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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  January 25, 2011 10:00pm-11:00pm PST

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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> lehrer: good evening. i'm jim lehrer in washington. i welcome you to this special edition of the newshour. in a few minutes, president obama will deliver his state of the union address to a joint session of congress and to the nation. he's expected to focus on the economy and jobs among other things. you are looking now at a live picture of the floor of the u.s. house of representatives.
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we just lost them. there were two of the nine members of the united states supreme court. coming down the center aisle are members of the cabinet. there's the secretary of labor. secretary sebelius, the former governor of kansas. secretary sean donovan. secretary of labor. there is ray lahood rightim, thf transportation, former republican congressman from illinois. there's secretary chu who is the secretary of energy. there is secretary sebelius. in the red. you will notice that everyone is wearing... there's secretary lahood. everyone present here today, tonight, is wearing a ribbon
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in honor of congresswoman gabrielle giffords who, of course, was... is... and there are two other or three other members of the cabinet from the left the attorney general of the united states, eric holder, secretary of defense robert gates and secretary of the treasury geithner. there is arne duncan in the gray suit, the secretary of transportation. long-time friend... i mean, of education. long-time friend and fellow basketball player with president obama in chicago. he's the former head of the school system in chicago. there of course is secretary chu in front of him. behind him is the veteran affairs secretary. janet napolitano behind him, homeland security. there on the left you see the left side senator john kerry
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of massachusetts, now chairman of the senate foreign relations committee. a man who was of course in 2004 the democrat nominee for president. now we see behind secretary napolitano bill daley former secretary of commerce in the clinton administration and now the new white house chief of staff. replaced rahm emanuel who is back in chicago to see if he can become mayor. he is now shaking hands with tom coburn, senator coburn of oklahoma. now, of course, the big deal here... there is secretary clinton laughing with secretary gates and secretary geithner. there on the right is senator sessions. my guess is they're laughing about the idea that they've got all... many of these members of the house and senate have dates more or less
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tonight. they've gone with this idea of in the old days up until tonight big sessions of congress like this, all the democrats sat together. all the republicans sat together. but they decided at the suggestion of senator come udall, democrat, to... mark udall. tom is the guy who is working to fix the filibusters and mark udall his cousin is the man who suggested this... that everybody sit with another member of his or her party. there is secretary sebelius. secretary donovan. helping me all evening are shields and gerson that's sind i caned columnist mark shields
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and "washington post" columnist michael gerson. there we just saw the supreme court. a quick shot of the supreme court. i haven't had a chance to count them. have either of you, michael or mark, there are supposed to be six present. ahead of time they said there would be six. the three who are not here are justice alito, justice scalia and justice thomas. but i see justice roberts, chief justice roberts is here. everybody who was watching the last time. it wasn't at the state of the union. it was at the joint session of congress where president obama addressed a joint session of congress for health care reform. he made a comment, the president did, about the supreme court decision on campaign finance.
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justice alito shook his head. it became a bigdeal. here is william livinggood who is the house sergeant of arms. he is now going to announce the president. ( applause ) >> mr. speaker, the president of the united states. ( applause ) >> lehrer: mark, this is the magic moment for many members of the house in particular who like to be seen shaking the president's hand. it doesn't matter who the president is. coming down this aisle for this event. >> congresswoman sheila jackson is not there because she's seriously ill. and congresswoman... congressman eliot ingall of new york. >> lehrer: behind the president is the escort committee. that's the leadership of the congress of the united states. senator mitch mcconnell who is
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the minority leader of the senate. ñ and congressman ingall who is always there on the aisle. right to the president's left behind his shoulder is eric cantor who is the house majority leader, the republican leader behind the speaker john boehner. speaker john boehner, of course, will be presiding over this joint session of congress. he will be assisted by the vice president of the united states, of course, who is the president of the senate. that's joe biden. we'll see them in a few moments here. that's where the president is headed down to the front.
