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tv   BBC World News  PBS  June 1, 2012 6:00pm-6:30pm PDT

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>> this is bbc world news. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you. >> and now "bbc world news."
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>> more pressure on syria. the u.n. calls for an investigation into the houla massacre paving the way for war crimes charges. as the u.s. caught europe's cold? america's poor job figures sends the stock market plunging. egypt's former president hosni mubarak accused of ordering the death of protesters prepares for a court to deliver its verdict. welcome to "bbc news" broadcasting to pbs in america and also around the globe. coming up later for you, brazil is set to close to landfill site but those living there worry about the future. and britain is gearing up for a four-day national celebration. millions preparing to mark the queen's diamond jubilee. >> hello, again. the united nations human rights
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council called for an investigation into the killing of more than 100 civilians at houla. it also condemns syria for the mass car and calls for those responsible for the violence to be named, opening the door for war crimes charges. russia, china and cuba voted against the resolution. the diplomatic correspondent reports. >> more disturbing images from syria posted on the internet by opposition activists. factory workers forced off a bus and murdered they say, by pro-government militias. on account u.s. observers inside syria hasn't verified yet but they did confirm the massacre at houla and today the human rights council blamed syria for it, urging inquiry to investigate possible war crimes. >> these acts mount to crimes against humanity and other international crimes and may be indicative of a pattern of widespread or systematic attacks against civilian populations.
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>> syria's envoy denied his government's involvement, blaming the massacre on rebel fighters. >> it's now a familiar pattern for armed terrorist gangs to carry out massacres timed deliberately to lead to special sessions hostile to syria like this one. >> from several parts of syria today, there's amateur video suggesting huge shedding here in homes. and around houla where the massacre was. one activist from houla told us what being under siege felt like. >> the schilling was a horrible thing. you feel like the earth under you. when the bomb fell, you feel weak. >> not much left of the u.n. cease-fire, no wonder kofi annan
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is despondent. >> we'll all frause traited by the violence, by the killings. so am i t -- am i. i think perhaps i'm more frustrated than most of you because i'm in the thick of things. >> meanwhile, meeting the syrian opposition in turkey today, william hague warned of imminent civil war. >> syria is rapidly becoming less stable, not more so, and there's a great danger of a collapse in syria. >> so what can the outside world do about it? well, it's clear sear -- syria likely to turn into another libya, involving western military action. in the first place, russia will probably block it at the u.n. security council. but even without russia, there's no appetite for intervention. syria is a well-armed state in a volatile region, and an all-out warm would soon involve its neighbors. plus western empires are distracted. united states, presidential elections. europeans with the euro crisis. all of them worried about withdrawing from afghanistan.
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in paris tonight, president putin was digging in his heels. refusing to consider sanctions on syria and pointing out opposition fighters are also killing people. and the u.n. peace plan, he says, is still worth backing. bridget kendall, bbc news. >> the executive director of the middle eastern north african division of north rights watch says international diplomacy could still help reduce the violence in syria. >> everybody wants more concrete mess ures but the challenge is how to get there. how do we get russia and china not to veto security council resolutions for more concrete measures that would include, for example, strict sanctions on the government or referral to the i.c.c. i think that the diplomatic measures are the art of what's possible in a very challenging political environment. >> do you think there's any way if you're looking at it ultra
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cynically, actually countries like the united states and france and great britain may be thinking that it suits them that russia is blocking any potential movement on the ground. because at the end of the day, everybody is scared of what may come after assad. >> i certainly hope not and one can always have a cynical assessment of everything. i think what matters is all of us who are not cynical and have good intentions do everything we can to halt the killings in syria. >> what about the evidence that you have collected, your organization from having spoken to some of the people who survive the houla massacre. >> the evidence we gather, testimonies we gathered, makes very clear that witnesses and survivors said they saw people dressed as soldiers in military uniforms carry out the killings, specific testimonies about the execution of unarmed women and children in particular. all of the evidence that we've seen from independent
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investigators and observers to date put very strong indications this was a government sponsored, government orchestrated campaign in houla. it's not to say there wasn't fighting going on in the vicinity. certainly there was. and we know there was an attack on a military checkpoint nearby. but in no way was would that justify or condone brutal attacks on civilians. >> unemployment in the united states risen to 8.2%, casting doubts on the strength of its economic recovery. 69,000 jobs were created last month, far fewer than expected. adam brooks reports. . >> a carefully stricted campaign moment, one of thousands to come, disguising sains of shock and disappointment that's roaming across america. mr. obama is a factory in minnesota, talking about jobs for military veterans. but but any mention of jobs would be tricky.
