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tv   BBC World News  PBS  May 3, 2012 12:30am-1:00am PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." >> funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news."
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>> as the dispute over the dissident chen guangcheng continues, hillary clinton called on china to protect human rights. >> end of the road as newt gingrich abandoned his campaign to challenge president obama in november. a monk masterpiece -- a masterpiece that is a price in new york. >> it is 11:00 a.m. in singapore. >> it is 4:00 in the morning in london. broadcasting to viewers on pbs in america and around the world.
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>> u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton has told china that it cannot deny the aspirations of its citizens. she opened high-level talks between the two countries in beijing. the run-up to the talks has been marked with the run-up regarding chen guangcheng, who has saw refuge at the u.s. embassy. >> the united states raises the importance of human rights and fundamental freedoms. we believe all governments do have to answer to citizens aspirations for dignity and the rule of law. no nation can or should deny those rights. as president obama said this week, a china that protect the rights of all the citizens will be a stronger and more prosperous nation. of course, a stronger partner on behalf of our common goals.
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>> i think in many ways, it probably will. yesterday, we had a deal between china and america of trying to put that case behind them. there are new damaging details and they keep emerging. the case will overshadow these talks. certainly, if american diplomats will come under pressure over this issue. we just heard from the u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton, she did not specifically mention his case, but she said that china could not deny the aspirations of its citizens. >> martin, we know has -- we know he has told the reuters news agency that he wants to
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leave for the united states instead of staying in china. what's more of you know -- what more do you know of this so- called deal to protect him? >> hillary clinton came out yesterday and said that he had been given assurances from the chinese authorities for his safety and back of this family. they began assurances that he can pursue higher education in a city in china. but he has said that he had a change of heart after he left the embassy. that is when he met up with his wife and daughter in hospital. he said that he is very fearful about his safety. he says that he wants to leave and go to the united states with this family. he also says that he had been unable to raise this issue with american officials so far. >> aside from his case, there
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are other items on the agenda. syria, sudan, iran, all concerns between the tube. how might we see some resolution to these problems? >> as hillary clinton said to herself, at between china and the u.s., they cannot solve all the world's problems. but by cooperating, they can have a good stab at it. america will be trying to persuade china to take a tougher line on syria, iran, north korea. china will be looking for concessions from america on the economic front. there is a lot to talk about. whether we get any kind of hard details or a hard deal at the end of these two-day talks, it remains to be seen. i think these talks and the issue of chen guangcheng will still be discussed.
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>> tempers flared between the two contenders and the french presidential election on wednesday evening. it was their only televised debate before sunday's second round vote. the accused each other of lying. our europe editor has more. >> on a rainy night, the to the candidate arrived for what has been called the dual. first and, francois hollande, said he hoped for decency in the debate. then president sarkozy arrived. he described himself as determined, but not extremely determined. >> the expected audience, 20 million. the last chance for the president to fight back and win a second term. almost immediately, they were arguing. let me teach you something, said
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the president. let me assure you said francois hollande, you cannot teach me anything. and so it continued. francois hollande went on the attack. you have real and the french economy, he said. you are not and the best place to relaunch its. after an interruption, he continued. whatever happens, you are always happy. the french people are less happy. president sarkozy fought back, that is a shameless expression. and then francois hollande -- mr. so cozy, it is a lie, it is a lie. when you say -- mr. sarkozy, it is a lie, it is a lie. when you say that i do not live up to my responsibilities, it is a lie. it was easy to form this
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impression that these two men did not like each other. >> that is the difference between you and me. i protect the children of the republic. you protect the privileged. >> you want to make people poorer, i want to make people richer. >> president sarkozy and fiercely attacked francois hollande's spending plan and its support for the 35-hour week. he has not been able to land a killer blow. francois hollande has stayed calm under pressure. both sides of be watching weather this face-to-face encounter has changed minds. it is president sarkozy needs to come out of this with momentum for his campaign. >> newt gingrich will not be the next president of the united states. >> he has officially pulled out