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so he can deliver the speech. there is handshaking to be done. as the president gets down the aisle, we'll get to members of the supreme court. and then to the members of the joint chiefs. members of the diplomatic corps. there's senator tom coburn who despite their party differences, senator coburn and president obama worked together on a lot of things when they were together in the senate. good relationship. >> right after congressman eliot ingall is jean schmidt one of the president's fiercest foes in the house. she gave him a big hug. one of those moments when partisan differences seem to melt. >> lehrer: now the president is now welcoming his cabinet.
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secretary of state hillary clinton. secretary geithner. secretary of the treasury. there's john roberts. chief justice anthony kennedy. associate justice stephen breyer. there the president is is now talking to. ruth bader ginsberg between them. between justice breyer and justice kennedy. there is justice sotomayer and justice kagan the two newest members of the supreme court of the united states. now the joint chiefs mike mullens. the navy admiral who is the chairman of the joint chiefs. general casey, the head of the army, who is going to be retiring soon. and mike mullins' last year. no word.
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michael and mark, who will replace mike mullin. general cartwright has been mentioned. he's the vice chairman now. the marine general and marine aviator. they already have one marine aviator in the joint chiefs, general amos. you see his back there. he's the commandant of the marine corps. two marine aviators. one small group. >> it might be a little much. >> lehrer: there is the president shaking hands with the new speaker of the house john boehner. he delivered the speech to the speaker. and to vice president biden. a process that began many many years ago. hand delivered. they introduce the president officially again. then we're off to the speech.
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of course the first lady in the red there. and on the right is the wife of the vice president. >> i have the high privilege and distinct honor of presenting the president of the united states. ( cheers and applause ) . >> thank you. thank you so much. thank you so much. thank you very much. thank you. everybody, please have a seat. thank you. mr. speaker, mr. vice president, members of congress, distinguished guests, and fellow americans.
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tonight i want to begin by congratulating the men and women of the 112th congress as well as your new speaker, john boehner. ( applause ) and as we mark this occasion, we are also mindful of the empty chair in this chamber, and we pray for the health of our colleague and our friend gabby giffords. ( applause )
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it's no secret that those of us here tonight have had our differences over the last two years. the debates have been contentious. we have fought fiercely for our beliefs. and that's a good thing. that's what a robust democracy demands. that's what helps set us apart as a nation. but there's a reason the tragedy in tucson gave us pause. amid all the noise and passion and rancor of our public debate, tucson reminded us that no matter who we are or where we come from, each of us is a part of something greater,
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something more consequential than party or political preference. we are part of the american family. we believe that in a country where every race and faith and point of view can be found, we are still bound together as one people. we share common hopes and a common creed, that the dreams of a little girl in tucson are not so different than those of our own children, that they all deserve the chance to be fulfilled. that too is what sets us apart as a nation. ( applause ) now by itself this simple recognition won't usher in a new era of cooperation. what comes of this moment is up to us. what comes of this moment will be determined not by whether
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we can sit together tonight but whether we can work together tomorrow. ( applause ) i believe we can. i believe we must. that's what the people who sent us here expect of us. with their votes, they've determined that governing will now be a shared responsibility between parties. new laws will only pass with support from democrats and republicans. we will move forward together or not at all, for the challenges we face are bigger than party and bigger than politics. at stake right now is not who
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wins the next election. after all, we just had an election. at stake is whether new jobs and industries take root in this country or somewhere else. whether the hard work and industry of our people is rewarded. it's whether we sustain the leadership that has made america not just a place on a map but a right to the world. now we are poised for progress. two years after the worst recession most of us have ever known, the stock market has come roaring back. corporate profits are up. the economy is growing again. but we have never measured progress by these yardsticks alone. we measure progress by the success of our people. by the jobs they can find and the quality of life that those jobs offer. by the prospects of a small business owner who dreams of turning a good idea into a
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thriving enterprise. by the opportunities for a better life that we pass on to our children. that's the project the american people want us to work on. together. ( applause ) now we did that in december. thanks to the tax cuts we passed, americans' paychecks are a little bigger today. every business can write off the full cost of new investments that they make this year. and these steps, taken by democrats and republicans, will grow the economy and add to the more than one million private-sector jobs created last year. but we have to do more. the steps we've taken over the last two years may have broken the back of this recession, but to win the future, we'll
