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tv   BBC World News  PBS  October 7, 2011 12:30am-1:00am PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> welcome to "newsday." >> here are the headlines. >> a threat to the global economy, president obama urges europe to act now to stop the debt crisis spiraling out of control. the u.n. says nearly 3000 people have died in syria since the protests began in march. we will have a special report from inside the country. >>, gaddafi urges libyans to take to the streets. 10 years since the start of operation enduring freedom. how has the war reshaped afghanistan? >> it is 11:00 and singapore. >> it is 4:00 in london.
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this is "newsday." >> new managers have been announced in europe to tackle the threat posed by the debt crisis the european central bank is offering of limited loans to banks for as much as a year to stave off a possible credit crunch. the bank of england says it will pump another 75 million pounds into the british economy. >> this was the jean-claude trichet is last press conference as the president of the european central bank. a retirement celebration it was not. rather, a hard-headed look at mounting problems. interest rates remain the same. he signaled concern about
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slowing economies, even as inflation remains above the ecb targets. >> inflation has been elevated and incoming information has confirmed our view that inflation is likely to stay above 2%. ongoing tensions in financial markets are likely to dampen the pace of economic growth in the whole area for the second half of the year. >> he said the ecb would take measures to lend to banks that might find themselves in difficulties because they have lent to greece or other countries with public finances in trouble. analysts are already concerned that banks are increasingly close to land. they're finding it harder to raise money. >> banks are turning the tap off new credit. this would precipitate some very
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negative news for the economy. >> in berlin, the chancellor merkel met with heads of the world bank and the imf. she urged banks to raise money to make themselves more solid. the consequences of them not doing that and failing would be much more serious. >> the european central bank is worried about the downside of an increase of unemployment and slowing growth even as euros on inflation remains at 3%. there is also the fear of how to bolster the banks. that would mean serious money if you want to tell the markets that banks will remain safe. the water is getting much chop year. -- choppier. >> despite the announcement,
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president ramallah -- president obama made a fresh appeal to european leaders to resolve the crisis. he strongly hoped a clear plan of action would emerge with the next month. >> what i had been seeing of the last month as a recognition by record -- by european leaders of the urgency of the situation. i am confident they want to get this done. i think there are some technical issues they are working on in terms of how they get a big enough -- holiday gift and not -- how they get enough firepower. euro members to maybe in a weaker position. they have to act fast.
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>> the united nations says almost 3000 people have died in syria since pro-democracy protests began in march. there are reports of growing protests in the capital itself. syrian forces have crossed into lebanon and shot dead people in a border area. at least 5000 syrians have crossed into lebanon during the unrest. very few foreign journalists have been able to get into syria. >> it is a suburb of damascus. an activist gave us this footage, crosses between troops and protesters. they said this has been going on for months. we cannot do anything here. >> i am terribly sorry. >> this is why we ask the government for permission to visit.
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this is our second visit. the first visit, our government escorts stop us from filming. syrian officials told us a bomb had been found in the center. they wanted us to see the worst of what they called armed gangs. >> around 1:15 yesterday, three officers were trying to dismantle a bomb planted here. unfortunately, it was detonated by a remote. his companion -- >> why would kill passersby if they did not destroy the tree? as the crowd grows, there were more men listening in. at times like this, if you do
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not have anything to say it nicely about the government, you do not say anything at all. he wants to be heard and seen. he tells us his son was picked up by security forces yesterday. >> what was your son doing? was he protesting? >> we were leaving the mosque, he said. it was a demonstration. they started shooting towards us. we were separated and i saw him drive away. his mother is crying, looking for him. we head down the street to the main mosque. we are immediately surrounded by young men. suddenly, it as a protest. their voices carry it. within minutes, security is on the way. this is our weapon, they say, the camera is our weapon.