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the latest figure show job creation in america way down and headline unemployment figure rising to 8.2%. but this is not what the president's deep in his re-election campaign needs now. >> and today we're still fighting our way back from the worst economic crisis since the great depression. the economy is growing against but not growing as fast as we want it to grow. >> but some of america's problems simply aren't america's fault. >> and most prominently, most recently we had a crisis in europe's economy that is having an impact worldwide and it's starting to cast a shadow on our own as well. >> some economists maintain these job figures are affected by seasonal factors and are not as bad as they look. markets didn't care. for them and most americans, it's dismal news. but for republican presidential candidates, not so much. mitt romney pinned the blame for the poor jobs figure not on europe, not on oil prices or any other external factor, but on
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mr. obama. >> the issue is the president in a position to lead america and get us out of these economic doldrums and put families back to work? i don't think he is. i think he's proven over the last 3 1/2 years he's not up to the task. he's over his head. >> mr. romney has a real opening now. if he can persuade americans that mr. obama's economic policies have falled them, his campaign for the presidency could gain momentum. just a few months ago, the economic wins were at mr. obama's -- winds were at mr. obama's back. it looked like the economy was picking up pace. now that's all changed. the economy is still growing but looks sluggish. the president looks to be on the defensive. mitt romney smells blood. five months to go until the presidential election. adam brooks, bbc news, washington. >> people in the irish republic have voted in favor of the e.u. treaty that imposes strict limits on government spending. 60% back the plan, which is aimed at enforcing budgetry discipline in euro zone countries.
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gavin hewitt reports from dublin. >> the posters testified to a hard-fought referendum campaign. a vote in fancher of a pact enforcing greater discipline over budgets was described as a vote for stability. but no campaign had said the pact just ushered in more austerity. in the event, 60% voted yes. >> majority of votes in favor of the proposal, 326,003. >> the yes campaign went to celebrate and then stopped themselves, tough economic challenges lie ahead. so what is this new fiscal treaty. it imposes strict discipline over budgets and deficits. there will be penalties if the rules are broken. and agreeing to the treaty guarantees access to the new euro zone bailout fund. reich leader said good housekeeping rules would benefit europe. >> and it also send out a
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message to other cities around the world, which have not been expressing full confidence in the euro of the euro zone. we believe in this process. >> the irish government will now try and push europe's leaders into reducing the cost of the bailout for the country's vast banks. in places like malahide, it was clear many people had voted yesterday to keep a european safety net. >> we had a lovely canopy behind us today but the sea can be rough. and for us in the business community, this could be a lifeboat for the future of our government and for the future of our businesses. >> one in ten mortgages are in arrears and house prices are down 50%. most of the no vote came from those affected by austerity and spending cuts. >> i think we saw a huge a anger and protest in the no vote and working class areas against the austerity agenda. i think might be other sections of the population are giving the government and europe one more chance. >> today's result was welcomed
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by the german chancellor angela merkel as good for ireland and good for europe. she will hope it will put pressure on other countries like spain and greece to continue taking the harsh medicine to put their house in order. others point out the tougher rules, however, will do little to boost growth. gavin hewitt, bbc news, dublin. >> the former egyptian president hosni mubarak has been found guilty of conspiracy in the killing of protesters during last year's uprising. a court in cairo will decide whether mubarak, as well as his former interior minister, and four aides ordered police to shoot demonstrators. all six deny the charges. they could face the death penalty if convicted. rupert wingfield hays reports. >> it takes some bravery to openly declare your love for hosni mubarak these days.