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need to take on challenges that have been decades in the making. many people watching tonight can probably remember a time when finding a good job meant showing up at a nearby factory or a business downtown. you didn't always need a degree. and your competition was pretty much limited to your neighbors. if you worked hard, chances are you would have a job for life with a decent paycheck and good benefits and the occasional promotion. maybe you'd even have the pride of seeing your kids work at the same company. that world has changed. and for many the change has been painful. i've seen it in the shuddered windows of once booming factorys in the vacant store fronts on once busy main streets. i've heard it in the frustrations of americans who have seen their paychecks
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sdwindal or their jobs disappear. proud men and women who feel like the rules have been changed in the middle of the game. they're right. the rules have changed. in a single generation revolutions in technology have transformed the way we live, work and do business. steel mills that once needed a thousand workers can now do the same work with 100. today just about any company can set up shop, hire workers and sell their products wherever there's an internet connection. meanwhile nations like china and india realized that with some changes of their own, they could compete in this new world. and so they started educating their children earlier and longer with greater emphasis on math and science. they're investing in research and new technologies. just recently china became the home to the world's largest
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private solar research facility and the world's fastest computer. so, yes, the world has changed. the competition for jobs is real. but this shouldn't discourage us. it should challenge us. remember, for all the hits we've taken these last few years, for all the nay sayers predicting our decline, america still has the largest, most prosperous economy in the world. ( applause ) no workers are more productive than ours. no country has more successful companies or grants more patents to inventors and entrepreneurs. we are home to the world's best colleges and universities, where more students come to study than any place on earth. what's more, we are the first nation to be founded for the
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sake of an idea-- the idea that each of us deserves the chance to shape our own destiny. that is why centuries of pioneers and immigrants have risked everything to come here. it's why our students don't just memorize equations but answer questions like, what do you think of that idea? what would you change about the world? what do you want to be when you grow up? the future is ours to win. but to get there, we can't just standstill. as robert kennedy told us, "the future is not a gift. it is an achievement." sustaining the american dream has never been about standing pat. it has required each generation to sacrifice and struggle and meet the demands of a new age. now it's our turn. we know what it takes to
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compete for the jobs and industries of our time. we need to outinnovate, out educate and out build the rest of the world. ( applause ) we have to make america the best place on earth to do business. we need to take responsibility for our deficit and reform our government. that's how our people will prosper. that's how we'll win the future. ( applause ) and tonight i'd like to talk about how we get there. the first step in winning the future is encouraging american innovation. none of us can predict with certainty what the next big industry will be or where the
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new jobs will come from. thirtyy years ago, we couldn't know that something called the internet would lead to an economic revolution. what we can do-- what america does better than anyone else-- is spark the creativity and imagination of our people. we are the nation that put cars in driveways and computers in offices, the nation of edison and the wright brothers, of google and facebook. in america, innovation doesn't just change our lives. it is how we make our living. ( applause ) our free enterprise system is what drives innovation. but because it's not always profitable for companies to invest in basic research, throughout our history our government has provided cutting-edge scientists and inventors with the support that they need. that's what planted the seeds for the internet.
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that's what helped make possible things like computer chips and gps. just think of all the good jobs from manufacturing to retail that have come from these breakthroughs. and half a century ago when the soviets beat us into space with the launch of a satellite called sputnik, we had no idea how we would beat them to the moon. the science wasn't even there yet. nasa didn't exist. but after investing in better research and education, we didn't just surpass the soviets, we unleashed a wave of innovation that created new industries and millions of new jobs. this is our generation's sputnik moment. two years ago i said that we needed to reach a level of research and development we haven't seen since the height of the space race. and in a few weeks, i will be sending a budget to congress that helps us meet that goal.
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we'll invest in biomedical research, information technology, and especially clean energy technology. ( applause ) an investment that will strengthen our security, protect our planet, and create countless new jobs for our people. already we're seeing the promise of renewable energy. robert and gary allen are brothers who run a small michigan roofing company. after september 11, they volunteered their best roofers to help repair the pentagon. but half of their factory went unused, and the recession hit them hard. today with the help of a government loan, that empty space is being used to manufacture solar shingles that are being sold all across the country. in robert's words," we reinvented ourselves."
