tv BBC World News PBS October 25, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm PDT
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pulled from the rubble to days after the earthquake in turkey. political parties try to form a coalition fallen to an easy of -- tunisia's first elections. >> colonel gaddafi and his son are finally buried and the libyan desert. it is 9:00 in singapore. >> it is 2:00 in london. broadcasting to viewers on pbs in america and around the world. >> two days after a devastating earthquake struck the east of turkey, rescuers have pulled a
two-week old baby, a mother, and a grandmother from the rubble. turkish television has reported that least 450 people are now known to have died in the earthquake. the third day of this rescue operation began in the best possible way. a 16-day-old baby was gently brought out through a tiny hole in the concrete. she was premature, she had been born a month early. and then two weeks and your life, she had only just escaped death. with the tiny baby is now safely on the way to hospital, rescuers are working hard to bring out its mother and it's grandmother. in the crowd, sheltering from
the cold and rain, we found the baby's grandfather. he was nervously waiting for news of his wife. >> at the moment the earthquake struck, my wife and daughter in law or with me. the baby was in the other room. they rushed back inside to get the baby. for two days, i have been waiting for a miracle. the next two hours, amidst the ruins of this city, the rescue teams slowly expanded the hole in the rubble, working their way toward the to attract women. they cannot move down there, he told me. they have been like that for more than today's. the breakthrough, the mother was brought up out of the ruins and carefully carried down to safety. 10 minutes later, the baby's
grandmother followed. she was also alive. doctors say she is doing well and a much better than expected. her family is not complete. her father has not been heard from since the earthquake struck. like hundreds of others, he is still under the rubble. >> the head of international relations for the turkish society and he joins be on the line from their operations center. hello to you. thank you for joining us. can we start with you updating us on the up -- on the rescue operation so far? >> search and rescue operations have been ongoing. our expectation is still high in
terms of finding people alive under the rubble. a very little infant was found alive by the search and rescue teams. this has increased our expectations for finding more people alive. the registration is very bad. that is why people are affected. our priorities -- and a timely and effective manner for the people. that is why we concentrate our reports on emergency -- concentrate our efforts on emergency shelters.
social support to recover psychologically from the impacts of the disaster. there is post-traumatic stress disorder. >> we must leave it there. many thanks for your update. a huge task ahead of you. election officials in tunisia say the main islamic party is well ahead in early results of the country's first-ever democratic election. it is not expected to have an overall majority. the party is now in talks with date secular party. -- with the secular party. >> its was reward for years of resistance to dictatorship. they were banned under the old
regime and now they are leading voice in shaping of the future. they insist they do not want an islamist state, but to be part of an open, a secular, democratic republic. >> we are a political party. we are not a religious party. just like the christian democrats in germany or other parts of the world. the inspiration for our values is our faith. we are very much concerned about addressing the daily concerns of modern tunisians. >> there are no plans to force women to dress conservatively or to restrict their freedom. on the contrary, gender equality and the work place is one of their policies. what is islam is them here? -- islamism here?
they talk about honesty and public life, the need for a government that will not steal from the people. people voted for them because they want a clean break with the corruption of the old dictatorship. in the wealthy sections of tunisia, some wonder if they are a wolf would -- a wolf in sheep's clothing. did they have a hidden agenda? >> we are educated. >> the defeated secular parties say their job is now to a bid to provide a counterbalance. >> if we leave them alone, i think the secular basis of our
debate could change. >> to what? >> into a debate over religious vision of the state. it will be very big -- >> something new is being born here, a democracy in the arab world. there is much promise in that and great optimism here. >> we have more on the burial of colonel gaddafi. >> five days after they were killed, colonel gaddafi and his son have been buried in the libyan desert. exactly where it is still being kept a secret. a ceremony for the two men was held and their bodies had been on public display in misrata. >> these pictures broadcast by
the dubai-based channel report to show the bodies of colonel gaddafi and his son being prepared for burial. the only footage that has emerged claiming to show elements of the former dictator's secret to a funeral. a convoy of cars arrived at night at the market complex. they left for an unknown destination in the desert. after days of disagreement over when and where to bury the body, the spectacle was finally over. symbols are bargaining chips in be new libya. it is being brought back here by the fighters who looted it as a sign of their achievement. , gaddafi's body is the ultimate war trophy of all.
