louisville, ky. that man is in custody and will appear in an american court later today. we will be seeking his extradition back to australia. >> since madeleine's idea -- ordeal, she has tried to return to a normal life. australia's prime minister said the episode resembles a hollywood script. the main suspect is now detained. this will come as a relief to the family and the police. will grant, bbc news. >> you have news about a major credit card fraud. >> five men from malaysia and sri lanka have been charged with being part of an international syndicate of responsible for attacks on bank card systems across australia. new south wales detectives say
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the arrest followed months of investigations. we will speak to a managing director of the consultancy firm, who joins me from sydney. thank you for joining us. tell us how this endecott operated. -- send it operated. >> these are allegations against this group. we hear from other cases that these groups are international in nature. some groups are employed collecting credit-card, think hard. other groups of offshore commit fraud it using online sites, buying goods and services using stolen credit card data. >> how much of the problem is credit card fraud in australia, and for the rest of the world? >> it has been a bigger problem in europe and north america and australia.
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authorities generally agree it is on the rise in australia. new south wales police have arrested around 25 people in the last two years. >> is it likely in order to combat this sort of activity that companies will need to install anti-fraud measures that may create a crisis for them? >> anti-fraud measures need to be dealt with in three areas. there is the financial institutions, who would bear most of the risks and costs around credit card and bank card fraud. in the main, they seem to be rolling out technological processes that make this more difficult. they are also rolling out software and alert systems. they will contact individuals about, when they see a suspicious transaction on their credit card statements, almost
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in real time as that is happening. merchants also need to play their part. as was allegedly the case in sydney, the machines were were the data was collected. legitimate merchants had their machines tampered with or adjusted so that the credit card information was collected and transmitted to the criminal organizations. merchants need to physically protect their machines and train their staff to be vigilant for unauthorized maintenance personnel. finally, individual customers should take care to look at their statements, suspicious transactions, protect their credit card and pin numbers, and sign up for the improved or enhanced methods of protection. >> good of you to talk to us. michael humphrey, from control
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risk of australasia. an orchestra going out of the middle east conflict have performed on the korean peninsula. the orchestra, run by its conductor, was formed to create dialogue between israeli and palestinian musicians, and has played in venues across the world. lucy williams sent this report. >> a few kilometers from the north korean border on monday, israeli and arab musicians played a german symphony to a south korean audience, with the help of suffering and singers. the music was beethoven's ninth symphony. those who played it were an orchestra formed more than a decade ago to promote a shared language between nations. this concert has to have scored pretty highly. >> we can share the important message of peace, that we are
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all one, through music. i will never forget it. >> headlines in the papers here talk about music's healing power. this concert has generated attention at a time when links between north and south korea have shriveled. the audience, all south korean, read their own political messages into it. >> peaceful unification is our wish. i am thankful through the expression of this through music rather than words. >> the conductor said he was not doing this to win the favor of the general public, like politicians do. he said he did not have the power to bring peace or solve conflict, but music can create dialogue. >> when i am sure the musical experience, sometimes it makes
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dialogue a little bit easier. >> cents the founding of the orchestra in 1999, it has played to audiences all over the world, including the gaza strip. the concert marks the end of the orchestra's first north asian tour, the less of a series of concerts in shanghai, beijing, and salt. the audience was one-sided. no north korean music lovers attended. one day, they would like to play to an audience of north koreans -- of all koreans, north, south, east, and west. bbc news, seoul. >> you have been watching " newsday" from the bbc. >> a reminder of our main news. nicolas sarkozy and angela merkle are preparing for a crucial meeting to discuss the eurozone debt crisis. thank you for watching.
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>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for
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a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles. 
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