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that's what americans have done for over 200 years: reinvented ourselves. and to spur on more success stories like the allen brothers, we've begun to reinvent our energy policy. we're not just handing out money. we're issuing a challenge. we're telling america's scientists and engineers that if they assemble teams of the best minds in their fields and focus on the hardest problems in clean energy, we'll fund the apollo projects of our time. at the california institute of technology, they're developing a way to turn sunlight and water into fuel for our cars. at oak ridge national laboratory, they're using super computers to get a lot more power out of our nuclear facilities. with more research and incentives we can break our dependence on oil with biofuels and become the first country country to have a million electric vehicles on the road by 2015. ( applause )
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we need to get behind this innovation. and to help pay for it, i'm asking congress to eliminate the billions in tax payer dollars we currently give to oil companies. ( applause ) i don't know if you've noticed but they're doing just fine on their own. so instead of subsidizing yesterday's energy, let's invest in tomorrow's. now clean energy breakthroughs will only translate into clean energy jobs if businesses know there will be a market for what they're selling. so tonight i challenge you to join me in setting a new goal: by 2035, 80% of america's electricity will come from clean energy sources. ( applause )
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some folks want wind and solar. others want nuclear, clean coal and natural gas. to meet this goal we will need them all. and i urge democrats and republicans to work together to make it happen. ( applause ) maintaining our leadership in research and technology is crucial to america's success. but if we want to win the future, if we want innovation to produce jobs in america and not overseas, then we also have to win the race to educate our kids. think about it. over the next ten years nearly half of all new jobs will require education that goes beyond a high school education. and yet as many as a quarter of our students aren't even
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finishing high school. the quality of our math and science education lags behind many other nations. america has fallen to ninth in the proportion of young people with a college degree. and so the question is whether all of us, as citizens and as parents, are willing to do what's necessary to give every child a chance to succeed. that responsibility begins not in our classrooms but in our homes and communities. it's family that first instills the love of learning in a child. only parents can make sure the tv is turned off and homework gets done. we need to teach our kids that it's not st the winner of the super bowl who deserves to be celebrated but the winner of the science fair. ( applause )
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we need to teach them that success is not a function of fame or p.r., but of hard work and discipline. our schools share this responsibility. when a child walks into a classroom, it should be a place of high expectations and high performance. but too many schools don't meet this test. that's why instead of just pouring money into a system that's not working, we launched a competition called race to the top. to all 50 states, we said, "if you show us the most innovative plans to improve teacher quality and student achievement, we'll show you the money." race to the top is the most meaningful reform of our public schools in a generation. for less than one percent of
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what we spend on education each year, it has led over 40 states to raise their standards for teaching and learning. and these standards were developed, by the way, not by washington but by republican and democratic governors throughout the country. and race to the top should be the approach we follow this year as we replace no child left behind with a law that is more flexible and focused on what's best for our kids. ( applause ) you see, we know what's possible for our children when reform isn't just a top-down mandate but the work of local teachers and principals, school boards and communities. take a school like bruce randolph in denver. three years ago it was rated one of the worst schools in colorado, located on turf
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between two rival gangs. but last may 97% of the seniors received their diploma. most will be the first in their families to go to college. and after the first year of the school's transformation, the principal who made it possible wiped away tears when a student said, "thank you, ms. waters, for showing that we are smart and we can make it." ( applause ) that's what good schools can do. we want good schools all across the country. let's also remember that after parents, the biggest impact on a child's success comes from the man or woman at the front of the classroom. in south korea, teachers are known as nation builders. here in america, it's time we treated the people who educate our children with the same level of respect. ( applause )
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we want to reward good teachers and stop making excuses for bad ones. ( applause ) and over the next ten years, with so many baby boomers retiring from our classrooms, we want to prepare 100,000 new teachers in the fields of science and technology and engineering and math. ( applause ) in fact, everyone person listening tonight who is contemplating their career choice, if you want to make a difference in the life of our nation, if you want to make a difference in the life of a child, become a teacher. your country needs you. ( applause ) .