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but these young men are preparing to do so loudly and publicly outside the courthouse. >> president mubarak should be treated as a former president with a proud military record. he gave us 30 years of peace. we should honor him. this is mubarak as they would like to remember him, as a soldier and statesman. not as he is now, a sick old man laid out on the gurney in court. but for abdel hamid there's only bitterness and hatred for mubarak, a man she said took away her son. >> she's shot in the chest and this is the blood you can see on his trousers. >> mustafa was one of the first martyrs of the revolution, cut down by police bullets as he marched on the square. translator: i will not rest until i have the revenge because
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my heart is burning until what he did to my son is done to him. >> the verdict was supposed to be about bringing a definitive end to the mubarak era. but egyptians today remain deeply divided as ever about what to do with their former president. about the only thing that unifies people here now is a common fear of the post-mubarak future. on the streets and in the tea shops, the topic on everyone's lips, the years since the revolution has been traumatic. >> kids are feeling fear and newspapers, the news and tv's are talking about the crimes and criminals. that's why the atmosphere is revolt. >> there is an irony here. last year hundreds of people died on the streets of cairo to get rid of mubarak. now many here are yearning for a new strong man to take control
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and make them feel safe. rupert wingfield hays, bbc news in cairo. >> this is bbc news. still ahead -- liverpool welcomes the olympic flame. >> a british soldier has been killed in afghanistan. the soldier from first battalion well esh was on foot patrol in hellmund when his patrol came under small arms fire. the family has been informed. it takes the number of british killed since operations began in 2001 to 416. a senior barster will be appointed to review allegations the metropolitan police failed to investigate police corruption into the inquiry of the murder of steven lawrence. the home office confirmed the review would take place after their own examination of the claims found no new evidence to justify them of the steven lawrence was murdered in a
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racist attack in 1993. the manufacturing industry in the united kingdom is shrinking at its fastest rate for three years as demand for british goods falls at home and overseas. the latest survey from the purchasing managers institute is serious blow to hopes exports will revive the economy. >> hello, this is bbc news. these are the headlines -- stepping up the diplomatic pressure on syria. the u.n. calls for an investigation into massacre at houla, paving the way for war crimes charges. will world stock markets fall after worse-than-expected job figures in the united states. a british woman under arrest in bali suspected of drug trafficking has been taken to hospital for treatment. rachel dugal claims not to have slept properly or eaten for days. she's being held along with throw other britains, julia ponder, paul beals after police seized cocaine worth more than
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$1.5 million pounds. from bali, nick brian reports. >> for a british woman at the center of the drug trafficking allegations, the awfulness of the situation has made her fearful and fragile. concerns for her physical and mental state today led the internetion authorities to transfer rachel dugele from the jail where she's being held to a police hospital. the 38-year-old said she hasn't been sleeping or eating and that she's missing her 6-year-old daughter. another britain in custody is 5-year-old lindsey sanderford, arrested at bali airport on the 19th of may. it's thought she agreed to take part in a sting operation aimed at rachel dugal and dugal's partner julian ponder, arrested last friday. both claimed they were set up by
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lindsey, who allegedly disguised the drugs as a birthday present for their daughter. sanderford's lawyer said she brought the drugs into the country because of threats made against her sons. to rid this island of the scourge, the indonesian authorities in recent years have made an example of foreigners found guilty of drug trafficking. the consequences are potentially fatal, a spell on death row, execution by firing squad. rachel is spending the night in hospital, but one that's enclosed by bars. nick bryant, bbc news. >> latin america's largest rubbish dump, where thousands of people once made a living, has closed. the landfill in rio de janeiro,
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where 9,000 tons of garbage was dumped daily is shutting for environmental reasons. it got worldwide attention two years ago when it featured in the oscar-nominated documentary "wasteland." zoe conway has more. >> they're known as catch a doras, people who for thousands of decades worked in the rubbish here. it is portuguese for garden and this one suddenly grows. they're thought to be 60 million tons of rubbish here and they are like gardeners, their job is to cultivate the dirt. >> there are many people who refer to us as scavengers. we are not scavengers. we recycle this material. if you look around, you can see everything in piles. there you have plastic bottles, cardboard, other plastics. >> they helped make rio one of the greatest cities in the world for recycling but now they're
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jobless, the dump is closing because of the damage it's doing to the environment. the toxic runoff from the rubbish has been pouring into the sea and when the tons of trash decomposes, it creates harmful carbon dioxide. that will now be captured and turned into an energy supply for rio. the garbage, meanwhile, will be trucked elsewhere. >> separate waste at home. separated waste will go to this plant in different parts of the city. it will be separated by separators, not by garbage pickers. and from there it will go to the recycling industry. >> they have a saying -- tread carefully because you're treading on money. many have earned a decent wage here and they're fearful of what comes next. >> final preparations are taking place around the united kingdom for the four days of celebrations that will celebrate the queen's diamond jubilee.