as they argue over the spoils, the defeated loyalists are getting used to a new reality. this man was a trusted cleric under the regime. now a prisoner, he was amongst those who prepared the body for burial. colonel gaddafi's followers have only one option. >> everything is clear. the end of gaddafi means a new life. >> it is not going to be easy. life is beginning to get back to normal. people change from their military fatigues back into civilian clothes. >> the real revolution starts here, this man told me, after the death of colonel gaddafi. this is the peaceful revolution that was started back in
february. the scale of the task is daunting. a reconstruction, reconciliation, and rebuilding of the political system from scratch. the road ahead will be a long one. >> less than a year ago, a food vendor and tunisia set himself on fire in frustration and helped unleash the demonstrations that spread about the region. in pakistan, an unemployed father of to has done much the same outside of parliament. he was accosted by poverty and a fruitless search for a job. >> this jobless pakistani laborer could not feed his young children. in despair, he came here to the parliament building.
outside, he set himself alight before police could stop him. he was rushed to hospital. police say he left a note, planning poverty and asking the government to look after his family. he was brought here to this hospital. doctors say he had burns on 90% of this body. only his feet were unaffected. they tried hard to save them, but after five hours, they lost the fight. his father said, only god will help us. he has two boys and his wife is pregnant. he told us his son was a ruling party supporter. he believed pakistan's president would get to make job. in the mortuary, he called out for the president.
where are you, he said. this would not have happened if he had work. his desperate act echoed that of another young man, a fruit seller who set himself alight last december, sparking the arab spring. his death may pass largely unnoticed. except by those he left behind. >> we are live from singapore and london. reports of violence between troops and muslim rebels and the southern philippines. we will get analysis. >> by the fate of italy may prove crucial in the deal to rescue the euro zone. communities in mexico's yucatan
peninsula are bracing themselves for the arrival of a hurricane. it is supposed to make land fall later this week. more than 100 people were killed in large parts of the region. >> after a days of rain, they're struggling to cope. massive flooding had affected by around 300,000 people, leaving thousands of families homeless and stranded. the people in the region are preparing for the worst. hurricane rena has turned into a category 2 storm. the government in believes -- belize are bracing themselves. in central america, more than 100 have been killed in recent floods and mudslides. regional leaders gathered in a
salvador to discuss greater cooperation. the reconstruction efforts in this country alone might cost as much as $1.5 billion. >> it is the industrialized countries which are responsible for climate change. it is a vulnerable countries that deal with the problems. we are the ones to suffer the death and destruction of our infrastructure and or crops. >> this is a difficult period for mexico and central america. earlier this month, a hurricane hits mexico's pacific coast line, leaving several dead. with the hurricanes to a growing in strength, the communities on the caribbean coast hope they can avoid similar devastation. >> the latest headlines, two
days after a devastating earthquake struck the east of turkey, rescuers have pulled a two-week-old baby alive from the rubble. >> the main islamic party in tunisia is ahead in early of result from the country's first- ever democratic election. >> around 10,000 people are reported to a fled their homes in the southern philippines after fighting between troops and muslim rebels. the armed forces said they have launched air strikes for a second day on what they called a brigade faction of the islamic liberation front. more than 20 soldiers have been killed and the fighting. for more on this, let's go to manila, where i am joined by the center of humanitarian dialogue. thank you very much for joining
us. the biggest group fighting for independence in the south of the country. there has been peace talks. there has been a cease-fire. the idea think the philippine army have taken this tactic action? -- y. do you think the philippine army have taken this drastic action? >> there is in a little bit of a breakdown in the existing mechanisms that are in place to try to minimize. the two parties said that a cease-fire agreement for several years. they have mechanisms to deal with the troublesome issue of lawless elements. i think that what we see is that these mechanisms need to be strengthened and the political process itself needs to move forward. >> do you think the authorities have lost patience with the islamic liberation front, who do not seem to have any control over these militants? >> yes, we have heard a lot from