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of course, the education race doesn't end with a high school diploma. to compete, higher education must be within the reach of every american. ( applause ) that's why we've ended the unwarranted tax payer subsidies that went to banks and used the savings to make college affordable for millions of students. ( applause ) and this year, i ask congress to go further and make permanent our tuition tax credit worth $10,000 for four years of college. ( applause ) it's the right thing to do. because people need to be able
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to train for new jobs and careers in today's fast-changing economy, we are also revitalizing america's community colleges. last month i saw the promise of these schools at forsyth tech in north carolina. many of the students there used to work in the surrounding factories that have since left town. one mother of two, a woman named kathy proctor, had worked in the furniture industry since she was 18 years old. and she told me she's earning her degree in biotechnology now at 55 years old, not just because the furniture jobs are gone but because she wants to inspire her children to pursue their dreams too. as kathy said, "i hope it tells them to never give up." if we take these steps, if we raise expectations for every child and give them the best possible chance at an education from the day they are born until the last job
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they take, we will reach the goal that i set two years ago: by the end of the decade, america will once again have the highest proportion of college graduates in the world. ( applause ) one last point about education. today there are hundreds of thousands of students exceling in our schools who are not american citizens. some are the children of undocumented workers who had nothing to do with the actions of their parents. they grew up as americans and pledge allegiance to our flag and yet they live every day with the threat of deportation. others come here from abroad to study8z in our colleges and
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universities. but as soon as they obtain advanced degrees, we send them back home to compete against us. it makes no sense. now i strongly believe that we should take on once and for all the issue of illegal immigration. i am prepared to work with republicans and democrats to protect our borders, enforce our laws and address the millions of undocumented workers who are now living in the shadows. ( applause ) i know that debate will be difficult. i know it will take time but tonight let's agree to make that effort. let's stop expelling talented responsible young people who could be staffing our research labs or starting a new business, who could be further enriching this nation. ( applause )
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the third step in winning the future is rebuilding america. to attract new businesses to our shores, we need the fastest, most reliable ways to move people, goods, and information from high speed rail to high speed internet. ( applause ) our infrastructure used to be the best, but our lead has slipped. south korean homes now have greater internet access than we do. countries in europe and russia invest more in their roads and railways than we do. china is building faster trains and newer airports. meanwhile, when our own engineers graded our nation's infrastructure, they gave us a d. we have to do better. america is the nation that built the transcontinue netal railroad, brought electricity
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to rural communities, and constructed the inter-state highway system. the jobs created by these projects didn't just come from laying down track or pavement. they came from businesses that opened near a town's new train station or the new off-ramp. so over the last two years we've begun rebuilding for the 21st century, a project that has meant thousands of good jobs for the hard-hit construction industry. tonight i'm proposing that we redouble those efforts. ( applause ) we'll put more americans to work repairing crumbling roads and bridges. we'll make sure this is fully paid for, attract private investment, and pick projects based on what's best for the economy not politicians. within 25 years, our goal is to give 80% of americans
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access to high speed rail. ( applause ) this could allow you to go places in half the time it takes to travel by car. for some trips it will be faster than flying without the patdown. (laughing) as we speak, routes in california and the midwest are already underway. within the next five years, we'll make it possible for businesses to deploy the next generation of high speed wireless coverage to 98% of all americans. ( applause ) this isn't just about faster internet or fewer dropped calls. it's about connecting every part of america to the digital age. it's about a rural community in iowa or alabama where farmers and small business owners will be able to sell their products all over the world. it's about a firefighter who can download the design of a
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burning building on to a hand held device, a student who can take classes with a digital textbook or a patient who can have face-to-face video chats with her doctor. all these investments in innovation, education and infrastructure, will make america a better place to do business and create jobs. but to help our companies compete, we also have to knock down barriers that stand in the way of their success. for example, over the years a parade of lobbyists has rigged the tax code to benefit particular companies and industries. those with accountants or lawyers to work the system can end up paying no taxes at all. but all the rest are hit with one of the highest corporate tax rates in the world. it makes no sense, and it has to change. ( applause )
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so tonight i'm asking democrats and republicans to simplify the system. get rid of the loopholes. level the playing field. and use the savings to lower the corporate tax rate for the first time in 25 years without adding to our deficit. ( applause ) it can be done. to help businesses sell more products abrought, we set a goal of doubling our exports by 2014 because the more we port, the more jobs we create here at home. already our exports are up. recently we signd agreements with india and china that will support more than 250,000 jobs in the united states.