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of the republican race for the white house. he did not immediately endorse mitt romney. even though he describes -- described in maastricht as certain to become the republican nominee. >> today, i and suspending the campaign. but it does not mean suspending citizenship. >> he only managed to win to state contest during the primary season. it is reported his campaign is more than $4 million in debt. our correspondent explains his support for rival mitt romney. >> i think it would be fair to say that it was almost a non- endorsement. court and almost endorsement. he was basically saying, he may not be a conservative, but he is better than the alternative. he described president obama as the most radical leftist president in u.s. history. he has given his tentative support. >> his campaign was over some
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time ago. it started last year with a mass resignation from his seat this campaign staff. -- from his senior campaign staff. it has been limping to a close, but he is $4 million in debt. >> the u.n. security council has threatened sudan and south sudan with sanctions. the u.n. was the two countries to resume talks within two weeks. weeks of border fighting have raised fears of an all-out war. at least 20 people have been killed on the attack in cairo. demonstrators have been camped out for protesting about the exclusion of a candidate from
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the forthcoming presidential election. ukraine has insisted it will hold euro 2012 matches. authorities have denied she has been beaten in at present. she was jailed for abuse of office. the job queues grow ever longer in the euro zone. unemployment hit 11%. critics say politicians have prioritized the austerity at the expense of jobs and growth. >> one of the most well-known pieces of art, edvard munch's "the scream" has sold for $190 million at sotheby's in new york. it was the only one in private hands. there was heated competition between several bidders. it was set to be a modern symbol of human anxiety. the previous record was $106.5
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million. an art broker who was at the sale describe the feeling in the auction house. >> the atmosphere was electric. there were probably six or seven bidders. from then, there were too good to bid up to $107 million. $119.9 million. the atmosphere was amazing. it took 10 minutes to sell the work. this is one of four versions. it is actually a pastel, not even an oil. they are more fragile, so it is even more remarkable. >> we are live from singapore and london. behind the walls of the fukushima, in a firsthand account of japan's tsunami
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triggered declare a crisis. >> what the movement set up nearly a century ago is still at the heart of modern design. >> let's take a quick look of what is making front-page news around the world. high tension after tempers flared during the one and only televised debate between francois hollande and nicolas sarkozy. if francois hollande does win, be under pre from the e you. -- from the e u. an extraordinary admission of failure over the bank of england's handling of the collapse of -- collapsed during a financial crisis. a photo of chen guangcheng leads
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many papers. senior advisers to mitt romney have criticized david cameron. >> hillary clinton called on china to protect human rights as a dispute over a leading dissident continues. the two contenders and the french presidential election have accused each other of lying in their only televised debate. let's return to those crucial talks under way in beijing. we can speak to the professor of international political economy at peking university. thank you for talking to us. hillary clinton is calling on
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china to protect human rights. in return, both countries, the u.s. and china, should respect each other. what do you read into what the chinese president is saying? >> what you have just stated is a kind of standard pattern between american and chinese officials when human rights becomes a topic of discussion. i really do not seek much new in this particular case with this individual. few in china or the united states would want to see a repetition of such an incident. >> the chinese president says a worsening of relations between the u.s. and china poses a grave
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risk for the world. what does he mean by that? >> both the united states and china are so involved with each other over the past year or two, especially in the western pacific. there have been several developments. burma, the south china sea, and what else? beginning to talk about a strategic mistrust. what the chinese president was saying is to say, let's take these developments seriously and try to find ways where we do not get carried away. >> hillary clinton is in beijing. she is there to discuss an array of different issues. yet the whole talks are
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overshadowed by the situation with chen guangcheng. can we ever overcome the focus of human rights with china when it comes to discussing other matters? >> i do not really see the mentioning of human rights. over the years, human rights as an issue has become more of a standard reference in domestic government as well. we, as a society, are far less- when it comes to foreign commentary about human rights in china. we need to work harder to make our society -- to our own people. >> professor, thank you very much for talking to us. they were hailed as heroes for braving the dangers, but few of
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the japanese workers have ever spoken publicly about those terrifying days after the tsunami triggered nuclear crisis. our correspondent has been to meet one of them and asked him about the moments before the explosion. >> i was in the controlled room at the time. we had been feeling a lot of aftershocks. when the explosion happened, it was so strong, i jumped out of my chair. at first, i thought it was another earthquake. but it was just one shake. so we wondered what happened. at the same time, i saw on a tv monitor that the nuclear reactor building had exploded. it must have done huge damage to the facility. i did not know of the reactor itself had exploded and the radiation had spread or if it was just the building itself and the containment vessel was