lawmakers and the philippines. they're questioning the cease- fire agreement and the political process. they're questioning the arrangement in place. whether this give strength to the group. what we have seen is that the president has made it very clear that the political process will continue, dialogue will continue, the cease-fire agreement will remain in place. they will pursue a lawless elements. there are mechanisms in place to deal with those lawless elements. we're hoping that these mechanisms will be followed by the two parties in dealing with what is a very difficult issue. >> they have tried to distance themselves from the arms ban. do you think the government and the authorities can separate the peace talks from what we are seeing on the television at the moment, which is heavy
handedness of the militant side of the organization? >> it is very difficult to distinguish between who is a lawless elements, who is a civilian with a gun, and to is an insurgent. there are areas that they have control over. they are respected by the philippine government better areas of temporary stay. the areas outside those areas can be much more difficult to distinguish between who is an insurgent and who is a lawless elements. how this affects the political process is that it undermined trust and confidence between the two parties when there are incidents. we have not had a lot of progress on the political front. the two parties have submitted draft proposals for a final
status agreement. i think the lack of political progress right now often is reflective on anxiety on the ground. >> we must leave it there. thank you for your time. we have news of the tension in the euro zone. >> concerns mounting that european leaders will fail to reach an agreement and a comprehensive solution for the financial crisis at the summit in brussels on wednesday. attention has been focused on italy, which is under pressure to cut its massive deficit. the governor of the bank of england has added to the gloom by saying that any deal reached would only provide a breathing space of two years. >> tomorrow's summit has been
billed as one of the most important meetings and the european union's history. however, as yet, there is no clear agreement on how to sort out the euro zone crisis. the clock is ticking. and new problems keep a margin. today, the focus was on italy. berlusconi may be all smiles, but he is in trouble. france and germany demand that he draw up a detailed plan on how he intends to slash spending and a live right later done -- no later than tomorrows summit. berlusconi resent being told what to do. france and germany both know that for any deal to be convincing, it has to explain what would happen to a big economy like italy if it ran into difficulty. the main bailout funds may be increased to as much as $1 trillion -- one trillion euros, but that will not be enough. that is why italy is being told to make radical reforms. this is the italian problem. it has debts of 1.8 trillion
euros. the debt is over 180%. its growth is flat. -- the debt is over 118%. but papers are full of bad blood. it stems from this moment at the weekend when the two leaders were asked whether they felt reassured by having met berlusconi. glances and smirks insulted many italians. even the italian president has complained. it led to this brussels official having to insist no insult was intended towards italy. >> no, there was no humiliation involved. >> when berlusconi suggested raising the retirement age to 67 as part of the reforms, his coalition partner said it was impossible. it threatened to bring down the
government and it is still uncertain whether italy will commit to sufficient reforms to satisfy france and germany. tomorrow, the german parliament will vote on increasing the firepower of the eu possum main bailout fund. main bailout fund. >> we must not allow this understanding to develop or politicians come to expect something from the ecb. >> even if the eu gets over all these hurdles by tomorrow, the question is whether any deal will work in the long term. >> to create two year's breathing space. as the deadline approaches, not only are new difficulties a margin, but officials are struggling to reach agreement on the most basic questions. how to reduce the great-aunt and
how to boost the firepower of them -- how to reduce the greek that and how to boost the firepower of the largest fund. >> it took the french impressionist three years to finish the piece. one of only 28 bronze statues allowed to be made from the original wax figure. a rare piece of art. >> you have been watching the news day. >> will be back with all the latest business news in just a few minutes. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank.
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