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and last month, we finalized a trade agreement with south korea that will support at least 70,000 american jobs. this agreement has unprecedented support from business and labor, democrats and republicans, and i ask this congress to pass it as soon as possible. ( applause ) now before i took office, i made it clear that we would enforce our trade agreements and that i would only sign deals that keep faith with american workers and promote american jobs. that's what we did with korea, and that's what i intend to do as we pursue agreements with panama and colombia and continue our asia pacific and global trade talks. ( applause ) to reduce barriers to growth and investment, i've ordered a review of government
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regulations. when we find rules that put an unnecessary burden on businesses, we will fix them. ( applause ) but i will not hesitate to create or enforce common sense safeguards to protect the american people. ( applause ) that's what we've done in this country for more than a century. it's why our food is safe to eat, our water is safe to drink, and our air is safe to breathe. it's why we have speed limbs and child labor laws. it's why last year we put in place consumer protections against hidden fees and penalties by credit card companies and new rules to prevent another financial crisis. and it's why we passed reform that finally prevents the health insurance industry from exploiting patients.
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( applause ) now i have heard rumors that a few of you still have concerns about our new health care law. (laughing) so let me be the first to say that anything can be improved. if you have ideas about how to improve this law by making care better or more affordable, i am eager to work with you. we can start right now by correcting a flaw in the ledge legislation that has placed an unnecessary bookkeeping burden on small businesses. ( applause )
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what i'm not willing too, what i'm not willing to do is go back to the days when insurance companies could deny someone coverage because of a pre-existing condition. ( applause ) i'm not willing to tell james howard, a brain cancer patient from texas, that his treatment might not be covered. i'm not willing to tell jim houser, a small businessman from oregon that he has to go back to paying $5,000 more to cover his employees. as we speak, this law is is making prescription drugs cheaper for seniors and giving uninsured students a chance to stay on their parents' coverage. ( applause )
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so i say to this chamber tonight instead of refighting the battles of the last two years, let's fix what needs fixing and let's move forward. ( applause ) now the final critical step in winning the future is to make sure we aren't buried under a mountain of debt. we are living with a legacy of deficit spending that began almost a decade ago. and in the wake of the financial crisis, some of that was necessary to keep credit flowing, save jobs, and put money in people's pockets. but now that the worst of the recession is over, we have to confront the fact that our government spends more than it takes in. that is not sustainable.
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every day families sacrifice to live within their means. they deserve a government that does the same. ( applause ) so tonight i am proposing that starting this year, we freeze annual domestic spending for the next five years. now this would reduce the deficit by more than $400 billion over the next decade. and will bring discretionary spending to the lowest share of our economy since dwight eisenhower was president. this freeze will require painful cuts. already we've frozen the salaries of hard working federal employees for the next two years.
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i've proposed cuts to things i care deeply about like community action programs. the secretary of defense has also agreed to cut tens of billions of dollars in spending that he and his generals believe our military can do without. ( applause ) now i recognize that some in this chamber have already proposed deeper cuts, and i'm willing to eliminate whatever we can honestly afford to do without. but let's make sure that we're not doing it on the backs of our most vulnerable citizens. ( applause ) len and let's make sure what we're cutting is really excess weight. cutting the deficit by gutting our investments in innovation and education is like lightening and overloaded airplane by removing its engine. it may make you feel like you're flying high at first but it won't take long before
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you feel the impact. now most of the cuts and savings i've proposed only address annual domestic spending. which represents a little more than 12% of our budget. to make further progress, we have to stop pretending that cutting this kind of spending alone will be enough. it won't. ( applause ) the bipartisan fiscal commission i created last year made this crystal clear. i don't agree with all their proposals, but they made important progress. and their conclusion is that the only way to tackle our deficit is to cut excessive spending wherever we find it, in domestic spending, defense spending, health care spending, and spending through tax breaks and loopholes. ( applause )
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this means further reducing health care costs, including programs like medicare and medicaid which are the single biggest contributor to our long-term deficit. the health insurance law we passed last year will slow these rising costs which is part of the reason that non-partisan economists have said that repealing the health care law would add a quarter of a trillion dollars to our deficit. still i'm willing to look at other ideas to bring down costs, including one that republicans suggested last year: medical malpractice reform to rein in frivolous lawsuits. ( applause ) to put us on solid ground, we should also find a bipartisan solution to strengthen social security for future generations. ( applause )
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we must do it without putting at risk current retirees, the most vulnerable, or people with disabilities. without slashing benefits for future generations and without subjecting americans' guaranteed retirement income to the whims of the stock market. ( applause )?z and if we truly care about our deficit, we simply cannot afford a permanent extension of the tax cuts for the wealthiest 2% of americans. ( applause ) before we take money away from our schools or scholarships away from our students, we should ask millionaires to give up their tax break. it's not a matter of punishing their success. it's about promoting america's success.