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later on saturday, the queen is going to attend the derby at epsom racecourse. on friday night, remarkable footage was broadcast showing the queen returning to britain just hours after she succeeded to the throne. our royal correspondent reports. >> flying home to face her destiny, an image from 60 years ago seen publicly for the first time today. this is the queen's private footage taken aboard the aircraft which brought her home to britain after learning her father had died and that she was now queen. >> these must be the first pictures taken after she knew she was queen. >> it featured in a jubilee tribute to his mother by prince charles. 60 years after elizabeth flew
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home as queen, britain is gearing up with its jubilee tribute. while much of london slept, a full-squail rehearsal took place at the carges procession, which will conclude the jubilee celebrations on tuesday. then the streets will be crowded. this morning there was barely a spectator to be seen, giving the foot guards a chance to measure out their position as street liners and household cavalry to familiarize themselves from the route carriages will take, from westminster hall and up whitehall and finally along and back to buckingham palace. on the thames, boats are being marshaled for the river pageant, main event sunday afternoon. for that day the main uncertainty seems to be the weather. some rain forecast. around the victoria memorial, huge stage has been constructed. this will be the setting for monday night's diamond jubilee concert. in his tribute to his mother tonight, prince charles spoke of the queen's contribution over 60
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years. myanmar's been a constant feature on the scene that provided that since of continuity. in a time of immense changes in the past 60 years, i think it's one of the most important things to celebrate, it seems to me. >> of course, not everybody will be cheering this weekend. republicans believe the jubilee is misconceived. >> 60 years on the throne is not an achievement. it's a job for life with no scrutiny or accountant. simple mathematics. given a job at 25 and you're now 85, you have done it 60 years. >> the fact tells us across the 60 years of queen's reign, the monarchy's popularity remained remarkably resilient. the stage quite literally is set for a weekend when i think we can fairly say a clear majority of people in this country will indicate their support for the institution and their gratitude
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to the person who heads it. nicholas mitchell, bbc news at buckingham palace. >> the olympic flame has made a spectacular journey across the river ending day 14 at the torch relay in front of a huge crowd in liverpool. the iraq war veteran blinded in basra in 2007 took the porch off the ferry and lit the culled run. the bbc watched the day's events in liverpool. >> very special day, not only because when we started the day broadcasting this morning, we thought it would rain. thick, heavy clouds across liverpool center and we were lucky the city was bathed in glorious sunshine, which means the animal came out for those fantastic shots we saw before they made a historic trip from bolton to liverpool to eventually end up here requires the river where the olympic flame made that historic journey
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via ferry and lots of torch bearers of course carrying that torch. one of them pretty well known to many of you, the former spice girl sporty spice as she's known, melanie c carried the torch through the town of birkenhead before it crossed. we caught up with her earlier on and she said what an inspiring moment it was for her and it's a moment she will never forget because of how special it was. as she described it, once in a lifetime opportunity. as you can see from those pictures there, hundreds and hundreds of people lining the streets of birk enhead. that was very much replicated here in liverpool through the city center in between the two cathedrals here in liverpool and also by part in the homes of john lennon and paul mccartney on hope streets and cabin glove where they first performed as well. i have to say, when it ended up here, pier side 21,000 tickets
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were sold and it was packed by the full court. but they did begin, i must mention, the world famous racecourse than that began with the young lady by the name of kim cooper carrying the torch through entry. brilliant moment for her. she's also studying alongside current grand national winner neptune and well greeted there. it's been a day to remember here in liverpool. you can follow the torch online and on the bbc news website. >> a quick reminder of the main news. government in syria has come under increased international pressure after u.n. human rights council imapproved an investigation into mass killings of civilians at houla last week of the it opens the way for individuals to eventually face war crime charges. federal francois said there's no way out of the crisis without the departure of al assad. this is bbc news.
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>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business. offering specialized solutions in capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> bbc world news was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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