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>> the former libyan leader remains in hiding, but he has been speaking out. >> colonel gaddafi has called on libyans to come out to the streets to resist the nations interim leaders. heavy fighting continues in the city of sirte. >> remember him? the war in libya may be nearly over, but there is still no sign of colonel gaddafi. just another audio message broadcast on a syrian television channel. another call to his supporters to take to the streets. where is the list of colonel? the latest reports are that he is in southern libya under the protection of the tribe. from time to time, he crosses
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into niger. security is the most important thing for him. i hope we will be able to confirm where he is in order to conduct our mission properly. " for now, colonel gaddafi is still on the run. fighting in libya is still is not over. government forces have not been able to take his hometown. libyans have begun to rebuild since the fall of colonel gaddafi. until the is captured, until the final few strongholds ball, this battle for libya will not be over. >> the pakistan the government commission is calling for a doctor accused of helping the cia find osama bin laden to be tried for high treason. dr. shakil afridi is alleged to have run an immunization program. in an effort to obtain a dna sample. he was arrested shortly after
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the u.s. military raid that killed the al qaeda leader in may. tributes have been paid from around the world to the apple co-founder steve jobs. he died from cancer. his products transformed the lives of millions. our technology correspondent reports. he leaves an enormous legacy. >> we will make some history together today. >> a classic performance with a man of the sense of theater and charisma. the iphone was not just a fallen. steve jobs and its products are revolutionary devices. >> good morning. >> i would like to order 4000 latte to go, please. >> grief at the passing of the man credited by many for changing their lives for the better. delegates said the world really sees a person u.s. had a
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profound impact that he has had. another technology titan had this assessment of the man. >> steve was very much one-of-a- kind. he had a tremendous charisma and he believed things so passionately that he would believe them, too. >> steve jobs, adopted as a baby, and later a college dropout, was determined to follow his own path. more than 30 years ago, with steve wozniak, he said how to bring computers into every home. >> we had discussions about how something should be done in a company. he was almost always right. >> the drive for perfection made steve jobs a demanding colleague and a boss. for the macintosh, he persuaded consumers to pay top prices for gadgets like the ipod, the iphone, and the ipad.
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when he was forced out of apple, he changed to another industry. pixar, pioneering the animation business. since to thousand four, he lived with cancer and the told students at stanford university that facing death had brought him into focus. >> your time is limited, said do not waste its letting somebody else's life. do not be trapped by dogma, living with results of other people's thinking. did not let the noise of other opinions drawn to your inner voice. most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. this somehow already know what you truly want to become. >> steve jobs, a visionary. >> you are watching "newsday." still to come on the program, we
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meet the children must address. >> norway prepares to announce this year's nobel peace prize, beijing comes under pressure to free last year is a banner. -- last year's winner. >> the bbc has said it will cut 2000 jobs and some of its programming to meet savings of 20% over the next five years. the cuts could hit the water economy with independent production houses affected. the decision had been prompted by government phrase in the level of the television licence fee which provides the main source of income. >> the bbc's programs are still popular. the audience is still enormous. after 90 years, it it has now been forced to call a halt. it will focus on the most important thing about it does and cut back elsewhere. half of the cuts will be made from behind the scenes.
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some types of programs with high priority will not be cut. they include drama, and there will be more money for big-time entertainment. the director-general says it has all been designed to protect what is most important. they're having to make the savings because last year -- take on new responsibilities. among them, paying for the bbc world service. they're also selling a television center, but also neighboring office buildings. it is moving 1000 more staff to this do building. job cuts and changes in terms and conditions will not be popular with staff. >> if they decide to press ahead of the cuts they have outlined today, the damage that will be reaped upon practice journalism next year -- strikes are
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inevitable. >> if these cuts are not made, others will have to be found instead. >> this is "newsday." >> president obama says the euro zone debt crisis threatens to be -- he has urged european leaders to stop the situation spiraling out of control. >> 3000 people have died in syria since pro-democracy protests began in march. >> let's get more on our top story. that is the global economy.