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( applause ) in fact, the best thing we could do on taxes for all americans is to simplify the individual tax code. ( applause ) this will be a tough job but members of both parties have expressed an interest in doing this and i am prepared to join them. ( applause ) so now is the time to act. now is the time for both sides and both houses of congress, democrats and republicans, to forge a principled compromise that gets the job done. if we make the hard choices now to rein in our deficits, we can make the investments we need to win the future. let me take this one step further. we shouldn't just give our
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people a government that's more affordable. we should give them a government that's more competent and more efficient. we can't win the future with a government of the past. we live and do business in the information age, but the last major reorganization of the government happened in the age of black-and-white tv. there are 12 different agencies that deal with exports. there are at least five different agencies that deal with housing policy. then there's my favorite example: the interior department is in charge of salmon while they're in fresh water but the commerce department handles them when they're in salt water. i hear it gets even more complicated once they're smoked. (laughing)
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( applause ) now we've made great strides over the last two years and using technology and getting rid of waste. veterans can now download their electronic medical records with a click of a mouse. we're selling acres of federal office space that hasn't been used in years. and we will cut through red tape to get rid of more. but we need to think bigger. in the coming months, my administration will develop a proposal to merge, consolidate and reorganization the federal government in a way that best serves the goal of a more competitive america. i will submit that proposal to congress for a vote, and we will push to get it passed. ( applause ) in the coming year, we'll also work to rebuild people's faith in the institution of government.
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because you deserve to know exactly how and where your tax dollars are being spent, you will be able to go to a website and get that information for the very first time in history. because you deserve to know when your elected officials are meeting with lobbyists, i ask congress to do what the white house has already done: put that information online. and because the american people deserve to know that special interests aren't larding up legislation with pet projects, both parties in congress should know this: if a bill comes to my desk with earmarks inside, i will veto it. ( applause ) i will veto it. the 21st century government that's open and competent.
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a government that lives within its means. an economy that's driven by new skills and new ideas. our success in this new and changing world will require reform, responsibility, and innovation. it will also require us to approach that world with a new level of engagement in our foreign affairs. just as jobs and businesses can now race across borders, so can new threats and new challenges. no single wall separates east and west. no one rival super power is aligned against us. and so we must defeat determined enemies wherever they are. and build coalitions that cut across lines of region and race and religion. and america's moral example must always shine for all who yearn for freedom, justice and
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dignity. and because we have begun this work, tonight we can say that american leadership has been renewed and america's standing has been restored. look to iraq where nearly 100,000 of our brave men and women have left with their heads held high. ( applause ) american combat patrols have ended, violence is down, and a new government has been formed. this year our civilians will forge a lasting partnership with the iraqi people while we finish the job of bringing our troops out of iraq.
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america's commitment has been kept. the iraq war is coming to an end. ( applause ) of course as we speak, al qaeda and their affiliates continue to plan attacks against us. thanks to our intelligence and law enforcement professionals, we are disrupting plots and securing our cities and skies. and as extremists try to inspire acts of violence within our borders, we are responding with the strength of our communities, with respect for the rule of law, and with the conviction that american muslims are a part of our american family. ( applause )

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