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intact. >> was there a feeling that you had to stay there to save japan? >> i do not know what went through everybody's mind at the time. we had been operating the nuclear power plant safely up until that point. and then we encountered this accident that was beyond imagination. we felt it was our responsibility to stop the radiation spreading, and we did not want to cause any trouble to the local area. for 40 years, we had been running our nuclear power plant safely. we believe we had contributed to providing energy to the country. that had been ever credible accident. operators inside japan and outside the to learn from that to the power plant safely. as for the existence of nuclear energy in japan, i think we need to discuss it widely in the future. i want to wait to hear what
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decisions the people make. >> the european space agency has approved a new mission to explore the moon's of the planet jupiter. this is a craft that will be launched in 10 years' time and should arrive at jupiter by the year 2013. -- 2030. >> the moons of jupiter, some incrusted and eyes, others fiery and volcanic. they are among the most fascinating of the world. they remain largely unexplored. some of these are now the destination of europe's next major space mission. >> it is an exciting prospect to be thinking about exploring the jupiter system. these millions of water underneath the icy crust. >> ignition and liftoff. >> until now, nasa has led the way. because of budget cuts, the
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americans back to scrap many of its missions. european nations are still prepared to fund research to see whether life could exist elsewhere. >> jupiter is much further from the sun than the earth. temperatures are well below freezing. orbiting the around jupiter are more than 60 moons. it is that that some of them -- it is thought that some of them may be able to support life. europa has an icy surface. underneath, the ice is melted. this is caused by the gravitational forces. below the frozen crust, thought to be a vast ocean in circling of the men, which might be home to simple life forms. >> to have life, you need to
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have water. where else to go and the solar system other than places where we know there is liquid water underneath the services. >> is there a possibility that there might be live on one of these worlds? >> i would be very surprised if there was not life of some kind. >> in the far future, our son will expand. jupiter's moons will warm. as a species looks to explore and colonize other parts of our solar system. >> the chances are that the design of the phone in your pocket, the chair you were sitting on, were all influenced by a german school of art and design. the clean lines and modernist aesthetic has influenced everyone from steve jobs to ikea.
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we have been to a major new exhibition in london. >> ♪ it was a marriage of form and function, art and technology. no wonder steve jobs loved it. the bauhaus school was founded in the wake of world war i. it was about bringing together fine arts with furniture design, architecture, even theater. all for the common purpose of creating a modern utopian society. ♪ it was about producing height and design for manufacturing in the mass-market. that included toys, such as these puppets. clay unleashed creativity. >> it was a group of people
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living and working together. they were raising families there. other artists made toys. sometimes for their children, sometimes for manufacturers. the idea of clay and influence of credit ideas of children went into the classroom -- creative ideas of children with into the classroom. >> look at this chair. he got the idea from looking at his bicycle frame. unfortunately, he was somewhat ahead of his time because german manufacturers found his design ideas quite difficult. imagine how radical the slipped in 1925. they would later go on to teach at yale.
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he would be responsible for fostering the school of young british artists in the '80s and '90s. >> it was an idea at the time, a wonderful time, or people tried to rethink everything. we think the world from the most basic principles. it is the first school that attempts to look at the idea of creativity, that you just don't teach people things, you teach them how to think. you teach them how to look at things, have to be inventive. that is what the school is trying to do. >> the bauhaus school was finally closed down by the nazis. the teachers immigrated to the u.s., britain, and israel. >> when it comes to fame, never
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say never. also known as the hollywood walk of fame. the actress' first got her start when she was 12 starring opposite robert redford. since then, she has become a hollywood a-lister. you have been watching "newsday." >> the u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton has told china that it cannot deny the aspirations of its citizens. her comments came as she opened high-level talks between the two countries in beijing. the chinese president said the two countries should respect each other even when they disagree. thank you very much for watching.
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>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended, global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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