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welcome. we know that markets are rising today. a sign that investors like this latest move by the european central bank to help the regional banks. why should investors care? >> there has been a lot of focus on a recapitalization -- recapitalizing banks in the euro zone. it has been very important for the ecb to provide a credible source of liquidity. they did that by working in with several of the central banks and by providing short- term liquidity to the euro banks. they have just come out to extend this to the end of next year. we have seen some banks already come out and say they have fully funded themselves to the end of 2012. that is what the market has demanded.
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that is how much people are focused on this issue. that is how important it has been for them. we have seen them actively participating as well. they have been buying italian and spanish bonds over the summer as well. the european commission is also working on a bank recapitalization plan. we should hear about that and the next couple of weeks. >> let's take a look at the overall problem. it has been unsettling many investors are around the world. your fear as a fund manager visiting from europe, what have you been hearing from the agents? >> mostly the asian corporate here, they do not have any direct exposure to europe. that is very good. even if they did not have direct exposure, they will have to take write-downs on their balance
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sheets because they do not own any assets in europe. if the european banks to suffer, they provide a lot of lending into the asian markets. a lot of european banks have this presence in asia at the moment. if they do suffer for their own reasons, the asian corporate might find some of their lending is pulled back. we have heard that some people in china have not been able to access lines of credit. i think it would be wrong to assume that is completely emea and that europe is isolated. >> thank you for that. growing concern over reports from north korea that suggest that children in areas hit by heavy flooding are severely malnourished.
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read his television was invited into north korea by the government. some of these pictures may be disturbing. >> in some places, life seems to have just gotten worse. checks by medical experts found children who were severely malnourished. look at the color codes on a plastic bracelet. red or orange means they could die without proper help. >> because of the flooding, the children are suffering from diarrhea and digestive problems. the flooding is the reason that the malnourished children are not recovering faster. >> in this pediatric hospital, they are treating children with zinc oxide and antiseptic powder. they come with skin infections, stunted growth, and patchy hair. all signs of existing malnutrition.
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now compounded by other problems like intestinal infections. they did not have the drugs to treat them properly. >> one hospital doctors said admissions were up 75% since the floods. a result of people being forced to live on a restricted diet. >> there is no way of knowing how much these images represent the truth of life in north korea. the government there is very keen to encourage foreign aid and this was a tightly restricted visit. food shortages or already an annual problem there. the floods this year hit a key production areas like this one. the manager here said he now expected to harvest 15% of his crop. even six months ago, the world food program want of food shortages in north korea and
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said 6 million people were in urgent need of help. since then, food rations have been cut dramatically and the government search for international support has grown more desperate. it raises the question is why some offers of help has not been accepted. north korea can be hard to read. last month, south korea offered to send a flood aid over the border. it would have been the first time in over a year that government aid had crossed that dividing line. but here, just last week, government officials said they were suspended the offer because they had not heard any response from the north. >> afghanistan marks a significant anniversary, we hear one man's story. >> it has been 10 years since
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the conflict of force the taliban from the power. he is a farmer who lives in the eastern city. this is historic. >> -- this is his story. >>
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>> the thought on the 10th- anniversary of the u.s.-led invasion of afghanistan. in a few hours, the winner of this year's nobel peace prize will be announced. organizers are predicting that it will be a less contras sold -- controversial choice than last year. the decision sparked fury in beijing and tension between china and norway. >> little has changed over the last 12 months. he used to live in this compound behind me. when the winner was announced, he was imprisoned. that is where he is today, serving an 11-year sentence for suggesting political change.
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things have changed for his wife, though. she disappeared from public view after the award was made. contact with the outside world was severed. times have also gotten difficult for china's other dissidents and activist. after the arab spring and the political approval and then middle east, chinese leaders were nervous. they did not want people calling for political change. they tightened their grip on anyone that could agitate for reform. over the last 12 months, the government's has fulfilled those expectations. >> you have been watching "newsday." >> that is all from us in london and singapore.
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>> make sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy
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resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles. 
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